Nationalism and Identity

Membership in this community was not based on citizenship or on race , but on class . ... For instance , in his Race and Nationalism in Trinidad and Tobago , Selwyn Ryan concludes that his aim is to describe the political and ...

Nationalism and Identity

The nation-state of Trinidad and Tobago offers a unique nation-space, as Homi K Bhabha would say, for the study of the forces and ideologies of nationalism. This book reveals how this ethnically diverse nation, independent for less than forty years, has provided fertile ground for the creative tension between the imagination of the writer and the official discourse on nationalism. Harney argues that this discourse has in turn been embedded in a struggle that propelled the nation's story. He explores the influences on the sense of national identity caused by migration and the ethnicization of migrant communities in the cities. Adding to the comparative tone of much of this book, models of nationalism and ethnicity, often based on other societies, are tested against the imaginings of Trinidad by such essayists as VS Naipaul, CLR James, Willi Chen, Valerie Belgrave and Earl Lovelace. Using the wealth of imaginative literature produced by Trinidadians at home and abroad over the last forty years, together with European-based scholarship on theories of nationalism, this book provides a fascinating understanding of the forging of a national identity.

Trinidad and Tobago

It was not until 1955-56 that Trinidad and Tobago's political development matched that of Britain's other major Caribbean ... Selwyn Ryan, Race and Nationalism in Trinidad and Tobago: A Study of Decolonization in a Multiracial Society ...

Trinidad and Tobago


The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Race Ethnicity and Nationalism

The Political Calypso: True Opposition in Trinidad and Tobago 1962–1987. Mona: UWI Press and University Press of Florida, Gainesville. Regis, L. (2017). Race, Ethnicity and Nationalism in the Trinidad and Tobago Calypso 1970–1998.

The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Race  Ethnicity  and Nationalism

A broad examination of the rise of nationalism, populism, xenophobia, and racism throughout the world The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Race, Ethnicity, and Nationalism provides expert insight into the complex, interconnected factors that are influencing patterns of human relations worldwide in a time of rising populist nationalism, intensified racial and religious tensions, and mounting hostilities towards immigrants and minorities. Analyzing the underlying forces which continue to drive global trends, this volume examines contemporary patterns based on the most recent evidence spanning five continents—offering a diversity of interpretations, models and perspectives that address the challenges facing the study of race, ethnicity, and nationalism. The Companion features original contributions by both established experts and emerging scholars that explore an expansive range of theoretical, historical, and empirical case studies. Organized into five sections, the text first discusses growing trends in the United States, the significance of populism in major societies around the globe, and how global changes are influencing regional variations in race, ethnicity, and nationalism. An investigation of global migration patterns is followed by examination of conflict and violence, from urban riots and boundary disputes to warfare and genocide. The final section focuses on the policy debates resulting from changing patterns and their impact on politics, the economy, and society. Timely and highly relevant, this book: Discusses contemporary issues such as the failure of school systems to provide equal opportunities to minorities, the evolution of the School-to-Prison pipeline, and the Black Lives Matter movement Explores shifts in American race relations, the influence of social media and the internet, and the links between increased globalization and contemporary forms of nationalism, racism, and populism Features essays on national and ethnic identity in China, Japan, and South Korea, India, Central Asia, Africa, Latin America, and Europe Analyzes policies regarding borders, immigration, refugees, and human rights in different countries and regions Offers perspectives on the radicalization of social movements, the creation of ethnic, linguistic and other boundaries between groups, and the models used to understand intractable conflicts in many global settings The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Race, Ethnicity, and Nationalism is an indispensable resource for scholars, researchers, instructors, and students across the social sciences, including sociology, political science, global affairs, economics, comparative race and ethnic relations, international migration, social change, and sociological theory.

Ethnicity Class and Nationalism

This book is the first of its kind. It is essential reading for anyone interested in advancing their analysis of political, economic, social, and cultural thought in the Caribbean and other former colonial modern nations.

Ethnicity  Class  and Nationalism

In the interest of locating race and ethnicity as sociological and political categories that are inimical to contemporary conceptions of the nation state, editor Anton L. Allahar explores the geopolitics of the Caribbean through a comparative focus. The result is a study that is unique in scope and also in its level of scholarly reflection. This book is the first of its kind. It is essential reading for anyone interested in advancing their analysis of political, economic, social, and cultural thought in the Caribbean and other former colonial modern nations.

Callaloo Nation

''The Transition to Nationhood in Trinidad and Tobago, 1797–1962.'' Ph.D. diss., Cornell University. ———. 1972. Race and Nationalism in Trinidad and Tobago: A Study of Decolonization in a Multiracial Society.

Callaloo Nation

Mixing—whether referred to as mestizaje, callaloo, hybridity, creolization, or multiculturalism—is a foundational cultural trope in Caribbean and Latin American societies. Historically entwined with colonial, anticolonial, and democratic ideologies, ideas about mixing are powerful forces in the ways identities are interpreted and evaluated. As Aisha Khan shows in this ethnography, they reveal the tension that exists between identity as a source of equality and identity as an instrument through which social and cultural hierarchies are reinforced. Focusing on the Indian diaspora in the Caribbean, Khan examines this paradox as it is expressed in key dimensions of Hindu and Muslim cultural history and social relationships in southern Trinidad. In vivid detail, she describes how disempowered communities create livable conditions for themselves while participating in a broader culture that both celebrates and denies difference. Khan combines ethnographic research she conducted in Trinidad over the course of a decade with extensive archival research to explore how Hindu and Muslim Indo-Trinidadians interpret authority, generational tensions, and the transformations of Indian culture in the Caribbean through metaphors of mixing. She demonstrates how ambivalence about the desirability of a callaloo nation—a multicultural society—is manifest around practices and issues, including rituals, labor, intermarriage, and class mobility. Khan maintains that metaphors of mixing are pervasive and worth paying attention to: the assumptions and concerns they communicate are key to unraveling who Indo-Trinidadians imagine themselves to be and how identities such as race and religion shape and are shaped by the politics of multiculturalism.

The Dilemmas of Ethnic Policy

Payne, S. “Catalan and Bosque Nationalism” Journal of Contemporary History 6, no. 1 (1971): 15–51. Perham, Margery. ... Ryan, Selwyn D. Race and Nationalism in Trinidad and Tobago: A Study of Decolonization in a Multiracial Society.

The Dilemmas of Ethnic Policy

The Dilemmas of Ethnic Policy: A Global Perspective argues that ethnic conflict increases or decreases in relation to changes in the social structure and the location and distribution of political power. Ethnic grievances derive from lack of access to valued resources, and elites play a crucial role in allocating those resources. This book examines the experiences of five countries with a history of ethnic conflict: former Yugoslavia/Bosnia-Herzegovina, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, and the United States. It finds that in many cases, solutions adopted to mitigate ethnic conflict have unintended consequences. Often, supposed solutions confuse cause and effect and in fact worsen ethnic conflict. Attempts to address identity issues by pandering to them often led to further ethnic demands. This book argues that, based on the experiences of the countries under examination, the best course is to adopt policies that encourage alliances between and among ethnic groups.

Survivors of Another Crossing

Race and Nationalism in Trinidad and Tobago . Toronto : University of Toronto Press , 1972 . Emigration of Indian Labour , 18341900 . Delhi : People ' s Publishing ( 1970 ) . " The Vanguard of Indian Nationalism in Trinidad : the East ...

Survivors of Another Crossing


Identity Ethnicity and Culture in the Caribbean

" This volume pulls together an interesting collection of essays on culture, ethnicity and identity.

Identity  Ethnicity and Culture in the Caribbean

" This volume pulls together an interesting collection of essays on culture, ethnicity and identity. Some contributors have focused on calypso, popular music, and carnival as sites of inter- ethnic rivalry in the context of forging a national identity in a global setting. Others have examined the role of competitive elections, jobs in the public service,schools, mixed marriages and dancing as arenas of culture conflict and power quest" -- Book cover.

Eric Williams and the Making of the Modern Caribbean

Black Intellectuals Come to Power: The Rise of Creole Nationalism in Trinidad and Tobago. Cambridge, Mass. ... Ryan, Selwyn D. Race and Nationalism in Trinidad and Tobago: A Study of Decolonisation in a Multiracial Society.

Eric Williams and the Making of the Modern Caribbean

Born in Trinidad, Eric Williams (1911-81) founded the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago's first modern political party in 1956, led the country to independence from the British culminating in 1962, and became the nation's first prime minister. Before entering politics, he was a professor at Howard University and wrote several books, including the classic Capitalism and Slavery. In the first scholarly biography of Williams, Colin Palmer provides insights into Williams's personality that illuminate his life as a scholar and politician and his tremendous influence on the historiography and politics of the Caribbean. Palmer focuses primarily on the fourteen-year period of struggles for independence in the Anglophone Caribbean. From 1956, when Williams became the chief minister of Trinidad and Tobago, to 1970, when the Black Power-inspired February Revolution brought his administration face to face with a younger generation intellectually indebted to his revolutionary thought, Williams was at the center of most of the conflicts and challenges that defined the region. He was most aggressive in advocating the creation of a West Indies federation to help the region assert itself in international political and economic arenas. Looking at the ideas of Williams as well as those of his Caribbean and African peers, Palmer demonstrates how the development of the modern Caribbean was inextricably intertwined with the evolution of a regional anticolonial consciousness.

Modern Political Culture in the Caribbean

Imagined Communities : Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism . London : Verso . Bobb , Euric . 1983. ... Race and Nationalism in Trinidad and Tobago : A Study of Decolonization in a Multiracial Society .

Modern Political Culture in the Caribbean

This contribution to the study and analysis of Caribbean politics explores the political culture of the Caribbean in order to understand the regional differences. The contributors, renowned internationally for their expertise in Caribbean studies, explore the topic from their varied cultural experiences and offer a new dimension to the study of political culture.

Politics Ethnicity and the Postcolonial Nation

“Jahaji Bhai: The Emergence of a Dougla poetics in Trinidad and Tobago.” Identities, 5(4): 569–601. ... Race and Nationalism in Trinidad and Tobago: A Study of Decolonization in a Multiracial Society. Toronto: University of Toronto ...

Politics  Ethnicity and the Postcolonial Nation

This book explores the politics of ethnicity and nationalism in the Caribbean from a critical discourse-analytical perspective. Focusing on political communication in Trinidad and Tobago, it offers unique socio-political insights into one of the most complex and diverse countries of the Archipelago. Through a detailed reconstruction of Kamla Persad-Bissessar’s 2010 victorious run for office, this book offers ample empirical evidence of the multimodal discursive strategies that held the key to the success of the first woman PM candidate and her inter-ethnic coalition bid to overcome political tribalism in the country. In parallel, it explores the implications and challenges of the postcolonial Trinbagonian national project, caught between pluralism and creolization. Through its innovative, context-dependent and interdisciplinary CDS approach, this book breaks new ground in Caribbean Studies while at the same time broadening the horizons of the Euro-American tradition of Political Discourse Studies to address the complexities of global postcoloniality.

Indian Diaspora in the Caribbean

Chatterjee, partha (1986), Nationalist thought and the Colonial World:A derivative discourse, london: the united nations ... (1972), Race and Nationalism in Trinidad and Tobago, university of the West Indies press,trinidad. samaroo, ...

Indian Diaspora in the Caribbean

This volume seeks to explore some aspects of the history of Indian emigration to the Caribbean, which is one of the most significant events in the history of Indian indentured migration that took place to different parts of the world during the second half of the nineteenth century. The Indians faced many hardships in the Caribbean during the initial stage of their migration. However, over the years, they have become one of the most successful immigrant ethnic groups in the Caribbean. This book studies key facets of this retention of the Indian ethos. While doing so, it also analyses notions of religiocultural transformation, identity reconstruction, political participation and transformations, as well as resistance to enslavement and other oppressions. The contributors to this volume, who are recognized scholars and academics in the field of Caribbean studies, also have the advantage of first-hand knowledge and the experience of being a part of the Indian diaspora in the Caribbean.

Caribbean Masala

Race and Nationalism in Trinidad and Tobago. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. ———. 1991. “Social Stratification in Trinidad and Tobago: Lloyd Braithwaite Revisited.” In Social and Occupational Stratification in Contemporary ...

Caribbean Masala

Winner of the 2019 Gordon K. & Sybil Lewis Book Award In 1833, the abolition of slavery in the British Empire led to the import of exploited South Asian indentured workers in the Caribbean under extreme oppression. Dave Ramsaran and Linden F. Lewis concentrate on the Indian descendants' processes of mixing, assimilating, and adapting while trying desperately to hold on to that which marks a group of people as distinct. In some ways, the lived experience of the Indian community in Guyana and Trinidad represents a cultural contradiction of belonging and non-belonging. In other parts of the Caribbean, people of Indian descent seem so absorbed by the more dominant African culture and through intermarriage that Indo-Caribbean heritage seems less central. In this collaboration based on focus groups, in-depth interviews, and observation, sociologists Ramsaran and Lewis lay out a context within which to develop a broader view of Indians in Guyana and Trinidad, a numerical majority in both countries. They address issues of race and ethnicity but move beyond these familiar aspects to track such factors as ritual, gender, family, and daily life. Ramsaran and Lewis gauge not only an unrelenting process of assimilative creolization on these descendants of India, but also the resilience of this culture in the face of modernization and globalization.

Producing Power

Race and Nationalism in Trinidad and Tobago . Toronto : University of Toronto Press . 1981. “ The Church that Williams Built : Electoral Possibilities in Trinidad and Tobago . ” Caribbean Review 10 , no . 2 : 12–13 , 45–46 . 1982.

Producing Power

"Highly detailed and well-argued study focuses on mostly women workers in a Trinidadian factory. Utilizes approach which author claims unites history, culture, structure, and agency. In fact, coherent and theoretically sophisticated analytical framework provides context for the ethnographically rich, multi-dimensional narratives of women workers 'who endure oppression while at the same time reclaiming their dignity.' Core argument is that the production process 'becomes a site where the meanings of ethnicity, class, and gender are constructed, contested, and consented to.'"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 57.

Dependency Under Challenge

2 See , in particular , S. Ryan , Race and Nationalism in Trinidad and Tobago , Toronto , 1972 . 3 See I. Oxaal , Black Intellectuals Come to Power , Cambridge , Mass . , 1968 . 4 See K. Bahadoorsingh , Trinidad Electoral Politics : The ...

Dependency Under Challenge


Colin Palmer s Trilogy on Imperialism in the Caribbean Omnibus E Book

51 Ibid., January 16,1962. 52 R. G. Miner to U.S. Secretary of State, March 25,1962, ibid., box 1668, folder 7410.00/3162. 53 Ryan, Race and Nationalism, 385. 54 Central Foreign Policy Files, Trinidad and Tobago, Political 239, NADS, ...

Colin Palmer   s Trilogy on Imperialism in the Caribbean  Omnibus E Book

This Omnibus E-Book brings together all three of Colin A. Palmer's books on the making of the modern Caribbean. Included are: Freedom's Children: The 1938 Labor Rebellion and the Birth of Modern Jamaica This is the first comprehensive history of Jamaica's watershed 1938 labor rebellion and its aftermath. The rebellion produced two rival leaders who dominated the political life of the colony through the achievement of independence in 1962. Alexander Bustamante, a moneylender, founded the Bustamante Industrial Trade Union and its progeny, the Jamaica Labour Party. Norman Manley, an eminent barrister, led the struggle for self-government and with others established the People's National Party. Palmer sheds new light on the nature of Bustamante's collaboration with the imperial regime, the rise of the trade-union movement, the struggle for constitutional change, and the emergence of party politics in a modernizing Jamaica. Cheddi Jagan and the Politics of Power: British Guiana's Struggle for Independence Palmer here tells the story of British Guiana's struggle for independence. The work details the rise and fall of Cheddi Jagan--from his initial electoral victory in the spring of 1953 to the aftermath of the British-orchestrated coup d'etat that led to the suspension of the constitution and the removal of Jagan's independence-minded administration. Bringing the larger story of Caribbean colonialism into view, this work shows how violence, police corruption, political chicanery, racial politics, and poor leadership delayed Guyana's independence until 1966, scarring the body politic in the process. Eric Williams and the Making of the Modern Caribbean In this first scholarly assessment of Williams (1911-1981), founder of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago's first modern political party and the nation's first prime minister, Palmer explores his life as a scholar and politician and his tremendous influence on the historiography and politics of the Caribbean. Palmer focuses especially on a 14-year period of independence struggles in the Anglophone Caribbean, when Williams helped resolve regional disputes and promoted the creation of a pan-Caribbean federation.