Social Psychological Perspectives on Stigma

Understanding stigma from the perspective of the selfexpansion Model. In S. Levin & C. van Laar (Eds.), Stigma and group inequality: Social psychological perspectives (pp. 213–234). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Social Psychological Perspectives on Stigma

The year 2013 marks the 50th anniversary of the publication Erving Goffman's landmark work, Stigma: Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity. Through this edited volume, we commemorate the continuing contribution of Goffman's work on stigma to social psychology. As Goffman originally used the term, stigma implies some sort of negative deviance, or in his words, ‘an undesired differentness from what we had anticipated.’ Since Goffman’s pioneering treatise, there have been thousands of articles published on different aspects of stigma. The accelerating volume of articles is testimony to the growing importance of stigma research, with almost three out of four of the stigma-related publications in the research literature appearing in the last 10 years. In this volume, a collection of up-and-coming and seasoned stigma researchers provide both theoretical insights and new empirical findings. The volume should be of interest to both established researchers and advanced students seeking to learn more about the depth and breadth of stigma research. This book was originally published as a special issue of Basic and Applied Social Psychology.

Psychological Perspectives On Women s Health

Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 34. l.,7. ... Historical and political perspective: Women and drug use. Journal of Social Issues. 38. 9.,23. ... Marsh, J. C., Colten, 6 PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON WOMEN'S ...

Psychological Perspectives On Women s Health

Significant scientific advances have been made in understanding psychological aspects of women's health, and knowledge gained will be of relevance not only to women's health but to the promotion of health and illness prevention and treatment for all individuals. The current cutting-edge research detailed in this volume is intended to stimulate new thinking and research in women's health from biopsychosocial perspectives. Drawing on research from internationally respected experts, topics covered include ageing, stress, heart disease, cancer, drugs, weight regulation and body image, pain, menstruation, sexuality and infertility, and AIDS.

Psychological Perspectives on Childcare in Indian Indigenous Health Systems

22.2 Holistic Approaches in the Indigenous Medical Practice Western theories are segmental and scientifically ... represent biological vulnerabilities and predispositions which manifest as psychological and physical health or illness.

Psychological Perspectives on Childcare in Indian Indigenous Health Systems

This book examines childcare in ancient Indian health systems from the perspective of developmental psychology. The author extensively studies ancient texts and charts from Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Tibetan medicines and analyses how gleanings from these systems can be useful in creating preferred practices for modern childcare systems. Though the four systems originated in different geographical regions, they share many common core constructs of a holistic approach consisting of mind-body unity. The core of psychological healing in these systems rests on bringing about harmony and balance of disturbed functions through diet, daily regimen and drugs. However, despite commonalities, understanding of childcare in the four systems varies a great deal. The differences seem to be rooted in local sociocultural, religious and folk healing practices. Remarkably, in all of them, prescriptions of drugs and behaviour are psychologically grounded and uncannily modern from the perspective of developmental psychology. The book raises the following questions as important for further research: whether holistic approaches be adopted for the empirical study of indigenous health systems, where their strength lies; whether personality frameworks identified in the four systems can be incorporated into contemporary medical practice to its advantage; whether preferred childcare practices among the four systems can be studied empirically in current paediatric, psychological and parenting research; and whether faith, if it is of importance to the patient, can be incorporated as an element into contemporary medical practice.

Psychological Perspectives in Evaluation of Work welfare Programs

... ( 1981 ) proceeded to discuss the problem more thoroughly from the theoretical perspective of learned helplessness . ... Additionally , learned helplessness in humans has been compared to clinical depression , a psychiatric illness ...

Psychological Perspectives in Evaluation of Work welfare Programs


Psychological Perspectives On Childhood Exceptionality

This book presents current psychological perspectives on exceptional children. It is an attempt not only to organize and to summarize current knowledge but to help direct future research, theory, and practice.

Psychological Perspectives On Childhood Exceptionality

A balanced and sophisticated presentation of the psychological aspects of exceptionality in children--from the most gifted to the most handicapped--covering assessment, family interactions, and etiology. The book is empirically based, even with topics that have traditionally been clinically oriented, such as classification. Contributors are all recognized authorities in their fields.

Psychological Perspectives of Helplessness and Control in the Elderly

It is the intent of this volume to communicate both aspects of these changes, and to offer a comprehensive review of the cross-fertilization of the field of gerontology and the psychology of reactance, freedom and control.

Psychological Perspectives of Helplessness and Control in the Elderly

The past few years have witnessed widespread acceptance of the notion that few elderly individuals are willing to stand by silently in the process of growing, and to relinquish whatever actual controls, autonomy or control beliefs they had in the past. Increasingly, old age is viewed as the dynamics of growth in mastery, control and self-efficacy, on the one hand, and a relative decline in psychological and physical resources on the other. It is the intent of this volume to communicate both aspects of these changes, and to offer a comprehensive review of the cross-fertilization of the field of gerontology and the psychology of reactance, freedom and control. Leading psychologists and social science researchers from the United States, Canada and Europe give their views on the meaning and application of control-related constructs having specific implications for the field of human aging. They address themselves to one or more of the major themes, issues or concerns which currently figure in discussions of control beliefs and control constructs as they apply to aging and old age. Written primarily for scholars, researchers and developmental theorists interested in the complexities and generativity of control constructs and their applications for the psychological well-being of older adults, the data and issues presented will be equally informative to gero-psychologists and mental health professionals concerned with healthy adaptive functioning of the elderly.

A Psychological Perspective on Joy and Emotional Fulfillment

This is a perspective that sets itself over against reductionism, behaviorism in psychology, and positivism in science. ... THE VANDERBILT STUDY Phenomenological analyses from philosophical and psychological perspectives exist on hope, ...

A Psychological Perspective on Joy and Emotional Fulfillment

Throughout the history of psychology, there have been full investigations of discrete emotions (particularly negative ones) and a recent wealth of books on happiness, but few exist on the emotion of joy. This book takes a unique psychological approach to understanding this powerful emotion and provides a framework within which the study of human joy and other related positive fulfillment experiences can fit in a meaningful schema. A key feature of this book is its development of an experiential phenomenology of joy. This phenomenology is based on more than three hundred descriptions of joy experiences recounted by subjects in an empirical study executed by the author. Types of joy experiences are examined, such as excited vs. serene joy, anticipatory vs. completed joy, and affiliative vs. individuated joy. There is no comparable book or work that clarifies the relationship among major positive states with emotional components including satisfaction, happiness, and ecstasy.

Understanding Extreme Sports A Psychological Perspective

“Summary assessment of experiences: the whole is different from the sum of its parts,” in Time and Decision: Economic and Psychological Perspectives on Intertemporal Choice, eds G. Loewenstein, D. Read, and R. Baumeister (New York, ...

Understanding Extreme Sports  A Psychological Perspective

Extreme sports, those activities that lie on the outermost edges of independent adventurous leisure activities, where a mismanaged mistake or accident would most likely result in death, have developed into a significant worldwide phenomenon (Brymer & Schweitzer, 2017a). Extreme sport activities are continually evolving, typical examples include BASE (an acronym for Buildings, Antennae, Span, Earth) jumping and related activities such as proximity flying, extreme skiing, big wave surfing, waterfall kayaking, rope free solo climbing and high-level mountaineering. While participant numbers in many traditional team and individual sports such as golf, basketball and racket sports have declined over the last decade or so, participant numbers in so called extreme sports have surged. Although extreme sports are still assumed to be a Western pastime, there has been considerable Global uptake. Equally, the idea that adventure sports are only for the young is also changing as participation rates across the generations are growing. For example, baby boomers are enthusiastic participants of adventure sports more generally (Brymer & Schweitzer, 2017b; Patterson, 2002) and Generation Z turn to extreme sports because they are popular and linked to escapism (Giannoulakis & Pursglove, 2017). Arguably, extreme sports now support a multi-billion dollar industry and the momentum seems to be intensifying. Traditional explanations for why extreme sports have become so popular are varied. For some, the popularity is explained as the desire to rebel against a society that is becoming too risk averse, for others it is about the spectacle and the merchandise that is associated with organised activities and athletes. For others it is just that there are a lot of people attracted by risk and danger or just want to show off. For others still it is about the desire to belong to sub-cultures and the glamour that goes with extreme sports. Some seek mastery in their chosen activity and in situations of significant challenges. This confusion is unfortunate as despite their popularity there is still a negative perception about extreme sports participation. There is a pressing need for clarity. The dominant research perspective has focused on positivist theory-driven perspectives that attempt to match extreme sports against predetermined characteristics. For the most part empirical research has conformed to predetermined societal perspectives. Other ways of knowing might reveal more nuanced perspectives of the human dimension of extreme sport participation. This special edition brings together cutting-edge research and thought examining psychology and extreme sports, with particular attention payed to the examination of motivations for initial participation, continued participation, effective performance, and outcomes from participation. References Brymer, E. & Schweitzer, R. (2017a) Phenomenology and the extreme sports experience, NY, Routledge. Brymer, E, & Schweitzer, R, D. (2017b) Evoking the Ineffable: The phenomenology of extreme sports, Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice 4(1):63-74 Giannoulakis, C., & Pursglove, L., K., (2017) Evolution of the Action Sport Setting. In S.E. Klein Ed. Defining Sport: Conceptions and Borderlines. Lexington Books, London. 128-146 Patterson, I. (2002) Baby Boomers and Adventure Tourism: The Importance of Marketing the Leisure Experience, World Leisure Journal, 44:2, 4-10, DOI: 10.1080/04419057.2002.9674265

Gender

This bestselling text presents research about gender and helps students think critically about the differences between research findings and gender stereotypes.

Gender

This bestselling text presents research about gender and helps students think critically about the differences between research findings and gender stereotypes. It examines the biology and social context in which women and men express gendered behaviors. Defining gender as the behaviors and attitudes that relate to (but are not entirely congruent with) biological sex, the book focuses on research and scholarship to provide the material for a critical review and an overall picture of gender from a psychological perspective. To highlight how research findings can relate to people's lives, the book supplements the review of scholarly research with personal, narrative accounts of gender-relevant aspects of people's lives. To emphasize the cross-cultural perspective of gender, the book including a section on diversity in most chapters but also weaves diversity issues throughout the text. The personal narrative and diversity highlights help to balance the research-based scholarship with the personal experience of gender.

Collective Memory of Political Events

This book brings together an international group of researchers who have been empirically studying some basic tenets of collective memory.

Collective Memory of Political Events

Research in collective memory is a relatively new area capturing the interest of scholars in social psychology, memory, sociology, and anthropology. The core idea is that collective attitudes and behaviors are created and shared through common experiences and communication among a cohort of people. For example, people born between 1940 and 1960 are often defined via the JFK assassination and the Vietnam War. Their parents typically experienced lesser impact from these events. Papers about collective memory have appeared in the literature under different guises for the last hundred years. Freud's Civilization and Its Discontents, Jung's ideas on the collective unconscious, and McDougall's speculation on the group mind posited that identity and action could be viewed as resulting from the shared development of a culture. Halbwachs, a French social psychologist (1877-1945) who was the first to write in detail about the nature of collective memory, argued that basic memory processes were all social. That is, people remember only those events that they have repeated and elaborated in their discussions with others. In the last several years, there has been a resurgence of interest in this general topic because it addresses some fundamental questions about memory and social processes. Work closely related to these questions deals with the nature of autobiographical memory, traumatic experience and reconstructive memory, and social sharing of memories. This book brings together an international group of researchers who have been empirically studying some basic tenets of collective memory.

Understanding the Life Course

Combining important insights from sociology and psychology, the book presents the concept's theoretical underpinnings in an accessible style, supported by real-life examples.

Understanding the Life Course

Understanding the Life Course provides a uniquely comprehensive guide to the entire life course from an interdisciplinary perspective. Combining important insights from sociology and psychology, the book presents the concept's theoretical underpinnings in an accessible style, supported by real-life examples. From birth and becoming a parent, to death and grieving for the loss of others, Lorraine Green explores all stages of the life course through key research studies and theories, in conjunction with issues of social inequality and critical examination of lay viewpoints. She highlights the many ways the life course can be interpreted, including themes of linearity and multidirectionality, continuity and discontinuity, and the interplay between nature and nurture. The second edition updates key data and includes additional material on topics such as new technologies, changing markers of transitions to adulthood, active ageing, resilience and neuropsychology. This comprehensive approach will continue to be essential reading for students on vocational programmes such as social work and nursing, and will provide thought-provoking insight into the wider contexts of the life course for students of psychology and sociology.

Mysticism

Although very different, and coming from a range of academic backgrounds, the contributors are nevertheless united in their attempts to understand more about mysticism, from a perspective that puts the human being in the center.

Mysticism

Although very different, and coming from a range of academic backgrounds, the contributors are nevertheless united in their attempts to understand more about mysticism, from a perspective that puts the human being in the center.

Handbook of Workplace Diversity

1 Psychological Perspectives on Workplace Diversity CAROL T. KULIK AND HUGH T. J. BAINBRIDGE The title of this chapter links two problematic terms : ' psychological perspectives ' and ' workplace diversity ' .

Handbook of Workplace Diversity

Showcases the scope of international perspectives that exist on workplace diversity and defines this field. This book is a useful resource for students and academics of human resource management, organisational behaviour, organisational psychology and organisation studies.

The American Jury on Trial

First Published in 1988. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The American Jury on Trial

First Published in 1988. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Adversarial versus Inquisitorial Justice

This is the first volume that directly compares the practices of adversarial and inquisitorial systems of law from a psychological perspective.

Adversarial versus Inquisitorial Justice

This is the first volume that directly compares the practices of adversarial and inquisitorial systems of law from a psychological perspective. It aims at understanding why American and European continental systems differ so much, while both systems entertain much support in their communities. The book is written for advanced audiences in psychology and law.

Psychological Perspectives in Environmental and Developmental Issues

Papers In This Volume Address Issues Relevant To Environment And Human Development And Focus On The Theory Psychological Differentiation In The Context Of Environmental Cognition-Give Attention To Rural And Urban Settings.

Psychological Perspectives in Environmental and Developmental Issues

Papers In This Volume Address Issues Relevant To Environment And Human Development And Focus On The Theory Psychological Differentiation In The Context Of Environmental Cognition-Give Attention To Rural And Urban Settings. Useful For Psychologists, Educationalists And Ecologists Particularly.

On Orbit and Beyond

This book explores some of the contributions of psychology to yesterday’s great space race, today’s orbiter and International Space Station missions, and tomorrow’s journeys beyond Earth’s orbit.

On Orbit and Beyond

As we stand poised on the verge of a new era of spaceflight, we must rethink every element, including the human dimension. This book explores some of the contributions of psychology to yesterday’s great space race, today’s orbiter and International Space Station missions, and tomorrow’s journeys beyond Earth’s orbit. Early missions into space were typically brief, and crews were small, often drawn from a single nation. As international cooperation in space exploration has increased over the decades, the challenges of communicating across cultural boundaries and dealing with interpersonal conflicts have become all the more important, requiring different coping skills and sensibilities than “the right stuff” expected of early astronauts. As astronauts travel to asteroids or establish a permanent colony on the Moon, with the eventual goal of reaching Mars, the duration of expeditions will increase markedly, as will the psychosocial stresses. Away from their home planet for extended times, future spacefarers will need to be increasingly self-sufficient, while simultaneously dealing with the complexities of heterogeneous, multicultural crews. "On Orbit and Beyond: Psychological Perspectives on Human Spaceflight," the second, considerably expanded edition of "Psychology of Space Exploration: Contemporary Research in Historical Perspective," provides an analysis of these and other challenges facing future space explorers while at the same time presenting new empirical research on topics ranging from simulation studies of commercial spaceflights to the psychological benefits of viewing Earth from space. This second edition includes an all new section exploring the challenges astronauts will encounter as they travel to asteroids, Mars, Saturn, and the stars, requiring an unprecedented level of autonomy. Updated essays discuss the increasingly important role of China in human spaceflight. In addition to examining contemporary psychological research, several of the essays also explicitly address the history of the psychology of space exploration. Leading contributors to the field place the latest theories and empirical findings in historical context by exploring changes in space missions over the past half century, as well as reviewing developments in the psychological sciences during the same period. The essays are innovative in their approaches and conclusions, providing novel insights for behavioral researchers and historians alike.

Psychological Perspectives on Fear of Flying

This is the first authoritative work to examine the psychological determinants and effects associated with the 'fear of flying'.

Psychological Perspectives on Fear of Flying

This is the first authoritative work to examine the psychological determinants and effects associated with the 'fear of flying'. The contents include: · the extent and nature of the problem of fear of flying; · understanding public perceptions of safety associated with flying; · assessment of clients; psychological treatment approaches; · the use of specific interventions (e.g. virtual reality) and clinical case studies. It is an up-to-date and wide-ranging handbook, covering theory, research and practice. The international panel of authors are all experienced researchers and clinicians, and are leaders in their respective fields. The book is intended for those who work professionally in commercial and military aviation. This includes aviation psychologists, aerospace medical/nursing personnel, flying instructors, clinical psychologists and psychiatrists and those involved in fear of flying programs. A secondary audience includes researchers, professionals with an interest in anxiety/phobia, travel health clinic nurses and counsellors/therapists. Those who have a fear of flying themselves will also find the contents of interest.