Judging School Discipline

94 Progressive educators thus argued that if traditional authoritarian disciplinary practices were eliminated from public schools, students would be less alienated from their educational environments and more likely to remain in school ...

Judging School Discipline

Reprimand a class comic, restrain a bully, dismiss a student for brazen attire--and you may be facing a lawsuit, costly regardless of the result. This reality for today's teachers and administrators has made the issue of school discipline more difficult than ever before--and public education thus more precarious. This is the troubling message delivered in Judging School Discipline, a powerfully reasoned account of how decades of mostly well-intended litigation have eroded the moral authority of teachers and principals and degraded the quality of American education. Judging School Discipline casts a backward glance at the roots of this dilemma to show how a laudable concern for civil liberties forty years ago has resulted in oppressive abnegation of adult responsibility now. In a rigorous analysis enriched by vivid descriptions of individual cases, the book explores 1,200 cases in which a school's right to control students was contested. Richard Arum and his colleagues also examine several decades of data on schools to show striking and widespread relationships among court leanings, disciplinary practices, and student outcomes; they argue that the threat of lawsuits restrains teachers and administrators from taking control of disorderly and even dangerous situations in ways the public would support. Table of Contents: Preface 1. Questioning School Authority 2. Student Rights versus School Rules With Irenee R. Beattie 3. How Judges Rule With Irenee R. Beattie 4. From the Bench to the Paddle With Richard Pitt and Jennifer Thompson 5. School Discipline and Youth Socialization With Sandra Way 6. Restoring Moral Authority in American Schools Appendix: Tables Notes Index Reviews of this book: This interesting study casts a critical eye on the American legal system, which [Arum] sees as having undermined the ability of teachers and administrators to socialize teenagers...Arum, it must be pointed out, is adamantly opposed to such measures as zero tolerance, which, he insists, often results in unfair and excessive punishment. What he wisely calls for is not authoritarianism, but for school folks to regain a sense of moral authority so that they can act decisively in matters of school discipline without having to look over their shoulders. --David Ruenzel, Teacher Magazine Reviews of this book: Arum's book should be compulsory reading for the legal profession; they need to recognise the long-term effects of their judgments on the climate of schools and the way in which judgments in favour of individual rights can reduce the moral authority of schools in disciplining errant students. But the author is no copybook conservative, and he is as critical of the Right's get-tough, zero-tolerance authoritarianism as he is of what he eloquently describes as the 'marshmallow effect' of liberal reformers, pushing the rules to their limits and tolerating increased misconduct. --John Dunford, Times Educational Supplement [UK] Reviews of this book: [Arum] argues that discipline is often ineffective because schools' legitimacy and moral authority have been eroded. He holds the courts responsible, because they have challenged schools' legal and moral authority, supporting this claim by examining over 6,200 state and federal appellate court decisions from 1960 to 1992. In describing the structure of these decisions, Arum provides interesting insights into school disciplinary practices and the law. --P. M. Socoski, Choice Reviews of this book: Arum's careful analysis of school discipline becomes so focused and revealing that the ideological boundaries of the debate seem almost to have been suspended. The result is a rich and original book, bold, important, useful, and--as this combination of attributes might suggest--surprising...Many years in the making, Judging School Discipline weds historical, theoretical, and statistical research within the problem-solving stance of a teacher working to piece together solutions in the interest of his students. The result is a book that promises to shape research as well as practice through its demonstration that students are liberated, as well as oppressed, by school discipline. --Steven L. VanderStaay, Urban Education Reviews of this book: [Arum's] break with education-school dogma on student rights is powerful and goes far toward explaining why so many teachers dread their students--when they are not actually fighting them off. --Heather MacDonald, Wall Street Journal

The Educator s Guide to Assessing and Improving School Discipline Programs

is vital that members of the discipline committee identify the current level of student discipline at their school by analyzing multiple sources, including test scores, demographic data, interviews, observations, and surveys.

The Educator s Guide to Assessing and Improving School Discipline Programs

As every educator knows, even the best-performing schools have occasional discipline issues. In The Educator's Guide to Assessing and Improving School Discipline Programs, Mark and Christine Boynton provide a framework for preventing as many discipline problems as possible--and for dealing with them effectively when they do arise. This framework includes four principal components: positive relationships with students, clearly defined parameters of student behavior, effective monitoring of students, and appropriate consequences for misbehavior. In addition to explaining the rationale for each component, the authors provide *In-depth surveys and interview forms for addressing each component of the discipline program on a schoolwide basis, including separate forms for primary and secondary schools; *Advice on how best to form school discipline committees; *A framework for devising and implementing appropriate interventions when preventive measures aren't enough; *Guidelines for discussing student misconduct with parents; and *Strategies for working with particularly difficult cases, such as students with oppositional defiant disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The best way to maintain a productive learning environment is to have a thorough system of preventive measures in place. Whether you're creating a new discipline program or hoping to improve an existing one, this book has everything you need to get the job done right.

Student Discipline Strategies

The five - day course concentrates on four major areas : strategies to improve school discipline , legal issues relevant to school discipline , social problems affecting student behavior , and school - community networking .

Student Discipline Strategies

Almost a third of public school teachers have considered leaving teaching because of student misbehavior. When asked what were the greatest problems facing their local schools, respondents to Gallup polls have cited discipline first almost every year back to the early 1970s. Discipline problems may range from crimes in schools, such as robbery and drug dealing committed by students or intruders, to lack of respectful behavior toward teachers and classmates, and the spectrum from crimes to disrespect is discussed in the chapters of this ground-breaking volume. This collection by leading scholars should be useful to social scientists, educational researchers, educators, and school administrators--all those who need to understand how specific and manipulable features of schools, classrooms, and their surrounding environments affect the course of student behavior and prospects for sustained improvement in the discipline climate in schools. The information in these chapters provides many practical ideas, as well as some cautions, for trying new approaches to make schools more orderly learning environments for all students.

Closing the School Discipline Gap

This volume is a call to action for policymakers, educators, parents, and students.” —Marian Wright Edelman, president, Children’s Defense Fund

Closing the School Discipline Gap

Educators remove over 3.45 million students from school annually for disciplinary reasons, despite strong evidence that school suspension policies are harmful to students. The research presented in this volume demonstrates that disciplinary policies and practices that schools control directly exacerbate today's profound inequities in educational opportunity and outcomes. Part I explores how suspensions flow along the lines of race, gender, and disability status. Part II examines potential remedies that show great promise, including a district-wide approach in Cleveland, Ohio, aimed at social and emotional learning strategies. Closing the School Discipline Gap is a call for action that focuses on an area in which public schools can and should make powerful improvements, in a relatively short period of time. Contributors include Robert Balfanz, Jamilia Blake, Dewey Cornell, Jeremy D. Finn, Thalia González, Anne Gregory, Daniel J. Losen, David M. Osher, Russell J. Skiba, Ivory A. Toldson “Closing the School Discipline Gap can make an enormous difference in reducing disciplinary exclusions across the country. This book not only exposes unsound practices and their disparate impact on the historically disadvantaged, but provides educators, policymakers, and community advocates with an array of remedies that are proven effective or hold great promise. Educators, communities, and students alike can benefit from the promising interventions and well-grounded recommendations.” —Linda Darling-Hammond, Charles E. Ducommun Professor of Education, Stanford University “For over four decades school discipline policies and practices in too many places have pushed children out of school, especially children of color. Closing the School Discipline Gap shows that adults have the power—and responsibility—to change school climates to better meet the needs of children. This volume is a call to action for policymakers, educators, parents, and students.” —Marian Wright Edelman, president, Children’s Defense Fund

Classroom Discipline in American Schools

Regina Shaw Jones , " An Inquiry Into the Classroom Discipline Legacy from the Progressive Education Movement , " ( Ed.D. dissertation , Temple University , 1980 ) , pp . 37-40 . Jones provides interesting insights into disciplinary ...

Classroom Discipline in American Schools

Breaks the silence regarding modes of classroom control, bringing contemporary political, moral, and democratic perspectives to bear on the issues.

School Discipline

Corporal punishment takes many forms. In most cases, it consists of applying a paddle to the backside of the misbehaving students. Some schools use the sole of a tennis shoe, or a switch. Some schools require that the parent be present ...

School Discipline

Loaded with updates, this newly revised second edition gives administrators all the tools they need to create a safe environment for both educators and students.

School Discipline and Self discipline

Part 1, student problem solving, occurs in the context of the actual disciplinary encounter. A private problem-solving meeting is held with the student and a member of the school staff who is responsible for handling the disciplinary ...

School Discipline and Self discipline

"All school psychologists and educators who work with children in primary and secondary settings should read this book. It provides a comprehensive guide to the theory and benefits of addressing challenging behaviors while actively promoting self-discipline and prosocial behavior. Bear presents up-to-date, evidence-based techniques in this user-friendly guide."---Amber L. Evenson, MS, EdS, school psychologist, Proviso Area for Exceptional Children Special Education Cooperative, Maywood, Illinois --

Inequality in School Discipline

Parsing disciplinary disproportionality: Contributions of infraction, student, and school characteristics to out-of-school suspension and ... The color of discipline: Sources of racial and gender disproportionality in school punishment.

Inequality in School Discipline

This edited volume fills a critical void by providing the most current and authoritative information on what is known about disciplinary disparities. School exclusion—out-of-school suspension and expulsion in particular—remains a substantial component of discipline in our nation’s schools, and those consequences continue to fall disproportionally on certain groups of learners. The negative consequences of frequent and inequitable use of school exclusion are substantial, including higher rates of academic failure, dropout, and contact with the juvenile justice system. As educators, policymakers, community leaders, and other youth-serving organizations begin the difficult work of creating more equitable school disciplinary systems, the need for effective disparity-reducing alternatives could not be more important. Drawing on the multi-year ground-breaking work of the Discipline Disparities Collaborative, the chapters in this book provide cutting edge knowledge supporting a new national imperative to eliminate race, gender, disability, and sexual orientation-based disciplinary disparities.

Responsive School Discipline

IWhat do parents want from school staff when it comes to discipline? IWhat behaviors do school staff hope parents will reinforce at home? IWhat do parents and staff think of the school's current discipline policies and procedures?

Responsive School Discipline

Bring positive behavior to your school through strong, consistent, and positive discipline. In Responsive School Discipline two experienced administrators offer practical strategies for building a safe, calm, and respectful school-strategies based on deep respect for children and for staff. Each chapter targets one key discipline issue and starts with a checklist of action steps. For comprehensive discipline reform, go through the chapters in order. For help with a particular challenge, go right to the chapter you need.

Oversight on School Discipline

The former Commission , as well as others who have argued that school discipline is a synonym for anti - minority school policies , had the matter precisely backward : The hard - won right of minority children to an equal educational ...

Oversight on School Discipline


School Discipline and Safety

major concern for parents, teachers, and educational administrators is the safety of children while they are in school or participating in schoolsanctioned activities. In an effort to maintain order and discipline in schools, ...

School Discipline and Safety

Education of America's school children always has been and always will be a hot-button issue. From what should be taught to how to pay for education to how to keep kids safe in schools, impassioned debates emerge and mushroom, both within the scholarly community and among the general public. This volume in the point/counterpoint Debating Issues in American Education reference series tackles the topic of school discipline and safety. Fifteen to twenty chapters explore such varied issues as child abuse reporting, corporal punishment, student uniforms, zero tolerance policies, and more. Each chapter opens with an introductory essay by the volume editor, followed by point/counterpoint articles written and signed by invited experts, and concludes with Further Readings and Resources, thus providing readers with views on multiple sides of school discipline and safety issues and pointing them toward more in-depth resources for further exploration.

The Grammar of School Discipline

process of discipline, a process in which he felt very much complicit. For example, one summer, he implemented programming for students who had been disciplined repeatedly at the school by other administrators, and by himself, ...

The Grammar of School Discipline

Rooted in anti-Black ideology, Alabama school discipline policy and practice follows a grammar: Removal, Resistance, and Reform. To disrupt and repair the harm caused by anti-Black school discipline, The Grammar of School Discipline explores how school discipline operates and how students and educators resist it.

A New Model of School Discipline

Thus far, I have discussed a number of problems with the current school discipline paradigm/philosophy. In Chapters 1 and 2, I argued that the current discipline paradigm in U.S. public schools is ineffective and responds to student ...

A New Model of School Discipline

Mounting evidence shows that zero-tolerance policies, suspensions, and restrictive security policies fail to improve school safety and student behaviors, and are linked with increased risk of dropping out. Minority students are suspended at disproportionate rates, and over a million cases of corporal punishment are reported each year. Against this dismal backdrop, David Dupper presents a transformative new model of school discipline that is preventive, proactive, and relationship-based. Unlike traditional punitive and exclusionary practices, the model developed in this Workshop volume focuses on enhancing students' connection to school through building relationships and bolstering social skills. Drawing on the latest research about what works, and what doesn't, this highly practical guide catalogs an array of proven and promising practices designed to engage, instead of exclude, students. Rather than illustrate a one-size-fits-all approach, it guides practitioners and administrators in identifying their school's unique needs and selecting appropriate strategies for use at the universal, targeted, and remedial levels. A five-step strategic planning model helps schools transition toward a holistic, relationship-based approach to discipline. Boxes, bullets, evidence summaries, and practice tips make this an accessible, forward-thinking resource for school personnel seeking to engage students and reduce behavior problems in the most effective, pragmatic, and cost-efficient manner possible.

The Palgrave International Handbook of School Discipline Surveillance and Social Control

In R. J. Skiba, K. Mediratta, & M. K. Rausch (Eds.), Inequality in school discipline: Research and practice to reduce disparities. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Shollenberger, T. L. (2015). Racial disparities in school suspension and ...

The Palgrave International Handbook of School Discipline  Surveillance  and Social Control

Truly international in scope, this Handbook focuses on approaches to discipline, surveillance and social control from around the world, critically examining the strategies and practices schools employ to monitor students and control their behavior. Bringing together leading scholars from a range of disciplinary backgrounds, the chapters scrutinize, analyze and compare schools' practices across the globe, providing a critical review of existing evidence, debates and understandings, while looking forward to address emerging important questions and key policy issues. The chapters are divided into four sections. Part 1 offers accounts of international trends in school discipline, surveillance and punishment; Part 2 examines the merging of school strategies with criminal justice practices; Part 3 focuses on developments in school technological surveillance; and Part 4 concludes by discussing restorative and balanced approaches to school discipline and behavior management. As the first Handbook to draw together these multiple themes into one text, and the first international comparative collection on school discipline, surveillance and social control, it will appeal to scholars across a range of fields including sociology, education, criminology, critical security studies and psychology, providing a unique, timely, and indispensable resource for undergraduate educators and researchers.

IDEA and School Discipline

The new language has created both positives and negatives , depending which vantage point you choose . There is no question that the dual discipline system is viewed as a considerable burden to school districts , and that ...

IDEA and School Discipline


School Discipline in the District of Columbia

CORPORAL PUNISHMENT , FAIRFAX CONDUCT OF PUPILS Discipline of pupils in Section 22–72 of the Code of Virginia gives to the local school board the power “ to make local regulations for the conduct in the schools or for the proper ...

School Discipline in the District of Columbia


School Discipline Classroom Management and Student Self Management

Ultimately, any recommended actions or interventions should be consistent with the school's current PBSS goals, action plans, and existing initiatives. Evaluating Office Discipline Referrals. One of the important goals of a schoolwide ...

School Discipline  Classroom Management  and Student Self Management

An integrated, comprehensive approach to positive behavioral supports and interventions This book provides a pragmatic, easy-to-follow blueprint for Positive Behavior Support Systems (PBSS) implementation that integrates academics, instruction, and achievement with discipline, behavior management, and student self-management. Award-winning author Howard M. Knoff provides guidance on: Implementing a schoolwide discipline and safe schools program Teaching students interpersonal, social problem solving, conflict prevention and resolution, and emotional coping skills Guiding professional development, staff and student buy-in, and evaluation Strengthening parent and community outreach and involvement Included are charts to post in classrooms, worksheets, and action items. Research-based case studies demonstrate how PBSS activities create positive climates, pro-social interactions, and effective management approaches.

The School Leader s Guide to Restorative School Discipline

implementation consideration at your school, effective at the start of the next full school year. ... Someone on your senior management team might have a traditional view of discipline referred to as “old school” with, for example, ...

The School Leader   s Guide to Restorative School Discipline

A positive model for restorative discipline The authors provide a research-based and field-tested model that gives school leaders more productive alternatives to punishment, exclusion, and out-of-school suspension. This positive program helps improve behavior and keep students in school. This guide’s model covers school-wide prevention, restoration, and intervention needs for students with emotional, behavioral, and conduct disorders (such as bullying) as well as developmental disabilities and autism. Key topics include: The latest research on the effectiveness of restorative discipline How to implement a comprehensive, school-wide discipline plan Ways to support and sustain the plan with teacher teams Networking with community services such as child protection, child welfare, juvenile justice, and mental health professionals

School Discipline

School Discipline Study Committee Minutes December 11, 1985 Page 2 decide to ban corporal punishment. HB 861, second edition, eliminates the prohibition against local boards banning corporal punishment and outlines procedures to be ...

School Discipline


School Discipline Policies and Procedures

school officials' power in dealing with school discipline problems. While this may seem to be the case, the courts have not taken away the power to establish and enforce rules. The method of enforcement has generally been the focus of ...

School Discipline Policies and Procedures