This step-by-step approach to introducing performance-based pay helps districts avoid common pitfalls and put best practices into action, including collaboration with teachers to design balanced assessments.
Of particular interest to educators is the section dealing with alternatives to merit pay compensation , such as differentiated staffing and teacher incentive plans . 30132 Cooper , J.M. " Pupil Growth Measures and Teacher Evaluation ...
This bibliography includes scholarly journals, dissertations, papers, and books published primarily from 1980 through December 1984 that focus on teacher evaluation and merit pay. These materials are presented in separate chapters, according to the type of publication in which they appeared. In addition to materials identified and annotated from a literature search of several education databases, the authors wrote to public school districts with student populations of over 5,000 requesting copies of their teacher evaluation materials. They received 348 sets of evaluation documents and these materials are annotated in the chapter entitled School District Publications. Other materials prepared by school districts are included in the chapter entitled Papers.
Key Features and Assumptions Compensation based on the evaluation of individual teacher performance has traditionally been known as merit pay. Merit pay systems date back to the early twentieth century and have been sporadically pursued ...
Author: James H. Stronge
Publisher: Corwin Press
This review of existing teacher compensation models provides school administrators with a research-based approach for developing a compensation system that attracts and retains high-quality teachers.
Certainly , the NCAE's parent organization , the National Education Association ( NEA ) , had long opposed efforts to link teacher evaluation and merit pay . NCAE realized that the funds for the " merit pay " plan ( budgeted at $ 48 ...
Author: Daniel Linden Duke
Publisher: SUNY Press
Since the beginning of the school reform movement in the early 1980's, various efforts have been made to improve teacher evaluation. Most of the initial efforts were designed to promote greater accountability. They were characterized by research-based performance standards, sophisticated classroom observation procedures, and extensive training. More recently, the focus of teacher evaluation has been expanded to include provisions for professional development. Supporters of this trend have argued that accountability-based evaluation diminishes in value as teachers gain experience and expertise. Teacher Evaluation Policy presents case studies describing how new teacher evaluation policies have been created. The contributors go behind the scenes to examine the complex negotiations between politicians and special interest groups that accompany policy making. They identify the public and the private agendas guiding decision makers. What emerges is a vivid portrait of professionals and politicians grappling over the control of education. Accounts include the formulation of teacher evaluation policy in North Carolina, Louisiana, Connecticut, Washington State, and Great Britain.
Assessing Elementary and Secondary School Teachers Jason Millman, Linda Darling-Hammond. 8. Evaluating Teachers for Career Awards and Merit Pay Samuel B. Bacharach Sharon C. Conley Joseph B. Shedd Introduction A few years ago at a ...
Author: Jason Millman
Publisher: Corwin Press
Now available in paper, this version is the first comprehensive look at the process of selecting, assessing and assisting teachers in nearly a decade. Since the publication of the first Handbook, the profession of teaching has witnessed dramatic change including a greater awareness of teacher accountability, an increase in teacher testing and the development of teaching incentives. At the same time the political, social and organizational factors affecting the performance and evaluation of teachers have been subjects of intensive scrutiny. Reflecting these changes, the new Handbook contains 25 new chapters, and explores current practices, issues and controversies related to the evaluation of teachers at elementary and secondary levels.
Accountability Gains Momentum Both pay-for-performance and school turnaround initiatives were the building blocks leading up to high-stakes teacher evaluation. Merit pay programs illuminated the importance of having evaluation methods ...
Author: Alyson Leah Lavigne
Following the recent major school reform of Race to the Top, schools, teachers, and students are increasingly evaluated through high-stakes achievement test scores. In six concise chapters, Teacher and Student Evaluation explores the historical rise and modern landscape of accountability in American education, and the current models of teacher evaluation. The authors provide realistic and useful suggestions for responding to current accountability demands. The authors explore the methodological concerns and policy implications of using value-added and observational measures to make high-stakes decisions. After reaching the conclusion that these contemporary evaluation practices are flawed, Alyson Lavigne and Thomas Good offer possible solutions that inform current and future teacher evaluation. This book is a valuable resource for students of educational assessment as well as policy makers, administrators, and teachers who are currently building accountability plans. The book is written in an accessible but authoritative fashion that practitioners, policymakers, and scholars will find useful.
Release on 1965 | by North Carolina. Department of Public Instruction
The science of teacher evaluation , however , has not yet developed a sufficiently valid instrument or procedures which justifies general adoption of salary schedules based on individual merit ratings . The Association strongly urges ...
Author: North Carolina. Department of Public Instruction
Indeed , there is more evidence to support the assertion that merit pay has had harmful and disruptive effects ... the momentum created by the present statewide concern with teacher evaluation and merit pay to create a comprehensive ...
Basedon these evaluations, there wereno means of improving teacher quality, let alone identifying teachers for merit pay. The superintendent modeled the evaluation process with each principal throughthe principal evaluation system.
Author: James H. Stronge
Publisher: Corwin Press
This invaluable resource demonstrates how to foster the development of highly qualified teachers through designing and implementing a solid teacher evaluation system.
By regularly conducting sound teacher evaluation, the institutions responsible for the different stages of teacher development and deployment ... superviSion, staff development, promotion, tenure, merit pay, and national certification.
Author: Anthony J. Shinkfield
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Teacher Evaluation: Guide to Professional Practice is organized around four dominant, interrelated core issues: professional standards, a guide to applying the Joint Committee's Standards, ten alternative models for the evaluation of teacher performance, and an analysis of these selected models. The book draws heavily on research and development conducted by the Federally funded national Center for Research on Educational Accountability and Teacher Evaluation (CREATE). The reader will come to grasp the essence of sound teacher evaluation and will be able to apply its principles, facts, ideas, processes, and procedures. Finally, the book invites and assists school professionals and other readers to examine the latest developments in teacher evaluation.
Hence, to enforce the results of the evaluation would invite total opposition by the teaching corps; the results of the evaluation that ... who drew on contract literature, to examine why most merit pay plans had failed in the USA.
Author: Masaaki Katsuno
This book explores the impacts of the introduction of new teacher evaluation policies on teachers and head teachers in Japan, particularly that of producing and reinforcing mutual policing relations among teachers and the destabilisation of their identities. It is timely given the big surge of interest world-wide in measuring and developing teachers’ quality to ensure better learning outcomes. As in many other countries, teachers in Japan have to account for their performance and competence in new ways. This book focuses on the nature and impact of these new accountabilities by drawing on data from a national survey and in-depth interviews with a sample of teachers and head teachers as it surveys: New teacher evaluation policies Theories of teacher evaluation and performativity Views on the new teacher evaluation policies The enactment of the new teacher evaluation policies The quantitative data is used to show how teachers experience and perceive the new teacher evaluation policies and practices, and the qualitative data is used to discuss the depth of analysis required to look at the nature of performativity. This book will be a valued addition to the research base upon which both policy makers and practitioners across the nations can draw for the improvement of teacher evaluation as a means of professional development and accountability.
vagueness and subjectivity , merit pay plans that reward teachers on the basis of classroom evaluations will fare no better than plans that reward student outcomes . Murnane and Cohen suggest that , Merit pay is efficient when the ...
Author: Lois Weis
Publisher: SUNY Press
There is a real need for a clear analysis and investigation of what the "crisis" in teaching actually is. By exploring the definition of the teaching crisis, investigating the evidence for its existence and reforms proposed to "solve" it, and studying the possible effects of proposed reforms, the authors of Crisis in Teaching address this need. Their work constitutes one of the first sustained and critical analyses of teachers and teaching in the contemporary situation. The authors, among the nation's leading critical thinkers in the field of education, reflect a variety of perspectives as they attempt to unravel the current rhetoric of crisis and question solutions that are, in effect, too often simplistic and superficial in their analyses and proposals.
piece-rate pay system similar to that used by School A to distribute reward merit pay, and the more economically backward the region is, the greater the weight assigned to achievement score in teacher evaluation will be.
Author: Jiang Jinqiu
This book examines the compensation system for teachers in compulsory education in China and how it can be brought to bear in attracting, retaining, and motivating teachers while improving the quality of basic education. The study first draws on theories of modern pay systems and revisits major teacher pay reforms at the national level and their implementation at the school level, thereby evaluating the characteristics and problems of pay systems. A comparative analysis of different pay scales and its competitiveness in contrast to other professions then further demonstrates the limitations of existing salary structures in compulsory education schools, along with a failure to offer enough incentives for high-quality teachers and teaching. Approaching the topic from both theoretical and empirical perspectives, the author proposes a restructured pay system and advances constructive suggestions on policymaking as well as research directions in teacher pay reform. The book will appeal to scholars, students, school officials, and policymakers interested in education economics, education management and administration, and especially teacher pay scales and pay reforms.
Survey results indicate that most pre - service teachers favor annual merit pay if the evaluation is completely fair . The most common justification for merit pay reflects the positions of equity or fairness and motivation or incentive ...
Merit pay and the evaluation problem: Why most merit pay plans fail and a few survive. Harvard Educational Review, 56, 1–18. Murphy, K. R., & Cleveland, J. N. (1991). Performance appraisal: An organizational perspective.
Author: Morgaen L. Donaldson
In the wake of national interest in teacher evaluation, this book examines what we have learned about how and whether teacher evaluation holds teachers accountable and improves their practice. Drawing on literature in psychology, economics, and sociology, this multi-disciplinary and multi-perspectival book explores teacher evaluation’s intended goals of development and accountability, as well as its unintended consequences, especially as they relate to equity. Blending theory from diverse disciplines with decades of research, this book provides new insights into how teacher evaluation has played out in schools across the United States and offers recommendations for research, policy, and practice in the years to come. Insights include how to embed teacher evaluation in a larger culture of continuous learning; rethinking assumptions on accountability and development aims; and highlighting the importance of equity in the design, implementation, and outcomes of teacher evaluation. Every chapter concludes with practical recommendations informed by theory and research to guide policymakers, researchers, and district and school leaders as they seek to understand, design, and implement better teacher evaluation systems.
Reward your best teachers for the great work they do!
Author: Gary W. Ritter
Publisher: Corwin Press
Reward your best teachers for the great work they do! Is your school system considering teacher merit pay? Now is the time to know the potential pitfalls and learn from the experiences of other districts. Respected experts Ritter and Barnett provide a step-by-step approach to merit pay that draws on best practices from effective, successful programs. You’ll find: A user-friendly summary of existing merit pay programs and their strengths and weaknesses Six essential principles for designing a program that supports teacher professional development, schoolwide progress, and student achievement How-to’s and tools for every phase of program development, including collaborating with teachers to create balanced assessment tools
In D. L. Duke ( Ed . ) , Teacher evaluation policy : From accountability to professional development . ... Teacher evaluation for career ladder and incentive pay programs . ... Evaluating teachers for career awards and merit pay .
Author: James Stronge
Easy-to-use, authoritative, and flexible, the tools in this book and CD-ROM have been developed over the last 15 years and have been field tested in over 500 schools. These tools will empower you to do your evaluations based on current thinking and best practices.