Defense Mechanisms

In M. Olff, G. Godaert, & H. Ursin (Eds.), Quantification of human defense mechanisms (pp. 138-148). Berlin: Springer. Berglund, M. & Smith, G. (1988). Post-diction of suicide in a group of depressive patients.

Defense Mechanisms

The book is focused on defense mechanisms as theoretical constructs as well as the possibilities of their empirical registration by different methods, and the application of these constructs in different fields of psychology with special regard to concurrent and predictive validity. It is argued that defense mechanisms are in many ways to be seen as integrative constructs, not necessarily restricted to psychoanalytic theory and that the potential fields of their application have a wide ranging scope, comprising many fields of psychology. Consequently empirical studies are presented from the fields of clinical and personality psychology, psychotherapy research and psychosomatic phenomena and diseases. Methodological questions have a heavy weight in most of these studies. Provides coverage of relevant literature Covers different fields of application Attempts an integration of the contstruct of defense mechanisms into mainstream psychology Provides explanations of the theoretical basis of the construct of defense mechanisms

The Concept of Defense Mechanisms in Contemporary Psychology

In M. Olff, G. Godaert, & H. Ursin (Eds.), Quantification of human defense mechanisms (pp. 138–148). Berlin: Springer. Berglund, M. & Smith, G. (1988) Post-diction of suicide in a group of depressive patients.

The Concept of Defense Mechanisms in Contemporary Psychology

What is the scientific status and the "truth value" of the concept of defense mechanisms? Among contemporary psychologists, three types of answers to this question may be expected. Some would wholeheartedly endorse the theoretical, clinical, and research value of this notion; others would reject it outright. Between these two extremes, a large number of observers, perhaps the majority, would suspend their judgment. Their attitude, compounded of hope and doubt, would capitalize on defense as an interesting and promising concept. At the same time, these psy chologists would express skepticism and disappointment over its clinical limitations, theoretical ambiguity, and research failures. The present volume is primarily addressed to the audience of hopeful skeptics-those who have not given up on the notion of defense, yet have been frustrated by the difficulties of incorporating it into the modern, streamlined structure of psychology. To this end, we have brought together theoretical and empirical contributions germane to defense together with reports about their applications to clinical and personality assessment, especially in relation to psychopathology, psychosomatics, and psycho therapeutic intervention.

Handbook of Coping

Evaluating ego defense mechanisms using clinical interviews : An empirical study of adolescent diabetic and psychiatric patients . ... In M. Olff , G. Godaert , & H. Ursin ( Eds . ) , Quantification of human defence mechanisms ( pp .

Handbook of Coping

"...how a man rallies to life's challenges and weathers its storms tells everything of who he is and all that he is likely to become." —St. Augustine It has long been understood that how a person adjusts to life stresses is a major component of his or her ability to lead a fulfilling life. Yet it wasn't until the 1960s that coping became a discrete topic of psychological inquiry. Since then, coping has risen to a position of prominence in the modern psychological discourse—especially within the personality, cognitive, and behavioral spheres—and, within the past decade alone, many important discoveries have been made about its mechanisms and functioning, and its role in ongoing psychological and physical health and well-being. A book whose time has come at last, the Handbook of Coping is the first professional reference devoted exclusively to the psychology of coping. Reporting the observations and insights of nearly sixty leading authorities in stress and coping from a wide range of affiliations and schools of thought, it brings readers the state of the art in coping theory, research, assessment, and applications. In orchestrating the book, the editors have scrupulously avoided imposing any particular slant or point of view, other than the need to foster greater eclecticism and cooperation between researchers and clinicians concerned with the phenomenon of coping. The Handbook of Coping is divided into five overlapping parts, the first of which serves to lay the conceptual foundations of all that follows. It traces the history of coping from its origins in psychoanalytic theories of unconscious defense mechanisms, and provides an exhaustive review of the latest conceptualizations, models, and constructs. The following section provides an in-depth exploration of current research methodology, measurement, and assessment tools. Part Three explores key facets of coping in a broad range of specific domains, including everyday hassles, chronic disease, cataclysmic events, and many others. The penultimate section focuses on individual differences. Among important topics covered here are coping styles and dispositions; the role of family, social support, and education; and coping behaviors across the life span. The final section, Part Five, is devoted to current applications. Clinical parameters are defined and a number of specific interventions are described, as are proven techniques for helping clients to improve their coping skills. A comprehensive guide to contemporary coping theory, research, and applications, the Handbook of Coping is an indispensable resource for practitioners, researchers, students, and educators in psychology, the health sciences, and epidemiology. Of related interest ... EGO DEFENSES: Theory and Measurement —Edited by Hope R. Conte and Robert Plutchik This book explores the nature and manifestations of defense mechanisms and traces ego defense theory and research from Freud's initial conceptualization through recent work in object-relations theory and other psychoanalytically oriented approaches. It provides clinical guidelines for diagnosing, assessing, and dealing with defenses, reviews empirical research techniques, and indicates their value in development and in psychotherapy. This volume should be of value to theoreticians, clinicians, and researchers interested in finding appropriate tools for measurement of defense mechanisms. 1994 SOCIAL SUPPORT: An Interactional View —Edited by Barbara R. Sarason, Irwin G. Sarason, and Gregory R. Pierce The study of social support and its relationship to personality, health, and adjustment is one of the fastest growing areas of research and application in psychology. This book contains integrative surveys of clinical and field studies, experimental investigations, and life-span explorations. It approaches social support as an important facet of interpersonal relationships and shows its undesirable, as well as its positive, features. 1990 (0-471-60624-3) 528 pp.

Process and Personality

In: Quantification of Human Defense Mechanisms, eds. M. Olff, G. Godaert, & H. Ursin. BerlinfHeidelberg/New York: Springer Verlag, pp. 138-147. Blos, P. (1967), The second individuation process of adolescence.

Process and Personality

This book is a joint effort of like-minded researchers to define the concept of process within a psychological setting. Although minor differences exist as regards choice of background theory, their common focus is on personality in a broad psychodynamic context. Their definition of personality rests on a series of test instruments that have been validated during decades of thorough and vigorous empirical work. These were originally designed to open up micro-processes underlying the adaptation to or construction of reality, and have subsequently proven diagnostically efficient. Coming from both sides of the Atlantic, the contributors have their background in psychological as well as medical institutions. The contributions in the book are examples of a vital source sustaining our efforts to get a more profound understanding of the vicissitudes of the human mind.

The non expression of Emotions in Health and Disease

In M. Olff , G. Godaert , & H. Ursin ( Eds . ) , Quantification of human defence mechanisms ( pp . 238-251 ) . Berlin , Springer . Stoll , F. , & Meier - Civelli , U. ( 1991 ) . An evaluative study of the Defence Mechanism Test .

The  non expression of Emotions in Health and Disease

The (Non)Expression of Emotions in Health Disease contains the texts of contributions to the international conference on the (non)expression of emotions in health and disease, held at Tilburg University on August 28 - 30, 1996. Emotions are important for people in daily life. Their relevance is linked to their communicational aspects and their function to motivate, fuel, and guide our efforts to cope with the world around us. But emotions can also seriously interfere with people's ability to function adequately and can thus impede adaptation. In addition, both (quasi)experimental and correlational studies have yielded support for the hypothesis that the nonexpression of emotions may be an important factor for health status. However, it is not entirely clear how the different constructs and findings obtained with different methodologies relate to one another. Also, little is known about possible aetiological factors associated with nonexpression. Why are some individuals more expressive than others? What are the basic functions of emotional expressiveness and why and how could nonexpressiveness be associated with poor health status? Topics like alexi-thymia, emotions and disease, and the clinical aspects are addressed in this publication. Finally, there are contributions focusing on adult crying. The book is intended for both researchers and clinicians in the behavioral sciences and in medicine.

National Library of Medicine Current Catalog

9211615 Quantification of human defence mechanisms / M . Olff , G. Godaert , H. Ursin ( eds . ) . Berlin ; New York : Springer - Verlag , c1991 . 327 p . : ill . ( Recent research in psychology ) Includes bibliographical references and ...

National Library of Medicine Current Catalog


Current Catalog

9211434 Quantification of human defence mechanisms / M. Olff , G. Godaert , H. Ursin ( eds . ) . -- Berlin ; New York : Springer - Verlag , c1991 . -- 327 p . : ill . -- ( Recent research in psychology ) Includes bibliographical ...

Current Catalog

First multi-year cumulation covers six years: 1965-70.

Aviation Psychology and Human Factors

The use of the defense mechanism test (DMT) in Norway for selection and stress research. In Olff, M., Godaert, G., and Ursin, H. (Eds.), Quantification of Human Defense Mechanisms (pp. 172–206). Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag.

Aviation Psychology and Human Factors

This book covers the application of psychological principles and techniques to situations and problems of aviation. It offers an overview of the role psychology plays in aviation, system design, selection and training of pilots, characteristics of pilots, safety, and passenger behavior. It covers concepts of psychological research and data analysis and shows how these tools are used in the development of new psychological knowledge. The new edition offers material on physiological effects on pilot performance, a new chapter on aviation physiology, more material on fatigue, safety culture, mental health and safety, as well as practical examples and exercises after each chapter.

Advances in Psychology

In M. Olff , G. Godaert , & H. Ursin ( Eds . ) , Quantification of human defense mechanisms ( pp . 138-148 ) . Berlin : Springer . Berglund , M. & Smith , G. ( 1988 ) . Post - diction of suicide in a group of depressive patients .

Advances in Psychology


Internationalizing the Psychology Curriculum in the United States

Personality trait structure as a human universal. ... Quantification of human defense mechanisms. ... isushchnost': Vneshneye i vnutrennoye yacheloveka (Personality and essence: the external and the internal in the human self).

Internationalizing the Psychology Curriculum in the United States

The psychology community recognizes that cultivating an international worldview is crucial not only to professionals and researchers, but more importantly, for professors and students of psychology as well. It is critically necessary for psychologists to learn from their colleagues who are working in different cultural contexts in order to develop the type of knowledge and psychological understanding of human behavior that will be maximally useful to practitioners and researchers alike. This volume, Internationalizing the Psychology Curriculum in the United States, provides information and resources to help psychology faculty educate and train future generations of psychologists within a much more international mindset and global perspective. Recognizing that cultural context are central to a true and accurate psychology, the authors describes how cultural, economic, political, and social factors in different countries frame individual experience and affect the science and practice of psychology. Each of the chapters will provide a content-specific overview of how the curriculum in psychology with regards to social, development, clinical, counseling psychology, etc will need to be modified in order to present a much more global view of psychology.

Clinical Assessment Computerized Methods and Instrumentation

Defensiemechanismen [Defense Mechanisms]. ... In M.Olff, G.Godaert, & H.Ursine (Eds.), Quantification of human Defense (pp. 293–301). ... Defense mechanisms, psychosomatic symptomatology, and conjugate lateral eye movements.

Clinical Assessment  Computerized Methods  and Instrumentation

A study of clinical assessment, computerized methods and instrumentation in psychology, containing 18 contributions from the workshop, "Computers in Psychology", held in September 1999 at the University of Utrecht.;The first section of the work contains contributions concerning clinical assessment. Aspects such as short-term memory, spatial memory, counselling skills and play therapy are described, as well as computer-assisted observational analysis using eye blinks. In the second section, a series of computer programs supporting decision-making in psychotherapy and diagnostics, in clinical and other settings, is described. The last section deals with real-time aspects of computers and computer-controlled experimental set-ups.

Parasitism and Host Behaviour

Humans have developed a battery of defence mechanisms specifically intended to prevent successful infection and which may, therefore, modify the effects of exposure. In the case of acquired immunity the consequences may be paradoxical, ...

Parasitism and Host Behaviour

Recent ideas and experimental studies suggest that the relationship between parasitism and host behaviour has been a powerful shaping force in the evolution not only of behaviour patterns themselves but, through them, of morphology and population and community dynamics. This book brings together recent work across the disciplines of parasitology an

Therapeutic Communities

Kragh , U. ( 1962 ) Prediction of success of Danish attack divers by the Defence Mechanism Test ( DMT ) . Perceptual and Motor Skills . 103-106 . ... Quantification of Human Defence Mechanisms . Springer - Verlag .

Therapeutic Communities


Cumulative Book Index

Cumulative Book Index

A world list of books in the English language.

Euro Abstracts

30/497 Quantification of human defence mechanisms OLFF M , GODAERT G ; URSIN H ( EDITORS ) University of Utrecht , Department of Clinical and Health Psychology ( NL ) ; University of Bergen , Institute of Physiological Psychology ( NO ) ...

Euro Abstracts


Advances in Medical Biology

Research programme on breakdown in human adaptation to stress . ... Quantification of Human Defence . ... In Stress : Neurochemical and Humoral Mechanisms , G. R. Van Loon , R. Kvetnansky , J. McCarthy & J. Axelrod ( Eds . ) .

Advances in Medical Biology

This text presents the final reports of the 17 research groups supervised by the CEC programme COMAC-BIOLOGY, relating applications such as: standardization of diagnostic procedures; application of new biological techniques to health problems; sharing of technologies and reagents; provision of special biological systems; evaluation of effectiveness of measures aiming at health care; and collection, storage and dissemination of information.