Europe s Postwar Recovery

This book reassesses Western Europe's miraculous economic recovery from World War II, exposing the role of international institutions.

Europe s Postwar Recovery

This book reassesses Western Europe's miraculous economic recovery from World War II, exposing the role of international institutions.

Postwar Recovery

Accordingly DDR is now a regular component of post-conflict reconstruction efforts around the world. Postwar Recovery provides a unique study of DDR in action.

Postwar Recovery

DDR is an essential compnent of international peacebuilding schemes. This title is the first appraisal of its effectiveness in a variety of international contexts. It draws out lessons to be learned.In countries affected by war, the cessation of hostilities inevitably produces a large number of demobilised combatants, most of them lacking any basic means of support or livelihood. The failure to respond to the disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR) of such former combatants can cause high levels of insecurity, at worst a resumption of armed conflict. Accordingly DDR is now a regular component of post-conflict reconstruction efforts around the world. Postwar Recovery provides a unique study of DDR in action. Drawing upon the experience of four major war-torn societies - Afghanistan, Kosovo, El Salvador and Sierra Leone - the author provides the first comparative analysis of DDR, exploring the planning, implementation and effectiveness of DDR in each country. In a final chapter, the author draws out the lessons to be learned.

Military Masculinity and Postwar Recovery in the Soviet Union

... and how that ideal was pursued anew – how hegemony as a relational form
was reconfirmed and maintained – as part of postwar recovery narratives. The
Soviet Union after the War In recent years, a number of excellent historical
studies of ...

Military Masculinity and Postwar Recovery in the Soviet Union

Rearming Masculinity explores military masculinity in the Soviet Union after the catastrophe of the Second World War. Soldiering had to be reimagined and resold to the public, which involved writing women out and re-establishing military identity as the premier form of masculinity in Soviet society.

United States Foreign Policy for a Post war Recovery Program

Hearings Before the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives,
Eightieth Congress, First and Second Sessions, on United States Foreign Policy
for a Post-war Recovery Program, the First Step Being Consideration of
Proposals ...

United States Foreign Policy for a Post war Recovery Program


U S Foreign Policy for a Post War Recovery Program

In accordance with a motion previously adopted by the committee, we will begin
hearings at this time on United States foreign policy for a postwar recovery
program. The first step will be consideration of proposals for a European recovery
 ...

U S  Foreign Policy for a Post War Recovery Program

Considers (80) H.R. 4840, (80) H.R. 4579.

Poland s Postwar Recovery

Poland s Postwar Recovery


American Hegemony and the Postwar Reconstruction of Science in Europe

Referring to the desperate economic situation and political instability in Europe,
he said that the United States would be willing to help European governments
draw up a recovery program and to support it financially. With that, the so-called ...

American Hegemony and the Postwar Reconstruction of Science in Europe

In 1945, the United States was not only the strongest economic and military power in the world; it was also the world's leader in science and technology. In American Hegemony and the Postwar Reconstruction of Science in Europe, John Krige describes the efforts of influential figures in the United States to model postwar scientific practices and institutions in Western Europe on those in America. They mobilized political and financial support to promote not just America's scientific and technological agendas in Western Europe but its Cold War political and ideological agendas as well. Drawing on the work of diplomatic and cultural historians, Krige argues that this attempt at scientific dominance by the United States can be seen as a form of "consensual hegemony," involving the collaboration of influential local elites who shared American values. He uses this notion to analyze a series of case studies that describe how the U.S. administration, senior officers in the Rockefeller and Ford Foundations, the NATO Science Committee, and influential members of the scientific establishment—notably Isidor I. Rabi of Columbia University and Vannevar Bush of MIT—tried to Americanize scientific practices in such fields as physics, molecular biology, and operations research. He details U.S. support for institutions including CERN, the Niels Bohr Institute, the French CNRS and its laboratories at Gif near Paris, and the never-established "European MIT." Krige's study shows how consensual hegemony in science not only served the interests of postwar European reconstruction but became another way of maintaining American leadership and "making the world safe for democracy."

Lessons in Post War Reconstruction

PostWar. Recovery. in. Southern. Lebanon. Jala Makhzoumi 1 Rural peripheries,
whether inthe northern plains of 'Akkar,in the Beqa',or in SouthernLebanon, were
left out of economic growth and modernization during the 1950s and60s.

Lessons in Post War Reconstruction

After the ceasefire, a group of architects and planners from the American University of Beirut formed the Reconstruction Unit to help in the recovery process and in rebuilding the lives of those affected by the 2006 war in Lebanon . Here, a series of case studies documenting the work of the Unit discusses the lessons to be learned from the experiences of Lebanon after the July War, and suggests how those lessons might be applied elsewhere. The cases are diverse in terms of scale, type of intervention, methods, and approaches to the situation on the ground. Critical issues such as community participation, heritage protection, damage assessment and compensation policies, the role of the state, and capacity building are explored and the success and failures assessed.

Japan s Postwar Economic Recovery and Anglo Japanese Relations 1948 1962

... there has been a growing amount of scholarly work on Japan's postwar
success, and this peaked in the 1980s when Japan became the ... Hence
historians have been publishing books on Japan's economic recovery since the
mid-1980s.

Japan s Postwar Economic Recovery and Anglo Japanese Relations  1948 1962

Ever since Japan's economy recovered in the 1960s, scholars have been searching for the reasons for its meteoric postwar success. Until now, much research has been based on the study of Japan's society, its political and economic infrastructure, and its particular model of capitalism. But now that American and British government documents from the 1950s have been released, it emerges that the United States - as part of its Cold War economic and military strategy in East Asia - played a large part in assisting Japan out of its economic difficulties, whereas Britain's role seems to have been more ambivalent and circumspect. This book sets out to rectify the lack of full research into Anglo-Japanese trade relations from the late 1940s up to the early 1960s, and to examine the impact of cultural differences and perceptions on diplomacy, as well as the influence of prevailing political considerations like the Cold War. This book highlights the ebbs and flows in bilateral relations as Japan increased its economic and financial presence in Southeast Asia and Britain retreated politically and economically from its Empire in the East.

Ivan Hirst

Ivan Hirst


The Geography of War and Peace From Death Camps to Diplomats

Postwar recovery is an elusive term. Often it is identified with words like
reconstruction or nation and peace building and may be related to historical
events such as the American Civil War or the Marshall Plan. Perhaps, however,
the term is ...

The Geography of War and Peace   From Death Camps to Diplomats

How and why war and peace occur cannot be understood without realizing that those who make war and peace must negotiate a complex world political map of sovereign spaces, borders, networks, and scales. This book takes advantage of a diversity of perspectives as it analyzes the political processes of war and their spatial expression. Topics include terrorism, nationalism, religion, drug wars, water conflicts, diplomacy, peace movements, and post-war reconstruction.

Postwar Economic Reconstruction and Lessons for the East Today

Reconstruction. and. Stabilization. of. the. Postwar. Japanese. Economy:
Possible. Lessons. for. Eastern. Europe? Koichi Hamada and Munehisa Kasuya
In August 1945, when Japan surrendered to the Allied Forces, the country was in
a state ...

Postwar Economic Reconstruction and Lessons for the East Today

The case studies in this book examine significant parallels between the situation in Eastern Europe today and the issues facing Europe and Japan after World War II, offering insights on what kinds of policy actions will be most effective in this difficult period of reconstruction.The breakup of the Soviet Union and the consequent extraordinary problems faced by Eastern European nations raise pressing economic questions. The case studies in this book examine significant parallels between the situation in Eastern Europe today and the issues facing Europe and Japan after World War II, offering insights on what kinds of policy actions will be most effective in this difficult period of reconstruction. The essays address such topics as the relative roles of government and the market; economic openness; industrial conversion from war to peacetime production; the roles of institutions, enterprises, the business community, and their work staffs; and external control of policy measures, of resources made available by the outside world, and of the general external environment. In their introductory chapter, the editors provide an overview that addresses the question of whether reconstruction can ever be managed smoothly.ContentsOpenness, Wage Restraint, and Macroeconomic Stability: West Germany's Road to Prosperity 1948-1959, H. Giersch, K. H. Paqué, M. Schmieding - The Lucky Miracle: Germany 1945-1951, H. Wolf - Inflation and Stabilization in Italy 1946-1951, M. De Cecco and F. Giavazzi - Economic Reconstruction in France 1945-1958, G. Saint-Paul - Reconstruction and the U.K. Postwar Welfare State: False Start and New Beginning, P. Minford - A Perspective on Postwar Reconstruction in Finland, J. Paunio - The Reconstruction and Stabilization of the Postwar Japanese Economy, K. Hamada and M. Kasuya - The Marshall Plan: History's Most Successful Structural Adjustment Program, J. B. De Long and B. Eichengreen - Lessons for Eastern Europe Today, 0. Blanchard, R. Portes, W. Nolling

Surviving the Peace

Twenty years of on-the-ground reportage in the grassroots struggle for normalcy and postwar return in the former Republic of Yugoslavia

Surviving the Peace

"Reportage describing postwar life in Bosnia between 1995 and 2015, exploring the interplay between the three centers of political power: the domestic power structure, the international community, and the grassroots human rights campaigns. Provides digestible explanations of the region's complex postwar history through interviews and conversations with Bosnian citizens and activists"--

The United States and European Reconstruction 1945 1960

International recovery was faster after World War II than after World War I,
although the variation depends a great deal on the dates and indices used. Table
2.1 compares the two postwar recoveries with 1913 and 1937 respectively. The
first ...

The United States and European Reconstruction 1945 1960

First Published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Postwar Economic Growth in Japan

The high savings propensity in Japan cannot be viewed as a temporary
phenomenon in the course of recovery and reconstruction from the war . 2 In
Table 8 - 2 , which illustrates shifts in the savings rate in Japan since 1950 , for
example , we ...

Postwar Economic Growth in Japan


Roosevelt the Great Depression and the Economics of Recovery

Neither this nor other components of Third New Deal theory satisfactorily address
the foundations of the postwar recovery and the basis for U.S. economic
ascendancy after the war.1 Keynes envisaged a full-employment economy as
one that ...

Roosevelt  the Great Depression  and the Economics of Recovery

By insisting that the economic bases of proposals be accurately represented in debating their merits, Rosen reveals that the productivity gains, which accelerated in the years following the 1929 stock market crash, were more responsible for long-term economic recovery than were governmental policies."--Jacket.

International Relations in the Nuclear Age

Chapter 11 Postwar Recovery For the first postwar decade, management of the
world economy was the responsibility primarily of the United States, which had
emerged from the war as the only free enterprise industrial democracy whose ...

International Relations in the Nuclear Age

This timely introduction to the study of international relations places special emphasis on the politics of international economics and the nuclear threat. Written for beginning students, the book combines comprehensive and realistic introductory material basic to the study of international relations with in-depth case studies of major issues and problem areas such as management of the world economy and management of world military power, East-West and North-South (rich nation vs. poor nation) conflicts, and the struggle for resources and ways and means of preventing World War III. Readers untrained in economics will find the subject matter introduced before it is discussed in its applied form. Henry L. Bretton has published widely on Western and non-Western government, politics, and international relations. He is currently Distinguished Professor of Political Science at the State University of New York College at Brockport.