Risky Rivers

When they overflow their banks , rivers deposit coarse sediments first and finer ones farther away , which can result in restingas having sandier soils than backswamps . Heavy clay soils of relatively low fertility are sometimes found ...

Risky Rivers

While anthropologists and ecologists have carefully described the activities of the slash-and-burn cultivators, ranchers, and miners of tropical South America, they have largely overlooked the economic strategies and political struggles of riverine people who survive by flood-recession agriculture and fishing. These ribere_os, who constitute the majority of the inhabitants of the Amazonian floodplains of Peru, have developed ecologically sustainable resource management practices that enable them to cope with periodic inundations of their fields by "risky rivers." They have, however, suffered greatly from unpredictable crop prices and erratic state agricultural policies. Michael Chibnik here examines the household economies, cultural ecology, grassroots political organizations of ribere_os living in three floodplain villages near Iquitos, Peru. He describes the villagers' remarkable history, their participation in misconceived development programs, and their longstanding conflicts with regional elites. Chibnik discusses the political ecology of the region in the context of arguments about appropriate development policies in tropical lowlands. Although ribere_os practice intensive agriculture with low environmental impact, they have not been able to improve their economic circumstances in recent years. Chibnik's study is a significant and timely contribution to current debates about the possibility of sustainable, equitable development in Amazonia.

Risky Rivers

Michael Chibnik here examines the household economies, cultural ecology, grassroots political organizations of ribere_os living in three floodplain villages near Iquitos, Peru.

Risky Rivers

While anthropologists and ecologists have carefully described the activities of the slash-and-burn cultivators, ranchers, and miners of tropical South America, they have largely overlooked the economic strategies and political struggles of riverine people who survive by flood-recession agriculture and fishing. These ribere_os, who constitute the majority of the inhabitants of the Amazonian floodplains of Peru, have developed ecologically sustainable resource management practices that enable them to cope with periodic inundations of their fields by "risky rivers." They have, however, suffered greatly from unpredictable crop prices and erratic state agricultural policies. Michael Chibnik here examines the household economies, cultural ecology, grassroots political organizations of ribere_os living in three floodplain villages near Iquitos, Peru. He describes the villagers' remarkable history, their participation in misconceived development programs, and their longstanding conflicts with regional elites. Chibnik discusses the political ecology of the region in the context of arguments about appropriate development policies in tropical lowlands. Although ribere_os practice intensive agriculture with low environmental impact, they have not been able to improve their economic circumstances in recent years. Chibnik's study is a significant and timely contribution to current debates about the possibility of sustainable, equitable development in Amazonia.

Management and Ecology of River Fisheries

Chibnik M. (1994) Risky Rivers: The Economic and Politics of Floodplain Farming in Amazonia. Tucson, AZ: The University of Arizona Press, 267 pp. Castro F. (1999) Fishing accords: the political ecology of fishing intensification in the ...

Management and Ecology of River Fisheries

In this edited work, international experts in fisheries management and ecology review and appraise the status of river fisheries, assessment methodology, constraints on development, issues and options regarding management and associated problems in both temperate and tropical countries. Recommendations are made to improve management and an attempt is made to provide guidelines for formulating policy, for planning methodology and for evaluating future activities. Assessment of fish community structure and dynamics. Factors constraining stock recruitment. Fish habitat requirements. Instream flow needs. Impact of water resource schemes. Rehabilitation of river fisheries. Enhancement of fish stocks. Exploitation of stocks. Management of migratory fish stocks. Conservation of endangered species. Integrated river management. Bioeconomic issues. Legislation. Multinational management of rivers. Case studies.

Wild Men Wild Alaska

I do have that souped-up jet boat—” knowing that a risky river run would help divert my attention from California. I wasn't sure ifthat's what I should do, but I pushed on, telling myself it was for the sake of my guests. “See?

Wild Men  Wild Alaska

In Wild Men, Wild Alaska professional hunting and fishing guide and outfitter Rocky McElveen tells the stories of his own adventures as well as those of some of his well-known clients. The book takes readers directly into the Alaskan bush, and shares the intense challenges of a majestic wilderness that pushes a man to his limits.

The Indian Forester

The canoes were rather crank , we were rather new to the work of navigating ricketty boats down risky rivers , and the dangers of the course were unknown ; so we made up our minds to expect an upset sooner or later , and therefore ...

The Indian Forester


Environmental History of the Rhine Meuse Delta

The risky river polders are continuously threatened by river floods, ... The main action is to give a fraction of the lost flood plains back to the regulated and narrowed rivers. But eventually 'Room for the River' will appear to be ...

Environmental History of the Rhine Meuse Delta

This unique text presents the environmental history of the lowland delta of the rivers Rhine and Meuse. It is an ecological story of evolving human-environmental relations and how they cope with climate change and sea-level rise. The text offers a combination of in-depth ecology and environmental history. The synthesis presents a blueprint for future management and restoration, from progressive reclamation of land in the past, to adaptation of human needs to the forces of nature.

Seeing the Forest and the Trees

The role of ecological patchiness in forest fragmentation patterns: The Upper Negro River case. Poster presented at the First International ... Risky Rivers. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. Chomitz, K. M., and D. A. Gray. 1996.

Seeing the Forest and the Trees

'Seeing the Forest and the Trees' examines changes in land cover & land use in forested regions as major contributors to global environmental change.

The Future of Large Dams

... Prager Chen, C. (1999) 'The Chixoy Dam Case', Submission at the World Commission on Dams' Second Regional Consultation, Sao Paulo, Brazil Chibnik, M. (1994) Risky Rivers: The Economics and Politics of Floodplain Farming in Amazonia, ...

The Future of Large Dams

Viewed by some as symbols of progress and by others as inherently flawed, large dams remain one of the most contentious development issues on Earth. Building on the work of the now defunct World Commission on Dams, Thayer Scudder wades into the debate with unprecedented authority. Employing the Commission's Seven Strategic priorities, Scudder charts the 'middle way' forward by examining the impacts of large dams on ecosystems, societies and political economies. He also analyses the structure of the decision-making process for water resource development and tackles the highly contentious issue of dam-induced resettlement, illuminated by a statistical analysis of 50 cases.

Globetrotter Dogma

I've run risky rivers in a mix of wooden, rubber, steel, and plastic inventions, but none caused more hyperventilation than g lo a negotiating the Waiqa (pronounced wine-gah) River in a classic Fijian. 22 b trotter d o g m e CANON 13: ...

Globetrotter Dogma

In Globetrotter Dogma, travel writer Bruce Northam entertains, educates, and motivates readers to hit the road through an idiosyncratic mix of travel lore, humor, shock, story, and practical advice. Employing a rambling résumé that touches two-thirds of the planet, Northam shares wisdom from his far-flung adventures:drifting with Burma's nomadic sea gypsies; walking coast-to-coast across northern England with Dad; shepherding in Morocco; pogo-sticking with Bulgarian gypsies, just to name a few. This timeless, illustrated compendium of roving bliss provides 100 reasons to keep exploring our wild and ever-changing world.

Environmental Health Perspectives

... Reducing Pollution Joseph J. Romm New York : Kodansha America , 1994 , ISBN : 1568360371 , $ 22 . Risky Rivers ; The Economics and Politics of Floodplain Farming in Amazonia Michael Chibnik Tucson , AZ : University of Arizona Press ...

Environmental Health Perspectives


Human Impacts on Amazonia

Risky Rivers: The Economics and Politics of Floodplain Farming in Amazonia. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. Denevan, W. M. and C. Padoch, eds. 1988. Swidden-Fallow Agroforestry in the Peruvian Amazon. Advances in Economic Botany 5.

Human Impacts on Amazonia

Of late, religion seems to be everywhere, suffusing U.S. politics and popular culture and acting as both a unifying and a divisive force. This collection of manifestos, Supreme Court decisions, congressional testimonies, speeches, articles, book excerpts, pastoral letters, interviews, song lyrics, memoirs, and poems reflects the vitality, diversity, and changing nature of religious belief and practice in American public and private life over the last half century. Encompassing a range of perspectives, this book illustrates the ways in which individuals from all along the religious and political spectrum have engaged religion and viewed it as a crucial aspect of society. The anthology begins with documents that reflect the close relationship of religion, especially mainline Protestantism, to essential ideas undergirding Cold War America. Covering both the center and the margins of American religious life, this volume devotes extended attention to how issues of politics, race, gender, and sexuality have influenced the religious mainstream. A series of documents reflects the role of religion and theology in the civil rights, feminist, and gay rights movements as well as in conservative responses. Issues regarding religion and contemporary American culture are explored in documents about the rise of the evangelical movement and the religious right; the impact of "new" (post-1965) immigrant communities on the religious landscape; the popularity of alternative, New Age, and non-Western beliefs; and the relationship between religion and popular culture. The editors conclude with selections exploring major themes of American religious life at the millennium, including both conservative and New Age millennialism, as well as excerpts that speculate on the future of religion in the United States. The documents are grouped by theme into nine chapters and arranged chronologically therein. Each chapter features an extensive introduction providing context for and analysis of the critical issues raised by the primary sources.

Golden Relic

'That could have been risky,' Rivers commented. 'No, not really. Lloyd could always be counted on to put his heart and soul into whatever he was doing. He was also a pragmatist; he knew he couldn't stop progress.

Golden Relic

A rollicking good yarn that mixes detective fiction with Indiana Jones-style adventure. When Professor Lloyd Marsden is found murdered in the Museum of Victoria, Special Detective Sam Diamond is assigned to catch the killer. Thrown into a world of obsessive collectors, strange poisons, funerary rites and ancient artefacts, Sam's photographic memory and cryptic crossword skills are invaluable tools in her investigation. But when archaeologist Dr Maggie Tremaine whisks her halfway round the world in pursuit of the truth, Sam finds way more questions than answers. From Australia to Egypt to Peru Sam and Maggie hunt down the clues to a strange pact and a legendary relic. This novel was originally written for ICOM '98, the International Council of Museums' triennial conference, hosted by the Museum of Victoria in 1998. The ICOM '98 committee had the novel idea of promoting the prestigious conference, and its host city Melbourne, by commissioning a crime novel set in the museum world. Under its original title, Stolen Property, Golden Relic was serialised on the Internet - one chapter a month - from February to September 1998 on the ICOM '98 homepage. Golden Relic was launched at the Melbourne Convention Centre on the opening night of the ICOM '98 conference by Magistrate Jennifer Coate and Senator John Button.

Working Forests in the Neotropics

Risky rivers : The economics and politics of floodplain farming in Amazonia . Tucson : University of Arizona Press . CTAR . 1998. Anuario estadistico forestal 1998 , region Ucayali .

Working Forests in the Neotropics

-- Thomas Lovejoy, The H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics and the Environment.

The Chants of Adulthood

... body vanished into slightest invisible beads of dust— To say: 'love, my greatest saviour, is what I need— What I long for to avoid ship wreckage, And paddle along risky rivers and through tunnels of danger Towards her tenderness.

The Chants of Adulthood

The Chants of Adulthood By: Sedki Chaabani The Chants of Adulthood speak to the tragedies, pleasures, trials and jubilations of life. Often crafted from the writer’s despair, the poems within express suffering and loneliness, as well as lessons learned. Poetry is an outlet of human emotions and trials. Driven by a need to speak to someone who is not made of flesh and blood, poet Sedki Chaabani uses a language of inflictions and despondency… a language of unexpectedness and occult discoveries. Language, be it English or Chaabani’s native Arabic, is the expression of all. Within both, he becomes like Sinbad in his jeopardizing travels.

Landscape Ethnoecology

Risky Rivers: The Economics and Politics of Floodplain Farming in Amazonia. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. Coomes, O. T., and N. Ban. 2004. “Cultivated Plant Species Diversity in Home Gardens ofan Amazonian Peasant Village in ...

Landscape Ethnoecology

Although anthropologists and cultural geographers have explored "place" in various senses, little cross-cultural examination of "kinds of place," or ecotopes, has been presented from an ethno-ecological perspective. In this volume, indigenous and local understandings of landscape are investigated in order to better understand how human communities relate to their terrestrial and aquatic resources. The contributors go beyond the traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) literature and offer valuable insights on ecology and on land and resources management, emphasizing the perception of landscape above the level of species and their folk classification. Focusing on the ways traditional people perceive and manage land and biotic resources within diverse regional and cultural settings, the contributors address theoretical issues and present case studies from North America, Mexico, Amazonia, tropical Asia, Africa and Europe.

Developing criteria and indicators of community managed forests as assessment and learning tools objectives methodologies and results

Risky rivers: The economics and politics of floodplain farming in Amazonia, University of Arizona Press, Tuscon. Christodoulou, D. 1990. The Unpromised land: Agrarian reform and conflict worldwide. Zed Book Ltd., London & New Jersey.

Developing criteria and indicators of community managed forests as assessment and learning tools  objectives  methodologies and results

This report explores criteria and indicators (C&I) for monitoring and assessing the sustainability of community managed forests (CMFs), and offers some insights into methodological tools and conceptual approaches for C&I development. The research was intended to explore the potential value of C&I to forest communities, their partners and their representative organisations to legitimise and enhance management, including strengthening of control over forest resources and facilitating the equitable distribution of the costs and benefits of forest management. The C&I for CMF tests involved six forest communities and their partners in Central Province, Cameroon, the Amazonian state of Pará, Brazil, and West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Each test was of approximately one-month duration. The core teams included an ecologist, a social scientist and a forest management specialist. Local involvement was an essential element of the research process. Facilitators enabled the active participation of community members in the critical appraisal of the C&I. After each field test, academics, policy makers, representatives of local and national non-governmental organisations, and representatives of other forest communities reviewed the emergent ‘draft’ C&I. Over 750 statements of principles, criteria, indicators and verifiers were generated by the tests. There is an evaluation of C&I testing processes and C&I for CMF development methodologies, as well as an analysis of the C&I for CMF. The comprehensive coverage of issues related to the sustainability of CMFs makes this report a valuable reference for those interested in implementing C&I for CMF, and for other users and purposes. These may include: researchers or policy makers analysing intersectoral impacts on CMFs; practitioners assessing and developing collaborative CMF initiatives; development planners and project managers evaluating or planning initiatives; and professors seeking guidance on incorporating community forestry into curricula for rural development, forestry and anthropology students.

Ethnographies of Social Support

3: 433–456. Cassidy, D. 1993.Uncertainty: The Life andScience of Werner Heisenberg. New York:W.H. Freeman. Chibnik, M. 1994. Risky Rivers:The Economics and Politicsof Floodplain Farming in Amazonia. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.

Ethnographies of Social Support

Why do elderly choose to move away from their children so as to not receive their support? Using a number of case studies, contributors explore social support as a tool of mutuality, or maintaining relatedness and sharing feelings, rather than preventing or patching up problems. This book helps correct the dominant framework of deliberate action.

Global Water Security

... the main streams in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, along with Dongting Lake and Poyang Lake, ... some small and medium-sized rivers were flooded or breached; small reservoirs were overtopped and became risky; ...

Global Water Security

This book highlights the relationship between the water sector and various other sectors in order to establish an improved understanding of the importance of water resources as an essential cross-cutting vector of socio-economic development. The book is both policy and practice oriented and is not constrained by existing definitions on water security. It includes actual experiences of policy, management, development and governance decisions taken within the water sector, and examples on how these have affected the energy and agricultural sectors as well as impacted the environment, and vice versa, as appropriate. It also discusses trade-offs, short and long-term implications, lessons learnt, and the way forward. The book includes case studies on cities, countries and regions such as Australia, China, Singapore, Central Asia, Morocco, Southern Africa, France, Latin America, Brazil and California.

Technical Report ES

Navigational facilities of tidal rivers expand during and after the rainy season . ... Some main river routes ( see Map No. ... though the mouth of the Sittang is influenced by a big tidal bore rendering navigation risky . The rivers of ...

Technical Report ES


The Steamboat Bertrand and Missouri River Commerce

Steamboating on the Upper Missouri River was risky. The list of environmental hazards was long, and included swift, changeable cur- rents, shoals, and rapids, sandbars, snags, and floating debris, high winds or tornadoes, ...

The Steamboat Bertrand and Missouri River Commerce

On April 1, 1865, the steamboat Bertrand, a sternwheeler bound from St. Louis to Fort Benton in Montana Territory, hit a snag in the Missouri River and sank twenty miles north of Omaha. The crew removed only a few items before the boat was silted over. For more than a century thereafter, the Bertrand remained buried until it was discovered by treasure hunters, its cargo largely intact. This book categorizes some 300,000 artifacts recovered from the Bertrand in 1968, and also describes the invention, manufacture, marketing, distribution, and sale of these products and traces their route to the frontier mining camps of Montana Territory. The ship and its contents are a time capsule of mid-nineteenth-century America, rich with information about the history of industry, technology, and commerce in the Trans-Missouri West. In addition to enumerating the items the boat was transporting to Montana, and offering a photographic sample of the merchandise, Switzer places the Bertrand itself in historical context, examining its intended use and the technology of light-draft steam-driven river craft. His account of steamboat commerce provides multiple insights into the industrial revolution in the East, the nature and importance of Missouri River commerce in the mid-1800s, and the decline in this trade after the Civil War. Switzer also introduces the people associated with the Bertrand. He has unearthed biographical details illuminating the private and social lives of the officers, crew members, and passengers, as well as the consignees to whom the cargo was being shipped. He offers insight into not only the passengers’ reasons for traveling to the frontier mining camps of Montana Territory, but also the careers of some of the entrepreneurs and political movers and shakers of the Upper Missouri in the 1860s. This unique reference for historians of commerce in the American West will also fascinate anyone interested in the technology and history of riverine transport.