Photonic Band Gaps and Localization

This volume contains the papers presented at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Localization and Propagation o[ Classical Waves in Random and Periodic Media held in Aghia Pelaghia, Heraklion, Crete, May 26- 30, 1992.

Photonic Band Gaps and Localization

This volume contains the papers presented at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Localization and Propagation o[ Classical Waves in Random and Periodic Media held in Aghia Pelaghia, Heraklion, Crete, May 26- 30, 1992. The workshop's goal was to bring together theorists and experimentalists from two related areas, localization and photonic band gaps, to highlight their common interests. The objectives of the workshop were (i) to assess the state of-the-art in experimental and theoretical studies of structures exhibiting classical wave band gaps and/or localization, (ii) to discuss how such structures can be fabricated to improve technologies in different areas of physics and engineering, and (iii) to identify problems and set goals for further research. Studies of the propagation of electromagnetic (EM) waves in periodic and/or disordered dielectric structures (photonic band gap structures) have been and continue to be a dynamic area of research. Anderson localization of EM waves in disordered dielectric structures is of fundamental interest where the strong ei-ei interaction efFects entering the eIectron-localization are absent.

Photonic Crystals and Light Localization in the 21st Century

This volume contains papers presented at the NATO Advanced Study Institute (ASI) Photonic Crystals and Light Localization held at the Creta Maris Hotel in Limin Hersonissou, Crete, June 18-30, 2000.

Photonic Crystals and Light Localization in the 21st Century

This volume contains papers presented at the NATO Advanced Study Institute (ASI) Photonic Crystals and Light Localization held at the Creta Maris Hotel in Limin Hersonissou, Crete, June 18-30, 2000. Photonic crystals offer unique ways to tailor light and the propagation of electromagnetic waves (EM). In analogy to electrons in a crystal, EM waves propagating in a structure with a periodically modulated dielectric constant are organized into photonic bands, separated by gaps where propagating states are forbidden. There have been proposals for novel applications ofthese photonic band gap (PBG) crystals, with operating frequencies ranging from microwave to the optical regime, that include zero threshold lasers, low-loss resonators and cavities, and efficient microwave antennas. Spontaneous emission, suppressed for photons in the photonic band gap, offers novel approaches to manipulate the EM field and create high-efficiency light-emitting structures. Innovative ways to manipulate light can have a profound iofluence on science and technology.

Medicinal and Aromatic Plants

This book introduces students to the rapidly expanding field of photonic crystals, photonic band gap (PBG) materials, and light localization phenomena.

Medicinal and Aromatic Plants

This book introduces students to the rapidly expanding field of photonic crystals, photonic band gap (PBG) materials, and light localization phenomena. Written by one of the leading authorities on PBG materials, this book is the first comprehensive and highly illustrative book on this important field of photonics. The book covers those aspects of light localization and the PBG concept which rely maily on classical, linear optics. Also covered are extensions to classical and semi-classical, nonlinear optics, novel quantum electrodynamic effects in and near a PBG involving photons and two- level systems, current and future applications of photonic crystals in information technology, and a future outlook for the field. A DVD containing supplemental and education material accompanies the text. Movie clips, interactive 3D graphs and user-friendly software allow the student to visualize the material and calculate electromagnetic wave propagation in photonic crystals.

Microcavities and Photonic Bandgaps Physics and Applications

Analogies in Optics and Micro Electronics, edited by W. van Haeringen and D. Lenstra (Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1990). Photonic Band Gaps and Localization, edited by C. M. Soukoulis, Proceedings of the NATO ASI Series (Plenum, New York, 1993).

Microcavities and Photonic Bandgaps  Physics and Applications

The control of optical modes in microcavities or in photonic bandgap (PBG) materials is coming of age! Although these ideas could have been developed some time ago, it is only recently that they have emerged, due to advances in both atomic physics and in fabrication techniques, be it on the high-quality dielectric mirrors required for high-finesse Fabry Perot resonators or in semiconductor multilayer deposition methods. Initially the principles of quantum electro-dynamics (QED) were demonstrated in elegant atomic physics experiments. Now solid-state implementations are being investigated, with several subtle differences from the atomic case such as those due to their continuum of electronic states or the near Boson nature of their elementary excitations, the exciton. Research into quantum optics brings us ever newer concepts with potential to improve system performance such as photon squeezing, quantum cryptography, reversible taps, photonic de Broglie waves and quantum computers. The possibility of implementing these ideas with solid-state systems gives us hope that some could indeed find their way to the market, demonstrating the continuing importance of basic research for applications, be it in a somewhat more focused way than in earlier times for funding.

Photonic Band Gap Materials

However, a mobility edge separating high frequency localized states from low frequency extended states always occurs ... of the generalized localization criterion appears in dielectric materials exhibiting a complete photonic bandgap.

Photonic Band Gap Materials

Photonic band gap crystals offer unique ways to tailor light and the propagation of electromagnetic waves. In analogy to electrons in a crystal, EM waves propagating in a structure with a periodically-modulated dielectric constant are organized into photonic bands separated by gaps in which propagating states are forbidden. Proposed applications of such photonic band gap crystals, operating at frequencies from microwave to optical, include zero- threshold lasers, low-loss resonators and cavities, and efficient microwave antennas. Spontaneous emission is suppressed for photons in the photonic band gap, offering novel approaches to manipulating the EM field and creating high-efficiency light-emitting structures. Photonic Band Gap Materials identifies three most promising areas of research. The first is materials fabrication, involving the creation of high quality, low loss, periodic dielectric structures. The smallest photonic crystals yet fabricated have been made by machining Si wafers along (110), and some have lattice constants as small as 500 microns. The second area is in applications. Possible applications presented are microwave mirrors, directional antennas, resonators (especially in the 2 GHz region), filters, waveguides, Y splitters, and resonant microcavities. The third area covers fundamentally new physical phenomena in condensed matter physics and quantum optics. An excellent review of recent development, covering theoretical, experimental and applied aspects. Interesting and stimulating reading for active researchers, as well as a useful reference for non-specialists.

Localization of Light and the Photonic Band Gap Concept

This text introduces students to the rapidly expanding field of photonic crystals, photonic band gap (PBG) materials, and light localization phenomena.

Localization of Light and the Photonic Band Gap Concept

This book introduces students to the rapidly expanding field of photonic crystals, photonic band gap (PBG) materials, and light localization phenomena. Written by one of the leading authorities on PBG materials, this book is the first comprehensive and highly illustrative book on this important field of photonics. The book covers those aspects of light localization and the PBG concept which rely maily on classical, linear optics. Also covered are extensions to classical and semi-classical, nonlinear optics, novel quantum electrodynamic effects in and near a PBG involving photons and two- level systems, current and future applications of photonic crystals in information technology, and a future outlook for the field. A DVD containing supplemental and education material accompanies the text. Movie clips, interactive 3D graphs and user-friendly software allow the student to visualize the material and calculate electromagnetic wave propagation in photonic crystals.

Diffuse Waves in Complex Media

John S. (1993) The Localization of Light, in “Photonic Band Gaps and Localization”, NATO ASI Series B: Physical 308. Joannopolous J. D., Meade R. D., and Winn J. N., Photonic Crystals. Molding the Flow of Light (1995), ...

Diffuse Waves in Complex Media

The NATO Advanced Study Institute on Diffuse Waves in Complex Media was held at the "Centre de Physique des Houches" in France from March 17 to 27, 1998. The Schools' scientific content, wave propagation in heterogeneous me dia, has covered many areas of fundamental and applied research. On the one hand, the understanding of wave propagation has considerably improved during the last thirty years. New developments and concepts such as, speckle correlations, weak and strong localization, time reversal, near-field propagation are under active research. On the other hand, wave propagation in random media is now being investigated in many different fields such as applied mathematics, acoustics, optics, atomic physics, geo physics or medical sciences. Each community often uses its own langage to describe the same phenomena. The aim of the School was to gather worldwide specialists to illuminate various aspects of wave propagation in random media. This volume presents fourteen expository articles corresponding to courses and seminars given during the School. They are arranged as follows. The first three articles deal with the phenomena of localization of waves: B. van Tiggelen (p. 1) gives a critical review of the physics of localization, J. Lacroix (p. 61) presents the mathematical theory and A. Klein (p. 73) describes recent results for randomized periodic media.

Metamaterials

C. M. Soukoulis, (Ed.), Photonic Crystals and Light Localization in the 21st Century, NATO ASI, Series C, Vol. 563, 2001. 2. C. M. Soukoulis, Ed., Photonic Band Gaps and Localization, New York: Plenum, 1993; Photonic Band Gap Materials, ...

Metamaterials

Leading experts explore the exotic properties and excitingapplications of electromagnetic metamaterials Metamaterials: Physics and Engineering Explorations givesreaders a clearly written, richly illustrated introduction to themost recent research developments in the area of electromagneticmetamaterials. It explores the fundamental physics, the designs,and the engineering aspects, and points to a myriad of excitingpotential applications. The editors, acknowledged leaders in thefield of metamaterials, have invited a group of leading researchersto present both their own findings and the full array ofstate-of-the-art applications for antennas, waveguides, devices,and components. Following a brief overview of the history of artificialmaterials, the publication divides its coverage into two majorclasses of metamaterials. The first half of the publicationexamines effective media with single (SNG) and double negative(DNG) properties; the second half examines electromagnetic band gap(EBG) structures. The book further divides each of these classesinto their three-dimensional (3D volumetric) and two-dimensional(2D planar or surface) realizations. Examples of each type ofmetamaterial are presented, and their known and anticipatedproperties are reviewed. Collectively, Metamaterials: Physics and EngineeringExplorations presents a review of recent research advancesassociated with a highly diverse set of electromagneticmetamaterials. Its multifaceted approach offers readers acombination of theoretical, numerical, and experimentalperspectives for a better understanding of their behaviors andtheir potentialapplications in components, devices, and systems.Extensive reference lists provide opportunities to exploreindividual topics and classes of metamaterials in greaterdepth. With full-color illustrations throughout to clarify concepts andhelp visualize actual results, this book provides a dynamic,user-friendly resource for students, engineers, physicists, andother researchers in the areas of electromagnetic materials,microwaves, millimeter waves, and optics. It equips newcomers witha basic understanding of metamaterials and their potentialapplications. Advanced researchers will benefit fromthought-provoking perspectives that will deepen their knowledge andlead them to new areas of investigation.

Photonic Bandgap Structures Novel Technological Platforms for Physical Chemical and Biological Sensing

Enhanced optical nonlinearity near the photonic bandgap edges of a cholesteric liquid crystal. Opt Lett 2004; 29(22): 2644-6. ... Resonances in one-dimensional disordered systems: localization of energy and resonant transmission.

Photonic Bandgap Structures Novel Technological Platforms for Physical  Chemical and Biological Sensing

This E-Book covers the research and the development of a novel generation of photonic devices for sensing applications. The E-Book starts with a brief review of basic photonic crystal (PhC) structure related concepts and describes the numerical and technological tools useful in the design and fabrication of devices based on PhCs. Next, the E-Book provides a selection of crossover topics emerging in the scientific community as breaking through researches, technologies and sciences for the development of novel technological platforms for physical, chemical and biological sensing. The E-Book ends with a description of the main PhC sensors to date by representing many of the exciting sensing applications that utilize photonic crystal structures.

Photonics

[5] See for example: J.D. Joannopoulos, R.D. Meade, J.N. Winn, Photonic Crystals, Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1995; C.M. Soukoulis (Ed.), Photonic Band Gaps and Localization, Plenum, New York, 1993; C.M. Soukoulis (Ed.), ...

Photonics

Photonics, a volume in the Interface Transmission Tutorial Book series, describes the science of photonic transmission properties of the interfaces of composite materials systems and devices. The book's authors review the general analysis methods of interface transmission, give many examples, and apply these methods to photonic applications. Applications discussed include photonic crystals, materials, devices and circuits. Offers a unique approach on photonics from the interfacial transmission point-of-view Reviews the interface transmission properties of composite materials for photonics applications Authored by world-leading experts on interface transmission

Periodic Materials and Interference Lithography

9.2 Localization of Light: Microcavities and Waveguides So far in this book, we have considered the common picture of ... To illustrate these two particular cases, consider a periodic structure having a complete photonic band gap.

Periodic Materials and Interference Lithography

Written by the department head of materials science and engineering at MIT, this concise and stringent introduction takes readers from the fundamental theory to in-depth knowledge. It sets out with a theoretical scheme for the design of desirable periodic structures, then presents the experimental techniques that allow for fabrication of the periodic structure and exemplary experimental data. Subsequently, theory and numerical data are used to demonstrate how these periodic structures control the photonic, acoustic, and mechanical properties of materials, concluding with examples from these three important fields of applications. The result is must-have knowledge for both beginners and veterans in the field.

Encyclopedia of Optical and Photonic Engineering Print Five Volume Set

Phys. Rev. Lett. 1987, 58 (20), 2059–2062. 2. Yablonovitch, E. Photonic band-gap structures. J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1993, 10 (2), 283–302. 3. John, S. Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices. Phys. Rev.

Encyclopedia of Optical and Photonic Engineering  Print    Five Volume Set

The first edition of the Encyclopedia of Optical and Photonic Engineering provided a valuable reference concerning devices or systems that generate, transmit, measure, or detect light, and to a lesser degree, the basic interaction of light and matter. This Second Edition not only reflects the changes in optical and photonic engineering that have occurred since the first edition was published, but also: Boasts a wealth of new material, expanding the encyclopedia’s length by 25 percent Contains extensive updates, with significant revisions made throughout the text Features contributions from engineers and scientists leading the fields of optics and photonics today With the addition of a second editor, the Encyclopedia of Optical and Photonic Engineering, Second Edition offers a balanced and up-to-date look at the fundamentals of a diverse portfolio of technologies and discoveries in areas ranging from x-ray optics to photon entanglement and beyond. This edition’s release corresponds nicely with the United Nations General Assembly’s declaration of 2015 as the International Year of Light, working in tandem to raise awareness about light’s important role in the modern world. Also Available Online This Taylor & Francis encyclopedia is also available through online subscription, offering a variety of extra benefits for researchers, students, and librarians, including: Citation tracking and alerts Active reference linking Saved searches and marked lists HTML and PDF format options Contact Taylor and Francis for more information or to inquire about subscription options and print/online combination packages. US: (Tel) 1.888.318.2367; (E-mail) [email protected] International: (Tel) +44 (0) 20 7017 6062; (E-mail) [email protected]

Microoptics and Nanooptics Fabrication

S. John, Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices, Physical Review Letters, 58, ... C. C. Cheng and A. Scherer, Fabrication of photonic band-gap crystals, Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B, ...

Microoptics and Nanooptics Fabrication

The deep interconnection between micro/nanooptical components and related fabrication technologies—and the constant changes in this ever-evolving field—means that successful design depends on the engineer’s ability to accommodate cutting-edge theoretical developments in fabrication techniques and experimental realization. Documenting the state of the art in fabrication processes, Microoptics and Nanooptics Fabrication provides an up-to-date synopsis of recent breakthroughs in micro- and nanooptics that improve key developmental processes. This text elucidates the precise and miniaturized scale of today’s fabrication methods and their importance in creating new optical components to access the spectrum of physical optics. It details successful fabrication techniques and their direct effect on the intended performance of micro- and nanooptical components. The contributors explore the constraints related to material selection, component lateral extent, minimum feature size, and other issues that cause fabrication techniques to lag behind corresponding theory in the development process. Written with the professional optical engineer in mind, this book omits the already well-published broader processing fundamentals. Instead it focuses on key tricks of the trade helpful in reformulating processes to achieve necessary optical targets, improve process fidelity, and reduce production costs. The contributing authors represent the vanguard in micro-optical fabrication. The result of their combined efforts, this searing analysis of emerging fabrication technologies will continue to fuel the expansion of optics components, from the microwave to the infrared through the visible regime.

Theory and Phenomena of Metamaterials

Defect and transmission properties of two-dimensional quasiperiodic photonic band-gap systems. Phys. Rev. B, 59(6):4091–4099, ... Photonic band-gap effect, localization, and waveguiding in the twodimensional Penrose lattice. Phys. Rev.

Theory and Phenomena of Metamaterials

Theory and Phenomena of Metamaterials offers an in-depth look at the theoretical background and basic properties of electromagnetic artificial materials, often called metamaterials. A volume in the Metamaterials Handbook, this book provides a comprehensive guide to working with metamaterials using topics presented in a concise review format along with numerous references. With contributions from leading researchers, this text covers all areas where artificial materials have been developed. Each chapter in the text features a concluding summary as well as various cross references to address a wide range of disciplines in a single volume.

Photonic Crystals

... systems can exhibit three important phenomena: photonic band gaps, localized modes, and surface states. Because the index contrast is only along one direction, the band gaps and the bound states are limited to that direction.

Photonic Crystals

Since it was first published in 1995, Photonic Crystals has remained the definitive text for both undergraduates and researchers on photonic band-gap materials and their use in controlling the propagation of light. This newly expanded and revised edition covers the latest developments in the field, providing the most up-to-date, concise, and comprehensive book available on these novel materials and their applications. Starting from Maxwell's equations and Fourier analysis, the authors develop the theoretical tools of photonics using principles of linear algebra and symmetry, emphasizing analogies with traditional solid-state physics and quantum theory. They then investigate the unique phenomena that take place within photonic crystals at defect sites and surfaces, from one to three dimensions. This new edition includes entirely new chapters describing important hybrid structures that use band gaps or periodicity only in some directions: periodic waveguides, photonic-crystal slabs, and photonic-crystal fibers. The authors demonstrate how the capabilities of photonic crystals to localize light can be put to work in devices such as filters and splitters. A new appendix provides an overview of computational methods for electromagnetism. Existing chapters have been considerably updated and expanded to include many new three-dimensional photonic crystals, an extensive tutorial on device design using temporal coupled-mode theory, discussions of diffraction and refraction at crystal interfaces, and more. Richly illustrated and accessibly written, Photonic Crystals is an indispensable resource for students and researchers. Extensively revised and expanded Features improved graphics throughout Includes new chapters on photonic-crystal fibers and combined index-and band-gap-guiding Provides an introduction to coupled-mode theory as a powerful tool for device design Covers many new topics, including omnidirectional reflection, anomalous refraction and diffraction, computational photonics, and much more.

Progress in Optics

Ho, K.M., Chan, C.T., Soukoulis, C.M., 1993, Photonic gaps for electromagnetic waves in periodic dielectric structures: Discovery of the diamond structure, in: Soukoulis, C.M. (Ed.), Photonic Band Gaps and Localization, Plenum, ...

Progress in Optics

In the thirty-seven years that have gone by since the first volume of Progress in Optics was published, optics has become one of the most dynamic fields of science. At the time of inception of this series, the first lasers were only just becoming operational, holography was in its infancy, subjects such as fiber optics, integrated optics and optoelectronics did not exist and quantum optics was the domain of only a few physicists. The term photonics had not yet been coined. Today these fields are flourishing and have become areas of specialisation for many science and engineering students and numerous research workers and engineers throughout the world. Some of the advances in these fields have been recognized by awarding Nobel prizes to seven physicists in the last twenty years. The volumes in this series which have appeared up to now contain nearly 190 review articles by distinguished research workers, which have become permanent records for many important developments. They have helped optical scientists and optical engineers to stay abreast of their fields. There is no sign that developments in optics are slowing down or becoming less interesting. - Gaussian apodization and beam propagation - Electromagnetically-induced transparency - Three-dimensional electromagnetic fields - Quantum cryptography - Optical quantum cloning

Selected Topics in Photonic Crystals and Metamaterials

Therefore, defects in a periodic structure can determine the presence of e.m. modes at discrete frequencies inside the photonic band gaps, corresponding to localized modes. In particular, states with frequencies close to the middle of ...

Selected Topics in Photonic Crystals and Metamaterials

This volume focuses on a research field that has emerged in the last decade as one of the most promising and rapidly advancing. The interest towards photonic crystals and metamaterials and their strategic importance are evident in the steadily growing rate of topical publications, the recent creation of topical journals, conferences and workshops promoted by several scientific societies, the research efforts at international level, and the number of proposed novel applications based on them. The various contributions, by renowned scientists from academia and industry, address wide-ranging topics, including aspects pertaining to modeling, phenomenologies, experiments, technologies and applications.

Light Emitting Silicon for Microphotonics

This PC shows a complete photonic band gap which can have Awlw ~ 24 % . ... C.M. Soukoulis : Photonic Band Gaps and Localization ( Plenum , New York , 1993 ) ; J. Joannopoulos , R. Meade , J. Winn : Photonic Crystals ( Princeton Press ...

Light Emitting Silicon for Microphotonics

A fascinating insight into the state-of-the-art in silicon microphotonics and on what we can expect in the near future. The book presents an overview of the current understanding of getting light from silicon. It concentrates mainly on low dimensional silicon structures, like quantum dots, wires and wells, but covers also alternative approaches like porous silicon and the doping of silicon with rare-earths. The emphasis is on the experimental and theoretical achievements concerning the optoelectronic properties of confined silicon structures obtained during recent years. Silicon based photonic crystals are in particular considered. An in depth discussion of the route towards a silicon laser is presented.

Scattering and Localization of Classical Waves in Random Media

walls so as to increase the degree of coherence within the sample and hence facilitate localization . ... For sufficiently high dielectric contrast a photonic bandgap can exist in analogy with electronic bandgaps .

Scattering and Localization of Classical Waves in Random Media

The past decade has witnessed breakthroughs in the understanding of the wave localization phenomena and its implications for wave multiple scattering in inhomogeneous media. This book brings together review articles written by noted researchers in this field in a tutorial manner so as to give the readers a coherent picture of its status. It would be valuable both as an up-to-date reference for active researchers as well as a readable source for students looking to gain an understanding of the latest results.

Nanoelectronics and Photonics

Such gaps are called photonic band gaps (PBGs), and the structure is called a photonic crystal. ... significance of the photonic band gap while studying two apparently disparate topics, laser cavities [1] and localization in disordered ...

Nanoelectronics and Photonics

Nanoelectronics and Photonics provides a fundamental description of the core elements and problems of advanced and future information technology. The authoritative book collects a series of tutorial chapters from leaders in the field covering fundamental topics from materials to devices and system architecture, and bridges the fundamental laws of physics and chemistry of materials at the atomic scale with device and circuit design and performance requirements.