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Plant Genes Genomes and Genetics

Author: Erich Grotewold
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
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Plant Genes, Genomes and Genetics provides a comprehensive treatment of all aspects of plant gene expression. Unique in explaining the subject from a plant perspective, it highlights the importance of key processes, many first discovered in plants, that impact how plants develop and interact with the environment. This text covers topics ranging from plant genome structure and the key control points in how genes are expressed, to the mechanisms by which proteins are generated and how their activities are controlled and altered by posttranslational modifications. Written by a highly respected team of specialists in plant biology with extensive experience in teaching at undergraduate and graduate level, this textbook will be invaluable for students and instructors alike. Plant Genes, Genomes and Genetics also includes: specific examples that highlight when and how plants operate differently from other organisms special sections that provide in-depth discussions of particular issues end-of-chapter problems to help students recapitulate the main concepts rich, full-colour illustrations and diagrams clearly showing important processes in plant gene expression a companion website with PowerPoint slides, downloadable figures, and answers to the questions posed in the book Aimed at upper level undergraduates and graduate students in plant biology, this text is equally suited for advanced agronomy and crop science students inclined to understand molecular aspects of organismal phenomena. It is also an invaluable starting point for professionals entering the field of plant biology.


The Handbook of Plant Genome Mapping

Author: Khalid Meksem
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
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While the complete sequencing of the genomes of model organisms such as a multitude of bacteria and archaea, the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the worm Caenorhabditis elegans, the fly Drosophila melanogaster, and the mouse and human genomes have received much public attention, the deciphering of plant genomeswas greatly lagging behind. Up to now, only two plant genomes, one of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana and one of the crop species rice (Oryza sativa) have been sequenced, though a series of other crop genome sequencing projects are underway. Notwithstanding this public bias towards genomics of animals and humans, it is nevertheless of great importance for basic and applied sciences and industries in such diverse fields as agriculture, breeding in particular, evolutionary genetics, biotechnology, and food science to know the composition of crop plant genomes in detail. It is equally crucial for a deeper understanding of the molecular basis of biodiversity and synteny. The Handbook of Genome Mapping: Genetic and Physical Mapping is the first book on the market to cover these hot topics in considerable detail, and is set apart by its combination of genetic and physical mapping. Throughout, each chapter begins with an easy-to-read introduction, also making the book the first reference designed for non-specialists and newcomers, too. In addition to being an outstanding bench work reference, the book is an excellent textbook for learning and teaching genomics, in particular for courses on genome mapping. It also serves as an up-to-date guide for seasoned researchers involved in the genetic and physical mapping of genomes, especially plant genomes.


Crop Biotechnology Genetic Modification And Genome Editing

Author: Halford Nigel G
Publisher: World Scientific
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Plant molecular biology came to the fore in the early 1980s and there has been tremendous growth in the subject since then. The study of plant genes and genomes, coupled with the development of techniques for the incorporation of novel or modified genes into plants, eventually led to the commercialisation of genetically modified (GM) crops in the mid-1990s. This was seen as the start of a biotechnological revolution in plant breeding. However, plant biotechnology became one of the hottest debates of the age and, in Europe at least, has been mired in controversy and over-regulation. Nevertheless, recent years have seen further technological innovation in the development of a range of techniques that enable scientists to make specific changes to target genes. Through a detailed history and development of the science and techniques that underpin crop biotechnology, this title is concise, comprehensive and readable. As well as new sections on genome editing, this edition includes expanded sections on current GM crops and future developments in plant biotechnology, and updated sections on techniques, legislation and the GM crop debate. The previous edition of this book, titled Genetically Modified Crops, 2nd Edition, was published in November 2011. Contents: DNA, Genes, Genomes and Plant BreedingThe Techniques of Plant Genetic Modification and Genome EditingThe Use of Genetically Modified (GM) and Genome-edited Crops in AgricultureLegislation Covering Genetically Modified (GM) Crops and FoodsIssues that Have Arisen in the GM Crop and Food Debate Readership: It is accessible to a general readership with a scientific background but also provides useful information for the specialist, particularly those interested in the production of genetically modified (GM) and genome edited crops, the use of GM and genome edited crops in commercial agriculture. Keywords: Agriculture;Agricultural Sciences;Biology;Biotechnology;Botany;Crop Science;Environment;Food;Genes;Genetics; Genetic Engineering;Genetic Modification;Genetic Manipulation;GM Crops;Plant Breeding;PlantsReview: Key Features: Written by an acknowledged expert in the fieldNow includes genome edited as well as GM cropsGreatly expanded sections on current GM and genome edited crops and future developments in plant biotechnologyUpdated sections on legislation and the GM crop debateA concise reference with all the important facts in one placeA readable treatise of an issue with implications for science in society that go well beyond plant breeding and crop science


Methods of genome analysis in plants

Author: Prem P. Jauhar
Publisher: CRC
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This extensively illustrated book describes in detail the classical and molecular techniques of elucidating genomic and phylogenetic relationships in plants. The advent of novel techniques like genomic painting, chromosome microdissection, and microcloning has added a new level of sophistication to plant genome analysis and gene mapping. Each of the 20 chapters covers the nature, advantages, and limitations of a genome analysis technique. Each chapter has been written by one or more specialists, who have given an authoritative account of the subject. This invaluable sourcebook will be useful to professionals and graduate students interested in genome analysis, gene mapping, and organic evolution. The book will particularly benefit cytogeneticists, plant breeders, taxonomists, biosytematists, molecular biologists, and biotechnologists.


Genes Genomes Genetics and Chromosomes

Author: Logan Aguilar
Publisher: Scientific e-Resources
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A genome is an organism's complete set of DNA, including all of its genes. Each genome contains all of the information needed to build and maintain that organism. In humans, a copy of the entire genome-more than three billion DNA base pairs-is contained in all cells that have a nucleus. Developmental Genetics studies how the genes regulate developmental changes in behavior and influence scientific approaches in several fields. It highlights the interdisciplinary approach of developmental genetics with new revolutionary technologies and details how these advances have accelerated our understanding of the molecular genetic processes that regulates development. Chromosomes come in matching sets of two (or pairs) and there are hundreds-sometimes thousands-of genes in just one chromosome. The chromosomes and genes are made of DNA, which is short for deoxyribonucleic. Genes, Genomes, and Genomics, with chapters written by internationally renowned experts, provide an enormous reservoir of new information in the various theoretical and applied aspects of unravelling the secrets hidden in the genes of plants, animals and microorganisms. A gene is the basic physical and functional unit of heredity. Genes, which are made up of DNA, act as instructions to make molecules called proteins. In humans, genes vary in size from a few hundred DNA bases to more than two million bases. Moreover, the book presents a thorough overview of a wide array of methodologies from classical genetics to modern genomics technologies.


Genetic Analysis

Author: Philip Meneely
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
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How do we know what role a particular gene has? How do some genes control the expression of others? How do genes interact to form gene networks? With its unique integration of genetics and molecular biology, Genetic Analysis probes fascinating questions such as these, detailing how our understanding of key genetic phenomena can be used to understand biological systems. Opening with a brief overview of key genetic principles, model organisms, and epigenetics, the book goes on to explorethe use of gene mutations and the analysis of gene expression and activity. A discussion of the genetic structure of natural populations follows, before the interaction of genes during suppression and epistasis, how we study gene networks, and personalized genomics are considered. Drawing on the latest experimental tools, including microarrays, RNAi screens, and bioinformatics approaches, Genetic Analysis provides a state-of-the-art review of the field, but in a truly student-friendly manner. It uses extended case studies and text boxes to augment the narrative, taking the reader right to the forefront of contemporary research, without losing clarity of explanation and insight. We are in an age where, despite knowing so much about biological systems, we are just beginning to realise how much more there is still to understand. Genetic Analysis is the ideal guide to how we can use the awesome power of molecular genetics to further our understanding. Online Resource Centre: The Online Resource Centre to accompany Genetic Analysis features the following resources for teachers and students: For students: * Topical updates - key updates on topics or tools presented in the book, to keep you up-to-date with the latest developments in the field. * Additional case studies and text boxes to complement and add to those found in the book. * Practice problems, to test the reader's knowledge of the concepts presented, and help to master them. For registered adopters ofthe book: * Figures from the book in electronic format, ready to download. * Journal clubs - suggested papers and discussion questions linked to topics covered in the book.


Plants Genes and Crop Biotechnology

Author: Maarten J. Chrispeels
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
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This book integrates many fields to help students understand the complexity of the basic science that underlies crop and food production.


Genetics

Author: Daniel L. Hartl
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
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Biological Sciences


Plant Genome Diversity Volume 1

Author: Jonathan Wendel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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In this timely new 2-volume treatise, experts from around the world have banded together to produce a first-of-its-kind synopsis of the exciting and fast moving field of plant evolutionary genomics. In Volume I of Plant Genome Diversity, an update is provided on what we have learned from plant genome sequencing projects. This is followed by more focused chapters on the various genomic “residents” of plant genomes, including transposable elements, centromeres, small RNAs, and the evolutionary dynamics of genes and non-coding sequences. Attention is drawn to advances in our understanding of plant mitochondrial and plastid genomes, as well as the significance of duplication in genic evolution and the non-independent evolution among sequences in plant genomes. Finally, Volume I provides an introduction to the vibrant new frontier of plant epigenomics, describing the current state of our knowledge and the evolutionary implications of the epigenomic landscape.


Functional Genomics

Author: Chris Town
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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This volume provides an overview of the current state of plant genomics using a number of different approaches at a time when we celebrate the completion of the Arabidopsis genome sequence and begin the transition from structural to functional studies of this and other plant genomes. Topics covered include comparative genomics, computational approaches to gene identification and annotation and data management, high throughput methodologies for functional analysis at the levels of transcript, protein and metabolite, and methods for genome modification by both homologous and site-specific recombination. The book will provide a good introduction to some of the many aspects of genomics both for established plant biologists who wish to understand this rapidly developing area and for scientists early in their careers. It is also very suitable for a one-semester course in Plant Genomics at the upper-level undergraduate/graduate student level, where the individual chapters provide a framework that can be readily expanded by use of some of the many articles in the bibliographies.