Since becoming editor-in-chief in 2009 Thomas Fischer has overseen the publication of 22 issues of the Journal of Environmental and Policy Management. This wide-ranging and thought-provoking volume presents a selection of papers from this period. A number of these papers discuss the topics of the journal's special issues. The others offer various international and comparative perspectives on the development and implementation of environmental assessment (EA) and strategic environmental assessment (SEA). By drawing on the expertise of a number of global experts, this comprehensive volume considers the challenges, successes and progress of EA/SEA policy and management since 2009. This volume is perfect for students and researchers interested in environmental policy and its implementation and management.
Language and State: A Theory of the Progress of Civilization, Second Edition, argues that the state takes form because of language.
Author: Xing Yu
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language and State: A Theory of the Progress of Civilization, Second Edition, argues that the state takes form because of language. It argues that since humans began to use language, they have been able to create and use media. Media include materials, human behavior, human consciousness and humans themselves. Media extend the distance of linguistic communication and then humans interact with one another on a large scale and form themselves into a large community. This leads to the formation of the state and the dissolution of tribes. Linguistic communication then structures human interactions in the formation of the state. Humans exchange information with one another, give interpretations, display attitudes and make promises to one another. They even allow for one person to issue commands to all others. Humans organize the state in various types of linguistic interaction, which further create a condition for the formation of the common interest of all: a foundation for the building of the state. Then, humans rationalize the organization of the state in extending the distance of linguistic communication. Humans realize freedom, equality, peace, democracy and justice in their mutual linguistic interactions. Language gives origin to the state and sustains the development of the state. Language has preset the whole process of the progress of human civilization.
Progress of Theoretical Physics , 56 , 1454 - 1469 . Suzuki , M . , Miyashita , S . and Kuroda ... Quantum Field Theory in Condensed Matter Physics , Cambridge University Press . Vekic , M . , Cannon , J . W . , Scalapino , D . J .
IIl, Progress, Moscow, 1962; Theories of Surplus-Value, Vols I, II & III, Progress, Moscow, 1975. ... Morishima, M., Marx's Economics: A Dual Theory of Value and Growth, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1973.
Author: Kenneth J. Tarbuck
Publisher: Pluto Press (UK)
Written to mark the 100th anniversary of Bukharin's birth and the 50th anniversary of his murder, this study presents a study of Nikolai Bukharin, murdered in Moscow during the Stalin purges. His reputation has recently been rehabilitated in the USSR and his work as a key theoretician in the New Economic Policy of the 1920s has a continuing relevance. In this volume it receives close and critical scrutiny.
The Passage, space is time, and history is shaped around two, necessary movements: the 'progress' forward of humanity from slouching deprivation to erect, enlightened reason. The other movement presents the reverse: regression backwards ...
Author: Patrick Williams
Category: Literary Criticism
This popular text provides an in-depth introduction to debates within post-colonial theory and criticism. The readings are drawn from a diverse selection of thinkers both historical and contemporary.
Journal of Theoretical Biology, 1969, 22, 325-364 (e). ... Grossberg, S., A neural theory of punishment and avoidance, I: Qualitative theory. Mathematical Biosciences ... In R. Rosen and F. Snell (Eds.), Progress in theoretical biology.
Author: Stephen Grossberg
The Adaptive Brain, II: Vision, Speech, Language, and Motor Control focuses on a unified theoretical analysis and predictions of important psychological and neurological data that illustrate the development of a true theory of mind and brain. The publication first elaborates on the quantized geometry of visual space and neural dynamics of form perception. Discussions focus on reflectance rivalry and spatial frequency detection, figure-ground separation by filling-in barriers, and disinhibitory propagation of functional scaling from boundaries to interiors. The text then takes a look at neural dynamics of perceptual grouping and brightness perception. Topics include simulation of a parametric binocular brightness study, smoothly varying luminance contours versus steps of luminance change, macrocircuit of processing stages, paradoxical percepts as probes of adaptive processes, and analysis of the Beck theory of textural segmentation. The book examines the neural dynamics of speech and language coding and word recognition and recall, including automatic activation and limited-capacity attention, a macrocircuit for the self-organization of recognition and recall, role of intra-list restructuring arid contextual associations, and temporal order information across item representations. The manuscript is a vital source of data for scientists and researchers interested in the development of a true theory of mind and brain.
The Programme Committee felt that the relation of dynamic theory to international trade theory might be a key question. Such modest progress as dynamic theory has so far made has been in the main confined to the analysis of closed ...
The neoclassical growth theory The essence of the neoclassical growth theory pioneered by Robert Solow (1957) is that ... rates of growth – is determined exogenously by the rate of growth of the labor force and also technical progress.
Author: M.L. Lakhera
Category: Business & Economics
Economic growth across countries during the last 30 years or so has displayed 'dual' divergence between developed and developing countries, and among developing countries. The structural transformation has been either slow or of an anomalous nature. The study addresses these and suggests how they can catch-up with developed world.
Ferguson's stage theory of progress had a deep impact on 19th-century evolutionary theorists, in particular Morgan, whose personal library reflected his deep interest in the thinkers of the Scottish Enlightenment, not to mention Marx, ...
Author: R. Jon McGee
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Category: Social Science
Social and cultural anthropology and archaeology are rich subjects with deep connections in the social and physical sciences. Over the past 150 years, the subject matter and different theoretical perspectives have expanded so greatly that no single individual can command all of it. Consequently, both advanced students and professionals may be confronted with theoretical positions and names of theorists with whom they are only partially familiar, if they have heard of them at all. Students, in particular, are likely to turn to the web to find quick background information on theorists and theories. However, most web-based information is inaccurate and/or lacks depth. Students and professionals need a source to provide a quick overview of a particular theory and theorist with just the basics—the "who, what, where, how, and why," if you will. In response, SAGE Reference plans to publish the two-volume Theory in Social and Cultural Anthropology: An Encyclopedia. Features & Benefits: Two volumes containing approximately 335 signed entries provide users with the most authoritative and thorough reference resource available on anthropology theory, both in terms of breadth and depth of coverage. To ease navigation between and among related entries, a Reader's Guide groups entries thematically and each entry is followed by Cross-References. In the electronic version, the Reader's Guide combines with the Cross-References and a detailed Index to provide robust search-and-browse capabilities. An appendix with a Chronology of Anthropology Theory allows students to easily chart directions and trends in thought and theory from early times to the present. Suggestions for Further Reading at the end of each entry and a Master Bibliography at the end guide readers to sources for more detailed research and discussion.
To the extent that progress is bound up with convergence, Feyerabend characterizes the “growth” of knowledge as “not a series of self-consistent theories that converges toward an ideal view,” but rather as “an ever increasing ocean of ...
Author: Esther Lightcap Meek
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Is knowledge discovered, or just invented? Can we ever get outside ourselves to know how reality is in itself, independent of us? Philosophical realism raises the question whether in our knowing we connect with an independent reality--or only connect with our own mental constructs. Far from being a silly parlor game, the question impacts our lives concretely and deeply. Modern Western culture has been infected with antirealism and the doubt, skepticism, subjectivism, relativism, and atheism that attends it--not to mention distrust and arbitrary (mis)use of reality. Premier scientist-turned-philosopher Michael Polanyi stepped aside from research to offer an innovative account of knowing that takes its cue from how discovery actually happens. Polanyi defied the antirealism of the twentieth century, sounding a ringing note of hope in his repeated claim that in discovery, we know we have made contact with reality because "we have a sense of the possibility of indeterminate future manifestations." And that sense marks contact with reality, because it is the way reality is: abundant, generous, and fraught with as-yet-unnameable possibilities. This book examines that distinctive claim, contrasting it to the wider philosophical discussions regarding realism and antirealism in the recent decades. It shows why Polanyi's outlook is superior, and why that matters, not just to scientific discoverers, but to us all.
The 2008 financial crisis brought into sharp relief the inability of standard valuation theory to handle bubbles (and ... Barriers to Progress The problems in valuation theory and practice highlighted above are matched by equally ...
Author: Manya M. Mooya
Category: Business & Economics
This monograph critically reviews and updates real estate valuation theory, which is based on neoclassical economics, in light of developments in heterodox economic theory. Building on a comprehensive historical account of the evolution of value theory, the book uses new institutional economics theory and critical realism as lenses through which problems in standard valuation theory and practice are expatiated, and as the foundation for an alternative theory. The new theory is employed to explain major problems in real estate valuation that are beyond the capability of the standard theory, such as price bubbles in real estate markets, anchoring bias, client influence and valuation under uncertain market conditions.