In this pioneering study, Benno Gammerl compares Habsburg and British approaches to governing their diverse populations, analyzing imperial formations to reveal the legal and political conditions that fostered heterogeneity.
Author: Benno Gammerl
Publisher: Berghahn Books
Bosnian Muslims, East African Masai, Czech-speaking Austrians, North American indigenous peoples, and Jewish immigrants from across Europe—the nineteenth-century British and Habsburg Empires were characterized by incredible cultural and racial-ethnic diversity. Notwithstanding their many differences, both empires faced similar administrative questions as a result: Who was excluded or admitted? What advantages were granted to which groups? And how could diversity be reconciled with demands for national autonomy and democratic participation? In this pioneering study, Benno Gammerl compares Habsburg and British approaches to governing their diverse populations, analyzing imperial formations to reveal the legal and political conditions that fostered heterogeneity.
Many people whom the authorities wished to deport were simply rejected by their home country because they failed to ... 12 Ann Dummett and Andrew Nicol, Subjects, Citizens, Aliens and Others: Nationality and Immigration Law (London: ...
Author: Taylor C. Sherman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This book explores the shift from colonial rule to independence in India and Pakistan, with the aim of unravelling the explicit meaning and relevance of 'independence' for the new citizens of India and Pakistan during the two decades post 1947. While the study of postcolonial South Asia has blossomed in recent years, this volume addresses a number of imbalances in this dynamic and highly popular field. Firstly, the histories of India and Pakistan after 1947 have been conceived separately, with many scholars assuming that the two states developed along divergent paths after independence. Thus, the dominant historical paradigm has been to examine either India or Pakistan in relative isolation from one another. Viewing the two states in the same frame not only allows the contributors of this volume to explore common themes, but also facilitates an exploration of the powerful continuities between the pre- and post-independence periods.
Questions of how this subject came into being in modern India may be read in view of liberal political theories that problematise the historical steps towards submission under such a state. We are also invited into another conceptual ...
Author: Gunnel Cederlöf
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
This volume investigates how, where and when subjects and citizens come into being, assert themselves and exercise subjecthood or citizenship in the formation of modern India. It argues for the importance of understanding legal practice – how rights are performed in dispute and negotiation – from the parliament and courts to street corners and field sites. The essays in the book explore themes such as land law and rights, court procedure, freedom of speech, sex workers’ mobilisation, refugee status, adivasi people and non-state actors, and bring together studies from across north India, spanning from early colonial to contemporary times. Representing scholarship in history, anthropology and political science that draws on wide-ranging field and archival research, the volume will immensely benefit scholars, students and researchers of development, history, political science, sociology, anthropology, law and public policy.
They shall, on condition of reciprocity, be at full liberty to acquire and possess every description of property, movable or immovable, which the laws of the country permit or shall permit the subjects or citizens of any other foreign ...
The relationship of citizenship, subjecthood, and empire has received considerable attention in recent years, but work on this ... about citizenship that should reflect back on how we think about citizenship in other imperial contexts.
Author: Simona Berhe
This is the first book on Italian colonialism that specifically deals with the question of citizenship/subjecthood. Such a topic is crucial for understanding both Italian imperial rule and the complex dynamics of the different colonial societies where several actors, like notables, political leaders, minorities, etc., were involved. The chapters gathered in the book constitute an unprecedented account of a heterogeneous geographical area. The cases of Eritrea, Libya, Dodecanese, Ethiopia, and Albania confirm that citizenship and subjecthood in the colonial context were ductile political tools, which were structured according to the orientations of the Metropole and the challenges that came from the colonial societies, often swinging between submission, cooptation to the colonial power, and resistance. On one hand, the book offers an account of the different policies of citizenship implemented in the Italian colonies, in particular the construction of gradated forms of citizenship, the repression and expulsion of dissidents, the systems of endearment of local people and cooptation of the elites, and the racialization of legal status. On the other, it deals with the various answers coming from the local populations in terms of resistance, negotiation, and construction of social identity.
In all other cases their personal and real property cannot be subjected to other charges or imposts than those that may be or have been exacted from the subjects or citizens of the country or from subjects or citizens of the most ...
The privileges and immunities clause of the federal constitution grants and secures to married women who are citizens of a state, as a federal right, the same right to make contracts in another state that the local law of such other ...
Author: Henry Schofield
Publisher: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.
Schofield, Henry. Essays on Constitutional Law and Equity and Other Subjects. Boston: The Chipman Law Publishing Company, 1921. Two volumes. Reprinted 2002 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. LCCN 2001043982. ISBN 1-58477-223-9. Cloth. $195. * In the foreword, John H. Wigmore writes: "The essays here collected are a rich revelation of a genius at once critical and constructive in the highest degree... No modern writer in that field has excelled him-and only one or two have equaled him-in mastery of the entire complex of Federal decisions and in firm grasp of constitutional principles." And of Schofield's style Wigmore raves: "Once entered upon his text the reader is carried along irresistibly by the sheer pleasure of following the reasoning. No modern law writer has a style at once so personal and yet so entirely scientific." Foreword vi, vii. Marke, A Catalogue of the Law Collection at New York University (1953) 402.
Notes to pages 24–26 231 Price, “Natural Law and Birthright Citizenship,” 83. As to the association of Calvin's Case with jus soli, it is important to ... See Dummett and Nicol, Subjects, Citizens, Aliens, and Others, 62; Hulsebosch, ...
Author: Hannah Weiss Muller
Publisher: Oxford University Press
In the aftermath of the Seven Years' War, when a variety of conquered and ceded territories became part of an expanding British Empire, crucial struggles emerged about what it meant to be a "British subject." Individuals in Grenada, Quebec, Minorca, Gibraltar, and Bengal debated the meanings and rights of subjecthood, with many capitalizing on legal ambiguities and local exigencies to secure access to political and economic benefits. Inhabitants and colonial administrators transformed subjecthood into a shared language, practice, and opportunity as individuals proclaimed their allegiance to the crown and laid claim to a corresponding set of protections. Approaching subjecthood as a protean and porous concept, rather than an immutable legal status, Subjects and Sovereign demonstrates that it was precisely subjecthood's fluidity and imprecision that rendered it so useful to a remarkably diverse group of individuals. In this book, Hannah Weiss Muller reexamines the traditional bond between subjects and sovereign and argues that this relationship endured as a powerful site for claims-making throughout the eighteenth century. Muller analyzes both legal understandings of subjecthood, as well as the popular tradition of declaring rights, in order to demonstrate why subjects believed they were entitled to make requests of their sovereign. She reconsiders narratives of upheaval during the Age of Revolution and insists on the relevance and utility of existing structures of state and sovereign. Emphasizing the stories of subjects who successfully leveraged their loyalty and negotiated their status, she also explores how and why subjecthood remained an organizing and contested principle of the eighteenth-century British Empire. By placing the relationship between subjects and sovereign at the heart of her analysis, Muller offers a new perspective on a familiar period and suggests that imperial integration was as much about flexible and expansive conceptions of belonging as it was about shared economic, political, and intellectual networks.
Alfred Deakin judged that the strongest motive for Federation was "the desire that we should be one people, and remain one people, without the admixture of other races.” The concept of race became a key constitutional issue in this ...
Author: Pierre Boyer
Publisher: University of Ottawa Press
Category: Political Science
A century ago, the legal concept of Canadian and Australian Citizenship as we understand it today did not exist. It was not until 1946 and 1948, respectively, that Canada and Australia adopted national citizenship, a move that allowed each country to define its own distinct character, and emphasize its independence from Britain and the Commonwealth. In this collection of essays, Canadian and Australian scholars examine the history, present, and future of citizenship in both countries. The book opens with two essays that examine the meaning and concept of citizenship, in both historical and contemporary contexts, and its relation to the state. The second section explores the early politics of citizenshipincluding examinations of civic debate, democracy, women as citizens, and culture. The third section includes essays on the challenges that traditional British notions of citizenship have faced in both countries, including aboriginal rights and multiculturalism. The collection ends with a look to the future of citizenship, including discussions of identity, governance, nation-building, and globalization. By contrasting and comparing similar issues in two similar countries, these erudite and thought-provoking essays show how much each country has to gain through discussion and collaboration.
Benhabib identifies a paradox in this situation where citizens with rights decide upon the extent of the rights to be granted to others, pointing out that this paradox 'can never be completely eliminated.' Despite this being the case, ...
Author: Sunera Thobani
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
Category: Social Science
An absorbing study, "Exalted Subjects" makes a contribution to the transformation of the racialized and gendered underpinnings of both nation and subject-formation.
It is widely assumed that social citizenship, in the form of the preceding and other similar programs, defines Canadians to themselves, since it helps bind a country that experiences pronounced regionalism, and to others, especially the ...
Author: Adolf Ens
Publisher: University of Ottawa Press
"During the 1870s, 7,000 Mennonites - descendants of Dutch and German Anabaptists - arrived in Canada to settle in the newly created province of Manitoba. While in Europe, they had steadily moved eastward under pressure of persecution and governmental restrictions until they settled in "foreign colonies" in New Russia (Ukraine) in 1789. Generations of living as non-citizen settlers under special arrangements with the ruler had reinforced their separatist understanding of what it meant to live in nonconformity with the world." "Adolf Ens's volume traces the tensions of Mennonites becoming full citizens in the participatory democracy of Canada through the crucial steps of immigration, settlement and naturalization, implementing local municipal government, and becoming part of the public school system. This process was greatly complicated by the outbreak of the First World War and the intolerance it produced toward those who were pacifist, German, and different." "Almost 8,000 of the descendants of this immigrant group left for Latin America in the aftermath of the war, becoming subjects once again. The rest gradually accommodated themselves to being full Canadian citizens."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
the emperor and his relationship to his subjects, then both the kokutai and the very future of Japan are at risk.54 To highlight the uniqueness and superiority of Japan's kokutai, Shinmi, like other writers before him, ...
Author: Mark Lincicome
Publisher: Lexington Books
Lincicome offers a new perspective on Japanese educational debates and policy reforms that have taken place under the guise of internationalization since the mid-1980s. By contextualizing these developments within a historical framework spanning the entire twentieth century, he challenges the argument put forward by education officials, conservative politicians, and their supporters in the academy and the business world that history offers no guide for addressing the educational challenges that face contemporary Japan. Combining diachronic and synchronic approaches, Lincicome analyzes repeated attempts throughout the twentieth century to Ointernationalize educationO (/kyoiku no kokusaika/) in Japan. This comparison reveals important similarities that transcend educational policy to encompass Japanese conceptions of individual, national, and international identity; relations between the individual, the nation, the state, and the international community; and the type of education best suited to negotiating multiple identities among the next generation of Japanese subject-citizens.
He explains, for example, that no single person has the ability to transform the particular desires of citizens into a common will, ... No nation shall forcibly interfere with the constitution and government of another.
Author: Tobin Siebers
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Category: Literary Criticism
DIVAdvances a new theory on the nature of subjectivity and notions of identity /div
The racial and ethnic terms used to describe colonial subjects in the writing and filing of correspondence varied greatly - from "Senagalese" to "Singhalese" to "Ceylonese," from "Asiatic" to "Indian" to ... Citizens, Aliens, Others.
Release on 1823 | by United States. Continental Congress
In this case the subjects or citizens of either of the contracting parties shall not import nor export the mer- chandise prohibited by the other ; but if one of the contracting parties permits any other na tion to import or export the ...
Cultural fixation, on the other hand, is undermined by the valued citizen knowledge that formally 'uneducated' peasants demonstrate by skilfully engaging the law and often winning cases against local governments in rural courts.
Author: Susanne Brandtstädter
Category: Social Science
This book questions the political logic of foregrounding cultural collectives in a world shaped by globalization and neoliberalization. Throughout the world, it is no longer only individuals, but increasingly collective "cultures" who are made responsible for their own regulation, welfare and enterprise. This appears as a surprising shift from the tenets of classical liberalism which defined the ideal subject of politics as the "unencumbered self"- the free, equal and self-governing individual. The increasing promotion and recognition of cultural rights in international legislation, multiculturalism, and public debates on "culture" as a political problem more generally indicate that culture has become a more central terrain for governance and struggles around rights and citizenship. On the basis of case studies from China, Latin America, and North America, the contributors of this book explore the links between culture, civility, and the politics of citizenship. They argue that official reifications of "culture" in relation to citizenship, and even the recognition of cultural rights, may obey strategies of governance and control, but that citizens may still use new cultural rights and networks, and the legal mechanisms that have been created to protect them, in order to pursue their own agendas of empowerment. This book was originally published as a special issue of Economy and Society.
... Karen Allmond, Christina Gawlik. SUBJECT TEST III: SOCIAL STUDIES (808) ... Being a good citizen means exercising one's own rights, meeting one's responsibilities, and allowing others to do the same. Citizenship rights and ...
Author: Ann M.L. Cavallo
Publisher: Research & Education Assoc.
Category: Study Aids
Teacher candidates seeking certification to teach the middle-level grades in Texas's public schools must pass the TExES Core Subjects 4-8 exam. Written by a team of faculty experts led by Dr. Ann M.L. Cavallo, Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Studies at the University of Texas at Arlington, REAs test prep provides extensive coverage of the four core subject areas tested on the exam: English Language Arts and Reading (806); Mathematics (807); Social Studies (808); and Science (809). In addition to a thorough review, this test prep features a diagnostic test and 2 full-length practice test batteries (1 in the book and 1 online at the REA Study Center) that deal with every question type, competency, and skill tested on the exam. REAs online tests run under timed conditions and provide automatic scoring and diagnostic feedback on every question to help teacher candidates zero in on the topics that give them trouble now, so they can succeed on test day. -- Amazon.com.
The right to free speech is also given to citizens of the United States. This means that citizens also have the responsibility to allow others to speak freely. Additionally, the U.S. Constitution guarantees freedom of religion.
Author: Ann M.L. Cavallo
Publisher: Research & Education Assoc.
Category: Study Aids
REA's TExES Core Subjects 4-8 (211) Test Prep with Online Practice Tests Gets You Certified and in the Classroom! Teacher candidates seeking certification to teach the middle-level grades in Texas's public schools must pass the TExES Core Subjects 4-8 exam. Written by a team of faculty experts led by Dr. Ann M. L. Cavallo, Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Studies at the University of Texas at Arlington, REA's test prep provides extensive coverage of the four core subject areas tested on the exam: English Language Arts and Reading (806); Mathematics (807); Social Studies (808); and Science (809). In addition to a thorough review, this test prep features a diagnostic test and 2 full-length practice test batteries (1 in the book and 1 online at the REA Study Center) that deal with every question type, competency, and skill tested on the exam. REA's online tests run under timed conditions and provide automatic scoring and diagnostic feedback on every question to help teacher candidates zero in on the topics that give them trouble now, so they can succeed on test day. The new 200-question Core Subjects test, one of the largest of its kind in the United States, was first administered in January 2015; it replaced the TExES Generalist 4-8 (111) exam. REA's test prep package includes: - Comprehensive review of all domains and content categories tested on the TExES Core Subjects 4-8 exam - Online diagnostic that pinpoints strengths and weaknesses to help focus study - 2 full-length practice test batteries based on actual exam questions - Practice test answers explained in detail - Proven study tips, strategies, and confidence-boosting advice - Online practice tests feature timed testing, automatic scoring, and topic-level feedback REA's TExES Core Subjects 4-8 (211) is a must-have for anyone who wants to become a middle-school teacher in Texas.
Duties to be same as on goods of subjects of most favored nation . Disputes in Persia Persians and citizens of United States , how settled . Between citizens of the United States and other foreigners . How in United States .
So we do not find, prior to the fantasy enactment, a unified Germany, in which subjects (citizens) are securely able to cast judgement on objects (others) moving in(to) that space. Symbolically, a subject fantasmatically identifies with ...
Author: Ben Gook
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Category: Social Science
Divided Subjects, Invisible Borders details, through empirical and theoretical exposition, how the national unity of Germany after the Fall of the Berlin Wall conceals persistent division in the lives of eastern and western Germans.