Nirvana and Other Buddhist Felicities

Part 1 (Symposien zur Buddhismusforschung IV, 1), Abhandlungen der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Göttingen, Philologisch-Historische ... Bloch, M. (1974) “Symbol, Song and Dance or is Religion an Extreme Form of Traditional Authority?

Nirvana and Other Buddhist Felicities

This book presents a new answer to the question: what is nirvana? Part I distinguishes between systematic and narrative thought in the Pali texts of Theravada Buddhism in South and Southeast Asia, arguing that nirvana produces closure in both, and setting nirvana in the wider category of Buddhist Felicities. Part II explores other Buddhist utopias (both eu-topias, good places , and ou-topias, no-places ), and relates Buddhist utopianism to studies of European and American utopian writing. The book ends with a close reading of the Vessantara Jataka, which highlights the conflict between the ascetic quest for closure and ultimate felicity, and the ongoing demands of ordinary life and society. Steven Collins discusses these issues in relation to textuality, world history, and ideology in premodern civilisations, aiming to contribute to a new vision of Buddhist history, which can hold both the inside and the outside of texts together.

Supernatural Agents

Quelques considérations sur le problème posé par ladate du Parinirvana de Buddha. In Heinz Bechert (Ed.), The dating of the historical Buddha / Die Datierung des historischen Buddha, 1:211–21. Symposien zur Buddhismusforschung, 1.

Supernatural Agents

The cognitive science of religion is a rapidly growing field whose practitioners apply insights from advances in cognitive science in order to provide a better understanding of religious impulses, beliefs, and behaviors. In this book Ilkka Pyysiainen shows how this methodology can profitably be used in the comparative study of beliefs about superhuman agents. He begins by developing a theoretical outline of the basic, modular architecture of the human mind and especially the human capacity to understand agency. He then goes on to discuss examples of supernatural agency in detail, arguing that the human ability to attribute beliefs and desires to others forms the basis of conceptions of supernatural agents and of such social cognition in which supernatural agents are postulated as interested parties in social life. Beliefs about supernatural agency are natural, says Pyysiainen, in the sense that such concepts are used in an intuitive and automatic fashion. Two dots and a straight line below them automatically trigger the idea of a face, for example. Given that the mind consists of a host of such modular mechanisms, certain kinds of beliefs will always have a selective advantage over others. Abstract theological concepts are usually elaborate versions of such simpler and more contagious folk conceptions. Pyysiainen uses ethnographical and survey materials as well as doctrinal treatises to show that there are certain recurrent patterns in beliefs about supernatural agents both at the level of folk-religion and of formal theology.

Religious Motivation and the Origins of Buddhism

Hare, E. M. (trans.) (date) Woven Cadences of Early Buddhists [Sutta-Nipāta], London: Pali Text Society. Härtel, H. (1991) 'Archaeological research on ancient Buddhist sites', Symposien zur Buddhismusforschung IV, Vol. 1 (ed.

Religious Motivation and the Origins of Buddhism

Why did people in North India from the 5th century BC choose to leave the world and join the sect of the Buddha? This is the first book to apply the insights of social psychology in order to understand the religious motivation of the people who constituted the early Buddhist community. It also addresses the more general and theoretically controversial question of how world religions come into being, by focusing on the conversion process of the individual believer.

History of Civilizations of Central Asia The crossroads of civilizations A D 250 to 750

In: Handbuch der Orientalistik, 1, 8, 2. Leiden/Cologne. ... Symposien zur Buddhismusforschung 3, 1, 2. 1987. ... 1974. Kabul. Encyclopaedia of Islam, new ed., Vol. 4, fasc. 65-6, pp. 356-7. Leiden. ——. 1976. Kandahar.

History of Civilizations of Central Asia  The crossroads of civilizations  A D  250 to 750

In this third volume covering the flourishing period from the third to the eighth century A.D., scholars describe the powerful role played by the Sasanian state in Iran, the Gupta empire in India and the T'ang dynasty in China. Waves of nomadic migrations and the formation of steppe empires left their mark on political and social life. This multiethnic society had its roots in the great religious traditions of Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Manichaeism, Christianity and Shamanism. The Islamization of a great part of the region brought fundamental changes to all aspects of life. Intensive trade along the Silk Route encouraged cultural and scientific exchanges, making this period one of impressive artistic and intellectual creativity.

History of Civilizations of Central Asia

In : Handbuch der Orientalistik , 1 , 8 , 2 . Leiden / Cologne . ... Symposien zur Buddhismusforschung 3 , 1 , 2. 1987. ... 1974. Kābul . Encyclopaedia of Islam , new ed . , Vol . 4 , fasc . 65-6 , pp . 356-7 . Leiden . 1976. Kandahār .

History of Civilizations of Central Asia


Imagining a Place for Buddhism

Symposium zur Buddhismusforschung, vol. 4, no. 2, edited by Heinz Bechert. ... Oriens Extremus 21/1 (1974):97–109. Winternitz, M. History of ... Si-Yu-Ki, Buddhist Records of the Western World, 2 vols. in 1. Translated by Samuel Beal.

Imagining a Place for Buddhism

Buddhists have played a significant role in shaping the religious history of Tamil-speaking South India, yet there are few remnants of Tamil-speaking Buddhist culture. Focusing on the two complete Buddhist texts in Tamil, Monius sheds light on the role of literary culture in the formation and evolution of the region's religious identity and community.

Early Buddhist Metaphysics

The Dating ofthe Historical Buddha Part 1 (Symposien zur Buddhismusforschung IV, 1), Göttingen: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht. ... Prebish, Charles S. (1974) 'A review of scholarship on the Buddhist councils', Journal of Asian Studies, ...

Early Buddhist Metaphysics

Early Buddhist Metaphysics provides a philosophical account of the major doctrinal shift in the history of early Theravada tradition in India: the transition from the earliest stratum of Buddhist thought to the systematic and allegedly scholastic philosophy of the Pali Abhidhamma movement. Entwining comparative philosophy and Buddhology, the author probes the Abhidhamma's metaphysical transition in terms of the Aristotelian tradition and vis-à-vis modern philosophy, exploits Western philosophical literature from Plato to contemporary texts in the fields of philosophy of mind and cultural criticism.

The Indo Aryan Controversy

... part 1 (Symposien zur Buddhismusforschung IV, 1–2). Göttingen: Vandenhoek und Ruprecht. Beekes, R. S. P., 1995. Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction. Amsterdam/Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins. Bhagavad Datta, 1974 ...

The Indo Aryan Controversy

For the first time in a single volume, this book presents the various arguments in the Indo-Aryan controversy. It also provides a template for the basic issues addressing four major areas: archaeological research, linguistic issues, the interpretation of Vedic texts in their historical contexts, and ideological roots. The volume ends with a plea for a return to civility in the debates which have become increasingly, and unproductively, politicized, and suggests a program of research and inquiry upon which scholars from all sides of the debate might embark.

The Sacred Garden of Lumbini

Bareau, A. 1974. La Jeunesse du Buddha dans les Sūtrapitaka et ... The Dating ofthe Historical Buddha / Die Datierung des Historischen Buddha, Part 1 & 2.Göttingen, Vandenhoeck &Ruprecht (Symposien zur Buddhismusforschung, IV, 1 & 2).

The Sacred Garden of Lumbini


Islam in the World Today

Buddhism in Ceylon and Studies on Religious Syncretism in Buddhist Countries: Symposium zur Buddhismusforschung. Vol. 1. ... Archipel 9 (1974): 119–147. ... Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde (BKI) 158 (2002): 1–20.

Islam in the World Today

Considered the most authoritative single-volume reference work on Islam in the contemporary world, the German-language Der Islam in der Gegenwart, currently in its fifth edition, offers a wealth of authoritative information on the religious, political, social, and cultural life of Islamic nations and of Islamic immigrant communities elsewhere. Now, Cornell University Press is making this invaluable resource accessible to English-language readers. More current than the latest German edition on which it is based, Islam in the World Today covers a comprehensive array of topics in concise essays by some of the world's leading experts on Islam, including: • the history of Islam from the earliest years through the twentieth century, with particular attention to Sunni and Shi'i Islam and Islamic revival movements during the last three centuries; • data on the advance of Islam along with current population statistics; • Muslim ideas on modern economics, on social order, and on attempts to modernize Islamic law (shari'a) and apply it in contemporary Muslim societies; • Islam in diaspora, especially the situation in Europe and America; • secularism, democracy, and human rights; and • women in Islam Twenty-four essays are each devoted to a specific Muslim country or a country with significant Muslim minorities, spanning Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and the former Soviet Union. Additional essays illuminate Islamic culture, exploring local traditions; the languages and dialects of Muslim peoples; and art, architecture, and literature. Detailed bibliographies and indexes ensure the book's usefulness as a reference work.

The Glorious Deeds of Purna

... Philologisch-Historische Klasse Dritte Folge Nrs. 149, 154: Symposium zur Buddhismusforschung III, 1& 2. ... “1. Sfirparaka. 2. Vitasta—Hydaspes,” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, pp. 111—115. . Chaudhary, Angraj, ed. 1976.

The Glorious Deeds of Purna

By providing an annotated translation of, and applying the methods of literary criticism to, a first-century account of the life of the saint Purna, this study introduces the reader to the richness and complexity of an essential Buddhist genre.

Greater Magadha

Balasubrahmanyam , M. D. ( 1974a ) : “ Kātyāyana and some Vedic formations . ” Samskītavimarśaḥ 1 ... Balasubrahmanyam , M. D. ( 1984 ) : " Subhagamkaranī in AV 6,139,1 . ” Amstadhārā . ... ( Symposien zur Buddhismusforschung , IV , 3. ) ...

Greater Magadha

Greater Magadha, roughly the eastern part of the Gangetic plain of northern India, has so far been looked upon as deeply indebted to Brahmanical culture. Religions such as Buddhism and Jainism are thought of as derived, in one way or another, from Vedic religion. This belief is defective in various respects. The book argues for the importance and independence of Greater Magadha as a cultural area until a date close to the beginning of the Common Era. In order to correct the incorrect notions, two types of questions are dealt with: questions pertaining to cultural and religious dependencies, and questions relating to chronology. As a result a modified picture arises that also has a bearing on the further development of Indian culture. The book is arranged in five parts. Part-I describes cultural features of Greater Magadha, under which there are three chapters-The Fundamental Spiritual Ideology, Other Features and Conclusions. Part-II: Brahmanism vis-a-vis Rebirth and Karmic Retribution has three sections- Hesitantly Accepted, Rebirth and Karmic Retribution Ignored or Rejected, and Urban Brahmins. Under section one there are chapters on„ Dharma Sutra, a portion from the Mahabharata and the early Upanisads. Section two features chapters on Rebirth and Karmic Retribution Ignored and Rebirth and Karmic Retribution Rejected. Section three is on urban Brahmins. Part-III dwells on the chronological issues, - linguistic consideration, the Vedic texts known to the early Sanskrit grammarians, to the early Buddhists, some indications in late-Vedic literature, urban versus rural culture, etc. Part-IV is Conclusion, while Part V has useful appendices-The antiquity of the Vedanta philosophy, a Carvaka in the Mahabharata, Vedic texts known to panini, the form of the Rgveda known to Panini, Vedic texts known to Patanjali, Brahmins in the Buddhist canon, Brahmanism in Gandhara and surrounding and Carvakas and the Sabarabhasya

The Spread of Buddhism

1*11. *. 1925. “Origin and Doctrines of Early Indian Buddhist Schools. A Translation of the Hsiian-chwang Version of Vasumitra's ... Zur Sehulzugehorigkeit oon I/Verken der Hinmnina-Lihratur Symposien zur Buddhismusforschung 3.1.

The Spread of Buddhism

This book unravels some of the complex factors that allowed or hampered the presence of (certain aspects of) Buddhism in the regions to the north and the east of India, such as Central Asia, China, Tibet, Mongolia, or Korea.

Reading the Mah vamsa

In Buddhism and Ceylon and Studies on Religious Syncretism in Buddhist Countries, ed. Heinz Bechert, 28–47. Symposium zur Buddhismusforschung no. 1. Göttingen, Germany: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, 1978. Nussbaum, Martha.

Reading the Mah  vamsa

Vamsa is a dynamic genre of Buddhist history filled with otherworldly characters and the exploits of real-life heroes. These narratives collapse the temporal distance between Buddha and the reader, building an emotionally resonant connection with an outsized religious figure and a longed-for past. The fifth-century Pali text Mahavamsa is a particularly effective example, using metaphor and other rhetorical devices to ethically transform readers, to stimulate and then to calm them. Reading the Mahavamsa advocates a new, literary approach to this text by revealing its embedded reading advice (to experience samvega and pasada) and affective work of metaphors (the Buddha's dharma as light) and salient characters (nagas). Kristin Scheible argues that the Mahavamsa requires a particular kind of reading. In the text's proem, special instructions draw readers to the metaphor of light and the nagas, or salient snake-beings, of the first chapter. Nagas are both model worshippers and unworthy hoarders of Buddha's relics. As nonhuman agents, they challenge political and historicist readings of the text. Scheible sees these slippery characters and the narrative's potent and playful metaphors as techniques for refocusing the reader's attention on the text's emotional aims. Her work explains the Mahavamsa's central motivational role in contemporary Sri Lankan Buddhist and nationalist circles. It also speaks broadly to strategies of reading religious texts and to the internal and external cues that give such works lives beyond the page.

Politics and Transcendent Wisdom

Berkeley , Shambhala , 1974 . Davidson , Ronald M. “ An Introduction to the Standards of Scriptural ... In Heinz Bechert , ed . , Symposien zur Buddhismusforschung , 4 : 1 . Göttingen : Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht , 1991 . “ Daibuccho .

Politics and Transcendent Wisdom

Politics and Transcendent Wisdom presents a systematic theoretical framework for understanding the relationship between politics and religion in a variety of contexts. This book examines the formation of &"national protection&" Buddhism in China and translates the key text of this important movement. Showing that Buddhist notions of sovereignty were meant and were taken as more than mere metaphor, Orzech examines the profound link between Buddhist notions of transcendence and the deployment of political authority in East Asia. To this integration of philosophical tradition and political history is brought a new understanding of Buddhist cosmology. The contexts of Buddhism as state religion in fifth- and eighth-century China are examined in detail, through extended consideration of the Transcendent Wisdom Scripture for Humane Kings Who Wish to Protect Their States, the text that was the charter for Buddhist state cults in China, Korea, and Japan into the twentieth century. The text first appeared during the fifth century as Buddhists were struggling to understand how their &"foreign&" religion and the &"foreign&" rulers of north China might be adapted to Chinese religious and political culture. The Scripture for Humane Kings and the rites enjoined by it were one answer to these questions. Three centuries later, in the context of a fully sinified Buddhism, the T'ang dynasty Tantric master Pu-k'ung produced a new version of the text with new rites that served as the centerpiece of his vision of a Chinese Buddhist state modeled on esoteric lines. The final section of this volume presents for the first time a full, annotated translation of this important East Asian Buddhist text.

Library of Congress Catalogs

D46C86 1974 327.09045 - dc19 75-5096 75r8ljrev MARC Symposium : Care of the Professional Voice , 8th , Juilliard School , 1979 . ... 108 ) ( Symposien tur Buddhismusforschung ; 1 ) Includes bibliographical references .

Library of Congress Catalogs


Subject Catalog

서 iti haft . , 1972 , 1974 printing . 104 p . ( on double leaves ) : 26 cm . CONTENTS 諸佛南一中的他,一對黃. ... 108 ) ( Symposien zur Buddhismusforschung : 1 ) GER Includes bibliographical references . ISBN 3-525-82387-8 ( pbk . ) 1.

Subject Catalog


Monographic Series

Monographic Series


Three G ndh r Ekottarik gama type S tras

1950-1 . Das Mahāparinirvāṇasūtra . 3 vols . Abhandlungen der Deutschen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin , Klasse für Sprachen , Literatur und Kunst , 1949 , no . 1 , 1950 , nos . 2–3 . ... Symposien zur Buddhismusforschung 2.

Three G  ndh  r   Ekottarik  gama type S  tras

Three Gandhari Ekottarikagama-Type Sutras continues the Gandharan Buddhist Texts studies of the first-century A.D. birch bark scrolls in the British Library's Kharosthi manuscript collection. It describes the text found on two fragments which constitute the lower part of a scroll and consists of the remnants of three sutras. All three sutras are relatively short and have an association with the number four, which suggests that they are from a Gandhar- Ekottarikagama, a collection of short discourses grouped according to numerical principles and one of the major collections of writings in the Buddhist canon. The first sutra records a discussion in which a brahman asks the Buddha four questions. The second su-tra, like the third, depicts the Buddha preaching to monks. The structure of this sutra is based on the four postures: walking, standing, sitting, and lying down. The Buddha’s discourse in the third sutra concerns the four efforts (or abandonings). The book describes the condition of the scroll and its reconstruction; examines in detail the literary and textual background of the sutras, comparing them with other extant versions and parallels in other languages; and presents a transcription of the extant text, a reconstruction, and an English translation. It includes chapters on the paleography, orthography, phonology, and morphology of the text, and offers a detailed analytic commentary. For more information go to the Early Buddhist Manuscript Project web site at http://www.ebmp.org/