A Typology of Purpose Clauses

3.5 Positioning patterns of purpose clauses While the aforementioned coding
properties of purpose clauses had already been discussed to varying degrees in
the typological literature, the position of purpose clauses vis-a-vis their
associated ...

A Typology of Purpose Clauses

Acknowledgements -- Abbreviations and notational conventions -- 1. Aims and scope of the book -- 2. Theoretical and methodological foundations -- 3. The grammar of purpose -- 4. Purpose clauses in the syntactic and conceptual space of complex sentences -- Summary: the developmental trajectories of purpose clauses -- Conclusion and outlook -- References

Purpose Clauses

I will distinguish between the two kinds of clauses thus. I will call the clause in (
58a) an in order clause, or IOC. I will call the clause in (58b) a subject-gap
purpose clause, or SPC. Consider now the contrast between the clause in (59a)
(=(57a)) ...

Purpose Clauses

The purpose clause is a common fonn of adverbial modification in English. The bracketed phrases below are purpose clauses, and they look and sound unremarkable. We hear and see these things all the time. John came [to play with the children] [to play with] I brought John along Insofar as purpose clauses appear to be adverbial, they frequently occupy a relatively low place on the scale of important things for syntactic theory to address itself to. In this book I assume the theoretical framework that has come to be known as 'Government-Binding' theory (GB), initiated in Chomsky (1981). The general fonn of the analyis of purpose clauses in GB dates roughly from Chomsky (1977). where several kinds of constructions akin to purpose clauses are identified. Within GB. this analysis is so widely accepted that it deserves to be considered the standard theory. This book, then. is about a few syntactically peripheral ell~ments that have enjoyed a relatively long-lived. virtually universally accepted. theoretical treatment What is perhaps an obvious question arises in this context. Why write a GB book about purpose clauses? This book. I hope, will supply an interesting answer. Simply put. purpose clause:;, and related constructions, have various properties that are not accounted for in the standard theory. In this book I propose an alternative analysis of purpose clauses, an analysis from which. I think. more of their properties follow more naturally.

Adverbial Clauses in Cross Linguistic Perspective

Payne (1997: 318) goes so far as to state that “most languages treat purpose and
reason alike”. 2.3.3.5 Purpose clauses Purpose clauses encode that one verbal
situation is performed with the intention of obtaining the realization of another ...

Adverbial Clauses in Cross Linguistic Perspective

This study investigates adverbial clauses from a cross-linguistic perspective. In line with other recent typological research in the context of complex sentences and clause-linkage, it proceeds from a detailed, multivariate analysis of the morphosyntactic characteristics of the phenomenon under scrutiny.

Benefactives and Malefactives

Based on a recent cross-linguistic study of purpose clauses (Schmidtke-Bode
2009), the present paper provides a systematic survey of the variegated functions
of benefactives in the encoding of purposive relations. It will be argued that the ...

Benefactives and Malefactives

Preface -- List of contributors -- Introduction: benefaction and malefaction from a cross-linguistic perspective / Seppo Kittilä & Fernando Zúñiga -- Benefactive applicative periphrases: A typological approach / Denis Creissels -- Cross-linguistic categorization of benefactives by event structure: A preliminary -- Framework for benefactive typology / Tomoko Yamashita Smith -- An areal and cross-linguistic study of benefactive and malefactive constructions / Paula Radetzky & Tomoko Smith -- The role of benefactives and related notions in the typology of purpose clauses / Karsten Schmidtke-Bode -- Benefactive and malefactive uses of Salish applicatives / Kaoru Kiyosawa & Donna B. Gerdts -- Beneficiaries and recipients in Toba (Guaycurú) / Marisa Censabella -- Benefactive and malefactive applicativization in Mapudungun / Fernando Zúñiga -- The benefactive semantic potential of 'caused reception' constructions: A case study of English, German, French, and Dutch / Timothy Colleman -- Beneficiary coding in Finnish / Seppo Kittilä -- Benefactives in Laz / René Lacroix -- Benefactive and malefactive verb extensions in the Koalib verb system / Nicolas Quint -- Benefactives and malefactives in Gumer (Gurage) / Sascha Völlmin -- A 'reflexive benefactive' in Chamba-Daka (Adamawa branch, Niger-Congo family) / Raymond Boyd -- Beneficiary and other roles of the dative in Taqshelhiyt / Christian J. Rapold -- Benefactive strategies in Thai / Mathias Jenny -- Korean benefactive particles and their meanings / Jae Jung Song -- Malefactivity in Japanese / Eijiro Tsuboi -- General index (names, languages, subjects)

Adverbial Clauses in Scots

3.10. Clauses of purpose and prevention 3. I El. 1 . Relationships of purpose one'
prevention Clauses of purpose differ from the semantic types discussed so far in
that finite clauses are outnumbered by non-finite clauses. Clauses of purpose ...

Adverbial Clauses in Scots

The future of English linguistics as envisaged by the editors of Topics in English Linguistics lies in empirical studies which integrate work in English linguistics into general and theoretical linguistics on the one hand, and comparative linguistics on the other. The TiEL series features volumes that present interesting new data and analyses, and above all fresh approaches that contribute to the overall aim of the series, which is to further outstanding research in English linguistics.

The Inflected Infinitive in Romance Languages

The occurrence of the inflected infinitive in complement and adverbial clauses of
purpose is quite frequent in Portuguese and Galician and supports Wireback's
contention that the inflected infinitive may have originated in purpose clauses in ...

The Inflected Infinitive in Romance Languages

This book investigates two prominent issues with regard to the inflected infinitive-the syntactic distribution of the Portuguese inflected infinitive, and its origin and development from Early Romance. The syntactic analysis offered here differs from traditional descriptions of the inflected infinitive in that it uses a theoretical approach to propose one concise condition which predicts all possible occurrences of the Portuguese inflected infinitive within the framework of relational grammar. While the first section of this book offers a synchronic study of the use of the inflected infinitive, the second section examines the theories previously posited to explain its origin and provides additional evidence from Latin and other Romance languages to support the proposal that the inflected infinitive was a historical development rooted in the Latin imperfect subjunctive. This study presents a detailed comparison of the syntactic environments common to both the imperfect subjunctive and the inflected infinitive, and examines the survival of an inflected infinitive in other Romance varieties as well as the existence of other inflected non-finite forms in these languages.

Theoretical Issues in Language Acquisition

Passive main clause; complement to tell Daisy, is told by Pluto [PRO, to do some
reading] 3. Active main clause; purpose clause Daisy chooses Pluto, [PRO, to do
some reading] 4. Passive main clause; purpose clause Daisyi is chosen by ...

Theoretical Issues in Language Acquisition

In recent linguistic theory, there has been an explosion of detailed studies of language variation. This volume applies such recent analyses to the study of child language, developing new approaches to change and variation in child grammars and revealing both early knowledge in several areas of grammar and a period of extended development in others. Topics dealt with include question formation, "subjectless" sentences, object gaps, rules for missing subject interpretation, passive sentences, rules for pronoun interpretation and argument structure. Leading developmental linguists and psycholinguists show how linguistic theory can help define and inform a theory of the dynamics of language development and its biological basis, meeting the growing need for such studies in programs in linguistics, psychology, and cognitive science.

Complex Sentences Grammaticalization Typology

Purpose. and. result. clauses. 1. Introduction: Clarification of previous concepts
and methodologies In accordance with ... to the concept of subordination
accepted in this chapter (cf. the author's Introduction), purpose clauses (
sometimes called ...

Complex Sentences  Grammaticalization  Typology

New Perspectives on Historical Latin Syntax: Complex Sentences, Grammaticalization, Typology is the fourth in a set of four volumes dealing with the long-term evolution of Latin syntax, roughly from the 4th century BCE up to the 6th century CE. As in the other volumes, the non-technical style and extensive illustration with classical examples makes the content readable and immediately useful to the widest audience.

Incorporate

Business Purpose The business purpose clause included in the articles of
incorporation outlines what your business does or will do . Most states allow , or
even require , the use of what is called a general - purpose clause .

Incorporate

Incorporate! is today's most easy-to-read, comprehensive guidebook for incorporating any business. Along with the nuts-and bolts details of incorporation, it also provides entrepreneurs with advice from noted experts on making the right decisions in virtually any key situation. Moving chronologically from start to finish, this thorough guidebook includes necessary forms and instructions, rules and laws for each state, an invaluable section covering what to do after incorporating, and much more.

Coptic future tenses syntactical studies in Sahidic

On the other hand, in its broadest sense it may include not only purpose clauses
but also subjective, objective, appositive and result clauses. In a word, it may
include any type of clause which employs jeka(a)s or je with Future III. Since
Coptic ...

Coptic future tenses  syntactical studies in Sahidic


American Journal of Philology

Now , some one may say , if Cicero uses neque nec ) at all in expressions of the
vill , as in purpose clauses , there is no reason why he should not use it in any
volitive expression . Even if the premises were true , this would hardly seem a fair
 ...

American Journal of Philology

Each number includes "Reviews and book notices."

Success With Grammar And Composition

ADVERB CLAUSE OF PURPOSE Look at the underlined clauses in the following
sentences : 1 . They took a taxi to the railway station so that ( in order that ) they
might be in time for the train . 2 . The family moved to the city so that they might ...

Success With Grammar And Composition

This book is designed for pupils at the upper secondary level and the first year of undergraduate study. As a proficiency book, while covering basic components in a thorough and systematic way, it offers extended practice in areas of grammar and composition which present special difficulty to students at this stage. The book provides simple and brief explanations on the rules of grammar followed by a variety of exercises which not only develop proficiency but also help recognition of these rules and principles.

The First Latin Book

Subjunctive of Purpose with ut and nē . 252 . Learn the ... Observe that the
subordinate clauses express the purpose or motive of the subjects of the
principal clauses , ut introducing a positive and nē a negative purpose . b .
Observe that the ...

The First Latin Book


Predicates and Their Subjects

In (49a) where we have 'subject control' of the purpose clause, and thus, I have
suggested, a bare IP predicate, how can be construed as binding an adjunct
trace within the IP. An appropriate answer can be “with conjuring tricks'. In (49b) ...

Predicates and Their Subjects

Predicates and their Subjects is an in-depth study of the syntax-semantics interface focusing on the structure of the subject-predicate relation. Starting from where the author's 1983 dissertation left off, the book argues that there is syntactic constraint that clauses (small and tensed) are constructed out of a one-place unsaturated expression, the predicate, which must be applied to a syntactic argument, its subject. The author shows that this predication relation cannot be reduced to a thematic relation or a projection of argument structure, but must be a purely syntactic constraint. Chapters in the book show how the syntactic predication relation is semantically interpreted, and how the predication relation explains constraints on DP-raising and on the distribution of pleonastics in English. The second half of the book extends the theory of predication to cover copular constructions; it includes an account of the structure of small clauses in Hebrew, of the use of `be' in predicative and identity sentences in English, and concludes with a study of the meaning of the verb `be'.

Relativization and Nominalized Clauses in Huallaga Huanuco Quechua

clause ( chay - wan rantimunaykipaq ] ( that - COM in : order : to : buy ) . The
derivation involves , then , the deletion of chay and the migration of - wan to the
end of the purpose clause . Note that the case marker which relates the purpose
 ...

Relativization and Nominalized Clauses in Huallaga  Huanuco  Quechua


Gender Differences in English Syntax

Adding purpose clauses to the spectrum, where the relation between the
subordinate and the main clause also asserts causality rather than hypothesizing
or denying it, the semantic continuum can be represented as follows. Causal
Purpose ...

Gender Differences in English Syntax

The present book provides the most comprehensive account so far of gender differences in syntax. It is an in-depth corpus-based study of syntactic variation in the use of adverbial clauses and tag questions. Written in a broadly functional framework, it pays due attention to the interaction of gender with other internal (semantics, syntax, prosody) and external (style, power, surreptitiousness, group composition) determinants. This volume is essential reading for those interested in language and gender and in how functionalism can be brought to bear in illuminating language structure and use.

The Essentials of Latin Grammar

In many cases, however, ut or ne is inserted before the verb, thus making a
purpose clause (see 325); and after jubeo and veto, less often after other verbs,
the verb is changed to the infinitive, becoming an object. See 338. [325] Final
clauses ...

The Essentials of Latin Grammar


Greek Prose Composition

LESSON X PURPOSE AND OBJECT CLAUSES 78 . A Purpose clause is one
which expresses the end or purpose of the action of a verb . In English , purpose
is indicated in a variety of ways . In the sentence He came to see me , the
purpose ...

Greek Prose Composition


Marking Thought and Talk in New Testament Greek

5.1 Introduction In Chapter 3 we considered independent clauses introduced by i
(/na with the verb in the subjunctive mood. ... analysis of 'purpose' untenable,
since a true 'purpose' clause logically depends on another clause which
delineates ...

Marking Thought and Talk in New Testament Greek

This book uses insights from a modern theory of communication, Relevance Theory, to examine the function of the particle i(/na [SET IN SpIonic] in New Testament Greek. It claims that the particle does not have a lexical meaning of "in order that," contrary to accepted wisdom, but that it alerts the reader to expect an interpretation of the thought or attitude of the implied speaker or author. Evidence is adduced from pagan Greek and in particular the writings of Polybius, Dionysius of Halicarnassus, and Epictetus, as well as the New Testament. The implications of this claim give an opportunity for a fresh interpretation of many problematic texts.

Communications de la Cinquieme Conference Internationale de Linguistique Historique

ON THE SOURCES OF INDO-EUROPEAN CONJUNCTIONS OF PURPOSE,
CAUSE, AND RESULT W. J. ... The shared restrictions on tenses, moods, and
clause order for both types of purpose construction indicate that they have a
common ...

Communications de la Cinquieme Conference Internationale de Linguistique Historique

This volume presents a selection of the best papers from the Fifth International Conference on Historical Linguistics (ICHL), which was held in Galway, April 6–10 1981. These papers provide an overview of work in the field of historical linguistics, covering a wide variety of topics and languages.