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Swahili

Author: Lexus
Publisher: Rough Guides
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With its distinct phrasebook format, Rough Guides takes on the lingua franca of much of East and Central Africa. Besides assisting in communication, travelers will find useful tips for making oneself understood on public transport and dozens of other helpful and accessible hints.


Rough Face Girl

Author: Joanna Korba
Publisher: Benchmark Education Company
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Perform this Native American Cinderella tale.


Transactions on Rough Sets VII

Author: Victor W. Marek
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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Together with volume VI of the Transactions on Rough Sets series, this book commemorates the life and work of Zdzislaw Pawlak (1926-2006). It presents papers that reflect the profound influence of a number of research initiatives by Professor Pawlak, introducing a number of advances in the foundations and applications of AI, engineering, logic, mathematics, and science, which have had significant implications in a number of research areas.


Rough Sets

Author: Z. Pawlak
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To-date computers are supposed to store and exploit knowledge. At least that is one of the aims of research fields such as Artificial Intelligence and Information Systems. However, the problem is to understand what knowledge means, to find ways of representing knowledge, and to specify automated machineries that can extract useful information from stored knowledge. Knowledge is something people have in their mind, and which they can express through natural language. Knowl edge is acquired not only from books, but also from observations made during experiments; in other words, from data. Changing data into knowledge is not a straightforward task. A set of data is generally disorganized, contains useless details, although it can be incomplete. Knowledge is just the opposite: organized (e.g. laying bare dependencies, or classifications), but expressed by means of a poorer language, i.e. pervaded by imprecision or even vagueness, and assuming a level of granularity. One may say that knowledge is summarized and organized data - at least the kind of knowledge that computers can store.


Rough Sets and Current Trends in Computing

Author: Salavatore Greco
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Rough Sets and Current Trends in Computing, RSCTC 2006, held in Kobe, Japan in November 2006. The 91 revised full papers presented together with five invited papers and two commemorative papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 332 submissions.


The Rough Guide to France

Author: Rough Guides (Firm)
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From cosmopolitan Paris to the sunny Cote d'Azur, from historical Normandy to the rocky Pyrenes, this new edition updates the best of towns, attractions, and landscapes of every region. 100 maps. of color photos.


Transactions on Rough Sets V

Author: James F. Peters
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The LNCS journal Transactions on Rough Sets is devoted to the entire spectrum of rough sets related issues, from logical and mathematical foundations, through all aspects of rough set theory and its applications, such as data mining, knowledge discovery, and intelligent information processing, to relations between rough sets and other approaches to uncertainty, vagueness, and incompleteness, such as fuzzy sets and theory of evidence.This fifth volume of the Transactions on Rough Sets is dedicated to the monumental life, work and creative genius of Zdzis{l}aw Pawlak, the originator of rough sets, who passed away in April 2006. It opens with a commemorative article that gives a brief coverage of Pawlak's works in rough set theory, molecular computing, philosophy, painting and poetry. Fifteen papers explore the theory of rough sets in various domains as well as new applications of rough sets. In addition, this volume of the TRS includes a complete monograph on rough sets and approximate Boolean reasoning systems that includes both the foundations as well as applications of data mining.


Rough Sets and Knowledge Technology

Author: JingTao Yao
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Rough Sets and Knowledge Technology, RSKT 2007, held in Toronto, Canada in May 2007 in conjunction with the 11th International Conference on Rough Sets, Fuzzy Sets, Data Mining, and Granular Computing, RSFDGrC 2007, both as part of the Joint Rough Set Symposium, JRS 2007.


Rough Sets Fuzzy Sets Data Mining and Granular Computing

Author: Hiroshi Sakai
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Welcome to the 12th International Conference on Rough Sets, Fuzzy Sets, Data Mining and Granular Computing (RSFDGrC 2009), held at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi, India, during December 15-18, 2009. RSFDGrC is a series of conferences spanning over the last 15 years. It investigates the me- ing points among the four major areas outlined in its title. This year, it was co-organized with the Third International Conference on Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence (PReMI 2009), which provided additional means for multi-facetedinteractionofboth scientists andpractitioners.Itwasalsothe core component of this year's Rough Set Year in India project. However, it remained a fully international event aimed at building bridges between countries. The ?rst sectin contains the invited papers and a short report on the abo- mentioned project. Let us note that all the RSFDGrC 2009 plenary speakers, Ivo Düntsch, Zbigniew Suraj, Zhongzhi Shi, Sergei Kuznetsov, Qiang Shen, and Yukio Ohsawa, contributed with the full-length articles in the proceedings. The remaining six sections contain 56 regular papers that were selected out of 130 submissions, each peer-reviewed by three PC members. We thank the authors for their high-quality papers submitted to this volume and regret that many deserving papers could not be accepted because of our urge to maintain strict standards. It is worth mentioning that there was quite a good number of papers on the foundations of rough sets and fuzzy sets, many of them authored byIndianresearchers.ThefuzzysettheoryhasbeenpopularinIndiaforalonger time. Now, we can see the rising interest in the rough set theory.


Rough Sets and Knowledge Technology

Author: Guoyin Wang
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Conference on Rough Sets and Knowledge Technology, RSKT 2008, held in Chengdu, China, in May 2008. The 91 revised full papers papers presented together with 3 keynote papers and 6 tutorial papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 184 submissions. They all focus on five major research fields: computing theory and paradigms, knowledge technology, intelligent information processing, intelligent control, and applications. The papers are organized in topical sections on rough and soft computing, rough mereology with applications, dominance-based rough set approach, fuzzy-rough hybridization, granular computing, logical and mathematical foundations, formal concept analysis, data mining, machine learning, intelligent information processing, bioinformatics and cognitive informatics, web intelligence, pattern recognition, and real-life applications of knowledge technology.