Perspectives of Biophysical Ecology

A symposium on biophysical ecology was held at The University of Michigan Biological Station on Douglas Lake August 20-24, 1973.

Perspectives of Biophysical Ecology

A symposium on biophysical ecology was held at The University of Michigan Biological Station on Douglas Lake August 20-24, 1973. Biophysical ecology is an approach to ecology which uses fundamental principles of physics and chemistry along with mathematics as a tool to understand the interactions between organisms and their environment. It is fundamentally a mechanistic approach to ecology, and as such, it is amenable to theoretical modeling. A theoretical model applied to an organism and its interactions with its environ ment should include all the significant environmental factors, organism properties, and the mechanisms that connect these things together in an appropriate organism response. The purpose of a theoretical model is to use it to explain observed facts and to make predictions beyond the realm of observation which can be verified or denied by further observation. If the predictions are confirmed, the model must be reasonably complete except for second or third-order refinements. If the pre dictions are denied by further observation, one must go back to the basic ideas that entered the model and decide what has been overlooked or even what has been included that perhaps should not have been. Theoretical modeling must always have recourse to experiment in the laboratory and observation in the field. For plants, a theoretical model might be formulated to explain the manner and magnitude by which various environmental factors affect leaf temperature.

Biophysical Ecology

Perspectives of Biophysical Ecology. New York: SpringerVerlag, Chap. 6, pp. 225–290. Bakken, G. S., V. C. Vanderbilt, W. A. Buttemer, and W. R. Dawson (1978). Avian eggs: Thermoregulatory value of very high near-infrared reflectance.

Biophysical Ecology

The objective of this book is to make analytical methods available to students of ecology. The text deals with concepts of energy exchange, gas exchange, and chemical kinetics involving the interactions of plants and animals with their environments. The first four chapters are designed to show the applications of biophysical ecology in a preliminary, sim plified manner. Chapters 5-10, treating the topics of radiation, convec tion, conduction, and evaporation, are concerned with the physical environment. The spectral properties of radiation and matter are thoroughly described, as well as the geometrical, instantaneous, daily, and annual amounts of both shortwave and longwave radiation. Later chapters give the more elaborate analytical methods necessary for the study of photosynthesis in plants and energy budgets in animals. The final chapter describes the temperature responses of plants and animals. The discipline of biophysical ecology is rapidly growing, and some important topics and references are not included due to limitations of space, cost, and time. The methodology of some aspects of ecology is illustrated by the subject matter of this book. It is hoped that future students of the subject will carry it far beyond its present status. Ideas for advancing the subject matter of biophysical ecology exceed individual capacities for effort, and even today, many investigators in ecology are studying subjects for which they are inadequately prepared. The potential of modern science, in the minds and hands of skilled investigators, to of the interactions of organisms with their advance our understanding environment is enormous.

Perspectives in Biophysical Plant Ecophysiology

His classical textbook, Physicochemical and Environmental Plant Physiology (Academic Press/Elsevier) is still unique today in providing a comprehensive array of quantitative problems and solutions from the molecular to the ecological ...

Perspectives in Biophysical Plant Ecophysiology

Park S. Nobel pioneered the coupling of cellular physical chemistry with plant physiology, providing a sound physicochemical interpretation of the laws of diffusion to a rapidly expanding field of plant physiological ecology. His classical textbook is the only one of its kind to provide an extensive array of quantitative problems and solutions in the field of plant biophysics and ecophysiology, extending from the molecular to the ecological level. In this festschrift, former graduate students and postdocs, as well as colleagues of Prof. Nobel present a series of reviews that include scales from sub-cellular to global, and topics that range from desert succulent biology to the physiology of alpine plants, encompassing basic research and applications in agronomy and conservation biology. This state-of-the-field survey provides current and useful information for professionals and graduate students, while illustrating the broad span of the influence that Nobel's career has had on modern ecophysiology.

An Introduction to Environmental Biophysics

Perspectives in Biophysical Ecology (D. M. Gates and R. B. Schmerl, eds.). New York: Springer-Verlag. Taylor, S. E. and O. J. Sexton (1972) Some implications of leaf tearing in Musaceae. Ecology 53:143–149. van Bavel, ...

An Introduction to Environmental Biophysics

The study of environmental biophysics probably began earlier in man's history than that of any other science. The study of organism-environment interaction provided a key to survival and progress. Systematic study of the science and recording of experimental results goes back many hundreds of years. Ben jamin Franklin, the early American statesman, inventor, printer, and scientist studied conduction, evaporation, and radiation. One of his observations is as follows: My desk on which I now write, and the lock of my desk, are both exposed to the same temperature of the air, and have therefore the same degree of heat or cold; yet if I lay my hand successively on the wood and on the metal, the latter feels much the coldest, not that it is really so, but being a better conductor, it more readily than the wood takes away and draws into itself the fire that was in my skin. 1 Franklin probably was not the first to discover this principle, and certainly was not the last. Modem researchers rediscover this principle frequently in their own work. It is sometimes surprising how slowly progress is made. Progress in environmental biophysics, since the observa tions of Franklin and others, has been mainly in two areas: use of mathematical models to quantify rates of heat and mass transfer and use of the continuity equation that has led to energy budget analyses.

Beyond restoration ecology social perspectives in Latin America and the Caribbean

The territorial scale, i.e., the one that involve an integrative view of the landscape, its functionality and complexity (in biophysical, ecological, economic and social terms), is the logical context to develop restoration efforts for ...

Beyond restoration ecology  social perspectives in Latin America and the Caribbean

This book invites us to reflect on the restoration of terrestrial ecosystems in the context of a region whose identity is still under construction, Latin America and the Caribbean, immersed in a social, economic, ecological and political crisis, whose roots originate historically and politically in colonialism and in the prevailing model of capital accumulation. For the first time, insights and practical experiences on restoration are gathered from most Latin-American and Caribbean countries. Furthermore, this book offers a social approach to restoration, which will likely become preponderant in this field and in this region. The authors claim that a Latin-American knowledge of restoration is under construction and that this discipline can be a significant tool to empower local populations, which might, in turn, lead to a collective action of change. Case studies from 11 countries of the region were compiled, involving multiple voices that emerge beyond generalist principles and with a bottom-up approach. The main idea of the book is to open a debate about the identity of ecological and social restoration in this region. This book is targeted to restoration specialists, volunteers, environmental managers, researchers, politicians and NGOs working on the complexity of socioecological restoration in a region with unavoidable social problems. It is intended for people with similar concerns to those of the chapters' authors. This work tries to integrate a movement on the rise, almost silent, born with its own narratives of successes and failures that do not hinder its development. Finally, the determination and commitment of Latin-American and Caribbean social actors to restore not only natural values but also social, ethical and cultural ones is remarkable.

Environmental Health Perspectives

The shortcoming in as being closely coupled with the condition , synergies between biophysical and social sysan ecology ... A human ecology approach to health human ecology perspectives have supported ecology and health should include a ...

Environmental Health Perspectives


Carbon Cycles and Climate

( Auth ) ( LJA ) < 296 > Gates , D.n. ( Bd . ) ; Schmerl , R.B. ( Ed . ) 1975 Perspectives of Biophysical Pcology . Ecological Studies 12 , Proceedings of a Synposiun , Ann Arbor , MI , August 20-24 , 1973 . Springer - Verlag , New York ...

Carbon Cycles and Climate

This partially annotated bibliography contains the first 1000 references from a computerized file of literature on the global ecological implications of carbon cycles and climatic changes. Many early citations originated from the Biogeochemical Ecological Information Center established at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in 1968 and from profiles of computerized files such as Government Research Abstracts (GRA) and Biological Abstracts (BA). Later citations have been extracted from the open literature through 1978 and early 1979, from government reports and impact statements, and from profiles of GRA, BA, and the Energy Data Base of the Department of Energy Technical Information Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The subject categories covered by this bibliography may be divided into two main topics: carbon cycling and climate system analysis. Volume I contains an introduction and overview. Volume 2 contains an alphabetical (by author) listing of citations. Volume 3 provides indexes for author, organization (corporate authority), keywords (or free index terms), taxonomic category, subject category, Chemical Abstracts codes, Biological Abstracts codes (crosscode), and COSATI/Weekly Government Abstracts codes concentrated with permuted title words.

The Ecological Implications of Body Size

In Perspectives in Biophysical Ecology , D. M. Gates , & R. B. Schmerl , eds . , pp . 365–399 . New York : Springer - Verlag . Baldock , B. M. , J. H. Baker , & M. A. Sleigh . 1980. Laboratory growth rates of six species of freshwater ...

The Ecological Implications of Body Size

Describes in detail how the physical size of an organism affects its biology. Presents the largest single compilation of inter-specific size relations and instructs the reader on their comparison, combination, and criticism.

University of Michigan Official Publication

In : Perspectives of Biophysical Ecology , Ecological Studies 12 , ( D. M. Gates and R. B. Schmerl , eds . ) , pp . 291-301 . Springer - Verlag , New York . Stemberger , R. S. 1974. Temporal and spatial distributions of planktonic ...

University of Michigan Official Publication

Each number is the catalogue of a specific school or college of the University.

National Library of Medicine Current Catalog

1246552 Price : 63 cents 04NLM : WT 30 P467 1970 Perspectives in membrane biophysics ; a tribute to Kenneth S. Cole . ... Perspectives of biophysical ecology . see Biophysical Ecology Symposium , University of Michigan Biological ...

National Library of Medicine Current Catalog

First multi-year cumulation covers six years: 1965-70.

Ecosystem Function in Savannas

Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 1, 197–204. Rodriguez-Iturbe, I. 2000. Ecohydrology: A hydrologic perspective of climate–soil– vegetation dynamics. Water Resources Research 36, ... In Perspectives of Biophysical Ecology, eds.

Ecosystem Function in Savannas

Fascinating and diverse, savanna ecosystems support a combination of pastoral and agropastoral communities alongside wild and domestic herbivores that can be found nowhere else. This diversity has made the study of these areas problematic. Ecosystem Function in Savannas: Measurement and Modeling at Landscape to Global Scales addresses some of the discontinuities in the treatment of savannas by the scientific community and documents a range of measurements, methods, technologies, applications, and modeling approaches. Based on contributions from leading authorities and experts on savanna systems worldwide, the book describes the global savanna biome in terms of its broad ecological properties, temporal dynamics, disturbance levels, and human dimensions. The text examines carbon, water, energy, and trace gas fluxes for major global savanna regions. It looks at quantitative surface properties of savannas that can be retrieved using remote sensing and numerical approaches used to explore savanna dynamics. The authors also discuss how savanna modeling and measurement approaches might be unified. By presenting this confluence of information in a single resource, the book provides a platform for examining synergies, connections, integrative opportunities, and complementarities among approaches and data sources. This information can then be used to harmonize measurement and modeling methods among scales and across disciplinary boundaries. The book builds a bridge across the markedly different perspectives on savannas by which ecologists, biogeochemists, remote sensors, geographers, anthropologists, and modelers approach their science.

Physiological Processes in Plant Ecology

In: Gates DM, Schmerl RB (eds) Perspectives in biophysical ecology. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 55–72 Hall AE, Schulze E-D, Lange OL (1976) Current perspectives of steady-state stomatal responses to environment.

Physiological Processes in Plant Ecology

In the spring of 1969 a small meeting was convened at the CSIRO Riverina Laboratory, Deniliquin, New South Wales, to discuss the biology of the genus Atriplex, a group of plants considered by those who attended to be of profound importance both in relation to range management in the region and as a tool in physiological research. The brief report of this meeting (Jones, 1970) now serves as a marker for the subsequent remarkable increase in research on this genus, and served then to interest the editors of the Ecological Studies Series in the present volume. This was an exciting time in plant physiology, particularly in the areas of ion absorption and photosynthesis, and unknowingly several laboratories were engaged in parallel studies of these processes using the genus Atriplex. It was also a time at which it seemed that numerical methods in plant ecology could be used to delineate significant processes in arid shrubland ecosystems. Nevertheless, to presume to illustrate and integrate plant physiology and ecology using examples from a single genus was to presume much. The deficiencies which became increasingly apparent during the preparation of the present book were responsible for much new research described in these pages.

Arid Lands Management

We will present the human perspective of biophysical ecology , a description of biophysical ecology as ecological systems , the human relationships to ecological systems , and some guiding principles of ecological system management and ...

Arid Lands Management

Offers various directions for both research and management.

Response of Plants to Multiple Stresses

In “Perspectives in Ecological Theory" (J. Roughgarden, R. M. May, and S. A. Levin, eds.), pp. 11—24. Princeton Univ. ... In “Perspectives of Biophysical Ecology" (D. M. Gates and R. B. Schmerl, eds.), pp. 55—72.

Response of Plants to Multiple Stresses

This book presents a whole-plant perspective on plant integrated responses to multiple stresses, including an analysis of how plants have evolved growth forms and phenological responses to cope with changing stress patterns in natural environments. Explores stress responses at both the structural and process levels Outlines structural, phenological, and physiological responses that optimize production under multiple stresses Combines physiological and evolutionary perspectives

Society And The Environment A Swedish Research Perspective

REFERENCES Acheson, J.M. (1975): The Lobster Fiefs: Economic and Ecological Effects of Territoriality in the Maine Lobster Industry. ... Cleveland, C.J. (1987): Biophysical Economics: Historical Perspective and Current Research Trends.

Society And The Environment  A Swedish Research Perspective

Following the report by the World Commission on Environment and Development, research efforts devoted to sustainable development were promoted by the Swedish Council for Planning and Coordination of Research (FRN). With its fifteen essays by Swedish scholars on different aspects of society -- environment interface, giving various analyses of and prospects for the concept of sustainable development -- this book is a result of those efforts. The authors represent a spectrum of inter- and multidisciplinary approaches in the field of ecology, economy and environment. They are economists, ecologists, engineers, anthropologists, physicists, geographers, political scientists, science theorists and educationalists discussing sustainable development and the future of society and the environment. The question is also raised whether there is a special Swedisch `touch' -- with a `responsibility for the world' ethos -- to the approach to environmental issues, especially as seen through the efforts of the research community.

Regulation Digestion Nutrition Excretion

Heat-transfer analysis of animals: some implications for field ecology, physiology and evolution. In Perspectives of Biophysical Ecology. Edited by D. M. Gates and R. B. Schmerl. Pages 255–290. Springer, Berlin.

Regulation  Digestion  Nutrition  Excretion

In this volume, seven of the chapters deal with feeding and diet, which is reasonable since insects consume an estimated l5-20% of all the world's planted crops. Many insects even have a specialized larval feeding stage that usually occupies a different ecological niche to the adult and so does not compete for the adult's food stock. Other chapters describe the means by which insects maintain their water balance, nitrogen balance and temperature balance under a range of conditions. These involve regulation by hormonal and behavioural systems that are also described here. The l4 chapters are all extensively illustrated and referenced and therefore provide excellent summaries of current knowledge. They will be of great value to entomologists, zoologists and biologists in general.

Water in Plants Bibliography

PerspecTives of Biophysical Ecology. Pp. 5572. ... HALL, A.E., KAUFMANN, H.R.: STomaTaI response To environmenT wÍTh Sesamum índiCum L. - Plan? Physiol. 55: 455-459, 1975. ... PerspecTíves of Biophysical Ecology, Pp. 187-202.

Water in Plants Bibliography

From the point of view of individual consumer there are too many scientific papers being produced and published every year, too many to be looked up in the tremendous and steadi Iy increasing number and volume of scientific periodicals and proceedings from allover the world. This is not only the result of the "publish or perish" law, but also - let us hope mainly - the result of the increasing amount of true scientific information discovered. Even in a single scientific field too many papers are to be preselected according to the individual interest and to be looked through in order to see what they are reporting on. [And of course they are too many in these preselected to be read and studied in detai I. At the present nobody wi I I help us with this last link of what is called the information chain. But let us not speak about this lamentable point now. l Some tools are already wei I known and have been used to master more easily the overwhelming flood of scientific production as far as the first selection of information is concerned. Bibl iographies covering specific fields are one of these tools. They extremely faci I itate the preselection and when carefully indexed they give the user much more than a heap of selected titles. Such a periodiC bibliography in the field of plant-water relations is sti I I lacking.

The Baltimore School of Urban Ecology

We began this chapter on patch dynamics by exploiting its forty-year history in biophysical ecology. However, our ultimate goal is to use the concept to help integrate the social and biophysical perspectives necessary to understand the ...

The Baltimore School of Urban Ecology

The first “urban century” in history has arrived: a majority of the world's population now resides in cities and their surrounding suburbs. Urban expansion marches on, and the planning and design of future cities requires attention to such diverse issues as human migration, public health, economic restructuring, water supply, climate and sea-level change, and much more. This important book draws on two decades of pioneering social and ecological studies in Baltimore to propose a new way to think about cities and their social, political, and ecological complexity. Readers will gain fresh perspectives on how to study, build, and manage cities in innovative and sustainable ways.

Principles of Environmental Physics

In: Gates, D.M., Schmerl, R.G. (Eds.), Perspectives of Biophysical Ecology. Springer-Verlag, New York. Bakwin, P.S., Tans, P.P., Hurst, D.F., Zhao, C., 1998. Measurements of carbon dioxide on very tall towers: results of the NOAA/CMDL ...

Principles of Environmental Physics

Principles of Environmental Physics: Plants, Animals, and the Atmosphere, 4e, provides a basis for understanding the complex physical interactions of plants and animals with their natural environment. It is the essential reference to provide environmental and ecological scientists and researchers with the physical principles, analytic tools, and data analysis methods they need to solve problems. This book describes the principles by which radiative energy reaches the earth’s surface and reviews the latest knowledge concerning the surface radiation budget. The processes of radiation, convection, conduction, evaporation, and carbon dioxide exchange are analyzed. Many applications of environmental physics principles are reviewed, including the roles of surface albedo and atmospheric aerosols in modifying microclimate and climate, remote sensing of vegetation properties, wind forces on trees and crops, dispersion of pathogens and aerosols, controls of evaporation from vegetation and soil (including implications of changing weather and climate), and interpretation of micrometeorological measurements of carbon dioxide and other trace gas fluxes. Presents a unique synthesis of micrometeorology and ecology in its widest sense Deals quantitatively with the impact of weather on living systems but also with the interactions between organisms and the atmosphere that are a central feature of life on earth Offers numerous worked examples and problems with solutions Provides many examples of laboratory and field measurements and their interpretation Includes an up-to-date bibliography and review of recent micrometeorological applications in forestry, ecology, hydrology, and agriculture