This book provides the first comprehensive overview of the emerging field of interdisciplinary salivary bioscience.
Author: Douglas A. Granger
Publisher: Springer Nature
This book provides the first comprehensive overview of the emerging field of interdisciplinary salivary bioscience. It serves as a foundational reference guide to the collection, analysis, and interpretation of salivary data, as well as its myriad applications in medicine, surveillance and public health. The ease and non-invasive nature of saliva collection makes it highly useful in diverse fields such as pediatrics, dentistry, neuroscience, psychology, animal welfare and precision medicine. This book introduces students and scientists alike to the vast potential of salivary bioscience in both research and practice.
Distribution of Lactobacillus Species Found in Saliva Young healthy group ( n =
16 ) Well - maintained group ( n = 14 ) Cell counts No. of subjects Cell counts No.
of subjects Total Lactobacillus L. salivarius L. fermentum L gasseri L. paracasei ...
Release on 2015-07-28 | by Rebecca Christine Knickmeyer
salivary. bioscience. 1 Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins
University, Baltimore, MD, USA 2 Institute for ... The emergence of the
interdisciplinary field of salivary bioscience has created opportunity for neonatal
researchers to ...
Author: Rebecca Christine Knickmeyer
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
There is extensive evidence from animal models that gonadal steroids, produced in fetal and neonatal life, act on the developing organism to produce sex differences far beyond the reproductive system. That early gonadal steroid exposure also plays an important role in human development is supported by studies of individuals with disorders of sex determination and differentiation. It is much less clear whether normal variation in gonadal steroid exposure predicts sexually dimorphic health outcomes or within-sex variation. This is largely due to challenges related to the assessment of gonadal steroid exposure in the developing fetus and neonate. Regarding the prenatal period, serial measurements of serum hormone levels in the fetus, for use in studies of later development, are not possible for ethical reasons. Researchers have measured hormones in maternal blood, umbilical cord blood, and amniotic fluid; used putative anthropometric indices such as the relative lengths of the 2nd and 4th digits (2D:4D); evaluated common variants in genes related to hormone production, transport, and metabolism; and examined development in opposite sex twins and the offspring of mothers with hyperandrogeny. Each of these approaches has particular strengths and notable weaknesses. Regarding the neonatal period, serial measurements in serum are often impractical for studies of typical development. Salivary hormone assays, frequently used in studies of older children and adults, have not been extensively investigated in neonates. The most appropriate timing for testing is also open to debate. Early work suggested that testosterone levels in males begin to rise after the first postnatal week, peak around the 3rd to 4th months of life, and then drop back to very low levels by 1 year. However a more recent study of 138 infants did not demonstrate this pattern. Testosterone was highest on the day of birth and gradually dropped over the first 6 months. Even less is known about patterns of early estrogen exposure, though highly sensitive bioassays indicated that sex differences are present in early childhood. In addition, the design and interpretation of studies may be impacted by widespread acceptance of conceptual frameworks that are not well-supported empirically. For example, many researchers presume that the free hormone hypothesis, which states that unbound hormone is more readily diffusible into tissues and thus a better measure of actual exposure, is true. However this hypothesis has been challenged on multiple grounds. A second example: it is generally accepted that masculinization of the human brain is primarily mediated by the androgen receptor (in contrast to rodents where the estrogen receptor plays a major role), in part because chromosomal males with complete androgen insensitivity generally espouse a female gender identity. However this is not always the case, and other sexually dimorphic outcomes have not been carefully assessed in CAIS. The aim of this research topic is to gather together experimental and review papers which address the diverse challenges in assessing prenatal and neonatal gonadal steroid exposure for studies of human development with the expectation that this will allow more critical appraisal of existing studies, identify critical research gaps, and improve the design of future studies.
Salivary-gland function is assessed by collecting unstimulated whole saliva (
volume determination after ... by BioScience Laboratories, Van Nuys, California;
in addition, once each month one eighth of the monthly samples are assayed in
Simultaneous determination of salicylic and salicyluric acids in urine by first -
derivative synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy . Anal Chem . 60 : 2493 -
2496 . Graham G and Rowland M . 1972 . Application of salivary salicylate data
The diagnosis of this lesion can be a challenge in incisional biopsies because of
its similarity to other salivary ... It was originally described as a distinct entity PhD
student , Department of Bioscience and Oral Diagnosis , São José dos Campos ...
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technique ( 10 ) , each of the chromosome arms appears to fold characteristic
way along its length , to contact the inner nuclear surface via specific sites , and
to reside in ...
Since early Greek and Roman times, atoms were assumed-after un dergoing their various interactions-to take on the stable configurations of either the living or the inanimate world. This simple and unitary theory has evolved markedly, even while maintaining its validity over several centuries of vicissitudes, and in essence constitutes the first ex ample of a synthesis between the physical and the life sciences. In modern times, a similar relationship between the structure of various macromolecules and the function of living cells has also emerged as one of the most striking findings of those scientists active at the con vergence of the physical and life sciences. This fundamental result is re ported in the first two sections of the present work, namely those on "Oncogenes and Cancer" and "Lower-to-Higher-Order DNA Struc ture," in many cases by those recent Nobelists who themselves have been major contributors to work at the intersection of these fields. Many other significant areas of forefront scientific inquiry today (for example, research on the brain and vision), as well as some of the most exciting technological developments (e.g., work on renewable fuels and materials, biotechnology, and NMR and X-ray tomography) and method ological advances (e.g., studies in the fields of statistical mechanics and cancer chemotherapy) depend on the complex but harmonious collabora tions of physicists, chemists, mathematicians, engineers, biologists, and physicians.
Sakamoto , M. , Takeuchi , Y. , Umeda , M. , Ishikawa , I. , and Benno , Y .:
Application of terminal RFLP analysis to characterize oral bacterial flora in saliva
of healthy subjects and patients with periodontitis . J. Med . Microbiol . , 52 , 79–
... of Physiology and Medical Biophysics , Uppsala University Medical Center ,
Uppsala , Sweden Department of Bioscience , ICI Pharmaceuticals Division ,
Macclesfield , England and therefore usually obscured even by resting acid IDE .
Author: John G. Forte
Publisher: Amer Physiological Society
The third volume in The Gastrointestinal System reflects the expansion of knowledge of the cell physiology of secretion. Each chapter, grouped by traditional anatomical location, was written emphasizing the cellular bases of secretion and includes a review of the broader as well as the more integrative aspects of secretion.
... animal each day. The pet's saliva and urine (salivary and urinary proteins) may
also be significant sources ... At Botanica BioScience, we make proprietary
nutritional supplements that are each scientifically blended to deliver high-
To do what no other magazine does: Deliver simple, delicious food, plus expert health and lifestyle information, that's exclusively vegetarian but wrapped in a fresh, stylish mainstream package that's inviting to all. Because while vegetarians are a great, vital, passionate niche, their healthy way of eating and the earth-friendly values it inspires appeals to an increasingly large group of Americans. VT's goal: To embrace both.
Oral Bioscience . Churchill Livingstone , 1999 . 2 Malamud D , Tabak L , Eds . Saliva as a Diagnostic Fluid . New York : New York Academy of Sciences , 1995 .
3 Nauntofte B , Tenovuo JO , Lagerlöf F . Secretion and Composition of Saliva .
Baier , R . E . ( 1978 ) J . Soc . Cosmet . Chem . 29 : 283 - 306 . Meyer , A . E . ,
Baier , R . E . , Hammill , H . B . , Akers , C . K . , and Kyriakopoulos , A . A . ( 1984
) in Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Chemical Defense Bioscience ...
Release on 1979 | by New York State College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
New York State College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. Dickey , R. S. Erwinia ... BioScience 30 : 665-69 . 1980 . Katherman , M. J. ... Role of accessory salivary
glands in aphid transmission of barley yellow dwarf virus . Virology 104 : 97-108 .
Author: New York State College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
According virions in its salivary gland , and it is an to Bennett , this would have
been even efficient vector of the virus . ... rooted plants as well as fresh
vegetables , has much less ' virus in the salivary gland BioScience September
1966 609 .
Release on 2007 | by National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
... from one of the offspring was fixed with acetone and stained with anti - B220 or
anti - pan CD45 mAb ( BD Biosciences ) . primed with H. pylori antigen at all . ...
from the intestine to the salivary gland in Sjögren syndrome patients ( 34 ) .
During the degeneration of bee larval salivary glands in metamorphosis , only the
secretory glandular portion ... quadrifasciata anthidioides , were collected in the
apiary of the Bioscience Institute of UNESP ( Universidade Estadual de São ...