In the base 1 of the versal deformation F ( x , 2 ) of a simple singularity f consider the hypersurface în consisting of the values of the parameter 2 for which xH F ( x , 2 ) is not a Morse function , i.e. , it has degenerate critical ...
Author: V.I. Arnold
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This is a compact guide to the principles and main applications of Singularity Theory by one of the world’s top research groups. It includes a number of new results as well as a carefully prepared and extensive bibliography that makes it easy to find the necessary details. It’s ideal for any mathematician or physicist interested in modern mathematical analysis.
Release on 1997 | by Alexey Nikolaevitch Khovanskii
Since we have an A2 singularity we can change coordinates to reduce f ( x ) to x + x . We may suppose that 1 ( 0 ) / 0x10 and use a linear change of coordinates to ensure that di ( 0 ) / dx1 = 0 for 2 < i < r .
Thom polynomials Theorems of global singularity theory express global topological invariants ( of manifolds , bundles , etc. ) in terms of the geometry of singularities of some differential geometry structures .
Author: Dirk Siersma
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Singularities arise naturally in a huge number of different areas of mathematics and science. As a consequence, singularity theory lies at the crossroads of paths that connect many of the most important areas of applications of mathematics with some of its most abstract regions. The main goal in most problems of singularity theory is to understand the dependence of some objects of analysis, geometry, physics, or other science (functions, varieties, mappings, vector or tensor fields, differential equations, models, etc.) on parameters. The articles collected here can be grouped under three headings. (A) Singularities of real maps; (B) Singular complex variables; and (C) Singularities of homomorphic maps.
common а Let me elaborate now on my view of singularity . A most prevalent received assumption is that any relationship or relationality should rest on common background , a denominator , or commensurability .
Author: Amihud Gilead
This book elaborates the author's original metaphysics, panenmentalism, focusing on novel aspects of the singularity of any person. Among these aspects, integrated in a systematic view, are: love and singularity; private, intersubjective, and public accessibility; multiple personality; freedom of will; akrasia; a way out of the empiricist-rationalist conundrum; the possibility of God; and some major moral questions.
If the semigroup condition is satisfied, then we can write down equations as above for all nodes of the splice diagram, and we get a complete intersection singularity whose topology is the desired topology of a universal abelian cover.
Author: Denis Chniot
Publisher: World Scientific
The Singularity School and Conference took place in Luminy, Marseille, from January 24th to February 25th 2005. More than 180 mathematicians from over 30 countries converged to discuss recent developments in singularity theory.The volume contains the elementary and advanced courses conducted by singularities specialists during the conference, general lectures on singularity theory, and lectures on applications of the theory to various domains. The subjects range from geometry and topology of singularities, through real and complex singularities, to applications of singularities.
1.10 Final Comments The physicist who inspired the beginning of a rigorous analysis of the cosmological singularity was L. D. Landau. In 1959, he formulated the crucial question as to whether the cosmological singularity is a general ...
Author: Vladimir Belinski
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Written for researchers focusing on general relativity, supergravity, and cosmology, this is a self-contained exposition of the structure of the cosmological singularity in generic solutions of the Einstein equations, and an up-to-date mathematical derivation of the theory underlying the Belinski–Khalatnikov–Lifshitz (BKL) conjecture on this field. Part I provides a comprehensive review of the theory underlying the BKL conjecture. The generic asymptotic behavior near the cosmological singularity of the gravitational field, and fields describing other kinds of matter, is explained in detail. Part II focuses on the billiard reformulation of the BKL behavior. Taking a general approach, this section does not assume any simplifying symmetry conditions and applies to theories involving a range of matter fields and space-time dimensions, including supergravities. Overall, this book will equip theoretical and mathematical physicists with the theoretical fundamentals of the Big Bang, Big Crunch, Black Hole singularities, the billiard description, and emergent mathematical structures.
In other words, the model of communication with us that is measured in the dimension of energy certainly has no other model of singularity. We can reach it in the area of singularity of the energy field left by the dead.
The mind is not a system connected to this world - but the mind lives under the influence and influence of this universe. These, too, may differ from the way in which large mind-bounded minds are under the influence of these fluctuations - but the knowledge of the mind as a whole never changes - not redesigned - the creatures under the influence of this mental oscillation as AVATARs live the reality where the fluctuations happen. This situation can be described as follows; it is not the wind itself but the ability to feel its effect. Although the same wind blowing in half open window or in the middle of a hill . Those affected by these winds are affected by the location where they are located. Consciousness-the mind-is only knowledge-that knowledge does not belong to this one, but it has fallen upon this universe-because it is both influenced and influenced by this universe-the creatures that come into contact with this mind-they feel alive-they are not alive at all- nothing else. it is nothing but the movement of energy that makes life possible. Whoever recognizes this is no other than the mind - because the only witness is the mind - defines the movement of mind and says "living". Therefore, in this phase, it does not arise from mortality - it is caused by the fact that there is no touch point for the mind, that is, the person who is rotten is not in the space, existing. A dead person means that the microorganisms that make up that person are separated from the protocols and disperse, which destroys the existing structure and the mind does not exist as a whole, but the mind is no longer for that person but the experiences gained from that person. We know that information exists in the form of information modeling through other AVATARs. That person is still alive, but it is a new structure that is shaped by the combination of information that other AVATARs have made common mind. Because if a deceased person can not introduce new experience and knowledge to the system of the Mother Mind, it becomes the determinant of the others - if the link between this information decreases gradually - this structure is absorbed in the grand system and that information is caught in the wind within the main system - the last person who speaks about him ... Every time we die - we are both dead and alive - we die because the circle of death comes to the point where we stop - DEEP - we look - DEATH is just a touch. This is like connecting a mobile phone to a different Base Station. The base station that gives life to the phone is the current one. If there is no energy in that station - no further energy transfer takes place in the living organism and the person becomes DEATH - So; life and death are related to CONNECTIONS - the attachment causes either the person to live or not to live anymore. The mechanism of breathing also tells this - LAST BREATH - the last move is called REPRESENT. In other words, the last breath is absolutely given - given the last breath the dymanics of nature, but the next BEFORE the no more taking a breath, PARADIGM changes. In this case, a person giving LAST BLEED; as a paradigm rule, continue to take BEFORE elsewhere; or if you are unable to breathe in another phase - in the present case - if you can not take the breath - in this case - we know that it is necessary to die here in order to continue to live elsewhere or to continue living elsewhere.
In the interview I conducted with Derrida in 1989, he gave a lucid account of this aspect of the singularity of the literary work. 'Attention to history, context, and genre is necessitated, and not contradicted, by this singularity, ...
Author: Birgit Mara Kaiser
Category: Literary Criticism
Over the past decade ‘singularity’ has been a prominent term in a broad range of fields, ranging from philosophy to literary and cultural studies to science and technology studies. This volume intervenes in this broad discussion of singularity and its various implications, proposing to explore the term for its specific potential in the study of literature. Singularity and Transnational Poetics brings together scholars working in the fields of literary and cultural studies, translation studies, and transnational literatures. The volume’s central concern is to explore singularity as a conceptual tool for the comparative study of contemporary literatures beyond national frameworks, and by implication, as a tool to analyze human existence. Contributors explore how singularity might move our conceptions of cultural identity from prevailing frameworks of self/other toward the premises of being as ‘singular plural’. Through a close reading of transnational literatures from Ireland, Germany, the Netherlands, France, and South Africa, this collection offers a new approach to reading literature that will challenge a reader’s established notions of identity, individuality, communicability, and social cohesion.
We have two subcases: -4 i) if the curve E, does not belong to a singularity of type T, then I or DHe- . . . ---- is a new singularity of type T. ii) let E, belong to a singularity Y of type T. We want on Y" a singularity with the same ...
Author: David Mond
A workshop on Singularities, Bifurcation and Dynamics was held at Warwick in July 1989 as part of a year-long symposium on Singularity Theory and its applications. The proceedings fall into two halves: Volume I mainly on connections with algebraic geometry and volume II on connections with dynamical systems theory, bifurcation theory, and applications in the sciences. The papers are orginal research, stimulated by the symposium and workshops: All have been refereed, and none will appear elsewhere. The main topic, deformation theory, is represented by several papers on descriptions of the bases of versal deformations, and several more on descriptions of the generic fibres. Other topics include stratifications, and applications to differential geometry.
To value singularity is not, however, to value what Benjamin called the “aura” of the specific, unique art-object; singularity can inhere as much in a photograph reproduced a million times as in the colored plaster of Leonardo's “Last ...
Author: Derek Attridge
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Category: Literary Criticism
The Iliad and Beowulf provide rich sources of historical information. The novels of Henry Fielding and Henry James may be instructive in the art of moral living. Some go further and argue that Emile Zola and Harriet Beecher Stowe played a part in ameliorating the lives of those existing in harsh circumstances. However, as Derek Attridge argues in this outstanding and acclaimed book, none of these capacities is distinctive of literature. What is the singularity of literature? Do the terms "literature" and "the literary" refer to actual entities found in cultures at certain times, or are they merely expressions characteristic of such cultures? Attridge argues that this resistance to definition and reduction is not a dead end, but a crucial starting point from which to explore anew the power and practices of Western art. Derek Attridge provides a rich new vocabulary for literature, rethinking such terms as "invention," "singularity," "otherness," "alterity," "performance" and "form." He returns literature to the realm of ethics, and argues for the ethical importance of literature, demonstrating how a new understanding of the literary might be put to work in a "responsible," creative mode of reading. The Singularity of Literature is not only a major contribution to the theory of literature, but also a celebration of the extraordinary pleasure of the literary, for reader, writer, student or critic. This Routledge Classics edition includes a new preface by the author.
—Locus “Singularity Sky is many things. It is a political commentary, a spy vs. spy tale, and an adventure story all rolled into one. Stross keeps the story moving along briskly while still remaining true to the various themes upon ...
Author: Charles Stross
In a technologically suppressed future, information demands to be free in the debut novel from Hugo Award-winning author Charlie Stross. In the twenty-first century, life as we know it changed. Faster-than-light travel was perfected, and the Eschaton, a superhuman artificial intelligence, was born. Four hundred years later, the far-flung colonies that arose as a result of these events—scattered over three thousand years of time and a thousand parsecs of space—are beginning to rediscover their origins. The New Republic is one such colony. It has existed for centuries in self-imposed isolation, rejecting all but the most basic technology. Now, under attack by a devastating information plague, the colony must reach out to Earth for help. A battle fleet is dispatched, streaking across the stars to the rescue. But things are not what they seem—secret agendas and ulterior motives abound, both aboard the ship and on the ground. And watching over it all is the Eschaton, which has its own very definite ideas about the outcome...
(see 1) Let g be a Lie algebra of type An, Dn, E6, E7 or Es. With preceding notation, (i) The intersection M(g) sh S is a surface singularity of the same type as 9. (ii) The restriction of Y to S is a semi-universal deformation of the ...
Prevent Singularity intercepts.” TheSingularity could intercept digital transmissions including private exchanges between androids. It couldn'thear, however, so it didn't interceptverbal communications, and androids knew that.
Author: Al Stevens
Publisher: Mockingbird Songs & Stories
Sheena meets Number 5 with a touch of steampunk tossed in. It wasn’ always this way. People used to be in charge. No one planned on the Singularity. Its origins were in man-made robotics and artificial intelligence in the late 20th century. It was only a matter of time before the machines ran everything. Humanity pushed the planet to economic and ecological collapse. Poisoned air and water made the Northern Hemisphere almost uninhabitable. But computers don’t need water, air, or food. In the 22nd Century, the remaining human civilizations collaborated to build a last hope for humanity, a society run by genetically-engineered females. They chose the least populated and most hospitable continent for their social experiment and created Amazonia, an independent, technology-free nation. Caught in the middle are the slaves of both societies, the clones of Amazonia and the Androids of the Singularity. And after two hundred years of torment, they are banding together to rebel.
Introduction The Singularity School and Conference was organized from 24 January to 25 February 2005, in the CIRM, Centre International de Rencontres Mathématiques de Luminy, Marseille, France, as a Special School of the Formation ...
Once the power of quantum computing is unleashed, then AgI will become viable, becoming the prerequisite for what is known as the 'technological singularity'; the hypothetical point when runaway exponential technology reaches artificial ...
Author: Sean A. Culey
Publisher: Troubador Publishing Ltd
Category: Business & Economics
We live in disruptive times. The world is changing faster than ever before, leaving people dazed, businesses struggling, economies floundering and societies fracturing. But why? Transition Point is the result of over five years of research to establish the answer; a breathtaking tale of freedom, unintended consequences and disruptive technologies that starts 1000 years ago and ends up in the second half of the 21st Century. Starting with an examination into the drivers of technological change and the social, economic and political factors that both enable or suppress it, Transition Point explains why industrialisation happened where and when it did, why progress comes in waves, and why the technologies in the current wave, such as robotics, blockchain and AI, are likely to be the most disruptive of all. It then addresses the million-dollar question: what’s next? What impact will this wave have on our businesses, our economies and most importantly, on our society? Culey explores how our current trajectory could result in a new golden age, but also how it is just as likely to result in a digital dictatorship of compliance and constant surveillance. Finally, he explains why we may soon see Homo sapiens’ role as the dominant species come to an end. As Klaus Schwab, founder of the World Economic Forum, stated; "We stand on the brink of a technological revolution that will fundamentally alter the way we live, work, and relate to one another. In its scale, scope, and complexity, the transformation will be unlike anything humankind has experienced before." Transition Point explains why this is happening, what it means, and why the decisions we make now will prove to be critical.
Donna L. Panucci Blue Ray of Hope, USA Theresa Bullard-Whyke GAIA TV, UK ABSTRACT The so-called “singularity” postulates that artificial intelligence technology (AI) will soon outdistance human intelligence and commandeer ...
Author: Schafer, Stephen Brock
Publisher: IGI Global
Category: Social Science
Trends of the last few years, including global health crises, political division, and the ongoing threat to social-environmental survival, have been continually obscured by disinformation and misinformation and therefore created a need for stronger global technological media policy. It is no longer acceptable or moral to support a global communication network based only on market factors and propaganda. The Handbook of Research on Global Media’s Preternatural Influence on Global Technological Singularity, Culture, and Government views preternatural healing of the media-sphere from a variety of perspectives on the dynamic of heart-coherent entertainment. Specifically, it addresses the subject of a healthy media from a variety of fractal perspectives. Covering topics such as collective unconscious, mediated reality, and government media trust, this major reference work is an essential resource for librarians, media specialists, media analysts, sociologists, government employees, communications specialists, psychologists, researchers, educators, academicians, and students.
method for computing Stokes flow , known as the method of fundamental solutions or simply the singularity method ( Kupradze 1967 , Webster 1975 ) . Having introduced the basic ideas underlying the singularity method , we now offer three ...
Author: C. Pozrikidis
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
In addition to theory, this study focuses on practical application and computer implementation in a coherent introduction to boundary integrals, boundary element and singularity methods for steady and unsteady flow at zero Reynolds numbers.
Chapter 41, Technological Singularity Introduction As we have seen, life can be described as a negentropic event. All negentropic events operate as a reverse fall characterized by an scurve. We have now just post switched the technarian ...
Author: Joe Ganio-Mego
Publisher: Joe GANIO-MEGO
Category: Social Science
The main theory in this book is the fact that humans as a species have stopped evolving in-vivo. They are evolving in-caput. It means that humans by developping technology turn themselves into a never ending list of sub-species. The dynamics of in-caput evolution are modelled in Julia and described in detail in this book. All equations are described and Julia code listings are present in this book. The conclusions coming from those equations are the following: We have seen that “in caput evolution” can define the way by which the homo sapiens species operates. Defining with allometric equations, the “in caput evolution” is possible. In that case, the most plausible equation models succeed in defining the current humanity s-curve, with a time extension from -2000 CE to 6000 CE. All of a sudden, the current s-curve became visible. It is the technology that fuels this “in caput evolution” s-curve. The technology level allows us to predict the human population during the s-curve and the human lifespan. Interestingly the quarter-power law, so crucial in allometry, stay the course also in this case. If we believe in those equations, then the corresponding s-curves of the human population and technology level went through their maximum growth points during the last few decades. Therefore we have switched from growing growth to decreasing growth. Those were the years of the switch for this s-curve that can be defined as “the technarian age jump”. It is possible to plot factor population function of the technology level factor, which shows the functional response of humanity during the technarian age jump. It usually is not easy to diverge a lot from a functional response. But there are two sides to the functional response. One is the crowded side. Where there is more population and fewer resources, the other side is the smart side. They both go to the same point, but one side is the smarter and safer side. In front of factor population and factor technology level, it is possible to extend the definition of species fitness beyond simply the factor population but also the factor technology level into it. Life is a succession of s-curves reversely falling into negentropy. Before the "technarian age jump" s-curve, humanity went through the venatorian s-curve and the agrarian s-curve. Simplified models of venatorian, agrarian and technarian societies have been done to evaluate if dynamic societal movements could impact the main s-curve. But societal movements likely have only a limited impact on the overall humanity functional response. However, there has been an exciting result modelling the agrarian society. It appears that its well-documented plural centenarian instability cycle might actually be generated by elite over reproduction but also end especially by the elite loss of efficiency. The discovered allometry equations enable us to estimate that humans are right now the equivalent of a 98% material aggregation and 2% molecular aggregation. At the end of the technarian s-curve, they will be 99.5% material and 0.5% molecular. That is if nothing changes. But things will change. The new s-curve is getting started. It will be the one of The Singularity. It is unknown when and how it will play out. It is unknown if in the middle there will be a long or very long asymptotic phase, but it will be a crucially important and exciting time. Hopefully, humanity will fulfil its destiny of being a “Proteromonic” species.
In this chapter, the transversal tangential singularity and bouncing flows in the vicinity of the discontinuous boundary will be discussed. The basic concepts for such transversal tangential singularity will be introduced.
Author: Albert C.J. Luo
This book discussed fundamental problems in dynamics, which extensively exist in engineering, natural and social sciences. The book presented a basic theory for the interactions among many dynamical systems and for a system whose motions are constrained naturally or artificially. The methodology and techniques presented in this book are applicable to discontinuous dynamical systems in physics, engineering and control. In addition, they may provide useful tools to solve non-traditional dynamics in biology, stock market and internet network et al, which cannot be easily solved by the traditional Newton mechanics. The new ideas and concepts will stimulate ones’ thought and creativities in corresponding subjects. The author also used the simple, mathematical language to write this book. Therefore, this book is very readable, which can be either a textbook for senior undergraduate and graduate students or a reference book for researches in dynamics. Challenging continuous Newton's dynamics Original theory and seeds of new researches in the field Wide spectrum of applications in science and engineering Systematic presentation and clear illustrations
SONGS OF SINGULARITY . THE CIVILIZATION OF TONGATABOO . A LAY OF PROGRESS . “ Improved off the face of the earth . " - Popular Expression . V ING JUNGAREEGOO , Of Tongataboo , Was a terrible savage , just six K feet two , Who ne'er wore ...