Script and Society

Societies in Transition. Evolutionary processes in the northern Levant between Late Bronze II and Early Iron Age, Bologna, 1–27. Versluys, M.J. (2014) 'Roman visual material culture as globalising koine' in Pitts, M. and Versluys, ...

Script and Society

By the 13th century BC, the Syrian city of Ugarit hosted an extremely diverse range of writing practices. As well as two main scripts – alphabetic and logographic cuneiform - the site has also produced inscriptions in a wide range of scripts and languages, including Hurrian, Sumerian, Hittite, Egyptian hieroglyphs, Luwian hieroglyphs and Cypro-Minoan. This variety in script and language is accompanied by writing practices that blend influences from Mesopotamian, Anatolian and Levantine traditions together with what seem to be distinctive local innovations. Script and Society: The Social Context of Writing Practices in Late Bronze Age Ugarit explores the social and cultural context of these complex writing traditions from the perspective of writing as a social practice. It combines archaeology, epigraphy, history and anthropology to present a highly interdisciplinary exploration of social questions relating to writing at the site, including matters of gender, ethnicity, status and other forms of identity, the relationship between writing and place, and the complex relationships between inscribed and uninscribed objects. This forms a case- study for a wider discussion of interdisciplinary approaches to the study of writing practices in the ancient world.

Script and Society

Script and Society: The Social Context of Writing Practices in Late Bronze Age Ugarit explores the social and cultural context of these complex writing traditions from the perspective of writing as a social practice.

Script and Society

By the 13th century BC, the Syrian city of Ugarit hosted an extremely diverse range of writing practices. As well as two main scripts – alphabetic and logographic cuneiform - the site has also produced inscriptions in a wide range of scripts and languages, including Hurrian, Sumerian, Hittite, Egyptian hieroglyphs, Luwian hieroglyphs and Cypro-Minoan. This variety in script and language is accompanied by writing practices that blend influences from Mesopotamian, Anatolian and Levantine traditions together with what seem to be distinctive local innovations. Script and Society: The Social Context of Writing Practices in Late Bronze Age Ugarit explores the social and cultural context of these complex writing traditions from the perspective of writing as a social practice. It combines archaeology, epigraphy, history and anthropology to present a highly interdisciplinary exploration of social questions relating to writing at the site, including matters of gender, ethnicity, status and other forms of identity, the relationship between writing and place, and the complex relationships between inscribed and uninscribed objects. This forms a case- study for a wider discussion of interdisciplinary approaches to the study of writing practices in the ancient world.

The Script of Life in Modern Society

From a sociological point of view , it is of primary interest to assess how living in organized social groups — societies — shapes the ways in which human life unfolds and becomes imbued with meaning . It is the main purpose of this ...

The Script of Life in Modern Society

Includes bibliography, index.

Scriptinformatics

Extended Phenetic Approach to Script Evolution Dr. habil. ... According to him, there is no script development in a non-literate society apart from individual differences, as the reader of the script is not relevant, so there is no ...

Scriptinformatics

Scripts (writing systems) usually belong to specific languages and have temporal, spatial and cultural characteristics. The evolution of scripts has been the subject of research for a long time. This is probably because the long-term development of human thinking is reflected in the surviving script relics, many of which are still undeciphered today. The book presents the study of the script evolution with the mathematical tools of systematics, phylogenetics and bioinformatics. In the research described, the script is the evolutionary taxonomic unit (taxon), which is analogous to the concept of biological species. Among the methods of phylogenetics, phenetics classifies the investigated taxa on the basis of their morphological similarity, and does not primarily examine genealogical relationships. Due to the scarcity of morphological diversity of scripts’ features, random coincidences of evolution-independent features are much more common in scripts than in biological species, thus phenetic modelling based solely on morphological features can lead to erroneous results. For this reason, phenetic modeling has been extended with evolutionary considerations, thereby allowing the modelling uncertainties observed in the script evolution to be addressed due to the large number of random coincidences (homoplasies) characterizing each script. The book describes an extended phenetic method developed to investigate the script evolution. This data-driven approach helps to reduce the impact of the uncertainties inherent in the phenetic model due to the large number of homoplasies that occur during the evolution of scripts. The elaborated phenetic and evolutionary analyses were applied to the Rovash scripts used on the Eurasian Steppe (Grassland), including the Turkic Rovash (Turkic Runic/runiform) and the Székely-Hungarian Rovash. The evaluation of the extended phenetic model of the scripts, the various phenograms, the script spectra and the group spectra helped to reconstruct the main ancestors and evolutionary stages of the investigated scripts.

Silent Reading

Silent Reading


Society Representation and Textuality

The conflict between orality and written script has been a feature of societies in northeast India and authors and creative writers from this region have been able to articulate an alternative language of resistance and representation.

Society  Representation and Textuality

Society, Representations and Textuality: The Critical Interface brings together papers from various critical perspectives of Humanities and Social Sciences. The work (a) takes stock of the recent developments in critical theory and cultural studies; (b) studies the impact of these developments on the understanding of social reality and the human predicament in India; and (c) brings together scholars from North East India who are engaged in the project of understanding society and communities in their chosen intellectual practice. The book is the first-ever attempt to establish a dialogic encounter between critical practices in Humanities and Social sciences, hitherto considered to be autonomous in their own disciplinary boundaries. Further, the volume addresses issues of identity and autonomy of a multicultural India, particularly with reference to the interface between hegemonic cultures and politically and culturally persistent smaller communities. A significant feature of this book is its attempt to theorize and describe the myriad manifestations of the critical interface between society and literary or cultural productions.

Cursive Script Text Recognition in Natural Scene Images

A. Ul-Hasan, S.B. Ahmed, S.F. Rashid, F. Shafait, T.M. Breuel, Offline printed urdu nastaleeq script recognition with bidirectional LSTM networks, in ICDAR 2013 (IEEE Computer Society, 2013), pp. 1061–1065. ISBN: 978-0-7695-4999-6 F.

Cursive Script Text Recognition in Natural Scene Images

This book offers a broad and structured overview of the state-of-the-art methods that could be applied for context-dependent languages like Arabic. It also provides guidelines on how to deal with Arabic scene data that appeared in an uncontrolled environment impacted by different font size, font styles, image resolution, and opacity of text. Being an intrinsic script, Arabic and Arabic-like languages attract attention from research community. There are a number of challenges associated with the detection and recognition of Arabic text from natural images. This book discusses these challenges and open problems and also provides insights into the complexities and issues that researchers encounter in the context of Arabic or Arabic-like text recognition in natural and document images. It sheds light on fundamental questions, such as a) How the complexity of Arabic as a cursive scripts can be demonstrated b) What the structure of Arabic text is and how to consider the features from a given text and c) What guidelines should be followed to address the context learning ability of classifiers existing in machine learning.

Script Based Semantics

Laughter and ridicule: Towards a social critique of humor (Theory, Culture and Society). London: Sage. Chomsky, Noam. 1965. Aspects of the theory of syntax. Cambridge: MIT Press. Ellinas, Antonis A. 2015. Neo–Nazism in an established ...

Script Based Semantics

The book contains essays in honor of Victor Raskin. The contributions are all directly related to some of the major areas of work in which Raskin's scholarship has spanned for decades. The obvious connecting idea is the encyclopedic script-based foundation of lexical meaning, which informs his pioneering work in semantics in the 1970s and 1980s. The first part of the book collects articles directly concerned with script-based semantics, which examine both the theoretical and methodological premises of the idea and its applications. Script-based semantics is the foundation of both Raskin's ground-breaking work in humor research (addressed by the articles in part 2) and in Ontological semantics (addressed in part 3), the most recent development of script-based semantics. The fourth part is dedicated to a less-known, but equally important, strand of Raskin's research, the applications of linguistics to other fields, including writing, lexicography, and professional applications (e,g., tourism). Overall, the book provides and up-to-date, in-depth discussion of an influential strand of the discussion on semantics and its most recent developments and influence on other seemingly unrelated fields, such as Cognitive Linguistics.

Japan Sport and Society

... are left to the female who is expected to give a performance filled with gentleness, softness and smiles. Gender role theory attempts to rewrite the gender-related script of a society that brings forth such role discrimination.

Japan  Sport and Society

Evolving for centuries in relative isolation, sport in Japan developed a unique character reflective of Japanese culture and society. In recent decades, Japan's drive towards cultural and economic modernization has consciously incorporated a modernization of its sports cultures. Japan, Sport and Society provides insights into this process, revealing the tensions between continuity and change, tradition and modernity, the local and the global in a culture facing the new economic and political realities of our modern world. The book explores three broad areas of interest: sport and modern society in Japan current issues in social reconstruction and reproduction in sport modernization, globalization and sport in Japan. Providing unprecedented access to new work from Japanese scholars, and raising key questions of globalization and cultural identity, this text represents a fascinating resource for students and researchers of sport and society.

English Caroline Script and Monastic History

Codex Leidensis Scaligeranus 69 ( Amsterdam 1966 ) BISHOP , T.A.M. ' An early example of Insular - Caroline ' , Transactions of the Cambridge Bibliographical Society 4 ( 1964-8 ) 396-400 + plate XXIX BISHOP , T.A.M. ' An early example ...

English Caroline Script and Monastic History

An analysis and study of Caroline script from 200 years of ecclesiastical and secular records reveals important historical detail relating to late Anglo-Saxon England.

Africa s Social and Religious Quest

First, social discourse in ancient (classical) society was strongly oriented toward and shaped by the “honor” code-script. The society was socially engineered to preserve the honor of the paterfamilias65 around whom most things revolved ...

Africa s Social and Religious Quest

This well-crafted book probes the key dimensions of Africa’s existential predicament. It constitutes an intellectual response to a gnawing “African situation”—the starting point for grasping Africa’s social and religious quest. Beyond split explanations of external versus internal factors (e.g., colonization/slavery vs. leadership/cultural values), this study accounts more comprehensively for emergent issues shaping this situation. The situation reflects a gamut of problems in traditional African religion and material culture, which hitherto defines African communality, polities, and destinies vis-à-vis the cosmos and nature. Thus, African religion and communities, each with its own attendant values, do not operate by critical engagement with larger issues of society and civilization, especially those shaped by the advent of (post-) modernity. Rather, they operate via adaptation. The communal drive for natural and social harmony inevitably produces a preservationist view of culture (“leaving things as they are”). This study takes an integrative approach to religion, society, and civilization; eschews dichotomies; and broadly defines and re-signifies life and wholeness as a true end of Africans’ quest today.

Foundation Stone Meditation

All these remarkable personalities were for me bearers of the ' hidden script of our society ; living witnesses of its founder , his words , and deeds . Many other anthroposophists too , who were still alive then and had known Rudolf ...

Foundation Stone Meditation

Meditative reflection--strengthening thinking and feeling through the will--is one of the main methods of experiencing Anthroposophy. "The best path to this goal," says Prokofieff, "is inner work with the Foundation Stone Meditation, because this meditation is the quintessence of the whole of Anthroposophy, given in meditatively inspired form by means of earthly words." Rudolf Steiner described the substance of the "Foundation Stone Meditation" as spoken by him "out of the will of the spiritual world," and as "verses heard from the Cosmic Word." Owing to its spiritual and mantric form, the text of this meditation represents an archetype and is thus a key to the most diverse areas of world and human existence. Depending on "which spiritual portal is opened with this key," explains Prokofieff, "one arrives at one result or another, and one and the same line of the meditation becomes a reply to the most varied questions." The author applies this method in this work and, in the process, illuminates and opens up many dimensions of spiritual science. His research embraces, among other aspects, the relationship of the "Foundation Stone Meditation" to the being Anthroposophia, the spiritual hierarchies, human karma, the Rosicrucian, Michaelic and Grail streams, the Mystery of Golgotha, the two Jesus children, the three spiritual sources of Anthroposophy, and even the Constitution of the General Anthroposophical Society. C O N T E N T S Introductory Note 1. The Foundation Stone Meditation and the Being Anthroposophia 2. The Foundation Stone Meditation and the Cosmic Working of the Hierarchies 3. The Foundation Stone Meditation and the Inner World of the Hierarchies 4. The Foundation Stone Meditation and the Preparation of Anthroposophy in the Heavens 5. The Foundation Stone Meditation and the Forming of Human Karma 6. The Merging of the Rosicrucian and the Michaelic Stream in the Foundation Stone Meditation 7. The Christmas Conference and the Supersensible Mystery of Golgotha 8. The Christmas Conference as a Path into the Temple of the New Mysteries 9. The Foundation Stone Meditation in Eurythmy and the Mystery of the Two Jesus Boys 10. The Foundation Stone Meditation as Esoteric Wellspring of the Constitution of the Anthroposophical Society 11. The Preparation of Spiritual Communion in the Rosicrucian Stream and in the Grail Stream 12. The Three Spiritual Sources of Anthroposphy Addendum: The Three Forms of Communion and the Foundation Stone Meditation The Foundation Stone Meditation

Film Script for Phoenix Society

Premier's film script for Phoenix Society, (10/04/1984).

Film Script for Phoenix Society

Premier's film script for Phoenix Society, (10/04/1984)

Sound and Script in Chinese Diaspora

See also Cai, “Taiwan Minnan baihuazi hui chuangli zongzhi” (“Statement of Mission for the Taiwan Minnan Vernacular Script Society”), Cai Peihuo quanji vol. 6, 231–233. . Cai, “Taiwan ni okeru kokuji mondai,” 1235.

Sound and Script in Chinese Diaspora

In this original and interdisciplinary work, Jing Tsu advances the notion of “literary governance” as a way of understanding literary dynamics and production on multiple scales: local, national, global. “Literary governance,” like political governance, is an exercise of power, but in a “softer” way - it begins with language, rather than governments. In a globalizing world characterized by many diasporas competing for recognition, the global Chinese community has increasingly come to feel the necessity of a “national language,” standardized and privileging its native speakers. As the national language gains power within the diasporic community, members of the diaspora become aware of themselves as a community. Eventually, they move from the internal state of awakened identity to being recognized as a community, and finally exercising power as a community. But this hegemony of the “national language” is constantly being challenged by different, nonstandard language uses, including various Chinese dialects, multiple registers, contested alphabet usage, and Chinese men and women who write in foreign languages. “Literary governance” reflects both the consensus-building power and the inherent divisiveness of these debates about language and is useful as a comparative model for thinking about not only Sinophone, Anglophone, Francophone, Lusophone, and Hispanophone literatures, but also any literary field that is currently expanding beyond the national.

Scribes Script and Books

Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1972. United Bible Society. The Book of a Thousand Tongues. Edited by E. A. Nida. London, 1971. CHAPTER 2. THE ALPHABET Anderson, Donald M. The Art of Written Forms; The Theory and Practice ...

Scribes  Script  and Books

In this detailed overview of the history of the handmade book, Avrin looks at the development of scripts and styles of illumination, the making of manuscripts, and the technological processes involved in paper-making and book-binding.

Literacy and Script Reform in Occupation Japan

We have already alluded to the difference between literacy as usually defined for census and other official purposes” and literacy as a vehicle for full and free participation in society. Discriminating these two senses, important in ...

Literacy and Script Reform in Occupation Japan

This book challenges the widespread belief that overzealous Americans forced unnecessary script reforms on an unprepared, unenthusiastic, but helpless Japan during the Occupation. Unger presents neglected historical evidence showing that the reforms implemented from 1946 to 1959 were both necessary and moderate. Although the United States Education Mission of 1946 recommended that the Japanese give serious consideration to the introduction of alphabetic writing, key American officials in the Civil Information and Education Section of GHQ/SCAP delayed and effectively killed action on this recommendation. Japanese advocates of romanization nevertheless managed to obtain CI&E approval for an experiment in elementary schools to test the hypothesis that schoolchildren could make faster progress if spared the necessity of studying Chinese characters as part of non-language courses such as arithmetic. Though not conclusive, the experiment's results supported the hypothesis and suggested the need for more and better testing. Yet work was brought to a halt a year ahead of schedule; the Ministry of Education was ordered to prepare a report that misrepresented the goal of the experiment and claimed it proved nothing. The whole episode dropped from official and scholarly view--until the publication of this book.

Kufic Stone Inscription Culture Script and Graphics

Changes in Kufic script and its effect on society: The gradual omission of Kufic inscriptions from some of the objects that were previously decorated with its' script (like, coins, potteries and stone-inscriptions) appears in turn to ...

Kufic Stone Inscription Culture  Script  and Graphics

This reference book studies the script, art, and culture of the early Arabic Kufic calligraphy. It presents around hundred historical stone inscriptions, coins, and manuscripts from early-Islamic Persia. In their book, the primary author and famed Iranian early Kufic expert and calligrapher, S.M.V. Mousavi Jazayeri, and his fellow co-authors read and analyze with meticulous detail the calligraphy, script, and art work of thirty-seven Kufic gravestone inscriptions, mainly from the Yazd providence of Iran. The carefully-selected inscriptional sample in this book illustrates the remarkable power and versatility of this early script, and the extent of the global role played by it in shaping societies and cultures of a vast area extending from China to Spain.

Radio Script Catalog

A List of More Than 1,300 Annotated Radio Scripts which are Available on Free Loan from the Radio Script and ... security through his occupation ; his problems ; society's responsibilities to him ; and his responsibilities to society .

Radio Script Catalog


Governing Taiwan and Tibet

This was the most externally obvious characteristic of the Confucianisation of the upper classes in society. When Ba society received Chinese Confucian schools and education, Han language and script took over, using Confucian culture as ...

Governing Taiwan and Tibet

When it comes to talking about democracy in China, Chinese nationalists argue that it cannot solve China's problems, while Chinese liberals remain unduly silenced. But China is facing a national identity crisis, compounded by Tibet and Taiwan, where significant proportions of both populations do not identify with the Chinese nation-state. Could democracy realistically address the problems in China's national identity? Baogang He opens up a dialogue in which Chinese liberals can offer viable alternatives in defence of key democratic principles and governance. He upholds the search for a political space in which democratic governance in China can feasibly be developed.

Script Development

His name is Mohamed — nickname, Momo — a progressive Muslim struggling against the xenophobia of Kenyan society. Momo makes love to Sweetie, a Kenyan girl. Their sex symbolises a reconciled society. The camera will pan from a shot of ...

Script Development

This book offers the first international look at how script development is theorised and practiced. Drawing on interviews, case studies, discourse analysis, creative practices and industry experiences, it brings together scholars and practitioners from around the world to offer critical insights into this core, but often hidden, aspect of screenwriting and screen production. Chapters speculate and reflect upon how creative, commercial and social practices – in which ideas, emotions, people and personalities combine, cohere and clash – are shaped by the practicalities, policies and rapid movements of the screen industry. Comprising two parts, the book first looks ‘into’ script development from a theoretical perspective, and second looks ‘out from’ the practice to form practitioner-led perspectives of script development. With a rising interest in screenwriting and production studies, and an increased appetite for practice-based research, the book offers a timely mapping of the terrain of script development, providing rich foundations for both study and practice.