Psychiatry Psychoimmunology and Viruses

The contributions in this book deal with basic research in psychoneuroimmunology, dysfunctions of the immune system in psychiatric disorders and the possible role of viruses in psychoneuroimmunological processes.

Psychiatry  Psychoimmunology  and Viruses

The contributions in this book deal with basic research in psychoneuroimmunology, dysfunctions of the immune system in psychiatric disorders and the possible role of viruses in psychoneuroimmunological processes. Growing knowledge about the reciprocal relationship between psychic processes and the immune system implicates more interest of clinical psychiatrists in this field because immunological dysfunction is found in depression and schizophrenia, but also in other psychiatric syndromes like anxiety disorders. The authors of the chapters, all active researchers in the field, describe the results of their scientific work and the actual state of the art. The interdisciplinary character of this book is outlined by the broad international and disciplinary range of the authors which represent a spectrum from basic scientists like pharmacologists and immunologists up to clinical psychiatrists and neurologists. New findings regarding the role of the immune system in sleep and in headache are discussed. Special emphasis is laid on methodological pitfalls in immunological studies of psychiatric disorders. Perspectives for future therapeutical strategies are outlined.

Psychiatry Psychoimmunology and Viruses

Thisvolumecontainsthe contributions to the “3rdExpert Meeting in Psychoneuroimmunology”, heldinMunich, ... Pinpointed at theMunich meetinginparticular werethe possible influenceof viral infections on psychiatricdisorders, ...

Psychiatry  Psychoimmunology  and Viruses

This volume contains the contributions to the "3rd Expert Meeting in Psychoneuroimmunology", held in Munich, Germany in autumn 1997. Clinical psychiatrists, neuroscientists and researchers in basic immuno logy from Europe and the USA gather together annually at this new tra ditional meeting to discuss new findings and trends in the relationship between psychiatric disorders and the immune system. Pinpointed at the Munich meeting in particular were the possible influence of viral infec tions on psychiatric disorders, especially schizophrenia, and the possible pathophysiological mechanisms affecting psychiatric disorders. These mechanisms include viral-induced alteration, cytokine production, and the role of the HLA system. One chapter is devoted to the influence of viral infections during pregnancy; another to the first results of experimental therapy especial ly regarding the immune system. The immunological aspects not only of schizophrenia but also of depression, anxiety disorders, sleep and headache were also discussed at the meeting, and two further chapters cover methodological aspects related to clinical and experimental pitfalls in psychoneuroimmunology. The psychoneuroimmunology of psychiatric disorders is a rapidly expanding field, and research is increasing on the therapeutic aspects. This is reflected by one of the main themes of the "4th Expert Meeting in Psychoneuroimmunology", jointly held in autumn 1998 in Bethesda, Maryland, USA, with the Stanley Foundation Meeting in Neurovirology, devoted to therapeutic strategies deriving from psychoneuroimmunolo gical findings. The "5th Expert Meeting in Psychoneuroimmunology" will be held in 1999 in Innsbruck, Austria.

Psychoneuroimmunology

4 Crow TJ: A re-evaluation of the ciral hypothesis: Is psychosis the result of retroviral integration at a side close to the cerebral dominance gene? Br J Psychiatry 1984;145:243–253. 5 Ganguli R, Brar JS, Chengappa KMR, Yang ZW, ...

Psychoneuroimmunology

This publication offers cutting-edge information about basic neurochemical and neuroimmunological research as well as clinical studies of immunological disarrangements and immunological dysfunctions in psychiatric disorders. Psychiatrists and immunologists in the clinic, and researchers in basic sciences will also find this book essential reading. Likewise, it will be relevant to graduate and undergraduate students with a special interest in the neurobiology of psychiatric disorders.'

Inflammation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders

In N. Mu ̈ller (Ed.), Psychiatry, psychoimmunology, and viruses (pp. 115–119). Wien: Springer. Sperner-Unterweger, B., Whitworth, A., Kemmler, G., Hilbe, W., Thaler, J., Weiss, G., et al. (1999). T-cell subsets in schizophrenia: A ...

Inflammation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders

Published continuously since 1944, the Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology serial has been a continuous, essential resource for protein chemists. Covering reviews of methodology and research in all aspects of protein chemistry, including purification/expression, proteomics, modeling and structural determination and design, each volume brings forth new information about protocols and analysis of proteins while presenting the most recent findings from leading experts in a broad range of protein-related topics. Covers reviews of methodology and research in all aspects of protein chemistry Brings forth new information about protocols and analysis of proteins while presenting the most recent findings from leading experts in a broad range of protein-related topics

Classification of Endogenous Psychoses and their Differentiated Etiology

Psychiatry , Psychoimmunology , and Viruses 1999. ... with basic research in psychoneuroimmunology , dysfunctions of the immune system in psychiatric disorders and the possible role of viruses in psychoneuroimmunological processes .

Classification of Endogenous Psychoses and their Differentiated Etiology

Based on sophisticated clinical descriptions and characteristic symptom patters occurring during the long-term course of psychiatric diseases, Leonhards classification requires that all the clinical features fit for a diagnosis to be made. Always using his own life-long case studies, Leonhard divided the endogenous psychoses into five main nosological groups: on the one hand, the prognostically favourable unipolar affective psychoses, bipolar affective psychoses and cycloid psychoses, and, on the other hand, the prognostically unfavourable unsystematic and systematic schizophrenia. In the meantime, the reliability and validity of this classification have been confirmed by scientific studies and early results provide guidelines for the different origins and varied therapeutic approaches for the specific disease profiles.

Psychoneuroimmunology

Sleep and psychiatric disorders. A meta-analysis. ... In A. E. Henneberg and W. P. Kaschka (Eds.), Immunological alterations in psychiatric diseases (pp. 18–31). ... In N. Müller (Ed.), Psychiatry, psychoimmunology, and viruses (pp.

Psychoneuroimmunology

Psychoneuroimmunology is the study of interactions among behavioral, neural and endocrine, and immunologic processes of adaptation. These two volumes provide a clearly written, extensively referenced summary of some of the behavioral, neural and endocrine regulators of immune responses and immunologically mediated disease processes and of the behavioral and neuroendocrine effects of immune system activity. Several chapters expand upon topics reviewed in earlier editions of this series; most chapters cover active areas of research that have not previously been reviewed. As illustrated in this fourth edition, interdisciplinary research continues to provide evidence that the brain and immune system represent a single, integrated system of defense. Fully revised and updated fourth edition of the classic reference Provides a neuroendocrine and immunologic perspective for the behavioral scientist Provides a behavioral and neuroscience perspective for the immunologist Helps the reader translate basic science findings into clinically relevant information Provides the reader with the background for and foundation of integrative research and integrative medicine Provides an encyclopedic resource for advanced undergraduates and for pre- and post-doctoral students as well as active researchers

Psychoneuroimmunology

Biological Psychiatry, 21, 1434—1437. Halonen, P. E., Rimon, R., 81 Arohonka, K. (1974). Antibody levels to herpes simplex type I, measles and rubella viruses in psychiatric patients. British Iournal of Psychiatry, 125, 461—465.

Psychoneuroimmunology

Psychoneuroimmunology, Second Edition presents reports on the relationship between the nervous and immune systems. The book is divided into four sections. The first section details the role of neural structures and neurotransmitter signals in communication with the immune system. It documents the extensive neural connections with organs of the immune system; the dynamics of noradrenergic sympathetic innervation of spleen and thymus; and the evidence for immune signaling of the CNS. Part II elaborates the role of hormones in the modulation of immune functions; the basis for bidirectional communication between the neuroendocrine and immune systems; and the potential physiological implications of these neuroendocrine-immune system interactions. The third part addresses behavioral influences on immune response; the effects of conditioning, stress and social interactions in modulating immune responses; and the behavioral consequences of experimentally altered or genetically determined immunologic states. The final section presents the effects of psychosocial factors on immune responses and the potential impact of behavioral interventions in modulating immunity in healthy human subjects and in patients with AIDS. Neuroscientists, endocrinologists, and immunologists will find the book interesting.

The Oxford Handbook of Psychoneuroimmunology

In N. Muller (Ed), Psychiatry, psychoimmunology, and viruses (pp. 1314144). Vienna: Springer-Verlag. Borovikova, L. V., Ivanova, S., Zhang, M., Yang, H., Botchkina, G. 1., Watkins, L. R., et al. (2000).

The Oxford Handbook of Psychoneuroimmunology

Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) — the interactions among the mind, nervous system, and immune system — is a new discipline that has emerged only in the last fifty years. Even more recent but no less important have been the many advances in and applications of psychology to PNI, the contributions of which are essential to the vitality of the rapidly growing field. The Oxford Handbook of Psychoneuroimmunology comprises perspectives on the state-of-the-art applications of psychological theory to PNI. Chapters in the volume represent the entire range of levels of analysis in psychoneuroimmunology. Genes within cells, cells within organs, organs within individuals, and individuals within both close social groups and large social structures are considered. Furthermore, chapters address the effects of psychological factors on markers of chronic, low-grade, systemic inflammation, which can indicate risk for many disorders including atherosclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, frailty, and some cancers. The volume provides specific applications of psychoneuroimmunological models to fatigue, cancer, neuroinflammation, and pain — and a superb review of the ways psychotherapeutic approaches integrated with psychoneuroimmunological knowledge can mitigate against adverse health outcomes. This volume samples from the best and most sophisticated applications of psychology to PNI, whether those applications arise from affective science, development, behavioral neuroscience, or clinical psychology.

Non neuronal Cells of the Nervous System

Psychiatry 49 , 47-53 . Aloisi . ... Serum antibodies to herpes simplex virus types I and II in depressed patients . Biol . Psychiatry 34 , 417-420 . ... In : Müller , N. ( Ed . ) , Psychiatry , Psychoimmunology , and Viruses .

Non neuronal Cells of the Nervous System

The brain, and the rest of the nervous system, consists of nerve cells (neurons) and non-neuronal cells (glial cells), which by far outnumber the neurons, but in the past have received much less attention. This began to change about 30 years ago with the realization that glial cells carry out very important functions, generally in collaboration with the nerve cells. Evidence is now starting to accumulate that glial cells, especially astrocytes and microglia, may be major (in some cases the main) players in a multitude of neurological and mental diseases, and that different types of glial cells interact not only with nerve cells but also with each other and with cells lining brain tissue and controlling exchange of nutrients and other compounds between the brain and the rest of the body. Understanding of these interactions during normal function and in disease states is hampered by the fact that general knowledge of cellular interactions during brain function is limited. These books present an attempt to remedy this situation. In the first two volumes, basic information about cell types and biochemical and physiological interactions between these cells is provided by leading experts in the field, and in the last part emerging evidence of the importance of such cellular interactions in several of the most important neurological and mental diseases is presented by leading researchers working actively in the field in question.

Neuroimmune Pharmacology

Psychiatry Res 64:161–167. Song C, Leonard BE (1994) An acute phase ... Song C, Leonard BE (2000) Fundamentals of Psychoneuroimmunology. Chichester, New York: Wiley & Sons. ... In: Psychiatry, Psychoimmunology, and Viruses (Müller N ...

Neuroimmune Pharmacology

Neuroimmune pharmacology seeks to harness the immune system to provide pharmacological intervention to combat neurodegenerative diseases. This book provides a comprehensive overview of topics that embrace the link between the immune system and the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders. Results from recent studies strongly suggest that a major part of the process in diseases including Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s as well as Prion diseases, comes from changes in the innate and adaptive arms of the brain and peripheral immune systems. Thus, the book provides an in-depth study of numerous fields including immunology, pharmacology, neuroscience and neurovirology. It is accompanied by a CD-ROM that includes access to lectures, slide presentations, and question and answers on neuroimmune pharmacology.

Cerebrospinal Fluid and Subarachnoid Space

The pathogenesis of acute viral encephalitis and postinfectious encephalomyelitis. J Infect Dis. 1987;155:359e364. https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/155.3.359. 8. ... Psychiatry, Psychoimmunology, and Viruses. Vienna: Springer; 1999. 9.

Cerebrospinal Fluid and Subarachnoid Space

Cerebrospinal Fluid and Arachnoid Space Volume 2: Pathology and Disorders is the first book devoted to the comprehensive clinical anatomy of the cerebrospinal fluid for neurosurgeons, neurologists, and neuroscientists. Knowledge of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and the subarachnoid space is necessary for almost all fields of medicine. The book covers a wide swath of topics related to CSF with a focus on topics relevant to neuroscience specialists including researchers, neurologists, neurosurgeons, and neuroradiologists. Topics span from neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, CSF in different disease states and more. Various fresh and fixed cadaveric photographs helps readers obtain a better understanding of anatomy and complications related to CSF. First comprehensive book devoted to clinical anatomy of cerebrospinal fluid and subarachnoid space Edited by neuro-anatomists and neurosurgeons, giving it a multimodal perspective Nerves and vessels color-coded to differentiate from other tissues

Psychoneuroimmunology

... Barriga F, Inghirami G, et al: Epstein-Barr virus infection pre- cedes clonal expansion in Burkitt's and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-associated lymphoma, Blood 77:1092-1095, 1991 Nichols SE: Psychiatric aspects of AIDS.

Psychoneuroimmunology

Psychoneuroimmunology has emerged as a discipline advancing our knowledge of the relationships among psychosocial factors, the central nervous system, the immune system, and disease. The growing volume of evidence suggests that psychological states, including exposure to stressors and the presence of depressive states, may influence health and disease by altering immunologic states. Psychoneuroimmunology, a collaborative work of 50 international experts, expands on the American Psychiatric Association's symposium on this topic to present never-before-compiled scientific research from this evolving field. Maintaining a clinical focus, this book illustrates clinical effects by examining relevant research studies and models including Psychoneuroimmunological factors involved in specific illnesses such as cervical cancer, breast cancer and HIV/AIDS The role psychoneuroimmunology plays in carcinogenesis and the progression of established tumors, as well as findings on the progression of cancer that have general clinical relevance The effects of specific psychotropic medications; the effects of life stressors, bereavement, and and social support; the response to those stressors; and stress management and psychosocial predictors of disease The impacts of gender-specific factors, diurnal variation, and behavioral genetics on the immune function The Stressor-Support-Coping model, which integrates existing psychoneuroimmunology findings and lays the groundwork for use in support group intervention This book is a first step toward organizing psychoneuroimmunology findings into coherent theoretical models and concludes with a look at future clinical applications. Complete with charts, references, and a detailed index, it is the most comprehensive source on psychoneuroimmunology.

Psychoneuroimmunology

Archives of General Psychiatry , 21 , 240-248 . ... Chronic stress , leukocyte subpopulations , and humoral response to latent viruses . Health Psychology ... Prognosis in HIV - 1 infection predicted by the quantity of virus in plasma .

Psychoneuroimmunology

Psychoneuroimmunology is the first textbook to examine the complex functional relationships between the nervous system, the neuroendocrine and the immune system. The international leaders in this field have been brought together to create this pioneering text; each contributing from their area of expertise. The result is a comprehensive yet accessible interdisciplinary introduction to psychoneuroimmunology which also takes you further than the foundations of those fascinating topics by covering the most recent research in HIV/AIDS, autoimmune diseases, and the reactivation of latent herpes viruses. Attention is also given to the effects of behavior such as physical exercise, sleep, acute and chronic stress, and conditioning of immune functions in animals and humans. The whole is brought together with a wealth of cited research studies, and over 200 illustrations.

Introduction to Psychoneuroimmunology

Journal of Psychiatry Research, 26, 125–134. Maier, S. F., & Watkins, L. R. ... Behavioral disease in rats caused by immunopathological responses to persistent borna virus in the brain. ... In R. Ader (Ed.),, Psychoneuroimmunology (Vol.

Introduction to Psychoneuroimmunology

Health is maintained by the coordinated operation of all the biological systems that make up the individual. The Introduction to Psychoneuroimmunology, Second Edition, presents an overview of what has been discovered by scientists regarding how bodily systems respond to environmental challenges and intercommunicate to sustain health. The book touches on the main findings from the current literature without being overly technical and complex. The result is a comprehensive overview of psychoneuroimmunology, which avoids oversimplification, but does not overwhelm the reader. Single authored for consistency of breadth and depth, with no redundancy of coverage between chapters Covers endocrine-immune modulation, neuro-immune modulation, and the enhancing or inhibiting processes of one or more systems on the others Expanded use of figures, tables, and text boxes

Neuropsychiatry

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS OF PSYCHONEUROIMMUNOLOGY Susceptibility to Viral Infection Like many areas of clinical ... behavioral conditioning , stressful life events , depression and other psychiatric conditions , drug and alcohol usage ...

Neuropsychiatry

This thoroughly revised Second Edition builds on the success of the first as the definitive text for neuropsychiatry. The book is divided into three sections, with the third on syndromes and disorders. Emphasis on treatment is provided throughout the text and is DSM-IV-compatible. Coverage includes neurobehavioral disorders, selection and interpretation of neurodiagnostic procedures, and the full spectrum of therapies. New to this edition are eight chapters and the incorporation of psychopharmacology into specific disease chapters. Compatibility: BlackBerry(R) OS 4.1 or Higher / iPhone/iPod Touch 2.0 or Higher /Palm OS 3.5 or higher / Palm Pre Classic / Symbian S60, 3rd edition (Nokia) / Windows Mobile(TM) Pocket PC (all versions) / Windows Mobile Smartphone / Windows 98SE/2000/ME/XP/Vista/Tablet PC

Cumulated Index Medicus

A11.368.702.783 + 72 N2.278.354.422.641 N4.452.442.422.641 78 ; was HOSPITAL PSYCHIATRIC DEPARTMENTS 1966–77 х HOSPITAL ... was see under HERPESVIRUS 1963-74 x AUJESZKY'S DISEASE VIRUS х HERPESVIRUS SUIS PSYCHIATRY , BIOLOGICAL see ...

Cumulated Index Medicus


Current Update in Psychoimmunology

Nervenarzt59:621–623 Rabkin JG, Wiliams JBW, Remien RH, Goetz RR, Kertzner R, Gorman JM (1991) Depression, lymphocyte subsets,and human immunodeficiency virus symptoms on two occasions inHIVpositive homosexual men.ArchGen Psychiatry ...

Current Update in Psychoimmunology

This book tries to close the gap between immunological findings on the one hand, psychological, psychopathological, electrophysiological and neuroimaging aspetcs on the other. It deals with the issue of "cause and effect” (of immunological alternatives) in different organic and/or mental disorders, and emphasizes the necessity of considering a variety of treatment strategies. There are dynamic interactions and several important similarities between the immune system and the central nervous system, which help to lay the rational basis for "psychoimmunology”. Both systems have the capacity for memory and both play vital roles in adaptation and defence. Furthermore, in each system pathological changes can occur in the event of inappropriate responses to internal or external stimuli, leading to psychiatric as well as organic illnesses and autoimmune diseases could also arise as a consequence of dysfunction respectively maladaptation. "... this book is a good way to approach the field of psychoimmunology, and shows that scientists are very active in this domain ...” Acta Neurologica Belgica.

NeuroPsychopharmacotherapy

Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2001;251:90–7. Saavedra JM, Sanchez-Lemus E, ... Schizophrenia Working Group of the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium. ... Psychiatry, psychoimmunology, and viruses. Vienna/New York: Springer; 1999. p.

NeuroPsychopharmacotherapy

This book provides a reference guide describing the current status of medication in all major psychiatric and neurological indications, together with comparisons of pharmacological treatment strategies in clinical settings in Europe, USA, Japan and China. In addition, it highlights herbal medicine as used in China and Japan, as well as complementary medicine and nutritional aspects. This novel approach offers international readers a global approach in a single dedicated publication and is also a valuable resource for anyone interested in comparing treatments for psychiatric disorders in three different cultural areas. There are three volumes devoted to Basic Principles and General Aspects, offering a general overview of psychopharmacotherapy (Vol. 1); Classes, Drugs and Special Aspects covering the role of psychotropic drugs in the field of psychiatry and neurology (Vol. 2) and Applied Psychopharmacotherapy focusing on applied psychopharmacotherapy (Vol. 3). These books are invaluable to psychiatrists, neurologists, neuroscientists, medical practitioners and clinical psychologists.

Psychoneuroimmunology Stress and Infection

His association with Norman Brill, then Chair of the Department of Psychiatry at the UCLA School of Medicine, ... whose genetic studies laid the foundation for understanding the notorious worldwide variability in influenza viruses.

Psychoneuroimmunology  Stress  and Infection

Psychoneuroimmunology is the emerging science devoted to studying the two-way relationship between the nervous and immune systems. Psychoneuroimmunology, Stress, and Infection highlights the latest information concerning microbial infections in both man and animals as related to stress and especially stress hormones. The volume focuses on psychoneuroimmunology as it impacts the immune system in general and also the relationship between neurological events which influence susceptibility and/or resistance to infectious agents such as bacteria, fungi and viruses, as well as parasites. Prominent researchers describe the involvement of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis on immunity as a function of the nervous system. The text discusses hormones such as prolactin and growth hormone and steroid induced susceptibility to infection and neuropeptides, including vasoactive intestinal peptide, and substance P. The effects of catacholamines on immunity and susceptibility to infection are also covered. This reference also details the involvement of immune cells in the synthesis of neuropeptides, including hormones and endorphins, their effect on the brain as well as the effects of interleukins and tumor necrosis factor on the central nervous system. The book concludes with an interesting look at the relationship between aging, psychoneuroimmunology, and infection. Although there is much new knowledge concerning the nature and mechanism of immune responses, including the mediators involved, Psychoneuroimmunology, Stress, and Infection also presents important discussions and reviews that are long overdue and provide a major contribution to the area of biomedical knowledge in general and psychoneuroimmunology in particular.