Polish Essays in the Methodology of the Social Sciences

Some of the collections of essays” supplement it by presenting results of various empirical studies or of theoretical inquiries ... Methodology of the social sciences has also been discussed in several Polish books published in English.

Polish Essays in the Methodology of the Social Sciences

Modern philosophy has benefited immensely from the intelligence, and sensitivity, the creative and critical energies, and the lucidity of Polish scholars. Their investigations into the logical and methodological foundations of mathematics, the physical and biological sciences, ethics and esthetics, psychology, linguistics, economics and jurisprudence, and the social science- all are marked by profound and imaginative work. To the centers of empiricist philosophy of science in Vienna, Berlin and Cambridge during the first half of this century, one always added the great school of analytic and methodol ogical studies in Warsaw and Lwow. To the world centers of Marxist theoretical practice in Berlin, Moscow, Paris, Rome and elsewhere, one must add the Poland of the same era, from Ludwik Krzywicki (1859-1941) onward. American socialists and economists will remember the careful work of Oscar Lange, working among us for many years and then after 1945 in Warsaw, always humane, logical, objective. In this volume, our friend and colleague, Jerzy J. Wiatr, has assembled a representative set of recent essays by Polish social scientists and philosophers. Each of these might lead the reader far beyond this book, to look into the Polish Sociological Bulletin which has been publishing Polish sociological studies in English for several decades, to study other translations of books and papers by these authors, and to reflect upon the interplay of logical, phenomenological, Marxist, empiricist and historical learning in modern Polish social understanding.

Polish Essays in the Philosophy of the Natural Sciences

Madej has written a book on Lavoisier's work, Methodological Problems of the Revolution in Chemistry [1975], Kazimierz ... Semiotics in Poland 1894–1969, edited by Pelc [1978]; and Polish Essays in the Methodology of the Social Sciences ...

Polish Essays in the Philosophy of the Natural Sciences


The Search for a Methodology of Social Science

1975. Marjorie Grene and Everett Mendelsohn (eds.), Topics in the Philosophy of Biology. 1976. Joseph Agassi, Science in Flux. 1975. Jerzy J. Wiatr (ed.), Polish Essays in the Methodology of the Social Sciences. 1979.

The Search for a Methodology of Social Science

Stephen Turner has explored the ongms of social science in this pioneering study of two nineteenth century themes: the search for laws of human social behavior, and the accumulation and analysis of the facts of such behavior through statistical inquiry. The disputes were vigorously argued; they were over questions of method, criteria of explanation, interpretations of probability, understandings of causation as such and of historical causation in particular, and time and again over the ways of using a natural science model. From his careful elucidation of John Stuart Mill's proposals for the methodology of the social sciences on to his original analysis of the methodological claims and practices of Emile Durkheim and Max Weber, Turner has beautifully traced the conflict between statistical sociology and a science offactual description on the one side, and causal laws and a science of nomological explanation on the other. We see the works of Comte and Quetelet, the critical observations of Herschel, Buckle, Venn and Whewell, and the tough scepticism of Pearson, all of these as essential to the works of the classical founders of sociology. With Durkheim's essay on Suicide and Weber's monograph on The Protestant Ethic, Turner provides both philosophical analysis to demonstrate the continuing puzzles over cause and probability and also a perceptive and wry account of just how the puzzles of our late twentieth century are of a piece with theirs. The terms are still familiar: reasons vs.

In the Scope of Logic Methodology and Philosophy of Science

Volume One of the 11th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, Cracow, ... R. D. Rosenkrantz , Inference , Method and Decision . ... Polish Essays in the Methodology of the Social Sciences .

In the Scope of Logic  Methodology and Philosophy of Science

This is the first of two volumes containing papers submitted by the invited speakers to the 11th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, held in Cracow in 1999, under the auspices of the International Union of History and Philosophy of Science, Division of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science. The invited speakers are the leading researchers and accordingly the book presents the current state of the intellectual discourse in the respective fields. The papers delivered at the congress were divided into 17 sections. Thus the structure of the volume corresponds to the very schedule of the congress. Volume one contains the opening lecture by Andrzej K. Wróblewski as well as invited papers in sections of Proof Theory, Model Theory, Recursion Theory, Axiomatic Set Theory, Logic and Computation, Logic, Language and Cognition, Methodology, Probability, Induction, and Decision Theory, Philosophy of Logic, Mathematics, and Computer Science, and Philosophy of the Physical Sciences.

Collected Papers of Stig Kanger with Essays on his Life and Work

R. D. Rosenkrantz, Inference, Method and Decision. ... 1979 ISBN 90-277–0879–7 T. A. F. Kuipers, Studies in Inductive Probability and Rational Expectation. ... Polish Essays in the Methodology of the Social Sciences.

Collected Papers of Stig Kanger with Essays on his Life and Work

Stig Kanger (1924-1988) made important contributions to logic and formal philosophy. Kanger's dissertation Provability in Logic, 1957, contained significant results in proof theory as well as the first fully worked out model-theoretic interpretation of quantified modal logic. It is generally accepted nowadays that Kanger was one of the originators of possible worlds semantics for modal logic. Kanger's most original achievements were in the areas of general proof theory, the semantics of modal and deontic logic, and the logical analysis of the concept of rights. He also contributed to action theory, preference logic, and the theory of measurement. This is the first of two volumes dedicated to the work of Stig Kanger. The present volume is a complete collection of Kanger's philosophical papers. The second volume contains critical essays on Kanger's work, as well as biographical essays on Kanger written by colleagues and friends.

Collected papers of Stig Kanger with essays on his life and work

R. D. Rosenkrantz , Inference , Method and Decision . Towards a Bayesian Philosophy of ... ( Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science , Vol . LV ] 1977 ISBN 90-277-0826-6 ... Polish Essays in the Methodology of the Social Sciences .

Collected papers of Stig Kanger with essays on his life and work

Stig Kanger (1924-1988) made important contributions to logic and formal philosophy. Kanger's most original achievements were in the areas of general proof theory, the semantics of modal and deontic logic, and the logical analysis of the concept of rights. But he contributed significantly to action theory, preference logic and the theory of measurement as well. This is the second of two volumes dedicated to the work of Stig Kanger. The first volume is a complete collection of Kanger's philosophical papers. The present volume contains critical essays on the various aspects of Kanger's work as well as some biographical sketches. Lennart Åqvist, Jan Berg, Brian Chellas, Anatoli Degtyarev, Lars Gustafsson, Sören Halldén, Kaj Børge Hansen, Sven Ove Hansson, Risto Hilpinen, Jaakko Hintikka, Ghita Holmström-Hintikka, Lars Lindahl, Sten Lindström, Ingmar Pörn, Dag Prawitz, Wlodek Rabinowicz, Krister Segerberg, Amartya Sen, Sören Stenlund, Göran Sundholm, and Andrei Voronkov have contributed to this volume.

Collected Papers of Stig Kanger with Essays on his Life and Work Volume II

R. D. Rosenkrantz, Inference, Method and Decision. ... 1979 ISBN 90-277-0879–7 T. A. F. Kuipers, Studies in Inductive Probability and Rational Expectation. ... Polish Essays in the Methodology of the Social Sciences.

Collected Papers of Stig Kanger with Essays on his Life and Work Volume II

Stig Kanger (1924-1988) made important contributions to logic and formal philosophy. Kanger's dissertation Provability in Logic, 1957, contained significant results in proof theory as well as the first fully worked out model-theoretic interpretation of quantified modal logic. It is generally accepted nowadays that Kanger was one of the originators of possible worlds semantics for modal logic. Kanger's most original achievements were in the areas of general proof theory, the semantics of modal and deontic logic, and the logical analysis of the concept of rights. He also contributed to action theory, preference logic, and the theory of measurement. This is the first of two volumes dedicated to the work of Stig Kanger. The present volume is a complete collection of Kanger's philosophical papers. The second volume contains critical essays on Kanger's work, as well as biographical essays on Kanger written by colleagues and friends.

The Natural Sciences and the Social Sciences

Polish Essays in the Methodology of the Social Sciences. [Synthese Library 131] 1979 ISBN 90-277-0723-5; Pb 90-277-0956-4 P. Janich: Protophysics of Time. Constructive Foundation and History of Time Measurement.

The Natural Sciences and the Social Sciences

Natural Sciences and the Social Sciences contains a series of explorations of the different ways in which the social sciences have interacted with the natural sciences. Usually, such interactions are considered to go only `one way': from the natural to the social sciences. But there are several important essays in this volume which show how developments in the social sciences have affected the natural sciences - even the `hard' science of physics. Other essays deal with various types of interaction since the Scientific Revolution. In his general introductory chapter, Cohen sets some general themes concerning analogies and homologies and the use of metaphors, drawing specific examples from the use of concepts of physics by marginalist economists and of developments in the life sciences by organismic sociologists. The remaining chapters, which explore the different ways in which the social sciences and the natural sciences have actually interacted, are written by leaders in the field of history of science, drawn from a wide range of countries and disciplines. The book will be of great interest to all historians of science, philosophers interested in questions of methodology, economists and sociologists, and all social scientists concerned with the history of their subject and its foundations.

Concept Formation in the Humanities and the Social Sciences

Essays in Honour of Jaakko Hintikka on the Occasion of His Fiftieth Birthday. 1978. ... Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Volume LVIII. 1978. ... Polish Essays in the Methodology of the Social Sciences. Boston Studies in the ...

Concept Formation in the Humanities and the Social Sciences

Uniqueness of style versus plurality of styles: in terms of these aesthetic categories one of the most important differences between the recent past and the present can be described. This difference manifests itself in all spheres of life - in fashion, in everyday life, in the arts, in science. What is of interest for my purposes in this book are its manifestations in the processes of con cept formation as they occur in the humanities, broadly conceived. Here the following methodological approaches seem to dominate the scene. 1. A tendency to apply semiotic concepts in various fields of research. 2. Attempts to introduce metrical concepts and measurement, even into disciplines tra ditionally considered as unamenable to mathematical treatment, like aesthetics and theory of art. 3. Efforts to fmd ways of formulating empirically testable, operational criteria for the application of concepts, especially concepts which refer to objects directly not observable, like dispositions, attitudes, character or personality traits. Care is also taken to take advantage of the conceptual apparatus of methodology to express problems in the humanities with the highest possible degree of clarity and precision. 4. Analysis of the p~rsuasive function oflanguage and its possible uses in science and in everyday life. The above tendencies are present in this book. It is divided into two parts: I. Methods of Concept Formation, and II. Applications. In the first part some general methods of concept formation are presented and their merits discussed.

Sociological Dilemmas

Szczepański, J. 1969 Socjologia: rozwój problematyki i metod [Sociology: The Development of Problems and Methods]. Warszawa: Polish Scientific Publishers. ... In Polish Essays in the Methodology of the Social Sciences, ed.

Sociological Dilemmas

Sociological Dilemmas: Toward a Dialectic Paradigm aims to build a new paradigm in sociological theory by using the method of dialectical critique, patterned on the approach utilized by Karl Marx. The book explores the sociological heritage, with the theoretical works of Karl Marx as the primary basis of exposition and analysis. Chapters are devoted to the discussion of the theoretical crisis of sociology; the division of sociology between two opposing methodologies; dissociation of sociology from the prescientific traditions of social thought; and the conclusion reached by the author after an extensive analysis of sociological theories presented in the book. The book will be of value to sociologists, teachers, and students of the social sciences.

The Dawn of Cognitive Science

R. D. Rosenkrantz , Inference , Method and Decision . Towards a Bayesian Philosophy of ... T. A. F. Kuipers , Studies in Inductive Probability and Rational Expectation . ... Polish Essays in the Methodology of the Social Sciences .

The Dawn of Cognitive Science

Current debate in cognitive science, from robotics to analysis of vision, deals with problems like the perception of form, the structure and formation of mental images and their modelling, the ecological development of artificial intelligence, and cognitive analysis of natural language. This book presents the core of theories developed in Central Europe between the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries by philosophers, physicists, psychologists and semanticists who shared a dynamic approach and.

A Model Theoretic Realist Interpretation of Science

R. D. Rosenkrantz , Inference , Method and Decision . Towards a Bayesian Philosophy of ... T. A. F. Kuipers , Studies in Inductive Probability and Rational Expectation . ... Polish Essays in the Methodology of the Social Sciences .

A Model Theoretic Realist Interpretation of Science

In this book Emma Ruttkamp demonstrates the power of the full-blown employment of the model-theoretic paradigm in the philosophy of science. Within this paradigm she gives an account of sciences as process and product. She expounds the "received statement" and the "non-statement" views of science, and shows how the model-theoretic approach resolves the spurious tension between these views. In this endeavour she also engages the views of a number of contemporary philosophers of science with affinity to model theory. This text can be read by specialists working in philosophy of science or formal semantics, by logicians working on the structure of theories, and by students in philosophy of science - this text offers a thorough introduction to non-statement accounts of sciences as well as a discussion of the traditional statement account of science.

Logic Meaning and Computation

R. D. Rosenkrantz, Inference, Method and Decision. Towards a Bayesian Philosophy of Science, 1977 ISBN 90-277-0817-7, Pb 90-277-0818-5 R. Tuomela, Human Action and Its ... Polish Essays in the Methodology of the Social Sciences.

Logic  Meaning and Computation

This volume began as a remembrance of Alonzo Church while he was still with us and is now finally complete. It contains papers by many well-known scholars, most of whom have been directly influenced by Church's own work. Often the emphasis is on foundational issues in logic, mathematics, computation, and philosophy - as was the case with Church's contributions, now universally recognized as having been of profound fundamental significance in those areas. The volume will be of interest to logicians, computer scientists, philosophers, and linguists. The contributions concern classical first-order logic, higher-order logic, non-classical theories of implication, set theories with universal sets, the logical and semantical paradoxes, the lambda-calculus, especially as it is used in computation, philosophical issues about meaning and ontology in the abstract sciences and in natural language, and much else. The material will be accessible to specialists in these areas and to advanced graduate students in the respective fields.

Structures in Science

Heuristic Patterns Based on Cognitive Structures An Advanced Textbook in Neo-Classical Philosophy of Science Theo A.F. ... I. Pörn , Action Theory and Social Science . ... Polish Essays in the Methodology of the Social Sciences .

Structures in Science

The philosophy of science has lost its self-confidence, witness the lack of advanced textbooks in contrast to the abundance of elementary textbooks. Structures in Science is an advanced textbook that explicates, updates, accommodates, and integrates the best insights of logical-empiricism and its main critics. This `neo-classical approach' aims at providing heuristic patterns for research. The book introduces four ideal types of research programs (descriptive, explanatory, design, and explicative) and reanimates the distinction between observational laws and proper theories. It explicates various patterns of explanation by subsumption and specification as well as structures in reductive and other types of interlevel research. Its analysis of theory evaluation leads to new characterizations of confirmation, empirical progress, and pseudoscience. Partial analogies between progress in nomological research (i.e. observational, referential, and theoretical truth approximation, presented in detail in From Instrumentalism to Constructive Realism, 2000) and progress in explicative and design research emerge. Finally, special chapters are devoted to design research programs, computational philosophy of science, the structuralist approach to theories, and research ethics.

A Boole Anthology

Recent and Classical Studies in the Logic of George Boole James Gasser. SYNTHESE LIBRARY 115. 116. 117. ... 1979 ISBN 90-277-0811-8 I. Pörn, Action Theory and Social Science. ... Polish Essays in the Methodology of the Social Sciences.

A Boole Anthology

Modern mathematical logic would not exist without the analytical tools first developed by George Boole in The Mathematical Analysis of Logic and The Laws of Thought. The influence of the Boolean school on the development of logic, always recognised but long underestimated, has recently become a major research topic. This collection is the first anthology of works on Boole. It contains two works published in 1865, the year of Boole's death, but never reprinted, as well as several classic studies of recent decades and ten original contributions appearing here for the first time. From the programme of the English Algebraic School to Boole's use of operator methods, from the problem of interpretability to that of psychologism, a full range of issues is covered. The Boole Anthology is indispensable to Boole studies and will remain so for years to come.

The Dynamics of Thought

R. D. Rosenkrantz, Inference, Method and Decision. ... 1979 ISBN 90-277-0879-7 T. A. F. Kuipers, Studies in Inductive Probability and Rational Expectation. ... Polish Essays in the Methodology of the Social Sciences.

The Dynamics of Thought

This book is a selection from the articles that I have written over a period of more than twenty years. Since the focus of my research interests has shifted several times during this period, it would be difficult to identify a common theme for all the papers in the volume. Following the Swedish tradition, I therefore present this as a smörgåsbord of philosophical and cognitive issues that I have worked on. To create some order, I have organized the sixteen papers into five general sections: (1) Decision theory; (2) belief revision and nonmonotonic logic; (3) induction; (4) semantics and pragmatics; and (5) cognition and evolution. Having said this, I still think that there is a common theme to my work over the years: The dynamics of thought. My academic interests have all the time dealt with aspects of how different kinds of knowledge should be represented, and, in particular, how changes in knowledge will affect thinking. Hence the title of the book.

Attitudes and Changing Contexts

R. D. Rosenkrantz , Inference , Method and Decision . Towards a Bayesian Philosophy of ... [ Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science , Vol . LV ] 1977 ISBN 90-277-0826-6 ... Polish Essays in the Methodology of the Social Sciences .

Attitudes and Changing Contexts

In this book, the author defends a unified externalists account of propositional attitudes and reference, and formalizes this view within possible world semantics. He establishes a link between philosophical analyses of intentionality and reference, and formal semantic theories of discourse representation and context change. The relation between belief change and the semantic analyses of conditional sentences and evidential (knowledge) and buletic (desire) propositional attitudes is discussed extensively.

Abductive Reasoning

R. D. Rosenkrantz, Inference, Method and Decision. Towards a Bayesian Philosophy of Science. 1977 ISBN 90-277-0817-7; Pb 90-277-0818-5 116 ... Polish Essays in the Methodology of the Social Sciences. [Boston Studies in the Philosophy of ...

Abductive Reasoning

Abductive Reasoning: Logical Investigations into Discovery and Explanation is a much awaited original contribution to the study of abductive reasoning, providing logical foundations and a rich sample of pertinent applications. Divided into three parts on the conceptual framework, the logical foundations, and the applications, this monograph takes the reader for a comprehensive and erudite tour through the taxonomy of abductive reasoning, via the logical workings of abductive inference ending with applications pertinent to scientific explanation, empirical progress, pragmatism and belief revision.

Formal Ontology and Conceptual Realism

R. D. Rosenkrantz, Inference, Method and Decision. ... 1979 ISBN 90-277-0879-7 T. A. F. Kuipers, Studies in Inductive Probability and Rational Expectation. ... Polish Essays in the Methodology of the Social Sciences.

Formal Ontology and Conceptual Realism

Theories about the ontological structure of the world have generally been described in informal, intuitive terms. This book offers an account of the general features and methodology of formal ontology. The book defends conceptual realism as the best system to adopt based on a logic of natural kinds. By formally reconstructing an intuitive, informal ontological scheme as a formal ontology we can better determine the consistency and adequacy of that scheme.

Reference Truth and Conceptual Schemes

R. D. Rosenkrantz, Inference, Method and Decision. ... 1979 ISBN 90-277-0879-7 T. A. F. Kuipers, Studies in Inductive Probability and Rational Expectation. ... Polish Essays in the Methodology of the Social Sciences.

Reference  Truth and Conceptual Schemes

1. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND The purpose of the book is to develop internal realism, the metaphysical-episte mological doctrine initiated by Hilary Putnam (Reason, Truth and History, "Introduction", Many Faces). In doing so I shall rely - sometimes quite heavily - on the notion of conceptual scheme. I shall use the notion in a somewhat idiosyncratic way, which, however, has some affinities with the ways the notion has been used during its history. So I shall start by sketching the history of the notion. This will provide some background, and it will also give opportunity to raise some of the most important problems I will have to solve in the later chapters. The story starts with Kant. Kant thought that the world as we know it, the world of tables, chairs and hippopotami, is constituted in part by the human mind. His cen tral argument relied on an analysis of space and time, and presupposed his famous doctrine that knowledge cannot extend beyond all possible experience. It is a central property of experience - he claimed - that it is structured spatially and temporally. However, for various reasons, space and time cannot be features of the world, as it is independently of our experience. So he concluded that they must be the forms of human sensibility, i. e. necessary ingredients of the way things appear to our senses.