Rotating Fluids in Geophysical and Industrial Applications

There are few books on rotating fluids and this volume is, therefore, a welcome addition. It is the first volume which contains a unified view of turbulence in rotating fluids, instability and vortex dynamics.

Rotating Fluids in Geophysical and Industrial Applications

The volume presents a comprehensive overview of rotation effects on fluid behavior, emphasizing non-linear processes. The subject is introduced by giving a range of examples of rotating fluids encountered in geophysics and engineering. This is then followed by a discussion of the relevant scales and parameters of rotating flow, and an introduction to geostrophic balance and vorticity concepts. There are few books on rotating fluids and this volume is, therefore, a welcome addition. It is the first volume which contains a unified view of turbulence in rotating fluids, instability and vortex dynamics. Some aspects of wave motions covered here are not found elsewhere.

Convection in Rotating Fluids

In this book the authors elucidate the physical essence of these phenomena, determining and classifying flow regimes in the space of similarity numbers.

Convection in Rotating Fluids

Spatial inhomogeneity of heating of fluids in the gravity field is the cause of all motions in nature: in the atmosphere and the oceans on Earth, in astrophysical and planetary objects. All natural objects rotate and convective motions in rotating fluids are of interest in many geophysical and astrophysical phenomena. In many industrial applications, too (crystal growth, semiconductor manufacturing), heating and rotation are the main mechanisms defining the structure and quality of the material. Depending on the geometry of the systems and the mutual orientation of temperature and gravity field, a variety of phenomena will arise in rotating fluids, such as regular and oscillating waves, intensive solitary vortices and regular vortex grids, interacting vortices and turbulent mixing. In this book the authors elucidate the physical essence of these phenomena, determining and classifying flow regimes in the space of similarity numbers. The theoretical and computational results are presented only when the results help to explain basic qualitative motion characteristics. The book will be of interest to researchers and graduate students in fluid mechanics, meteorology, oceanography and astrophysics, crystallography, heat and mass transfer.

Modeling Atmospheric and Oceanic Flows

Pedlosky, J. (1987), Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Springer, Berlin. ... Dynamics and instabilities of Ekman and Stewartson layers, in Rotating Fluids in Geophysical and Industrial Applications, edited by E. J. Hopfinger, pp.

Modeling Atmospheric and Oceanic Flows

Modeling Atmospheric and Oceanic Flows: Insights from Laboratory Experiments and Numerical Simulations provides a broad overview of recent progress in using laboratory experiments and numerical simulations to model atmospheric and oceanic fluid motions. This volume not only surveys novel research topics in laboratory experimentation, but also highlights recent developments in the corresponding computational simulations. As computing power grows exponentially and better numerical codes are developed, the interplay between numerical simulations and laboratory experiments is gaining paramount importance within the scientific community. The lessons learnt from the laboratory–model comparisons in this volume will act as a source of inspiration for the next generation of experiments and simulations. Volume highlights include: Topics pertaining to atmospheric science, climate physics, physical oceanography, marine geology and geophysics Overview of the most advanced experimental and computational research in geophysics Recent developments in numerical simulations of atmospheric and oceanic fluid motion Unique comparative analysis of the experimental and numerical approaches to modeling fluid flow Modeling Atmospheric and Oceanic Flows will be a valuable resource for graduate students, researchers, and professionals in the fields of geophysics, atmospheric sciences, oceanography, climate science, hydrology, and experimental geosciences.

IUTAM Symposium on Simulation and Identification of Organized Structures in Flows

Rotating Fluids in Geophysical and Industrial Applications, Springer Verlag. Johnston, J.P., Halleen, R.M. & Lezius, D.K. (1972) Effects of spanwise rotation on the structure of twodimensional fully developed turbulent channel flow, ...

IUTAM Symposium on Simulation and Identification of Organized Structures in Flows

This volume contains reviewed papers from the 1997 IUTAM Symposium, presenting the latest results from leading scientists within the field of detection and simulation of organized flow structures. It describes various aspects of complex, organized flow motion, including topics from decomposition techniques to topological concepts.

Optical Diagnostics for Flow Processes

Fluid Mech. 25, 241 (1993). 2. E.J. Hopfinger, editor, "Rotating Fluids in Geophysical and Industrial Applications”, CISM Courses and Lectures - No. 329, Springer-Verlag, Wien - New York (1992). 3. G.J.F. van Heijst and J.B. Flor, ...

Optical Diagnostics for Flow Processes

The origin of optical methods for fluid flow investigations appears to be nontraceable. This is no matter for surprise. After all seeing provides the most direct and common way for humans to learn about their environment. But at the same time some of the most sophisticated methods for doing measurements in fluids are also based on light and often laser light. A very large amount of material has been published in this area over the last two decades. Why then another publication? Well, the field is still in a state of rapid development. It is characterised by the use of results and methods developed within very different areas like optical physics, spectroscopy, communication systems, electronics and computer science, mechanical engineering, chemical engineering and, of course, fluid dynamics. We are not aware of a book containing both introductory and more advanced material that covers the same material as presented here. The book is the result of a compilation and expansion of material presented at a summer school on Optical Diagnosticsfor Flow Processes,held at RiS0 National Laboratory and the Technical University of Denmark in September 1993. The aim of the course was to provide a solid background for understanding, evaluating, and using modem optical diagnostic methods, addressing Ph. D. students and researchers active in areas of fluid flow research. The disciplines represented by the participants ranged from atmospheric fluid dynamics to biomedicine.

IUTAM Symposium on Geometry and Statistics of Turbulence

Conclusions Numerical simulations of stably stratified rotating turbulence are carried out with two kinds of anisotropic ... Hopfinger, E. J. (1992) Rotating fluids in geophysical and industrial applications, Ed., Hopfinger, E. J., pp.

IUTAM Symposium on Geometry and Statistics of Turbulence

This volume contains the papers presented at the IUTAM Symposium on Geometry and Statistics of Turbulence, held in November 1999, at the Shonan International Village Center, Hayama (Kanagawa-ken), Japan. The Symposium was proposed in 1996, aiming at organizing concen trated discussions on current understanding of fluid turbulence with empha sis on the statistics and the underlying geometric structures. The decision of the General Assembly of International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (IUTAM) to accept the proposal was greeted with enthusiasm. Turbulence is often characterized as having the properties of mixing, inter mittency, non-Gaussian statistics, and so on. Interest is growing recently in how these properties are related to formation and evolution of struc tures. Note that the intermittency is meant for passive scalars as well as for turbulence velocity or rate of dissipation. There were eighty-eight participants in the Symposium. They came from thirteen countries, and fifty-seven papers were presented. The presenta tions comprised a wide variety of fundamental subjects of mathematics, statistical analyses, physical models as well as engineering applications. Among the subjects discussed are (a) Degree of self-similarity in cascade, (b) Fine-scale structures and degree of Markovian property in turbulence, (c) Dynamics of vorticity and rates of strain, (d) Statistics associated with vortex structures, (e) Topology, structures and statistics of passive scalar advection, (f) Partial differential equations governing PDFs of velocity in crements, (g) Thermal turbulences, (h) Channel and pipe flow turbulences, and others.

High Performance Scientific And Engineering Computing

5 Conclusions We have investigated numerically the effects of a rotating magnetic field on surface-tension-driven convection in a liquid melt ... Rotating Fluids in Geophysical and Industrial Applications, CISM Courses and Lectures No.

High Performance Scientific And Engineering Computing

In Douglas Adams' book 'Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy', hyper-intelligent beings reached a point in their existence where they wanted to understand the purpose of their own existence and the universe. They built a supercomputer, called Deep Thought, and upon completion, they asked it for the answer to the ultimate question of life, the universe and everything else. The computer worked for several millennia on the answers to all these questions. When the day arrived for hyper-intelligent beings the to receive the answer, they were stunned, shocked and disappointed to hear that the answer was simply 42. The still open questions to scientists and engineers are typically much sim pler and consequently the answers are more reasonable. Furthermore, because human beings are too impatient and not ready to wait for such a long pe riod, high-performance computing techniques have been developed, leading to much faster answers. Based on these developments in the last two decades, scientific and engineering computing has evolved to a key technology which plays an important role in determining, or at least shaping, future research and development activities in many branches of industry. Development work has been going on all over the world resulting in numerical methods that are now available for simulations that were not foreseeable some years ago. However, these days the availability of supercomputers with Teraflop perfor mance supports extensive computations with technical relevance. A new age of engineering has started.

Industrial Mixing Fundamentals with Applications

Rotating Fluids in Geophysical and Industrial Applications . CISM , Italy , ( 1992 ) , 49 . Pacheco , J. F .: Mass Transfer In A Thin Film Bioreactor : A Comparative Study On A Rotor Consisting of 29 ° And 42 ° Half - Angle Conical ...

Industrial Mixing Fundamentals with Applications

Contains 21 papers addressing the industrial applications of chemical, petrochemical, and biochemical mixing and multiphase processing. Some topics include hydrodynamic analysis of a two-phase tubular reactor; a new scale-up rule and evaluation of traditional rules from a viewpoint of energy spectru

Magnetohydrodynamics

Rotating Fluids in Geophysical and Industrial Applications, CISM Courses and Lectures No. 329, Springer, New York (1992). . A. Thess, D. Schulze: This volume. Computational MHD Part III - Application Engineering Flows | 6 |

Magnetohydrodynamics

This book is an introduction to terrestial magnetohydrodynamics. It is a compendium of introductory lectures by experts in the field, focussing on applications in industry and the laboratory. A concise overview of the subject with references to further study.

Theory and Modeling of Rotating Fluids

In addition to its potential industrial applications such as the stability of a rotating spacecraft containing propellant fluid or a fluid-filled spinning gyroscope (see, for example, Gans, 1984), two special features – abundant energy ...

Theory and Modeling of Rotating Fluids

A systematic account of the theory and modelling of rotating fluids that highlights the remarkable advances in the area and brings researchers and postgraduate students in atmospheres, oceanography, geophysics, astrophysics and engineering to the frontiers of research. Sufficient mathematical and numerical detail is provided in a variety of geometries such that the analysis and results can be readily reproduced, and many numerical tables are included to enable readers to compare or benchmark their own calculations. Traditionally, there are two disjointed topics in rotating fluids: convective fluid motion driven by buoyancy, discussed by Chandrasekhar (1961), and inertial waves and precession-driven flow, described by Greenspan (1968). Now, for the first time in book form, a unified theory is presented for three topics - thermal convection, inertial waves and precession-driven flow - to demonstrate that these seemingly complicated, and previously disconnected, problems become mathematically simple in the framework of an asymptotic approach that incorporates the essential characteristics of rotating fluids.

Theoretical and Applied Mechanics

After giving some examples of rotation effects in geophysical and industrial flows and introducing the basic concepts of rotating fluids, the paper emphasizes rotational effects on turbulence and the related problems of vortex formation ...

Theoretical and Applied Mechanics

Contained in this volume are the full texts of the invited general and sectional lectures presented at this conference. The entire field of mechanics is covered, including analytical, solid and fluid mechanics and their applications. Invited papers on the following topics are also presented: Mechanics of large deformation and damage; The dynamics of two-phase flows; Mechanics of the earth's crust. The papers are written by leading experts and provide a valuable key to the latest and most important developments in various sub-fields of mechanics.

AIChE Symposium Series

Rotating Fluids in Geophysical and Industrial Applications . CISM , Italy , ( 1992 ) , 49 . Pacheco , J. F .: Mass Transfer In A Thin Film Bioreactor : A Comparative Study On A Rotor Consisting of 29 ° And 42 ° Half - Angle Conical ...

AIChE Symposium Series


Mathematical Reviews

In this work , the three - vortex problem is analyzed in a two - layer rotating fluid . ... motivated directly by the industrial application to food sorting , involving the rapid firing of impulsive ejectors and sprinklers which combine ...

Mathematical Reviews


International Mathematical News

Statistical Thermodynamics and Differential Geometry of Microstructured Material , Springer 1993 , 175 pp . , DM 70 ,Hopfinger , E.J. ( Ed . ) : Rotating Fluids in Geophysical and Industrial Applications , Springer 1992 , 378 pp .

International Mathematical News


Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in Rotating Porous Media

... in rotating porous media is motivated by its theoretical significance and practical applications in geophysics and ... applications of rotating flow in porous media to engineering disciplines, one can find the food process industry, ...

Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in Rotating Porous Media

This Book concentrates the available knowledge on rotating fluid flow and heat transfer in porous media in one single reference. Dr. Vadasz develops the fundamental theory of rotating flow and heat transfer in porous media and introduces systematic classification and identification of the relevant problems. An initial distinction between rotating flows in isothermal heterogeneous porous systems and natural convection in homogeneous non-‐isothermal porous systems provides the two major classes of problems to be considered. A few examples of solutions to selected problems are presented, highlighting the significant impact of rotation on the flow in porous media.

Directory of Published Proceedings

... Improvement of joint interpretation of Geophysical & industrial applications , Rotating fluids in Geophysical inversion , Workshop Geophysical investigations of Western Mediterranean deep sea fans , Geological & Geophysical media ...

Directory of Published Proceedings


Applications of Fluid Dynamics

The application of such studies is not limited only to the problems of geophysical and cosmical phenomenon, but also it has got a lot of modern-day engineering and industrial applications, viz. rotating MHD generators, rotating ...

Applications of Fluid Dynamics

The book presents high-quality papers presented at 3rd International Conference on Applications of Fluid Dynamics (ICAFD 2016) organized by Department of Applied Mathematics, ISM Dhanbad, Jharkhand, India in association with Fluid Mechanics Group, University of Botswana, Botswana. The main theme of the Conference is "Sustainable Development in Africa and Asia in context of Fluid Dynamics and Modeling Approaches". The book is divided into seven sections covering all applications of fluid dynamics and their allied areas such as fluid dynamics, nanofluid, heat and mass transfer, numerical simulations and investigations of fluid dynamics, magnetohydrodynamics flow, solute transport modeling and water jet, and miscellaneous. The book is a good reference material for scientists and professionals working in the field of fluid dynamics.


Geophysical Fluid Dynamics

Stratified/rotating fluid dynamics of the atmosphere-ocean. II Emin Özsoy ... and simplified equilibrium thermodynamics have been used to describe motions extending from planetary to local scales appropriate for particular applications.

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics

This book develops a fundamental understanding of geophysical fluid dynamics based on a mathematical description of the flows of inhomogeneous fluids. It covers these topics: 1. development of the equations of motion for an inhomogeneous fluid 2. review of thermodynamics 3. thermodynamic and kinetic energy equations 4. equations of state for the atmosphere and the ocean, salt, and moisture effects 5. concepts of potential temperature and potential density 6. Boussinesq and quasi-geostrophic approximations 7. conservation equations for vorticity, mechanical and thermal energy instability theories, internal waves, mixing, convection, double-diffusion, stratified turbulence, fronts, intrusions, gravity currents Graduate students will be able to learn and apply the basic theory of geophysical fluid dynamics of inhomogeneous fluids on a rotating earth, including: 1. derivation of the governing equations for a stratified fluid starting from basic principles of physics 2. review of thermodynamics, equations of state, isothermal, adiabatic, isentropic changes 3. scaling of the equations, Boussinesq approximation, applied to the ocean and the atmosphere 4. examples of stratified flows at geophysical scales, steady and unsteady motions, inertia-gravity internal waves, quasi-geostrophic theory 5. vorticity and energy conservation in stratified fluids 6.boundary layer convection in stratified containers and basins.