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Principles of Downstream Techniques in Biological and Chemical Processes

Author: Mukesh Doble
Publisher: CRC Press
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Downstream processing is an essential practice in the production and purification of biosynthethic materials, which is especially important in the production of pharmaceutical products. This book covers the fundamentals and the design concepts of various downstream recovery and purification steps (unit operations) involved in biochemical and chemical processes. The book describes cell breakage and recovery of intracellular material, isolation of solids, product recovery, product enrichment, and product polishing and finishing. It also covers basic chemical engineering purification techniques such as distillation, absorption, adsorption, etc. Described in the book are several case studies that discuss the various unit operation in each of the processes. An important point to consider is the economics of the downstream operation, and this book provides practical information on capital costs and operating expenses in addition to other operating cost factors with respect to downstream processing. Green chemistry and safety issues are also addressed. Practicing chemical engineers in biotechnology and pharmaceutical chemistry and other areas will find this book valuable as a reference on downstream techniques used in biological processes. Students in chemical engineering would benefit from this book as well.


Chemical and Applied Engineering Materials

Author: Maria Rajkiewicz
Publisher: CRC Press
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This new research book explores and discusses a range of topics on the physical and mechanical properties of chemical engineering materials. Chapters from prominent researchers in the fields of physics, chemistry, and engineering science present new research on composite materials, blends, carbon nanotubes, and nanocomposites along with their applications in technology. Discussing the processing, morphology, structure, properties, performance, and applications, the book highlights the diverse and multidisciplinary nature of the field.


New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering

Author: Neha Srivastava
Publisher: Elsevier
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New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: From Cellulose to Cellulase: Strategies to Improve Biofuel Production outlines new methods for the industrial production of the cellulose enzyme. The book compares the various processes for the production of biofuels, including the cost of cellulose production and availability. Biofuels are considered to be the main alternatives to fossil fuels in reducing environmental pollution and climate change. Currently, all existing biofuel production is suffering because of the high costs of production processes. As a result, cost effective practical implementation is needed to make this a viable energy alternative. Introduces new and innovative strategies for cellulase enzyme production at industrial scale Provides sustainable approaches to produce cellulase at low cost Covers all aspect and possible factors for economical, low cost, cellulase mediated biofuels production


Molecular Biology and Biotechnology

Author: Robert A. Meyers
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
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Essential for the top of every desk and laboratory bench, this single volume reference is the first and last resource required to answer any question relating to molecular biology, biotechnology, or molecular medicine. This work contains the theory and techniques for understanding, modifying, manipulating, expressing, and synthesizing biological molecules, conformations, and aggregates. Over 250 carefully reviewed articles written by 378 eminent scientists in the field, provide detailed and readable coverage of today's most relevant topics including life processes at the molecular level, genetic disease diagnosis and genetic therapy, the theory and techniques for understanding, manipulating, and synthesizing biological molecules and their aggregates.


Separation Processes in the Food and Biotechnology Industries

Author: A S Grandison
Publisher: Elsevier
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This book reviews methods and techniques for separating food components and products of the biotechnology industry. The introduction focuses on food composition and some of the conventional separation techniques. Subsequent chapters deal with each specific type or area of application individually and include information on the basic principles, industrial equipment available, commercial applications and an overview of research and development.


Principles and Methods of Toxicology Fifth Edition

Author: A. Wallace Hayes
Publisher: CRC Press
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Founded on the paradox that all things are poisons and the difference between poison and remedy is quantity, the determination of safe dosage forms the base and focus of modern toxicology. In order to make a sound determination there must be a working knowledge of the biologic mechanisms involved and of the methods employed to define these mechanisms. While the vastness of the field and the rapid accumulation of data may preclude the possibility of absorbing and retaining more than a fraction of the available information, a solid understanding of the underlying principles is essential. Extensively revised and updated with four new chapters and an expanded glossary, this fifth edition of the classic text, Principles and Methods of Toxicology provides comprehensive coverage in a manageable and accessible format. New topics include 'toxicopanomics', plant and animal poisons, information resources, and non-animal testing alternatives. Emphasizing the cornerstones of toxicology-people differ, dose matters, and things change, the book begins with a review of the history of toxicology and followed by an explanation of basic toxicological principles, agents that cause toxicity, target organ toxicity, and toxicological testing methods including many of the test protocols required to meet regulatory needs worldwide. The book examines each method or procedure from the standpoint of technique and interpretation of data and discusses problems and pitfalls that may be associated with each. The addition of several new authors allow for a broader and more diverse treatment of the ever-changing and expanding field of toxicology. Maintaining the high-quality information and organizational framework that made the previous editions so successful, Principles and Methods of Toxicology, Fifth Edition continues to be a valuable resource for the advanced practitioner as well as the new disciple of toxicology.


Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry

Author: Wei Zhang
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
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Green chemistry is a new way of looking at organic synthesis and the design of drug molecules, offering important environmental and economic advantages over traditional synthetic processes. Pharmaceutical companies are increasingly turning to the principles of green chemistry in an effort to reduce waste, reduce costs and develop environmentally benign processes. Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry presents an overview of the established and emerging techniques in green organic chemistry, highlighting their applications in medicinal chemistry. The book is divided into four parts: Introduction: Introduces the reader to the toxicology of organic chemicals,their environmental impact, and the concept of green chemistry. Green Catalysis: Covers a variety of green catalytic techniques including organocatalysis, supported catalysis, biocatalysis, fluorous catalysis, and catalytic direct C-H bond activation reactions. Green Synthetic Techniques: Presents a series of new techniques, assessing the green chemistry aspects and limitations (i.e. cost, equipment, expertise). Techniques include reactions in alternative solvents, atom economic multicomponent reactions, microwave and ultrasonic reactions, solid-supported synthesis, fluorous and ionic liquid-based recycling techniques, and flow reactors. Green Techniques in Pharmaceutical Industry: Covers applications of green chemistry concepts and special techniques for medicinal chemistry, including synthesis, analysis, separation, formulation, , and drug delivery. Process and business case studies are included to illustrate the applications in the pharmaceutical industry. Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry is an essential resource on green chemistry technologies for academic researchers, R&D professionals and students working in organic chemistry and medicinal chemistry.


BIOSPERATIONS

Author: B. SIVASANKAR
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
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This systematically organized and well-balanced book compresses within the covers of a single volume the theoretical principles and techniques involved in bio-separations, also called downstream processing. These techniques are derived from a range of subjects, for example, physical chemistry, analytical chemistry, bio-chemistry, biological science and chemical engineering. Organized in its 15 chapters, the text covers in the first few chapters topics related to chemical engineering unit operations such as filtration, centrifugation, adsorption, extraction and membrane separation as applied to bioseparations. The use of chromatography as practiced at laboratory as well as industrial scale operation and related techniques such as gel filtration, affinity and pseudoaffinity chromatography, ion-exchange chromatography, electrophoresis and related methods have been discussed. The important applications of these techniques have also been highlighted.


Molecular Biology and Biotechnology

Author: John M. Walker
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
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This popular textbook has been revised and updated to provide a comprehensive overview and to reflect the latest developments in this rapidly developing area. Continuing with the broad base style of both current molecular and traditional biotechnology, chapters have been updated to reflect current interest and include new areas such as stem cell technology and important areas in drug discovery such as IP and patents. By presenting information in an easily assimilated form, this book makes an ideal undergraduate text for students of biology and chemistry, as well as to postgraduates.


Fundamentals of Food Biotechnology

Author: Byong H. Lee
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
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Food biotechnology is the application of modern biotechnologicaltechniques to the manufacture and processing of food, for examplethrough fermentation of food (which is the oldest biotechnologicalprocess) and food additives, as well as plant and animal cellcultures. New developments in fermentation and enzyme technologicalprocesses, molecular thermodynamics, genetic engineering, proteinengineering, metabolic engineering, bioengineering, and processesinvolving monoclonal antibodies, nanobiotechnology and quorumsensing have introduced exciting new dimensions to foodbiotechnology, a burgeoning field that transcends many scientificdisciplines. Fundamentals of Food Biotechnology, 2nd edition is basedon the author’s 25 years of experience teaching on a foodbiotechnology course at McGill University in Canada. The book willappeal to professional food scientists as well as graduate andadvanced undergraduate students by addressing the latest excitingfood biotechnology research in areas such as genetically modifiedfoods (GMOs), bioenergy, bioplastics, functionalfoods/nutraceuticals, nanobiotechnology, quorum sensing andquenching. In addition, cloning techniques for bacterial and yeastenzymes are included in a “New Trends and Tools”section and selected references, questions and answers appear atthe end of each chapter. This new edition has been comprehensively rewritten andrestructured to reflect the new technologies, products and trendsthat have emerged since the original book. Many new aspectshighlight the short and longer term commercial potential of foodbiotechnology.