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# Stochastic Portfolio Theory

Stochastic portfolio theory is a mathematical methodology for constructing stock portfolios and for analyzing the effects induced on the behavior of these portfolios by changes in the distribution of capital in the market. Stochastic portfolio theory has both theoretical and practical applications: as a theoretical tool it can be used to construct examples of theoretical portfolios with specified characteristics and to determine the distributional component of portfolio return. This book is an introduction to stochastic portfolio theory for investment professionals and for students of mathematical finance. Each chapter includes a number of problems of varying levels of difficulty and a brief summary of the principal results of the chapter, without proofs.
# Stochastic Portfolio Theory

Stochastic portfolio theory is a mathematical methodology for constructing stock portfolios and for analyzing the effects induced on the behavior of these portfolios by changes in the distribution of capital in the market. Stochastic portfolio theory has both theoretical and practical applications: as a theoretical tool it can be used to construct examples of theoretical portfolios with specified characteristics and to determine the distributional component of portfolio return. This book is an introduction to stochastic portfolio theory for investment professionals and for students of mathematical finance. Each chapter includes a number of problems of varying levels of difficulty and a brief summary of the principal results of the chapter, without proofs.
# Portfolio Theory and Arbitrage A Course in Mathematical Finance

This book develops a mathematical theory for finance, based on a simple and intuitive absence-of-arbitrage principle. This posits that it should not be possible to fund a non-trivial liability, starting with initial capital arbitrarily near zero. The principle is easy-to-test in specific models, as it is described in terms of the underlying market characteristics; it is shown to be equivalent to the existence of the so-called “Kelly” or growth-optimal portfolio, of the log-optimal portfolio, and of appropriate local martingale deflators. The resulting theory is powerful enough to treat in great generality the fundamental questions of hedging, valuation, and portfolio optimization. The book contains a considerable amount of new research and results, as well as a significant number of exercises. It can be used as a basic text for graduate courses in Probability and Stochastic Analysis, and in Mathematical Finance. No prior familiarity with finance is required, but it is assumed that readers have a good working knowledge of real analysis, measure theory, and of basic probability theory. Familiarity with stochastic analysis is also assumed, as is integration with respect to continuous semimartingales.
# Stochastic Control of Hereditary Systems and Applications

This monograph develops the Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman theory via dynamic programming principle for a class of optimal control problems for stochastic hereditary differential equations (SHDEs) driven by a standard Brownian motion and with a bounded or an infinite but fading memory. These equations represent a class of stochastic infinite-dimensional systems that become increasingly important and have wide range of applications in physics, chemistry, biology, engineering and economics/finance. This monograph can be used as a reference for those who have special interest in optimal control theory and applications of stochastic hereditary systems.
# Stochastic Calculus with Applications to Stochastic Portfolio Optimisation

Inhaltsangabe:Introduction: The present paper is about continuous time stochastic calculus and its application to stochastic portfolio selection problems. The paper is divided into two parts: The first part provides the mathematical framework and consists of Chapters 1 and 2, where it gives an insight into the theory of stochastic process and the theory of stochastic calculus. The second part, consisting of Chapters 3 and 4, applies the first part to problems in stochastic portfolio theory and stochastic portfolio optimisation. Chapter 1, "Stochastic Processes", starts with the construction of stochastic process. The significance of Markovian kernels is discussed and some examples of process and emigroups will be given. The simple normal-distribution will be extended to the multi-variate normal distribution, which is needed for introducing the Brownian motion process. Finally, another class of stochastic process is introduced which plays a central role in mathematical finance: the martingale. Chapter 2, "Stochastic Calculus", begins with the introduction of the stochastic integral. This integral is different to the Lebesgue-Stieltjes integral because of the randomness of the integrand and integrator. This is followed by the probably most important theorem in stochastic calculus: It o s formula. It o s formula is of central importance and most of the proofs of Chapters 3 and 4 are not possible without it. We continue with the notion of a stochastic differential equations. We introduce strong and weak solutions and a way to solve stochastic differential equations by removing the drift. The last section of Chapter 2 applies stochastic calculus to stochastic control. We will need stochastic control to solve some portfolio problems in Chapter 4. Chapter 3, "Stochastic Portfolio Theory", deals mainly with the problem of introducing an appropriate model for stock prices and portfolios. These models will be needed in Chapter 4. The first section of Chapter 3 introduces a stock market model, portfolios, the risk-less asset, consumption and labour income processes. The second section, Section 3.2, introduces the notion of relative return as well as portfolio generating functions. Relative return finds application in Chapter 4 where we deal with benchmark optimisation. Benchmark optimisation is optimising a portfolio with respect to a given benchmark portfolio. The final section of Chapter 3 contains some considerations about the long-term behaviour of [...]
# Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Methods in Finance

Mathematical finance is a prolific scientific domain in which there exists a particular characteristic of developing both advanced theories and practical techniques simultaneously. Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Methods in Finance addresses the three most important aspects in the field: mathematical models, computational methods, and applications, and provides a solid overview of major new ideas and results in the three domains. Coverage of all aspects of quantitative finance including models, computational methods and applications Provides an overview of new ideas and results Contributors are leaders of the field
# Stochastic Integration and Differential Equations

It has been 15 years since the first edition of Stochastic Integration and Differential Equations, A New Approach appeared, and in those years many other texts on the same subject have been published, often with connections to applications, especially mathematical finance. Yet in spite of the apparent simplicity of approach, none of these books has used the functional analytic method of presenting semimartingales and stochastic integration. Thus a 2nd edition seems worthwhile and timely, though it is no longer appropriate to call it "a new approach". The new edition has several significant changes, most prominently the addition of exercises for solution. These are intended to supplement the text, but lemmas needed in a proof are never relegated to the exercises. Many of the exercises have been tested by graduate students at Purdue and Cornell Universities. Chapter 3 has been completely redone, with a new, more intuitive and simultaneously elementary proof of the fundamental Doob-Meyer decomposition theorem, the more general version of the Girsanov theorem due to Lenglart, the Kazamaki-Novikov criteria for exponential local martingales to be martingales, and a modern treatment of compensators. Chapter 4 treats sigma martingales (important in finance theory) and gives a more comprehensive treatment of martingale representation, including both the Jacod-Yor theory and Emery’s examples of martingales that actually have martingale representation (thus going beyond the standard cases of Brownian motion and the compensated Poisson process). New topics added include an introduction to the theory of the expansion of filtrations, a treatment of the Fefferman martingale inequality, and that the dual space of the martingale space H^1 can be identified with BMO martingales. Solutions to selected exercises are available at the web site of the author, with current URL http://www.orie.cornell.edu/~protter/books.html.
# Advances in Mathematical Economics Volume 9

A lot of economic problems can formulated as constrained optimizations and equilibration of their solutions. Various mathematical theories have been supplying economists with indispensable machineries for these problems arising in economic theory. Conversely, mathematicians have been stimulated by various mathematical difficulties raised by economic theories. The series is designed to bring together those mathematicians who were seriously interested in getting new challenging stimuli from economic theories with those economists who are seeking for effective mathematical tools for their researchers.
# Applied Probability and Queues

This updated new edition introduces the reader to the fundamentals of queueing theory, including Markov processes and random walks. It contains an extended treatment of queueing networks and matrix analytic methods as well as additional topics like Poisson's equation, Palm theory and heavy tails.
# Continuous time Stochastic Control and Optimization with Financial Applications

Stochastic optimization problems arise in decision-making problems under uncertainty, and find various applications in economics and finance. On the other hand, problems in finance have recently led to new developments in the theory of stochastic control. This volume provides a systematic treatment of stochastic optimization problems applied to finance by presenting the different existing methods: dynamic programming, viscosity solutions, backward stochastic differential equations, and martingale duality methods. The theory is discussed in the context of recent developments in this field, with complete and detailed proofs, and is illustrated by means of concrete examples from the world of finance: portfolio allocation, option hedging, real options, optimal investment, etc. This book is directed towards graduate students and researchers in mathematical finance, and will also benefit applied mathematicians interested in financial applications and practitioners wishing to know more about the use of stochastic optimization methods in finance.
# Average Cost Control of Stochastic Manufacturing Systems

"The material covered in this book cuts across the disciplines of Applied Mathematics, Operations Management, Operations Research, and System and Control Theory. It is written for operations researchers, system and control theorists, applied mathematicians, operations management specialists, and industrial engineers."--Jacket.
# Stochastic Simulation Algorithms and Analysis

Sampling-based computational methods have become a fundamental part of the numerical toolset of practitioners and researchers across an enormous number of different applied domains and academic disciplines. This book provides a broad treatment of such sampling-based methods, as well as accompanying mathematical analysis of the convergence properties of the methods discussed. The reach of the ideas is illustrated by discussing a wide range of applications and the models that have found wide usage. The first half of the book focuses on general methods; the second half discusses model-specific algorithms. Exercises and illustrations are included.
# Stochastic Ordinary and Stochastic Partial Differential Equations

Stochastic Partial Differential Equations analyzes mathematical models of time-dependent physical phenomena on microscopic, macroscopic and mesoscopic levels. It provides a rigorous derivation of each level from the preceding one and examines the resulting mesoscopic equations in detail. Coverage first describes the transition from the microscopic equations to the mesoscopic equations. It then covers a general system for the positions of the large particles.
# Stochastic Calculus and Financial Applications

Stochastic calculus has important applications to mathematical finance. This book will appeal to practitioners and students who want an elementary introduction to these areas. From the reviews: "As the preface says, ‘This is a text with an attitude, and it is designed to reflect, wherever possible and appropriate, a prejudice for the concrete over the abstract’. This is also reflected in the style of writing which is unusually lively for a mathematics book." --ZENTRALBLATT MATH
# An Introduction to the Numerical Simulation of Stochastic Di erential Equations

This book provides a lively and accessible introduction to the numerical solution of stochastic differential equations with the aim of making this subject available to the widest possible readership. It presents an outline of the underlying convergence and stability theory while avoiding technical details. Key ideas are illustrated with numerous computational examples and computer code is listed at the end of each chapter. The authors include 150 exercises, with solutions available online, and 40 programming tasks. Although introductory, the book covers a range of modern research topics, including Itô versus Stratonovich calculus, implicit methods, stability theory, nonconvergence on nonlinear problems, multilevel Monte Carlo, approximation of double stochastic integrals, and tau leaping for chemical and biochemical reaction networks. An Introduction to the Numerical Simulation of Stochastic Differential Equations is appropriate for undergraduates and postgraduates in mathematics, engineering, physics, chemistry, finance, and related disciplines, as well as researchers in these areas. The material assumes only a competence in algebra and calculus at the level reached by a typical first-year undergraduate mathematics class, and prerequisites are kept to a minimum. Some familiarity with basic concepts from numerical analysis and probability is also desirable but not necessary.
# Arbitrage Credit and Informational Risks

This book contains a collection of research papers in mathematical finance covering recent advances in arbitrage, credit and asymmetric information risks. These subjects have attracted academic and practical attention, in particular after the international financial crisis. The volume is split into three parts which treat each of these topics. Contents:Arbitrage:No-arbitrage Conditions and Absolutely Continuous Changes of Measure (Claudio Fontana)A Systematic Approach to Constructing Market Models with Arbitrage (Johannes Ruf and Wolfgang J Runggaldier)On the Existence of Martingale Measures in Jump Diffusion Market Models (Jacopo Mancin and Wolfgang J Runggaldier)Arbitrages in a Progressive Enlargement Setting (Anna Aksamit, Tahir Choulli, Jun Deng and Monique Jeanblanc)Credit Risk:Pricing Credit Derivatives with a Structural Default Model (Sébastien Hitier and Ying Zhu)Reduced-Form Modeling of Counterparty Risk on Credit Derivatives (Stéphane Crépey)Dynamic One-default Model (Shiqi Song)Stochastic Sensitivity Study for Optimal Credit Allocation (Laurence Carassus and Simone Scotti)Control Problem and Information Risks:Discrete-Time Multi-Player Stopping and Quitting Games with Redistribution of Payoffs (Ivan Guo and Marek Rutkowski)A Note on BSDEs with Singular Driver Coefficients (Monique Jeanblanc and Anthony Réveillac)A Portfolio Optimization Problem with Two Prices Generated by Two Information Flows (Caroline Hillairet)Option Pricing under Stochastic Volatility, Jumps and Cost of Information (Sana Mahfoudh and Monique Pontier) Readership: Advanced undergraduates, graduates and researchers in financial mathematics. Key Features:Treats new problems and challenges issued from the recent financial crisis and proposes original research papers on the modeling and management of the related financial risks, notably the credit risk and information asymmetry risksThe contributors consist of worldwide renowned experts and also promising young scientists in financial mathematicsAccessible to a larger public including graduate and advanced undergraduate studentsKeywords:Arbitrage;Credit Risk;Information Asymmetry Risks
# Cycle Representations of Markov Processes

This book is a prototype providing new insight into Markovian dependence via the cycle decompositions. It presents a systematic account of a class of stochastic processes known as cycle (or circuit) processes - so-called because they may be defined by directed cycles. These processes have special and important properties through the interaction between the geometric properties of the trajectories and the algebraic characterization of the Markov process. An important application of this approach is the insight it provides to electrical networks and the duality principle of networks. In particular, it provides an entirely new approach to infinite electrical networks and their applications in topics as diverse as random walks, the classification of Riemann surfaces, and to operator theory. The second edition of this book adds new advances to many directions, which reveal wide-ranging interpretations of the cycle representations like homologic decompositions, orthogonality equations, Fourier series, semigroup equations, and disintegration of measures. The versatility of these interpretations is consequently motivated by the existence of algebraic-topological principles in the fundamentals of the cycle representations. This book contains chapter summaries as well as a number of detailed illustrations. Review of the earlier edition: "This is a very useful monograph which avoids ready ways and opens new research perspectives. It will certainly stimulate further work, especially on the interplay of algebraic and geometrical aspects of Markovian dependence and its generalizations." Math Reviews
# Discrete Time Markov Chains

Focusing on discrete-time-scale Markov chains, the contents of this book are an outgrowth of some of the authors' recent research. The motivation stems from existing and emerging applications in optimization and control of complex hybrid Markovian systems in manufacturing, wireless communication, and financial engineering. Much effort in this book is devoted to designing system models arising from these applications, analyzing them via analytic and probabilistic techniques, and developing feasible computational algorithms so as to reduce the inherent complexity. This book presents results including asymptotic expansions of probability vectors, structural properties of occupation measures, exponential bounds, aggregation and decomposition and associated limit processes, and interface of discrete-time and continuous-time systems. One of the salient features is that it contains a diverse range of applications on filtering, estimation, control, optimization, and Markov decision processes, and financial engineering. This book will be an important reference for researchers in the areas of applied probability, control theory, operations research, as well as for practitioners who use optimization techniques. Part of the book can also be used in a graduate course of applied probability, stochastic processes, and applications.
# Large Deviations Techniques and Applications

Large deviation estimates have proved to be the crucial tool required to handle many questions in statistics, engineering, statistial mechanics, and applied probability. Amir Dembo and Ofer Zeitouni, two of the leading researchers in the field, provide an introduction to the theory of large deviations and applications at a level suitable for graduate students. The mathematics is rigorous and the applications come from a wide range of areas, including electrical engineering and DNA sequences. The second edition, printed in 1998, included new material on concentration inequalities and the metric and weak convergence approaches to large deviations. General statements and applications were sharpened, new exercises added, and the bibliography updated. The present soft cover edition is a corrected printing of the 1998 edition.
# Wave Propagation and Time Reversal in Randomly Layered Media

The content of this book is multidisciplinary by nature. It uses mathematical tools from the theories of probability and stochastic processes, partial differential equations, and asymptotic analysis, combined with the physics of wave propagation and modeling of time reversal experiments. It is addressed to a wide audience of graduate students and researchers interested in the intriguing phenomena related to waves propagating in random media. At the end of each chapter there is a section of notes where the authors give references and additional comments on the various results presented in the chapter.