The Aspergilli: Genomics, Medical Aspects, Biotechnology, and Research Methods provides a comprehensive analysis of the researc
Author: Gustavo H. Goldman
Publisher: CRC Press
With high-quality genome sequences for the important and ubiquitous Aspergilli now available, increased opportunities arise for the further understanding of its gene function, interaction, expression, and evolution. The Aspergilli: Genomics, Medical Aspects, Biotechnology, and Research Methods provides a comprehensive analysis of the research that reveals the main biological attributes of these species. The co-editors are a particularly proficient and prolific pair with long track records of scientific productivity. The book sets the stage with a discussion of basic biology, examining the data on the structure of genomes and comparing the genetic map and annotation methodology. It includes a comparison of metabolic abilities among different Aspergillus spp. and other species, then covers areas such as comparative biology, pathogenic properties, and metabolic capabilities of the Aspergilli. The book reviews established techniques and new methodologies for the post-genomic era in Aspergillus spp. It comes with a CD containing color illustrations to supplement the text. Filling the need for centralized information on a genus that has important economic impacts on agriculture, human health, industry, and pharmacology, the book presents a wide range of data, collected and arranged into one convenient resource. Written by a team of international experts, this is the first in-depth and exhaustive analysis of the genomics of the Aspergilli.
In 1948 , White and colleagues ( 17 ) ' reported on the cellulosedecomposing
potentialities of 27 truly black isolates from the Aspergillus niger group . In these
tests , which employed breaking strength of fungus - incubated cotton fabric as a
THE CHEMISTRY OF ASPERGILLUS COLOURING MATTERS. PART I. [London]
Chem. Soc. Jour. 1937: 80-88. (24) Ridgway, Robert. 1912. COLOR
STANDARDS AND COLOR NOMENCLATURE. 43 pp., illuS. Washington, D. C. (
25) Smith, ...
Aspergillus, in "Advances in Penicillium and Aspergillus systematics" (Samson,
R.A. and Pitt, J.I., Eds.), pp. 55-61. Plenum Press, New York. Gniadkowski, M.,
Fiett, J., Borsuk, P., Hoffmanzacharska, D., Stepien, P.P. and Bartnik, E.(1991) ...
Author: Keith A. Powell
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Proceedings of a symposium held in Canterbury, United Kingdom, April 5-8, 1993.
CHAPTER 3 Aspergillus DEEPAK BHATNAGAR and SANTOS GARCÍA 3 . 1 . ... Aspergilli are metabolically diverse and have been used in the fermentation
industry for the production of organic acids , enzymes , and certain food products
Author: Ronald G. Labbé
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
An expert survey of foodborne pathogens, illnesses, and control methods This volume offers broad and accessible coverage of the pathogens-bacteria, viruses, and parasites-most commonly responsible for foodborne illness. It discusses the nature of illnesses; the epidemiology of pathogens; and current detection, prevention, and control methods. It also features chapters on the globalization of the food supply, seafood toxins, and other miscellaneous agents. Twenty-one chapters, by experts from around the world, cover the most dangerous illnesses and foodborne pathogens currently threatening world populations. Topics include: * Arcobacter/Helicobacter * Aspergillus * Bacillus cereus * Campylobacter * Clostidium perfringens * Clostridium botulinum * Escherichia coli * Fusarium * Listeria * Salmonella * Shigella * Staphylococcus aureus * Vibrio * Yersinia enterocolitica Guide to Foodborne Pathogens offers up-to-date analysis of the growing body of scientific information on both established and new and emerging pathogens. It provides concise coverage that serves the needs of scientists and food professionals who lack a specialized background in foodborne illness but want to stay informed on this vital health issue.
PREFACE The International Workshop on Penicillium and Aspergillus , held in
Baarn , The Netherlands from 26–29 May 1997 , was the third meeting of
scientists working on the systematics of these important fungi . The first workshop
Author: Robert A. Samson
Publisher: CRC Press
Many species of penicillium and aspergillus are important in biotechnology, food, medicine, biodeterioration and other applied fields, so a practical and stable taxonomy is of vital importance. Recent developments in science and technology mean that taxonomic classification is no longer confined to classical morphological concepts, and the integration of molecular, physiological and biochemical methods now plays an important role in understanding the classification of these fungi. Integration of Modern Taxonomic Methods for Penicillium and Aspergillus Classification brings together a collection of chapters from international experts in this field. It will be of value to researchers and professionals in mycology, biotechnology, medicine and regulatory agencies interested in the identification of these fungi.
D. Barug, H. van Egmond, R. Lopez-Garcia, T. van Osenbruggen, A. Visconti.
various adjuvants aimed at reducing and/or eliminating OTA in wine are
discussed. Keywords: Wine; ochratoxin A; Aspergillus ...
Author: D. Barug
Publisher: Wageningen Academic Publishers
Category: Technology & Engineering
Mycotoxins are toxic secondary metabolites of moulds belonging essentially to the Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Fusarium genera. They can be produced on a wide range of agricultural commodities and under a diverse range of situations. Due to their various toxic effects and their good thermal stability, the presence of mycotoxins in foods and feeds is potentially hazardous to the health of both humans and animals. Mycotoxins may cause damage to e.g. liver, kidney or the nervous system, some are even carcinogenic. There is growing concern for ways in which these fungi and their mycotoxins can be prevented from entering the human and animal food chain. And worldwide changes in legislation ever increase the need for more precise and sensitive mycotoxin analytical methods. 'Meeting the mycotoxin menace' contains the peer-reviewed papers of the second World Mycotoxin Forum held 17-18 February 2003 in Noordwijk, the Netherlands. The book focuses on the various aspects related to the presence, prevention, control, sampling and analysis of mycotoxins in agricultural commodities, foods and feeds. In this publication special attention is given to new developments in this field. The editors firmly believe that the very nature of the themes chosen and the excellence of the papers by invited experts from various disciplines will draw an audience from both the food and feed industry, regulatory authorities and science.
ASPERGILLUS : DIAGNOSIS AND DESCRIPTION OF THE GENUS K. J. Kwon -
Chung Clinical Mycology Section Laboratory of Clinical Investigation National
Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases National Institutes of Health ,
Author: Hugo Van Den Bossche
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Species of aspergilli are common in man's environment and are responsible for a wide spectrum of human and animal disease, ranging in animals from mycotic abortion to aflatoxicosis and in humans from localized colonization of the ear or skin to life-threatening systemic infection of neutropenic patients. In recent times, invasive aspergillosis has become increasingly important as a cause of morbidity and death, initially in patients receiving immunosuppression prior to organ transplantation, and latterly in haematologic patients rendered neutropenic by underlying disease or chemotherapy. In some centres, the condition has been recorded in more than 40% of patients dying with acute leukaemia. Laboratory diagnostic procedures are not always helpful and the diagnosis depends largely on clinical parameters. The clinician is faced with yet another problem, that of management. At present, antifungal therapy of invasive aspergillosis can be largely ineffectual, and the mortality rate remains unacceptably high. Since Aspergillus fumigatus was first described almost 125 years ago, several other pathogenic species have been recognized. The marked biosynthetic abilities and varied mechanisms of gene recombination of aspergilli have long commanded attention in food technology and genetics. Their equally varied abilities to cause disease have attracted the interest of toxicologists, allergists and physicians concerned with infectious diseases.
Aspergillus hyphae in sputum or nasal scrapings are hyaline, closely septate,
and dichotomously branched white M2R at ... Aspergilli rarely produce conidial
heads in host tissue, but these can be seen where the infection is growing near
Author: Errol Reiss
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Medical mycology deals with those infections in humans, and animals resulting from pathogenic fungi. As a separate discipline, the concepts, methods, diagnosis, and treatment of fungal diseases of humans are specific. Incorporating the very latest information concerning this area of vital interest to research and clinical microbiologists,Fundamental Medical Mycology balances clinical and laboratory knowledge to provide clinical laboratory scientists, medical students, interns, residents, and fellows with in-depth coverage of each fungal disease and its etiologic agents from both the laboratory and clinical perspective. Richly illustrated throughout, the book includes numerous case presentations.
Aspergillus spp. may infect the skin after dissemination from another site, usually
pulmonary, or the infection may be a ... The predilection of aspergilli to invade
blood vessels leads to infarction and hemorrhage in the lungs and may involve ...
Author: Richard A. McPherson
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Recognized as the definitive book in laboratory medicine since 1908, Henry’s Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods, edited by Richard A. McPherson, MD and Matthew R. Pincus, MD, PhD, is a comprehensive, multidisciplinary pathology reference that gives you state-of-the-art guidance on lab test selection and interpretation of results. Revisions throughout keep you current on the latest topics in the field, such as biochemical markers of bone metabolism, clinical enzymology, pharmacogenomics, and more! A user-friendly full-color layout puts all the latest, most essential knowledge at your fingertips. Update your understanding of the scientific foundation and clinical application of today's complete range of laboratory tests. Get optimal test results with guidance on error detection, correction, and prevention as well as cost-effective test selection. Reference the information you need quickly and easily thanks to a full-color layout, many new color illustrations and visual aids, and an organization by organ system. Master all the latest approaches in clinical laboratory medicine with new and updated coverage of: the chemical basis for analyte assays and common interferences; lipids and dyslipoproteinemia; markers in the blood for cardiac injury evaluation and related stroke disorders; coagulation testing for antiplatelet drugs such as aspirin and clopidogrel; biochemical markers of bone metabolism; clinical enzymology; hematology and transfusion medicine; medical microbiology; body fluid analysis; and many other rapidly evolving frontiers in the field. Effectively monitor the pace of drug clearing in patients undergoing pharmacogenomic treatments with a new chapter on this groundbreaking new area. Apply the latest best practices in clinical laboratory management with special chapters on organization, work flow, quality control, interpretation of results, informatics, financial management, and establishing a molecular diagnostics laboratory. Confidently prepare for the upcoming recertification exams for clinical pathologists set to begin in 2016.
Among the aspergilli, it is the section Circumdati (the yellow aspergilli), which are
well known as OTA producers (Krogh, 1987). They have been studied especially
on cereals, where Aspergillus ochraceus (formerly known as A.
Author: N Magan
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
Category: Business & Economics
Leading researchers in the field are discovering that mycotoxins pose a significant health risk in both animal feed and foods for human consumption. However, the pace of distributing current information on their findings has been lagging until now. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, this book summarizes the wealth of the world's most recent research on how to assess the risks from mycotoxins, detect particular mycotoxins and control them at differing stages in the supply chain. The contributors address risk assessment techniques, sampling methods, modeling, and detection techniques used to measure the risk of mycotoxin contamination and also provide current regulations governing mycotoxin limits in food. They discuss the use of HACCP systems and mycotoxin control at different stages in the supply chain. Chapters include case studies, which demonstrate how these controls work for particular products. The last section of the book details particular mycotoxins, form ochratoxin A and patulinto to zearalenone and fumonisins.
Aspergillus is readily isolated from environmental samples of soil, water, and air
worldwide. Aspergillus ... The spectrum of diseases caused by the aspergilli is
wide and profoundly influenced by the underlying immune status of the host.
Author: David Schlossberg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
A fully updated version of this popular, clinically oriented, user-friendly text on infectious disease, with even more helpful graphics, tables, algorithms and images. It is packed full of information on diagnosis, differential diagnosis and therapy. In addition to the traditional organization of organ-system and pathogen-related information, this text also includes clinically helpful sections on the susceptible host (with individual chapters, for example, on the diabetic, the elderly, the injection drug user and the neonate), infections related to travel, infections related to surgery and trauma, nosocomial infection and bioterrorism. Positioned between the available encyclopedic tomes and the smaller pocket guides, this is a convenient, comprehensive and highly practical reference for all those practising in infectious diseases as well as internal or general medicine.
Monocyte and Macrophage Defense Against Aspergillus and Rhizopus Hyphae .
... 50 I. INTRODUCTION The aspergilli and the Zygomycetes are among the 29
Aspergillosis and Mucormycosis Alayn R Waldorf and Richard D Diamond.
Author: Rebecca A. Cox
Publisher: CRC Press
This informative text is divided into eight chapters, each of which presents a comprehensive review of natural and acquired host defense mechanisms in a major mycotic disease. The chapters are written by distinguished scientists whose studies have contributed significantly to the understanding of the immunology of the mycoses. This text should provide a valuable reference for researchers, practicing clinicians, and new investigators entering this expanding field.
The VapA-VapB-VipC trimeric complex is part of an epigenetic developmental control pathway of A. nidulans.
Author: Hugo Amoedo Machi
The VapA-VapB-VipC trimeric complex is part of an epigenetic developmental control pathway of A. nidulans. VeA-interacting protein (VipC) and VipC-associated protein B (VapB) are methyltransferases, and VapA is a zinc-finger membrane protein. This complex integrates and translocates environmental signals from the membrane to the nucleus for the control of development through changes in gene expression. Genome analysis of several Aspergillus species revealed the presence of different Vap-Vip pathways variants not only among the Aspergilli but also within the strains of the human opportunisti...
Aspergillomas represent colonization by Aspergillus spp. of preexisting lung
cavities caused by other diseases. ... In well-aerated tissues, such as air sacs and
cavities, conidiophores typical of the aspergilli are formed among the mycelial ...
Author: George W. Beran
Publisher: CRC Press
This multivolume handbook presents the most authoritative and comprehensive reference work on major zoonoses of the world. The Handbook of Zoonoses covers most diseases communicable to humans, as well as those diseases common to both animals and humans. It identifies animal diseases that are host specific and reviews the effects of various human diseases on animals. Discussions address diseases that remain important public and animal health problems and the techniques that can control and prevent them. The chapters are written by internationally recognized scientists in their respective areas of disease, who work or have worked extensively in the most affected areas of the world. The emphasis for each zoonosis is on the epidemiology of the disease, the clinical syndromes and carrier states in infected animals and humans, and the most current methods for diagnosis and approaches to control. For infectious agents or biologic toxins, which may be transmitted by foods of animal origin, a strong focus is placed on food safety measures. The etiologic and therapeutic aspects of each disease important to epidemiology and control are identified.
(2011 MAY17) Institute of Science, Bari: Aspergillus niger contains the cryptic
phylogenetic species A. awamori Investigators discuss in “Aspergillus niger
contains the cryptic phylogenetic species A. awamori” new findings in Aspergillus
Aspergillus Niger: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional / 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyPaper™ that delivers timely, authoritative, and intensively focused information about Aspergillus Niger in a compact format. The editors have built Aspergillus Niger: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional / 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Aspergillus Niger in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Aspergillus Niger: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional / 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Health & Medicine Week — Fresh data
on Aspergillus are presented in a new report. According to news reporting from
New Orleans, Louisiana, by NewsRx journalists, research stated, “Within the ...
Aspergillus: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about Additional Research in a concise format. The editors have built Aspergillus: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Additional Research in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Aspergillus: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.