Sandy Beaches as Ecosystems

What battleground is more ferocious than where waves and sand meet? What environment could be more exciting to study than this sandy interface between sea and land? And yet how much do we know about sandy beaches?

Sandy Beaches as Ecosystems

What sight is more beautiful than a high-energy beach facing lines of rolling white breakers? What battleground is more ferocious than where waves and sand meet? What environment could be more exciting to study than this sandy interface between sea and land? And yet how much do we know about sandy beaches? Open sandy beaches are amongst the most neglected fields of scientific study in the coastal environment. This situation exists despite their great extent along most temperate and tropical coastlines and their value as recreational areas and buffer zones against the sea. The traditional oceanographer does not venture into the surf zone while the terrestrial ecologist stops short at the high water mark. Only a few coastal engineers have grappled with the problem of sand and sediment movement as it influences their construction of harbours and pipelines. The marine biologist on the other hand has regarded estuaries, coral reefs and rocky shores, obviously teeming with life, as more fruitful areas for study than the apparently poor animal life on sandy beaches. Sandy beaches have therefore tended to become a scientific no man's land. Over the last decade this situation has begun to improve. Recent work on high-energy beaches has revealed that they may in fact be rich and productive and fertile areas for study. It has even been suggested that beaches and their adjacent surf zones may constitute viable marine ecosystems.

Sandy Beaches as Ecosystems

Based on the Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Sandy Beaches, held in Port Elizabeth, South Africa, 17–21 January 1983 ... Sandy beaches as ecosystems : chemical aspects – workshop report by D.A. Lord and G. A. Eagle .

Sandy Beaches as Ecosystems

What sight is more beautiful than a high-energy beach facing lines of rolling white breakers? What battleground is more ferocious than where waves and sand meet? What environment could be more exciting to study than this sandy interface between sea and land? And yet how much do we know about sandy beaches? Open sandy beaches are amongst the most neglected fields of scientific study in the coastal environment. This situation exists despite their great extent along most temperate and tropical coastlines and their value as recreational areas and buffer zones against the sea. The traditional oceanographer does not venture into the surf zone while the terrestrial ecologist stops short at the high water mark. Only a few coastal engineers have grappled with the problem of sand and sediment movement as it influences their construction of harbours and pipelines. The marine biologist on the other hand has regarded estuaries, coral reefs and rocky shores, obviously teeming with life, as more fruitful areas for study than the apparently poor animal life on sandy beaches. Sandy beaches have therefore tended to become a scientific no man's land. Over the last decade this situation has begun to improve. Recent work on high-energy beaches has revealed that they may in fact be rich and productive and fertile areas for study. It has even been suggested that beaches and their adjacent surf zones may constitute viable marine ecosystems.

Sandy Beaches as Endangered Ecosystems

Beachgoers' perceptions of sandy beach conditions: demographic and attitudinal influences, and the implications for beach ecosystem management. J. Coast. Conserv. 20(1): 81–96. Lucrezi, S., M. Saayman and P. Van der Merwee. 2016.

Sandy Beaches as Endangered Ecosystems

Sandy beaches are the most abundant coastal environments worldwide, which have an undeniable and unique ecological value. Presently, they are amongst the most endangered ecosystems in the biosphere, mainly due to the influence of several human activities. In this book, renowned scientists from around the world describe key attributes of sandy beaches and highlight the problems which impact them. Specific tools encompassing the physical environment and the biota are pointed out, at different levels of ecological organization. The book also covers suitable management, conservation programmes and respective actions, where ecologic, economic and social dimensions are comprehensively integrated.

The Ecology of Sandy Shores

All of these components interact in a trophic network to create the open ecosystem of the sandy beach, which exchanges materials with sea and land. Increasingly, we have begun to realize that sandy beaches are not marine deserts but are ...

The Ecology of Sandy Shores

The Ecology of Sandy Shores provides the students and researchers with a one-volume resource for understanding the conservation and management of the sandy shore ecosystem. Covering all beach types, and addressing issues from the behavioral and physiological adaptations of the biota to exploring the effects of pollution and the impact of man's activities, this book should become the standard reference for those interested in Sandy Shore study, management and preservation. More than 25% expanded from the previous edition Three entirely new chapters: Energetics and Nutrient Cycling, Turtles and Terrestrial Vertebrates, and Benthic Macrofauna Populations New sections on the interstitial environment, seagrasses, human impacts and coastal zone management Examples drawn from virtually all parts of the world, considering all beach types from the most exposed to the most sheltered

The Ecology of Sandy Shores

Intertidal zonation of macrofauna and stratification of meiofauna on high energy sandy beaches in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Trans. R. Soc. ... In: McLachlan, A., Erasmus, T. (Eds.), Sandy Beaches as Ecosystems.

The Ecology of Sandy Shores

The Ecology of Sandy Shores, Third Edition, provides both a holistic and conceptual introduction for beginners, while also presenting an in-depth and cutting-edge analysis for researchers interested in sandy shores. This new edition focuses on resource use, and has also been updated to include recent findings, enhanced illustrations, and additional coverage on beach fisheries and global/climate change. In addition, this release presents insights on food webs, greater coverage on global biodiversity patterns in sandy beaches, and new insights on population patterns, behavior and threats. Research on beaches is difficult because of the dynamic nature of the environment. There is no other book covering the ecology of sandy beaches, despite the extent and economic importance of these systems. This book is designed to both provide the conceptual basis to introduce students to the basic principles of sandy shore ecology and to serve as a ready reference for doctoral students and researches working on these systems. It can also serve as a handbook for land and coastal managers. Fully updated edition of the preeminent book on sandy shores Covers sandy shores from the perspective that they are a socioecological system Represents the top resource on an enormous habitat that is important in every way—ecologically, environmentally, socially and economically

Ecosystems of California

Beach-spawning fishes: reproduction in an endangered ecosystem. ... Sand beach ecology: Swash features relevant to the macrofauna. ... Baseline characterization of sandy beach ecosystems in california's north central coast region.

Ecosystems of California

This long-anticipated reference and sourcebook for California’s remarkable ecological abundance provides an integrated assessment of each major ecosystem type—its distribution, structure, function, and management. A comprehensive synthesis of our knowledge about this biologically diverse state, Ecosystems of California covers the state from oceans to mountaintops using multiple lenses: past and present, flora and fauna, aquatic and terrestrial, natural and managed. Each chapter evaluates natural processes for a specific ecosystem, describes drivers of change, and discusses how that ecosystem may be altered in the future. This book also explores the drivers of California’s ecological patterns and the history of the state’s various ecosystems, outlining how the challenges of climate change and invasive species and opportunities for regulation and stewardship could potentially affect the state’s ecosystems. The text explicitly incorporates both human impacts and conservation and restoration efforts and shows how ecosystems support human well-being. Edited by two esteemed ecosystem ecologists and with overviews by leading experts on each ecosystem, this definitive work will be indispensable for natural resource management and conservation professionals as well as for undergraduate or graduate students of California’s environment and curious naturalists.

Coastal Ecosystem Processes

Griffiths, C. L., Stenton-Dozey, J. M. E., and Koop, K., Kelp wrack and the flow of energy through a sand beach ecosystem, in Sandy Beaches as Ecosystems, McLachlan, A. and 25. Erasmus, T., Eds., Junk, The Hague, 1983, 547>.

Coastal Ecosystem Processes

Coastal Ecosystem Processes, written by the renowned marine scientist Daniel Alongi, describes how pelagic and benthic food webs, from beaches and tidal flats to the continental edge, process energy and matter. This volume focuses on recent advances and new developments on how food webs are closely intertwined with the geology, chemistry, and physics of coastal seas. Dr. Alongi presents a process-functional approach as a way of understanding how the energetics of coastal ecosystems rely not only on exchanges within and between food chains, but how such functions are influenced by terrigenous and atmospheric processes. There is a need for documentation and an awareness of just how necessary, yet delicate, is the interplay of biological and physical forces between coastal ocean, land, and the atmosphere. Marine scientists today need to make informed management decisions about sustainable development and conservation of these fragile ecosystems. Coastal Ecosystem Processes provides present and future marine scientists the latest coastal ecosystem information to make the right decisions concerning the ecology of our oceans.

Coastal Marine Ecosystems of Latin America

Jaramillo E, McLachlan A, Coetzee P (1993) Intertidal zonation patterns of macroinfau- na over a range of exposed sandy beaches in south-central Chile. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 101:105-118 Jaramillo E, Contreras H, Quijon P (1996) Macroinfauna ...

Coastal Marine Ecosystems of Latin America

Coastal and marine ecosystems, some severely degraded, other still pristine, control rich resources of inshore environments and coastal seas of Latin America's Pacific and Atlantic margins. Conflicts between the needs of the region's nations and diminishing revenues and environmental quality have induced awareness of coastal ecological problems and motivated financial support for restoration and management. The volume provides a competent review on the structure, processes and function of 22 important Latin American coastal marine ecosystems. Each contribution describes the environmental settings, biotic components and structure of the system, considers trophic processes and energy flow, evaluates the modifying influence of natural and human perturbations, and suggests management needs. Although the focus of the book is on basic ecological research, the results have application for coastal managers.

Ecological Comparisons of Sedimentary Shores

Ecology 50:118-123 Defeo O (1996) Experimental management of an exploited sandy beach bivalve population. Rev Chil Hist Nat 69,605–614 Defeo O, Layerle C, Masello A (1986) Spatial and temporal structure of the yellow clam Mesodesma ...

Ecological Comparisons of Sedimentary Shores

Sedimentary coasts with their unique forms of life and productive ecosystems are one of the most threatened parts of the biosphere. This volume analyzes and compares ecological structures and processes at sandy beaches, tidal mudflats and in shallow coastal waters all around the world. Analyses of local processes are paired with comparisons between distant shores, across latitudinal gradients or between separate biogeographic provinces. Emphasis is given to suspension feeders in coastal mud and sand, to biogenic stabilizations and disturbances in coastal sediments, to seagrass beds and faunal assemblages across latitudes and oceans, to recovery dynamics in benthic communities, shorebird predation, and to experimental approaches to the biota of sedimentary shores.

The Ecology of Seashores

McLachlan, A., Sandy beaches as ecosystems, in Ecology of Sandy Shores, Brown, A.C., McLachlan, A., Eds., 1990b, 5. ... L., Sand beach ecosystems: an ecosystem approach towards a high energy interface, Est. Coastal Shelf Sci., 13, 11, ...

The Ecology of Seashores

The Ecology of Seashores explores the complex shore environment. It covers the ways in which representative species have adapted to life in a constantly changing environment in terms of their interactions, the control of community structure, and how energy and materials are cycled in different ecosystems. Written by an eminent marine biologist,

Encyclopedia of Coastal Science

Sandy. beaches. ecosystems. in. South. America. Sandy beaches constitute a dynamic interface between the land and the sea that stretch from the base of the dunes to the low tide mark or lower limit of the swash zone. Dunes, beaches ...

Encyclopedia of Coastal Science

This new Encyclopedia of Coastal Science stands as the latest authoritative source in the field of coastal studies, making it the standard reference work for specialists and the interested lay person. Unique in its interdisciplinary approach. This Encyclopedia features contributions by 245 well-known international specialists in their respective fields and is abundantly illustrated with line-drawings and photographs. Not only does this volume offer an extensive number of entries, it also includes various appendices, an illustrated glossary of coastal morphology and extensive bibliographic listings.

Ecological Consequences of Climate Change

Because.beach.ecosystems.are.poorly.understood,.active.adaptive. management.is.recommended. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I.have.learned.much.about.sandy.beach.biology.from.the.“Serans.group”.(Anton. McLachlan,.Thomas.Schlacher,.Felicita.Scapini,.

Ecological Consequences of Climate Change

Contemporary climate change is a crucial management challenge for wildlife scientists, conservation biologists, and ecologists of the 21st century. Climate fingerprints are being detected and documented in the responses of hundreds of wildlife species and numerous ecosystems around the world. To mitigate and accommodate the influences of climate ch

Oceanological Studies

In many parts of the world, sandy beaches receive large inputs of drift algae and vascular plants, pieces of wood, ... Organic matter decomposition plays a major role in the structure and dynamics of sandy beach ecosystems, the transfer ...

Oceanological Studies


Oceanography and Marine Biology An Annual Review Volume 41

R.N. Gibson and R.J.A. Atkinson, Editors Taylor & Francis INFLUENCE OF MARINE ALLOCHTHONOUS INPUT ON SANDY BEACH ... of beach accumulations of macrophytes and other organic beach-cast material on the ecology of sandy beach ecosystems.

Oceanography and Marine Biology  An Annual Review  Volume 41

Interest in oceanography and marine biology and its relevance to global environmental issues continues to increase, creating a demand for authoritative reviews that summarize recent research. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review has catered to this demand since its foundation, by the late Harold Barnes, more than 40 years ago. It is an

Coastal Conservation

Holocene sand beaches of southern California: ENSO forcing and coastal processes on millennial scales. ... Sand beach ecology: Swash features relevant to the macrofauna. Journal of Coastal Research, 8, ... Sandy Beaches as Ecosystems.

Coastal Conservation

An exploration of the biodiversity status of coastal habitats worldwide, emphasising their importance to society, major threats and conservation challenges.

Beach Management Tools Concepts Methodologies and Case Studies

Specifically, for beach ecosystem management. The ToS in roots shows 8 scientific perspectives: (1) qualitative predictions on ocean sandy beaches by 2025; (2) conservation and management of the sandy shore ecosystem; (3) behavioral and ...

Beach Management Tools   Concepts  Methodologies and Case Studies

This book provides an overview of beach management tools, including carrying capacity, beach nourishment, environmental and tourism awards (like Blue Flag or others), bathing water quality, zoning, beach typologies, quality index, user's perception, interdisciplinary beach monitoring, coastal legislation, shore protection, social and economic indicators, ecosystem services, and coastal governance (applied in beach case studies). Beaches are one of the most intensely used coastal ecosystems and are responsible for more than half of all global tourism revenues, and as such the book introduces a wide range of state-of-the-art tools that can be used to deal with a variety of beach challenges. Each chapter features specific types of tools that can be applied to advantage in beach management practices. With examples of local and regional case studies from around the globe, this is a valuable resource for anyone involved in beach management.

Sandy Beaches As Endangered Ecosystems

In Sandy Beaches as Endangered Ecosystems, contributing authors from around the world highlight the environmental problems that endanger these delicate systems worldwide, and point out management and conservation strategies, with case ...

Sandy Beaches As Endangered Ecosystems

Sandy beaches are the most abundant coastal environment worldwide, and have an undeniable and unique ecological value. Presently, however, these environments are also one of the most endangered ecosystems, namely due to the influence of several human activities and to the rise of the sea level, aggravated by the ongoing global climatic changes. In Sandy Beaches as Endangered Ecosystems, contributing authors from around the world highlight the environmental problems that endanger these delicate systems worldwide, and point out management and conservation strategies, with case studies where environmental disturbances were assessed and monitored.

Waves and Tidal Flat Ecosystems

This chapter deals with the effects of wave and tidal actions on the penetration of spilled oil into sandy beaches and tidal flats and to evaluate the influence of the penetrated oil on seawater infiltration and benthic ecosystems .

Waves and Tidal Flat Ecosystems

The authors explain and describe the mutually rewarding insights that resulted from the interdisciplinary collaboration between an environmental study group working coastal ecosystems and effects of oil spills and applied mathematicians modelling wave motion on sandy beaches. By using the unified Navier-Stokes equations with a Bingham fluid model for spilled oil, multi-phase flow analysis were made. Decomposition of spilled oil by bacteria was simulated as a chemical reaction, and the theoretical and numerical analysis suggested a countermeasure to help reduce stress on coastal ecosystems. The new understanding of how the ecosystems both depend upon, and help to determine, the nature of the shoreline demonstrates promising ways to better assist and exploit the regenerative powers inherent in nature.

Coastal Environments

The recent review volume Sandy Beach Ecosystems, edited by McLachlan and Erasmus (1983), will do much to put the record straight. In most ecological publications authors refer to the “beach” as an amalgam of sub-, inter- and supra-tidal ...

Coastal Environments

This original volume draws on the author's own research experiences in Ireland, Britain, France, Canada, and the United States to present a guide of coastal environments for applications of shoreline and environmental management. Topics include: long-term development of coasts, water supply and waste disposal, energy resources and coastal water management, coastal water management for recreation, coastal management of storm hazards, and managing world sea-level rise.