The Process of Emergency Management Professionalization in the United States and Florida
Author: Jennifer L. Wilson
This dissertation analyzes the current status of emergency management professionalization in the United States and Florida using a qualitative case study. I investigate the efforts of various organizations at the national and state levels in the private and public sectors to organize emergency management as a profession. I conceptualize emergency management professionalization as occurring in two phases: the indirect institutionalization of the occupation of emergency management and the formal advancement toward an emergency management profession. The legislative, organizational, and procedural developments that occurred between approximately 1900 and the late 1970s became the indirect institutionalization of the occupation of emergency management. Over time, as our society developed and became increasingly complex, more disasters affect the security of the population. In order to adapt to increasing risks and vulnerabilities the emergency management system emerged and with it the necessary elements upon which a future profession could be established providing the basis for the formal advancement toward an emergency management profession. The purpose of this research is to provide a frame of reference for whether or not the field of emergency management is a profession. Based on sociology of professions literature, emergency management can be considered to be professionalizing. The current emergency management professionalization efforts may or may not be sufficient to achieve the ultimate goal of becoming a legitimate profession based on legal and public support for the exclusive right to perform emergency management tasks (monopoly) as well as self-regulation of those tasks (autonomy).
With the decree-laws adopted under state of emergency declared following the coup attempt on 15 July 2016, more than 125 thousand people have been dismissed their professions and more than three thousand organizations and institution have been closed down. As a grounds for the measures adopted for natural and real persons, it is shown that those who are considered to "have relation", "connection" or "contact" with terrorist organizations or structure/entities, organizations or groups established as engaging in activities against the national security of the State by the National Security Council, which has no judicial duty, whose resolutions are of advisory nature for the Council of Ministers which issues emergency decree-laws However, the concepts of connection and contact mentioned in the said justification are of “intelligence” nature concepts which were not previously available in our law and which have no meaning or equivalent in terms of criminal and disciplinary law. In other words, without the need for any court decision, with the decision of “an administrative board”, structures, groups and formations which were not mentioned in the Decree-Laws have been considered to be a "terrorist organization", and the persons who are alleged to have connection and contact with these organizations have been deemed to be "a member of a terrorist organization". But this admission is contrary to the principle that "the administration cannot impose criminal offences through regulatory procedures", which is set forth in Article 2/2 of the Turkish Penal Code and "presumption of innocence" Furthermore, persons in question have not been notified which terrorist organization they are a member with, their defence statement has not been obtained in spite of the grave allegation against them, and they have been dismissed their profession by putting their names in the lists that were not clear by whom and according to which criteria they are prepared. Foregoing emergency procedures and measures are required to be assessed in terms of fundamental rights and freedom as well as universal law criterion, in order to meet this need, the study herein touches upon the law practices in Turkey administered by the state of emergency. The topics covered in the study were examined in six chapters. In the first chapter, it is touched upon the legality of the emergency decree-laws and the role of the Turkish Constitutional Court played in the course of the State of Emergency; in the second chapter, it is reviewed the compatibility with the European Convention on Human Rights of the dismissal decisions in particular on the judges and prosecutors; in the third chapter, the assessment of the detention decision on in particular judges and prosecutors within the context of the right to liberty and security was tackled; in the fourth chapter, it is dealt with if the Inquiry Commission on the State of Emergency Measures is considered as an effective domestic remedy; in the fifth chapter, it is examined compatibility of the prison uniform with the European Convention on Human Rights; and the sixth and last chapter covers the assessments on the Constitutional amendments related to the judiciary made on 16 April 2017. I'd like to take this opportunity to thank my wife and daughters for their patience, love and support in this process, and I hereby wish the book would be useful to the legal community and those who are interested in the issue.
Unchecked Executive Power and the Demise of the Rule of Law
Author: Ryan Alford
Pubpsher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
Category: Political Science
In the wake of the attacks of September 11, 2001, the United States launched initiatives that test the limits of international human rights law. The indefinite detention and torture of detainees at Guantánamo Bay, targeted killing, and mass surveillance require an expansion of executive authority that negates the rule of law. In Permanent State of Emergency, Ryan Alford establishes that the ongoing failure to address human rights abuses is a symptom of the most serious constitutional crisis in American history. Instead of curbing the increase in executive power, Congress and the courts facilitated the breakdown of the nation’s constitutional order and set the stage for presidential supremacy. The presidency, Alford argues, is now more than imperial: it is an elective dictatorship. Providing both an overview and a systematic analysis of the new regime, he objectively demonstrates that it does not meet even the minimum requirements of the rule of law. At this critical juncture in American democracy, Permanent State of Emergency alerts the public to the structural transformation of the state and reiterates the importance of the constitutional limits of the American presidency.
Pat Buchanan is sounding the alarm. Since 9/11, more than four million illegal immigrants have crossed our borders, and there are more coming every day. Our leaders in Washington lack the political will to uphold the rule of law. The Melting Pot is broken beyond repair, and the future of our nation is at stake. In this important book, Pat Buchanan reveals that, slowly but surely, the great American Southwest is being reconquered by Mexico. These lands---which many Mexicans believe are their birthright---are being detached ethnically, linguistically, and culturally from the United States by a deliberate policy of the Mexican regime. This is the "Aztlan Plot" for "La Reconquista," the recapture of the lands lost by Mexico in the Texas War of Independence and Mexican-American War. Comparing the immigrant invasion of America from across the Mexican border---and of Europe from across the Mediterranean---to the barbarian invasions that ended the Roman Empire, the author writes with passion and conviction that we have begun the final chapter of the Death of the West. Unless the invasion is halted now, Buchanan argues, by midcentury America will be a country unrecognizable to our parents, the Third World dystopia that Theodore Roosevelt warned against when he said we must never let America become a "polyglot boardinghouse" for the world. President Bush's failure to halt the invasion and secure America's border, Buchanan writes, is a dereliction of constitutional duty that, in other times, would have called forth articles of impeachment. In the final chapter, "Last Chance," he lays out a sweeping immigration reform and border security plan, which, he contends, if not pursued, means George W. Bush's legacy will be to have lost for America a Southwest that was the legacy of Sam Houston, Andrew Jackson, and James K. Polk. With an estimated ten to fifteen million "illegals" already here and tens of millions more poised to pour across our borders, few books could be as timely---or important---as State of Emergency. It is essential reading for all Americans.
Documents over a fourteen day period the destructive impact of Hurricane Katrina on the homes and businesses of Mississippi and Louisiana and the personal hardships and tragedies endured by the residents of these areas.
Join these brave men and women for edge-of-your-seat suspense and happily-ever-after romance! HER FUGITIVE… Jordan Shane was in a serious bind. And Search and Rescue nurse Emily Foster was the one woman who could help him prove his innocence—and steal his heart right out from under him! HIS HOSTAGE… Emily Foster had had enough danger to last a lifetime. All she wanted was a quiet life in the mountains. Instead, she got an attractive fugitive who had taken her hostage—and made her believe in love. On their hair-raising mountain trek,did she dare risk everything for Jordan's life—and his love?
The book behind the major new BBC2 series The Seventies In the early 1970s, Britain seemed to be tottering on the brink of the abyss. Under Edward Heath, the optimism of the Sixties had become a distant memory. Now the headlines were dominated by strikes and blackouts, unemployment and inflation. As the world looked on in horrified fascination, Britain seemed to be tearing itself apart. And yet, amid the gloom, glittered a creativity and cultural dynamism that would influence our lives long after the nightmarish Seventies had been forgotten. In this brilliant new history, Dominic Sandbrook recreates the gaudy, schizophrenic atmosphere of the early Seventies: the world of Enoch Powell and Tony Benn, David Bowie and Brian Clough, Germaine Greer and Mary Whitehouse. An age when the unions were on the march and the socialist revolution seemed at hand, but also when feminism, permissiveness, pornography and environmentalism were transforming the lives of millions. It was an age of miners' strikes, tower blocks and IRA atrocities, but it also gave us celebrity footballers and high-street curry houses, organic foods and package holidays, gay rights and glam rock. For those who remember the days when you could buy a new colour television but power cuts stopped you from watching it, this book could hardly be more vivid. It is the perfect guide to a luridly colourful Seventies landscape that shaped our present from the financial boardroom to the suburban bedroom.
New York Times Bestselling Author of Field of Fire and Tom Clancy Power and Empire and Tom Clancy Oath of Office Countdown To Armageddon Two agents, Russian and American, are brutally murdered. College students, working as drug mules, die gruesome deaths from radiation poisoning. Powerful dirty bombs explode minutes apart in San Francisco and St. Petersburg, Russia--slaughtering citizens and spreading blind panic throughout the world. But this is only a warning. The next attack will be nuclear. Enter Air Force OSI agent Jericho Quinn and his crack team of specialists. Their mission: track down the black-market arms dealer who masterminded the plot--with a Soviet-era, suitcase-sized bomb--and dismantle them both. When the trail leads to South America, Quinn has to join the famous Dakar Rally, a 6,000-mile motorcycle run that's about to become the most dangerous race in history. It's not the finish line they're racing for. It's the fate of the world. . . "One of the hottest new authors in the thriller genre. . .Awesome." --Brad Thor Praise for the novels of Marc Cameron "Action-packed, over-the-top." --Publishers Weekly on Act of Terror "Fascinating characters with action off-the-charts. Masterful." --Steve Berry on National Security