Periods of European History

This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923.

Periods of European History

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Periods of European History

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it.

Periods of European History

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The Close of the Middle Ages

Excerpt from The Close of the Middle Ages: 1273-1494 The period treated in this volume is one of unique interest and significance in the history of Europe.

The Close of the Middle Ages

Excerpt from The Close of the Middle Ages: 1273-1494 The period treated in this volume is one of unique interest and significance in the history of Europe. Within these two centuries the political and social conditions of the so-called Middle Ages came to an end, and the states system of Modern Europe took its rise. But the importance of the period is more than equalled by the almost superhuman difficulty of narrating its events in anything like orderly and intelligible sequence. Such unity as had been given to Western Europe by the mediæval Empire and Papacy disappeared with the Great Interregnum in the middle of the thirteenth century; and such unity as was afterwards supplied by the growth of formal international relations cannot be said to begin before the invasion of Naples by Charles VIII. of France at the end of the fifteenth century. In the interval between these two dates there is apparent chaos, and only the closest attention can detect the germs of future order in the midst of the struggle of dying and nascent forces. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

The Close of the Middle Ages 1273 1494

Forming Volume I. of PERIODS OF EUROPEAN History , A thorough master of his subject , and possessed of a gift for ... THE CLOSE OF THE MIDDLE AGES , 1273-1494 By R. LODGE , M.A. , Professor of History at the University of Edinburgh .

The Close of the Middle Ages  1273 1494


Three Finding Lists Issued by the War Department Library 1 Serial Publications 2 Principal Reference Works 3 Important Accessions 1898 1903

Periods of European history . 1895–1902 . Oman . Dark ages . Period 1 ( 476–918 ) . 1895 . Tout . Empire and the papacy . Period 2 ( 918–1273 ) . 1898 . Lodge . Close of the middle ages . Period 3 ( 12731494 ) . 1902 . Johnson . Europe ...

Three Finding Lists Issued by the War Department Library  1  Serial Publications  2  Principal Reference Works  3  Important Accessions  1898 1903


Three Finding Lists Issued by the War Department Library

Periods of European history . 1895–1902 . 8 v . Oman . Dark ages . Period 1 ( 476–918 ) . 1895 . Tout Empire and the papacy . Period 2 ( 918–1273 ) . 1898 . Lodge . Close of the middle ages . Period 3 ( 1273-1494 ) . 1902 . Johnson .

Three Finding Lists Issued by the War Department Library


The Slavs in European History and Civilization

( London , 1954 ) Lodge , R. The Close of the Middle Ages , 1273-1494 . ( Periods of European History . ) ( London , 1949 ) Luchaire , J. Innocent III : La papauté et l'empire . ( Paris , 1906 ) Male , E. L'art religieux du 13 ° siècle ...

The Slavs in European History and Civilization

A seminar on the history of Slavic politics, international relations, culture, and religion during the 6th through the 19th century.

Readers Guide

( Periods of European hisi . ) . Maps . 1903 . ... H 1631 * LODGE , R. Close of the Middle Ages , 1273-1494 . ( Periods of European hist . ) . Maps . 1904 . ... Philips ' New historical atlas for students . 1914 .

Readers  Guide


Europe in the Sixteenth Century 1494 1598

CLOSE. OFTHE. MIDDLE. AGES,. 12731494. By R. LODGE, M.A., LL.D., Professor of History at the University of Edinburgh. Forming Volume III. of PERIODS OF EUROPEAN HISTORY. 'The book is admirably written, it contains maps and genealogical ...

Europe in the Sixteenth Century 1494 1598

Reproduction of the original: Europe in the Sixteenth Century 1494-1598 by A.H. Johnson

Arabian Medicine and its Influence on the Middle Ages

Sir R. Lodge's The Close of the Middle Ages, 12731494, London, 1920). ... of first-hand knowledge added by the experimenters who followed, the sciences were revivified and the modern period in the history of medicine emerged.

Arabian Medicine and its Influence on the Middle Ages

First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Close of the Middles Ages 1273 1494

Printing was unknown , and paper was only introduced at the very end of the period . Parchment was so expensive that many of the manuscripts of ancient writers were erased in order to make room for monkish chronicles or service - books ...

The Close of the Middles Ages  1273 1494


Arabian Medicine and Its Influence on the Middle Ages

Sir R. Lodge's The Close of the Middle Ages , 12731494 , London , 1920 ) . ... of first - hand knowledge added by the experimenters who followed , the sciences were revivified and the modern period in the history of medicine emerged .

Arabian Medicine and Its Influence on the Middle Ages

First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Periods of European History The Empire and the Papacy 918 1273

PERIODS OF EUROPEAN HISTORY General Editor - ARTHUR HASSALL , M.A. , Student of Christ Church , Oxford . ... Period III . - The Close of the Middle Ages . A.D. 1273-1494 . By R. LODGE , M.A. , Professor of History at ...

Periods of European History      The Empire and the Papacy 918 1273


The Close of the Middle Ages 1273 1494

From the preface:"THE period treated in this volume is one of unique interest and significance in the history of Europe.

The Close of the Middle Ages 1273 1494

From the preface:"THE period treated in this volume is one of unique interest and significance in the history of Europe. Within these two centuries the political and social conditions of the so-called Middle Ages came to an end, and the states system of Modern Europe took its rise. But the importance of the period is more than equalled by the almost superhuman difficulty of narrating its events in anything like orderly and intelligible sequence. Such unity as had been given to Western Europe by the mediaeval Empire and Papacy disappeared with the Great Interregnum in the middle of the thirteenth century; and such unity as was afterwards supplied by the growth of formal international relations cannot be said to begin before the invasion of Naples by Charles VIII. of France at the end of the fifteenth century. In the interval between these two dates there is apparent chaos, and only the closest attention can detect the germs of future order in the midst of the struggle of dying and nascent forces. It is easy to find evidence of astounding intellectual activity and instances of brilliant political and military achievement, but the dominant characteristic of the age is its diversity, and it is hard to find any principle of co-ordination. A cursory glance over some of the most striking episodes of the period will serve to illustrate the multiplicity of its interests. The hundred years' war between England and France; the rise and fall of the House of Burgundy; the struggle of old and new conceptions of ecclesiastical polity in the Papal schism, in the Councils of Constance and Basel, and in the Hussite movement; the marvellous achievements of the republic of Venice, and of Florence under both republican and Medicean rule; the revival of art and letters, not only in one or two great centres, but in numerous petty states which would otherwise be wholly obscure; the growth and decline of unique corporations, such as the Hanseatic League and the Teutonic Order; the extension and gradual union of the Christian states of Spain at the expense of Mohammedanism, and at the same time the gloomy story of the conquest of the Eastern Empire by the Turks;-all these episodes might well be treated in a volume apiece, but it is difficult to arrange them within the compass of a book which should deal with the general development of Europe. No doubt it may be held that some of these events are of more permanent importance than others, and that the essential fact to grasp in the period is the rise of great and coherent states like France, Spain, and England. But it is equally true that the important events are unintelligible without some knowledge of the less important events with which they are connected; that in this period Germany and Italy are more prominent than Spain and England, or even than France; and that Germany and Italy are not coherent states at all. The former is a bundle of states, and the latter can hardly be said to be as much. And it may be urged with some force that German history in the fourteenth century cannot be studied without some attention being paid to Poland, Hungary, and Denmark; that the history of Venice and Florence cannot be isolated from that of Genoa and Pisa; and that even in tracing the growth of states which achieved some measure of unity it is necessary to note the absorption of the formerly distinct and independent provinces."

Europe in the Sixteenth Century 1494 1598

THE CLOSE OF THE MIDDLE AGES , 1273-1494 By R. LODGE , M.A. , Professor of History at the University of Edinburgh . Forming Volume III . of PERIODS OF EUROPEAN HISTORY . ' The book is admirably written , it contains maps and ...

Europe in the Sixteenth Century  1494 1598