Power Powerlessness in Jewish History

The Political Status of the Medieval Jews To understand Jewish political life in the Middle Ages, we need a precise definition of the difference between “privileges” and “rights.” Since the American and French revolutions, ...

Power   Powerlessness in Jewish History

To shed light on the tensions he observed between Jewish perceptions of power versus political realitieswhich "are often the cause of misguided political decisions," like Israel's Lebanese WarBiale analyzes Jewish history from the point of view of politics and power. The author of Gershom Scholem: Kabbalah and Counter-History here challenges the conventions of what he terms the Jewish "mythical past": the anachronistic interpretation that the Diaspora, which occurred between the fall of an independent Jewish commonwealth in A.D. 70 and the rebirth of the State of Israel in 1948, was politically impotent, and, conversely, that the First and Second Temple periods were eras of full Jewish national sovereignty.

Power Powerlessness in Jewish History

Examines the political history of the Jews, discusses their interaction with various ideologies, and looks at the Holocaust and the state of Israel

Power   Powerlessness in Jewish History

Examines the political history of the Jews, discusses their interaction with various ideologies, and looks at the Holocaust and the state of Israel

Intersecting Pathways

This tension clearly represents what David Biale describes as the dialectic between perceptions of power and powerlessness in Jewish history. Both sides in this debate have taken the problematic position of identifying Jewish history ...

Intersecting Pathways

This book deconstructs the boundaries between Jewish and Christian cultures while at the same time redefining what it means to be Jewish in relation to Christianity in the twentieth century. Consequently, this analysis reveals the emergence of modern Jewish theologies out of the complex negotiations between Jewish thinkers and their Christian milieu.

Studies in Contemporary Jewry

Yehuda Bauer, The Jewish Emergence from Powerlessness (Toronto and Buffalo: 1979); David Biale, Power and Powerlessness in Jewish History (New York: 1986); and David Vital, "Power, Powerlessness and the Jews," Commentary 89, no.

Studies in Contemporary Jewry

Was the Holocaust a natural product of a long German history of Anti-Semitism? Or were the Nazi policies simply a wild mutation of history, not necessarily connected to the past? Or does the truth lie somewhere in between? This latest volume in the acclaimed Studies in Contemporary Jewry series, edited by internationally known scholars at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, presents essays on the origins of the Holocaust. The works in this volume are diverse in scope and opinion, ranging from general philosophical discourses to detailed analyses of specific events, and often reflecting the divergent ideologies and methods of the contributors. But each adds to the whole, and the result is a fascinating panorama that is sure to be indispensable to all students and scholars of the subject.

The Modern Jewish Experience

A critique of this approach has been in the works for some time and has taken the form of challenges to the absolute categories used to set up the power-powerless polarity (Ismar Schorsch, “On the History of the Political Judgment of ...

The Modern Jewish Experience

This essential resource offers guidance for educators to expand the teaching repertoire on a range of issues in modern Jewish history, culture, religion, and Society.

History Metahistory and Evil

Berkovits describes Jewish history as “faith history” opposed to Hobbesian “power history. ... to this line of reasoning, Jews were always so powerless that the mills of the power history should have reduced them to dust long ago.

History  Metahistory  and Evil

Much post-Holocaust Jewish thought published in North America has assumed that the Holocaust shattered traditional religious categories that had been used by Jews to account for historical catastrophes. But most traditional Jewish thinkers during the war saw no such overwhelming of tradition in the death and suffering delivered to Jews by Nazis. Through a comparative reading of postwar North American and wartime Orthodox Jewish texts about the Holocaust, Barbara Krawcowicz shows that these sources differ in the paradigms—modern and historicist for North American thinkers, traditional and covenantal for Orthodox thinkers—in which they emplot historical events.

Studies in Contemporary Jewry V Israel State and Society 1948 1988

In dealing with Reform and Conservative Judaism, Bernstein is partisan but polite; his observations concerning their significance and future ... SHUBERT SPERO Bar-Ilan University David Biale, Power and Powerlessness in Jewish History.

Studies in Contemporary Jewry  V  Israel  State and Society  1948 1988

This is the fifth volume of the annual publication of the Institute of Contemporary Jewry at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. This volume is an up-to-date examination by noted specialists of the issues and developments that have shaped the state and the people of Israel over the past forty years, with special emphasis on the most recent trends. The volume presents in a concise form a review of the most recent research on Israeli politics and society, affording the general reader as well as the specialist an in-depth introduction to the key developments affecting Israel from within. Highlights include: Dan Horowitz and Moshe Lissak on key issues and conflicts that will determine Israel's future course; Pnina Morag-Talmon and Eliezer Ben-Rafael on the emergence of Israeli multi-ethnicity; Sammy Smooha on the growing politicization of Israel's Arab minority; Aviezer Ravitzky on the dilemmas facing the Haredi, or ultraorthodox population; and Itzhak Galnoor and Erik Cohen on the underpinnings of Israeli democracy and social consensus in the light of recent events.

Yiddish and Power

The broader issueswere splendidly summed up in David Biale's classic Power and Powerlessness in Jewish History (Biale 1986). Morerecently, however, thesubject has returned with renewed force, usually in the formofa latterday incarnation ...

Yiddish and Power

Yiddish and Power surveys the social, linguistic and intellectual history of the Yiddish language within the traditional civilisation of Jewish Ashkenaz in central, and then in eastern Europe, and its interaction with the surrounding non-Jewish culture. It explores the various ways in which Yiddish has empowered masses and served political agendas.

Consumer Culture and the Making of Modern Jewish Identity

... which diffused power into different spheres of Jewish communal life.18 In a similar vein, David Biale claimed in his seminal Power and Powerlessness in Jewish History that power consists in the ability to maintain a collective way ...

Consumer Culture and the Making of Modern Jewish Identity

Antisemitic stereotypes of Jews as capitalists have hindered research into the economic dimension of the Jewish past. The figure of the Jew as trader and financier dominated the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. But the economy has been central to Jewish life and the Jewish image in the world; Jews not only made money but spent money. This book is the first to investigate the intersection between consumption, identity, and Jewish history in Europe. It aims to examine the role and place of consumption within Jewish society and the ways consumerism generated and reinforced Jewish notions of belonging from the end of the eighteenth century to the beginning of the new millennium. It shows how the advances of modernization and secularization in the modern period increased the importance of consumption in Jewish life, making it a significant factor in the process of redefining Jewish identity.

City of Rogues and Schnorrers

Later observers would view the Holocaust as the culmination of the unending powerlessness and passivity of European Jewry. See Biale, Power and Powerless in Jewish History, 141–142. See also Hilberg, The Destruction of the European Jews ...

City of Rogues and Schnorrers

Old Odessa, on the Black Sea, gained notoriety as a legendary city of Jewish gangsters and swindlers, a frontier boomtown mythologized for the adventurers, criminals, and merrymakers who flocked there to seek easy wealth and lead lives of debauchery and excess. Odessa is also famed for the brand of Jewish humor brought there in the 19th century from the shtetls of Eastern Europe and that flourished throughout Soviet times. From a broad historical perspective, Jarrod Tanny examines the hybrid Judeo-Russian culture that emerged in Odessa in the 19th century and persisted through the Soviet era and beyond. The book shows how the art of eminent Soviet-era figures such as Isaac Babel, Il'ia Ilf, Evgenii Petrov, and Leonid Utesov grew out of the Odessa Russian-Jewish culture into which they were born and which shaped their lives.

Modern Judaism and Historical Consciousness

41 Power here is clearly communal in nature, and the concept of community is clearly based on homogeneity, as is evident from the way in ... 41 David Biale, Power and Powerlessness in Jewish History (New York: Schocken Books, 1986), 7.

Modern Judaism and Historical Consciousness

Written by leading authors in their respective fields, this first comprehensive handbook on the relationship between modern Judaism and historical thinking contributes to a differentiated interpretation of Jewish historiography and its interaction with other academic disciplines since the Enlightenment.

Comparing Jewish Societies

Baron , History of the Jews , 9 : 135–236 , 10 : 41-117 , 11 : 3–76 , 192–283 ; Biale , Power and Powerlessness , 74 , 62–66 ; Stow , Alienated Minorities , 97–101 , 273–77 , 281–308 ; Cohen , Under Crescent and Cross , 45–51 , 121–24 .

Comparing Jewish Societies

Introduces a rigorous comparative dimension to the study of Jewish civilization and culture

The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Jewish Cultures

The ambivalence of Jewish history—and the dramatic shifts in relation to power and powerlessness that has characterized it— forbids moralizing and homogenizing approaches. Minority status, this history teaches us, cannot be equated with ...

The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Jewish Cultures

The Routledge Handbook to Contemporary Jewish Cultures explores the diversity of Jewish cultures and ways of investigating them, presenting the different methodologies, arguments and challenges within the discipline. Divided into themed sections, this book considers in turn: How the individual terms "Jewish" and "culture" are defined, looking at perspectives from Anthropology, Music, Literary Studies, Sociology, Religious Studies, History, Art History, and Film, Television, and New Media Studies. How Jewish cultures are theorized, looking at key themes regarding power, textuality, religion/secularity, memory, bodies, space and place, and networks. Case studies in contemporary Jewish cultures. With essays by leading scholars in Jewish culture, this book offers a clear overview of the field and offers exciting new directions for the future.

Jewish History

Power and Powerlessness in Jewish History. New York: Schocken, 1986. Boyarin, Jonathan, and Daniel Boyarin. Powers of Diaspora: Two Essays on the Relevance of Jewish Culture. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1997.

Jewish History

"How have the Jews survived? For millennia, they have defied odds by overcoming the travails of exile, persecution, and recurring plans for their annihilation. This book charts the long journey of the Jews through history. At the same time, it points to two unlikely factors to explain the survival of the Jews: antisemitism and assimilation"--

The Jew Accused

To an important degree , the astonishing rate of Jewish population growth underlay both the rise of the Jews and their ... To focus only on the negative , whether from * Cf . David Biale , Power and Powerlessness in Jewish History ( New ...

The Jew Accused

Three Jews, Alfred Dreyfus, Mendel Beilis, and Leo Frank, were charged with heinous crimes in the generation before World War I, Dreyfus of treason in France, Beilis of ritual murder in Russia, and Frank of the murder of a young girl in the United States. Quite aside from the lurid details and sensational charges, larger issues emerged, among them the power of modern anti-Semitism, the sometimes tragic conflict between the freedom of the press and the protection of individual rights, the unpredictable reactions of individuals when subjected to extreme situations, and the inevitable ambiguities of campaigns for truth and justice when political advantage is to be gained from them. In attempting to untangle myth and reality many surprises emerge; heroes appear less heroic and villains less villainous, while real factors appear more important than most accounts of the affairs have recognised.

The New Jewish Canon

In the same vein, Biale began Power and Powerlessness with the conviction that the crisis of Zionism in the 1980s necessitated an examination of the historical relationship between Jews and power, one that, Biale felt, would “liberate ...

The New Jewish Canon

“Extraordinarily rich, lively and illuminating. ... [The editors] have succeeded magnificently in achieving their goal.” —Jewish Journal The late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries have been a period of mass production and proliferation of Jewish ideas, and have witnessed major changes in Jewish life and stimulated major debates. The New Jewish Canon offers a conceptual roadmap to make sense of such rapid change. With over eighty excerpts from key primary source texts and insightful corresponding essays by leading scholars, on topics of history and memory, Jewish politics and the public square, religion and religiosity, and identities and communities, The New Jewish Canon promises to start conversations from the seminar room to the dinner table. The New Jewish Canon is both text and textbook of the Jewish intellectual and communal zeitgeist for the contemporary period and the recent past, canonizing our most important ideas and debates of the past two generations; and just as importantly, stimulating debate and scholarship about what is yet to come.

The Star of Return

Judaism After the Holocaust Dow Marmur. dreams of boundless power and nightmares of historical powerlessness . ... David Biale , Power and Powerlessness in Jewish History ( New York : Schocken , 1986 ) , p . 7 . 2. Ibid . , p . 146 . 3.

The Star of Return

Asserting that "Judaism is in the midst of a paradigm shift," Rabbi Dow Marmur contends that the Holocaust marked "the beginning of the tragic end" of the old paradigm of exile. The establishment of the state of Israel points to a new beginning that has tremendous religious significance for contemporary Jews. The Star of Return, a liberal Jewish response to the religious implications of changes in the post-Holocaust era, looks at this profound transformation in terms of the individual Jew's relationship to Israel and establishes that relationship within the context of traditional Judaism.

Teaching Religion and Violence

David Biale, Power and Powerlessness in Jewish History (New York: Schocken, 1986), 157, 164 . 93. Ibid. , 157, 164 . 94. Ibid. , 161 ; and Yaacov Lozowick, Right to Exist: A Moral Defense of Israel's Wars (New York: Doubleday, 2003), ...

Teaching Religion and Violence

Teaching Religion and Violence is designed to help instructors to equip students to think critically about religious violence, particularly in the multicultural classroom.

The Jewish World In Modern Times

Analyses of Jewish Political History 127 better organized for political action than any other ethnic/ minority group, and in recent years American Jews have shown considerable political savvy. 368. Biale, David: POWER AND POWERLESSNESS ...

The Jewish World In Modern Times

The momentous events of modern Jewish history have led to a proliferation of books and articles on Jewish life over the last 350 years. Placing modern Jewish history into both universal and local contexts, this selected, annotated bibliography organizes and categorizes the best of this vast array of written material. The authors have included all English-language books of major importance on world Jewry and on individual Jewish communities, plus books most readily available to researchers and readers, and a select number of pamphlets and articles. The resulting bibliography is also a guide to recent Jewish historiography and research methods.

Studies in Contemporary Jewry X Reshaping the Past

See David Vital, The Origins of Zionism (New York: 1980), 87, 154; and idem, The Future of the Jews (Cambridge, Mass.: 1990), 66–67. 32. See Vital, Future of the Jews, 80–85. 33. David Biale, Power and Powerlessness in Jewish History ...

Studies in Contemporary Jewry  X  Reshaping the Past

This brilliant collection of essays examines the dialogue between Jewish history and historiography in terms of changing national and popular myths, folk memory, and historical consciousness of Jews in modern times. From essays dealing with the origins of Jewish historiography in the nineteenth century, to its contemporary perspectives and methodologies, this book provides a great overview and varied insights into the field.