Philosophical Investigations into the Essence of Human Freedom

This handy study edition of Schelling’s masterpiece will prove useful for scholars and students alike. At Clemson University, Jeff Love is Associate Professor of German and Russian and Johannes Schmidt is Associate Professor of German.

Philosophical Investigations into the Essence of Human Freedom

Schellings masterpiece investigating evil and freedom.

Heine s Poem

Heine s Poem


The Metaphysics of German Idealism

This volume comprises the lecture course that Heidegger gave in 1941 on the metaphysics of German Idealism.

The Metaphysics of German Idealism

This volume comprises the lecture course that Heidegger gave in 1941 on the metaphysics of German Idealism. The first part of the lecture course contains a preliminary consideration of the distinction between ground and existence. The elucidation of the conceptual history includes a striking confrontation with Kierkegaard’s and Jaspers’ concepts of existence, as well as an elucidation of the concept of existence in Being and Time, which Heidegger distinguishes from the former concepts. Heidegger’s self-interpretation is not an end in itself, however, but rather a way of pointing to Schelling’s distinction between ground and existence, whose root and inner necessity and whose various versions Heidegger discusses subsequently. The second part of the lecture course is focused on Schelling’s “freedom treatise,” which Heidegger regards as the pinnacle of the metaphysics of German Idealism. Heidegger’s consideration of Schelling’s distinction between ground and existence finds its guiding thread in the introduction of the realms of being – eternal or finite, each being is a joining of the ground of existence and existence itself. In a subsequent overview, Heidegger discusses the relation of the distinction between ground and existence to the essence of human freedom and to the essence of the human. On the basis of this discussion, it becomes possible to grasp the connection between freedom and evil in Schelling’s system. This important work by Heidegger, published here in English for the first time, will be of great interest to students and scholars of philosophy and to anyone interested in Heidegger’s work.

Specters of God

Schelling, Philosophical Investigations into the Essence of Human Freedom, 236–40. 18. Martin Heidegger, Schelling's Treatise on the Essence of Human Freedom, trans. Joan Stambaugh (Athens: Ohio University Press, 1985), 106–12. 19.

Specters of God

In Specters of God, John D. Caputo returns to the original impulse of his work, the "mystical element" in things, here under the name of an "anxious apophatics," as distinct from an "edifying apophatics" anchored in unity with God. In dialogue with Schelling, a new turn for him and the lynchpin of this argument, Caputo addresses the nocturnal powers in being, the specters that haunt our being and bring us up short. The result is an erudite and insightful analysis--in his usual lively and masterful style--of several key "spectral" figures from medieval angelology and Eckhart's Gottheit, through Luther's deus absconditus and Schelling's "Satanology," to the spectralization and virtualization of the world in the "posthuman" age. Arguing that the name of God is not the master name of a super-being who is going to save us but a placeholder for sources deep in our apophatic imaginary, he asks, Has "God" become a (holy) ghost of the past? A passing spectral effect of the ancient harmonies of the spheres? Does radical thinking culminate in a cosmopoetics beyond theism and its theology, in a doxology to the transient glory of the world, whatever it was in the beginning, however eerie its end, world without why?

Schelling

The Facticity of Freedom Schelling's treatise on freedom (1809) begins with the following opening sentence: Philosophical investigations into the essence of human freedom can in part be concerned with the right concept of freedom; ...

Schelling

"Schelling has undergone his philosophical education before the public" - so G. W. F. Hegel in criticism of the novel systematic projects which his philosophical ally and later rival F. W. J. Schelling successively made public. Today, however, Hegel's derisive judgment can be seen not to hold: Instead, it is much rather the case that Schelling's productivity expresses the genuine continuity of his thought. Moreover, his thought is attractive precisely because it embodies an inconclusive - perhaps the never-ending - search for an abiding philosophical orientation in an ever more complex world. The title both emphasizes the singularity of Schelling's thought and recognizes its profound relation to that of his contemporaries. This volume, which connects the latest work in Fichte-, Hegel- and Schelling-studies, contains original contributions in English and German on Schelling's philosophy from international group of researchers.

Philosophy of German Idealism Fichte Jacobi and Schelling

The texts in this volume constitute highlights in the movement called transcendental idealism. Includes: Fichte's, "Some Lectures Concerning the Scholar's Vocation," and "A Crystal Clear Report to the General Public.

Philosophy of German Idealism  Fichte  Jacobi  and Schelling

The texts in this volume constitute highlights in the movement called transcendental idealism. Includes: Fichte's, "Some Lectures Concerning the Scholar's Vocation," and "A Crystal Clear Report to the General Public..."; Jacobi's, "On Faith and Knowledge in Response to Schelling and Hegel," and "Open Letter to Fichte, 1799"; an anonymous author's "The Oldest Systematic Program of German Idealism, 1797"; and Schelling's "Ideas on a Philosophy of Nature as an Introduction to the Study of This Science," "Philosophical Investigations into the Essence of Human Freedom and Related Matters," and other texts. (For other texts in German Philosophy see vols. 5, 13, 24, 27, 40, 48, and 78.)>

Kielmeyer and the Organic World

In the Philosophical Investigations into the Essence of Human Freedom, Schelling explicitly refers to the Timaeus in which Plato introduces the notion as a 'third genus' that comprises 'the being which is indivisible and remains always ...

Kielmeyer and the Organic World

Carl Friedrich Kielmeyer (1765-1844) was the 'father of philosophy of nature' owing to his profound influence on German Idealist and Romantic Naturphilosophie. With the recent growth of interest in Idealist and Romantic philosophy of nature in the UK and abroad, the importance of Kielmeyer's work is being increasingly recognised and special attention is being paid to his influence on biology's development as a distinct discipline at the end of the eighteenth century. In this exciting new book, Lydia Azadpour and Daniel Whistler present the first ever English translations of key texts by Kielmeyer, along with contextual and interpretative essays by leading international scholars, who are experts on the philosophy of nature and the formation of the life sciences in the late eighteenth century. The topics they cover include: the laws of nature, the concept of force, the meaning of 'organism', the logic of recapitulation, Kielmeyer and ecology, sexual differentiation in animal life and Kielmeyer's relationship to Kant, Schelling and Hegel. In doing so, they provide a comprehensive English reference to Kielmeyer's historical and contemporary significance.

Kierkegaard s Instant

Philosophical Investigations into the Essence of Human Freedom, pp. 238–39 (Schelling 4:252). 15. Ibid., p. 256 (Schelling 4:273). 16. See Hennigfeld's essay “Angst—Freiheit—System,” p. 107. 17. McCarthy writes: “What most immediately ...

Kierkegaard s Instant

In Kierkegaard's Instant, David J. Kangas reads Kierkegaard to reveal his radical thinking about temporality. For Kierkegaard, the instant of becoming, in which everything changes in the blink of an eye, eludes recollection and anticipation. It constitutes a beginning always already at work. As Kangas shows, Kierkegaard's retrieval of the sudden quality of temporality allows him to stage a deep critique of the idealist projects of Fichte, Schelling, and Hegel. By linking Kierkegaard's thought to the tradition of Meister Eckhart, Kangas formulates the central problem of these early texts and puts them into contemporary light -- can thinking hold itself open to the challenges of temporality?

Kierkegaard Eve and Metaphors of Birth

Bernard Freydberg, Schelling's Dialogical Freedom Essay (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2008), 23. 31. Schelling, Philosophical Investigations into the Essence of Human Freedom, 68; Freiheitsschriff, SW, 404–405. 32.

Kierkegaard  Eve and Metaphors of Birth

A highly original rereading of Kierkegaard through the concept of birthing, highlighting a speculative hypothesis about the nature of Being in Kierkegaard’s work.

Kantian Reason and Hegelian Spirit

Schelling, Philosophical Investigations into the Essence of Human Freedom, 9–32, quotes 32. Ibid., 32, 33. Ibid., 33. Ibid., quotes 34, 55. Ibid., 66. See Martin Heidegger, Schelling's Treatise on the Essence of Human Freedom, trans.

Kantian Reason and Hegelian Spirit

Winner: 2012 The American Publishers Award for Professional and Scholarly Excellence in Theology and Religious Studies, PROSE Award. In this thought–provoking new work, the world renowned theologian Gary Dorrien reveals how Kantian and post–Kantian idealism were instrumental in the foundation and development of modern Christian theology. Presents a radical rethinking of the roots of modern theology Reveals how Kantian and post–Kantian idealism were instrumental in the foundation and development of modern Christian theology Shows how it took Kant′s writings on ethics and religion to launch a fully modern departure in religious thought Dissects Kant′s three critiques of reason and his moral conception of religion Analyzes alternative arguments offered by Schleiermacher, Schelling, Hegel, and others – moving historically and chronologically through key figures in European philosophy and theology Presents notoriously difficult and intellectual arguments in a lucid and accessible manner

For the Love of Metaphysics

My aim in this chapter is to show that both Schelling's Philosophical Investigations into the Essence of Human Freedom (1809) and his Ages of the World fragments of 1811–15 are motivated by an attempt to provide an explanation for the ...

For the Love of Metaphysics

In his Critique of Pure Reason, Kant argued that human reason is inherently conflicted, because it demands a form of unconditioned knowledge which is unattainable; his solution to this conflict of reason relies on the idea that reason's quest for the unconditioned can only be realized practically. Karin Nisenbaum recommends viewing this conflict of reason, and Kant's solution to this conflict, as the central problem shaping the contours of post-Kantian German Idealism. She contends that the rise and fall of German Idealism is to be told as a story about the different interpretations, appropriations, and radicalization of Kant's prioritizing of the practical. The first part of the book explains why Kant's critics and followers came to understand the aim of Kant's critical philosophy in light of the conflict of reason. According to Nisenbaum, F. H. Jacobi and Salomon Maimon set the stage for the reception of Kant's critical philosophy by conceiving its aim in terms of meeting reason's demand for unconditioned knowledge, and by understanding the conflict of reason as a conflict between thinking and acting, or knowing and willing. The manner in which the post-Kantian German Idealists radicalized Kant's prioritizing of the practical is the central topic of the second part of the book, which focuses on works by J.G. Fichte and F.W.J. Schelling. The third part clarifies why, in order to solve the conflict of reason, Schelling and Rosenzweig developed the view that human experience is grounded in three irreducible elements--God, the natural world, and human beings--which relate in three temporal dimensions: Creation, Revelation, and Redemption.

Kant Anthropology Imagination Freedom

His answer to his question, at least in his middle-later 'Philosophical Investigations into the Essence of Human Freedom and Matters Connected Therewith', is an indeterminate yearning that stems from the groundless ground of God who ...

Kant  Anthropology  Imagination  Freedom

In a new reading of Immanuel Kant’s work, this book interrogates his notions of the imagination and anthropology, identifying these – rather than the problem of reason – as the two central pivoting orientations of his work. Such an approach allows a more complex understanding of his critical-philosophical program to emerge, which includes his accounts of reason, politics and freedom as well as subjectivity and intersubjectivity, or sociabilities. Examining Kant’s theorisation of the complexity of our phenomenological existence, the author explores his transcendental move that includes reason and understanding whilst emphasising the importance of the faculty of the imagination to undergird both, before moving to consider Kant’s pluralised, transcendental notion of freedom. This outstanding book will appeal to scholars with interests in philosophy, politics, anthropology and sociology, working on questions of imagination, reason, subjectivities and human freedom.

The Oxford Handbook of German Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century

85 Schelling, Philosophical Investigations into the Essence of Human Freedom, trans. Jeff Love and Johannes Schmidt (Albany: SUNY Press, 2006), 50. Further references will be abbreviated FE (i.e. Freedom Essay), followed by page number.

The Oxford Handbook of German Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century

No period of history has been richer in philosophical discoveries than Germany during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. And while it was the eighteenth century that saw Germany attain maturity in the discipline (above all in the works of Immanuel Kant), it was arguably the nineteenth century that bore the greatest philosophical fruits. he Oxford Handbook of German Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century is the first collective critical study of thisgreat period in intellectual history. A team of leading experts explore individual philosophers working in the period, including Fichte, Hegel, Kierkegaard, and Nietzsche; key philosophical movements associatedwith it, Idealism and Romanticism amongst them; different areas of philosophy that received particular attention at this time; and the central philosophical topics under debate. An essential resource for anyone working in the area, the Handbook will lead the direction of future research in this vital period of philosophy.

Introduction to Metaphysics

F. W. J. Schelling, Philosophical Investigations into the Essence of Human Freedom, 21 (SW, VII:350). Heidegger used this passage to claim that for Schelling Being is Will (which would express the hidden essence of metaphysics).

Introduction to Metaphysics

Jean Grondin completes the first history of metaphysics and respects both the analytical and the Continental schools while transcending the theoretical limitations of each. He reviews seminal texts by Parmenides, Plato, Aristotle, Plotinus, and Augustine. He follows the theological turn in the metaphysical thought of Avicenna, Anselm, Aquinas, and Duns Scotus, and he revisits Descartes and the cogito; Spinoza and Leibniz's rationalist approaches; Kant's reclaiming of the metaphysical tradition; and post-Kantian practice up to Hegel. He engages with twentieth century innovations that upended the discipline, particularly Heidegger's revival of the question of Being and the rediscovery of the metaphysics of existence by Sartre and the Existentialists, language by Gadamer and Derrida, and transcendence by Levinas. Metaphysics is often dismissed as a form or epoch of philosophy that must be overcome, yet by promoting a full understanding of its platform and processes, Grondin reveals its cogent approach to reality and foundational influence on modern philosophy and science. By restoring the value of metaphysics for contemporary audiences, Grondin showcases the rich currents and countercurrents of metaphysical thought and its future possibilities.

The Concept of Will in Classical German Philosophy

Jörg Noller Abstract The aim of this paper is to analyze Schelling's conception of will particularly in his Philosophical Investigations into the Essence of Human Freedom (1809). Whereas many interpreters tend to understand his theory ...

The Concept of Will in Classical German Philosophy

This volume collects thirteen original essays that address the concept of will in Classical German Philosophy from Kant to Schopenhauer. During this short, but prolific period, the concept of will underwent various transformations. While Kant identifies the will with pure practical reason, Fichte introduces, in the wake of Reinhold, an originally biological concept of drive into his ethical theory, thereby expanding on the Kantian notion of the will. Schelling, Hegel, and Schopenhauer take a step further and conceive the will either as a primal being (Schelling), as a socio-ontological entity (Hegel), or as a blindly striving, non-rational force (Schopenhauer). Thus, the history of the will is marked by a complex set of tensions between rational and non-rational aspects of practical volition. The book outlines these transformations from a historical and systematic point of view. It offers an overview of the most important theories of the will by the major figures of Classical German Philosophy, but also includes interpretations of conceptions developed by lesser-studied philosophers such as Maimon, Jacobi, Reinhold, and Bouterwek.

The Palgrave Handbook of German Idealism and Existentialism

The major work of this period is the Philosophical Investigation into the Essence of Human Freedom. The third period is that of the late philosophy, the beginning of which is somewhat difficult to define. Some date the turn from the ...

The Palgrave Handbook of German Idealism and Existentialism

This Handbook explores the complex relations between two great schools of continental philosophy: German idealism and existentialism. While the existentialists are commonly thought to have rejected idealism as overly abstract and neglectful of the concrete experience of the individual, the chapters in this collection reveal that the German idealists in fact anticipated many key existentialist ideas. A radically new vision of the history of continental philosophy is thereby established, one that understands existentialism as a continuous development from German idealism. Key Features Operates at both the macro-level and micro-level, treating both the two schools of thought and the individual thinkers associated with them Explores the relations from shifting perspectives by examining how the German idealists anticipated existentialist themes and how the existentialists concretely drew on the work of the idealists Meticulously uncovers and documents many little-known points of contact between the German idealists and the existentialists Includes often neglected figures such as Jacobi and Trendelenburg This Handbook is an essential resource for researchers and advanced students interested in thinking critically about the broad development of continental philosophy. Moreover, the individual chapters on specific philosophers contain a wealth of information that will compel experts in the field to reconsider their views on these figures.

Kierkegaard and the Matter of Philosophy

While the present discussion of Schelling's Philosophical Investigations into the Essence of Human Freedom may seem brief, this is because my primary aim is to show the thematic overlaps between this text and Kierkegaard's The Concept ...

Kierkegaard and the Matter of Philosophy

This book offers an examination of the political and ontological significance of the authorship of Søren Kierkegaard in relation to German Idealism and contemporary European philosophy.

Schleiermacher und Kierkegaard

29 Philosophical Investigations into the Essence of Human Freedom and Related Matters, trans. by Priscilla Hayden, in Philosophy of German Idealism, ed. by Ernst Behler, New York: Continuum 1987, p. 238. 30 Alexander Koyré writes: “in ...

Schleiermacher und Kierkegaard

The volume presents the main proceedings from the International Congress on Schleiermacher and Kierkegaard at Copenhagen in October 2003. It reflects profoundly the modern interest in the relationship between those two figures representing the 19th century s philosophy and theology. This title is being published at the same time as volume11 of the series Kierkegaard Studies. Monograph Series and as volume 21 of the series Schleiermacher-Archiv . "

Tsimtsum and Modernity

Lurianic Heritage in Modern Philosophy and Theology Agata Bielik-Robson, Daniel H. Weiss. 48 Ibid, 129. 49 Ibid, 14. 50 Schelling, Philosophical Investigations into the Essence of Human Freedom, 14. 51 Schelling, Ages of the World, 129.

Tsimtsum and Modernity

This volume is the first-ever collection of essays devoted to the Lurianic concept of tsimtsum. It contains eighteen studies in philosophy, theology, and intellectual history, which demonstrate the historical development of this notion and its evolving meaning: from the Hebrew Bible and the classical midrashic collections, through Kabbalah, Isaac Luria himself and his disciples, up to modernity (ranging from Spinoza, Böhme, Leibniz, Newton, Schelling, and Hegel to Scholem, Rosenzweig, Heidegger, Benjamin, Adorno, Horkheimer, Levinas, Jonas, Moltmann, and Derrida).

Thinking the Inexhaustible

F. W. J. Schelling, Philosophical Investigations into the Essence of Human Freedom, trans. Jeff Love and Johannes Schmidt (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2009). 3. Martin Heidegger, Schelling's Treatise on the Essence of ...

Thinking the Inexhaustible

Essays address the major themes of Pareyson’s hermeneutic philosophy in the context of his existentialist approach to personhood. What if the inexhaustible were the only mode of self-revelation of truth? The question of the inexhaustibility of truth, and its relation to being and interpretation, is the challenge posed by the philosophy of the prominent Italian thinker Luigi Pareyson (1918–1991). Art, the interpretation of truth, and the theory of being as the ontology of both inexhaustibility and freedom constitute the main themes of Pareyson’s distinctive form of philosophical hermeneutics, which develops also on the basis of another fundamental concept, that of personhood understood in the radically existentialist sense of the human being. In Thinking the Inexhaustible, Silvia Benso and Brian Schroeder bring together essays devoted to Pareyson’s hermeneutic philosophy by important international scholars, including well-known Italian thinkers Umberto Eco and Gianni Vattimo, who were both students of Pareyson. Pareyson’s philosophy of inexhaustibility unfolds in conversation with major figures in Western intellectual history—from Croce to Valéry, Dostoevsky, and Berdyaev; from Kant to Fichte, Hegel, and German romanticism; and from Pascal to Schelling, Kierkegaard, Marcel, Jaspers, and Heidegger. “This book introduces, in a way that has not been done before, the central ideas from Pareyson’s long philosophical career. It opens up pathways for further critical analysis and fills in a neglected history within the broader scope of continental philosophy.” — James Risser, editor of Heidegger toward the Turn: Essays on the Work of the 1930s