All along, the story is interwoven with the drama surrounding German efforts to complete the Berlin to Baghdad railway, the weapon designed to win the war and assure German hegemony over the Middle East.
Author: Sean McMeekin
Publisher: Harvard University Press
The modern Middle East was forged in the crucible of the First World War, but few know the full story of how war actually came to the region. As Sean McMeekin reveals in this startling reinterpretation of the war, it was neither the British nor the French but rather a small clique of Germans and Turks who thrust the Islamic world into the conflict for their own political, economic, and military ends.
Sean McMeekin, The Berlin-Baghdad Express: The Ottoman Empire and Germany's Bid for World Power (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2010). 17. Railways accounted for about two-thirds of German investment in Ottoman lands.
Author: Omer Bartov
Publisher: Berghahn Books
The conflict between Israel and Palestine has raised a plethora of unanswered questions, generated seemingly irreconcilable narratives, and profoundly transformed the land’s physical and political geography. This volume seeks to provide a deeper understanding of the links between the region that is now known as Israel and Palestine and its peoples—both those that live there as well as those who relate to it as a mental, mythical, or religious landscape. Engaging the perspectives of a multidisciplinary, international group of scholars, it is an urgent collective reflection on the bonds between people and a place, whether real or imagined, tangible as its stones or ephemeral as the hopes and longings it evokes.
McMeekin, Berlin—BaghdadExpress, pp. 70, 72, 80, 10244. For a recent summary of the confu— sion of the various campaigns ... McMeekin, Berlin—Baghdad Express, p. 89. 30. Hopkirk, On Secret Service, pp. 41*43, 49. 31. Ibid., pp. 44448.
Author: Paul Knight
When war broke out between the British and Turkish empires in 1914, the 6th (Poona) Division sailed from India to Basra to bolster Britain’s allies, deny the port to enemy shipping, and secure Britain’s Persian oil supplies. Further expansion followed: the capture of Al-Amara was the British Army’s greatest victory of 1915. When an advance on Baghdad was repulsed, the Siege of Kut became the British Army’s longest siege and greatest surrender. Attempts to relieve Kut led to unsuccessful battles that were bloody and muddy even by Western Front standards. Under new leadership, revitalized and reinforced, the British avenged their defeat when Baghdad was captured in March 1917. Thereafter, the British Empire committed, in campaigns of limited value to the overall war effort, huge levels of manpower and materiel desperately needed elsewhere. What was created was modern Iraq and the first Arab government in Baghdad in over 400 years. This detailed history places the campaign in context of Allied operations in the Middle East and sheds light on several unsung heroes of the war, including General Charles Townshend whose spectacular 1915 victories led to humiliating defeat and captivity in 1916; General Frederick Stanley Maude whose March 1917 entry into Baghdad preceded General Allenby’s entry into Jerusalem by eight months; and Miss Gertrude Bell, a “female Lawrence of Arabia” who played a central role in the creation of the new Iraqi state.
The Ottoman Endgame is the most satisfactory and thought-through of the recent books on the subject that I have seen' Norman Stone, Prospect 'Original and passionately written' Economist 'A marvellous exposition of the historian's art' ...
Author: Sean McMeekin
The Ottoman Endgame is the first, and definitive, single-volume history of the Ottoman empire's decade-long war for survival. Beginning with Italy's invasion of Ottoman Tripoli in September 1911, the opening salvo in what would soon spiral into a European conflict, the book concludes with the establishment of Turkish independence in the Treaty of Lausanne, 1923. This is the first time an author has woven the entire epic together from start to finish - and it will cause many readers to fundamentally reevaluate their understanding of the conflict. The consequences, well into the 21st century, could not have been more momentous.
Ottoman EmpireA startling reality burst Osman's dream of a sole enduring promise land.
Author: Henry Freeman
Ottoman Empire A startling reality burst Osman's dream of a sole enduring promise land. The pious, Sufi mystics, beys, emirs and tribes on Anatolia's frontiers chased the Ottoman vision. Sultans would rise and build multicultural millets and stir the soul of caliphs. Drawn to the allure of the Orient Express, coffee and velvet, the burst didn't happen over night. Merchants, nobility and guilded artisans built markets and trade routes. Risking their lives, Ottomans crossed the pirate-riddled Adriatic. Sultans and gazis embraced the crescent's rise. Inside you will read about... - Origins until the Balkan Conquests- Institutions & Society: Millets, Guilds, Trade, Religion and Mysticism- Fifteenth Century Imperial Style, Sixteenth Century Golden Age, Cracks before World War I- The Eastern QuestionAnd much more!.Western industrialization and the Enlightenment gripped hearts and minds as starry-eyed Ottoman astronomers and society embraced a Golden Age. Yet with any rise comes the reality that Sir Lawrence of Arabia and the Berlin-Baghdad Express alliances could only foreshadow. Designs on the lands turned the empire into the Eastern Question during World War I in a prelude to today's Middle East.
July 1914 tells the story of Europe's countdown to war through the eyes of these men, between the bloody opening act on 28 June 1914 and Britain's final plunge on 4 August, which turned a European conflict into a world war.
Author: Sean McMeekin
On 28 June 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated in Sarajevo. A little over a month later the world was engulfed in the bloodiest conflict mankind had ever seen. How did such tragedy unfold so quickly?
Now in paperback, the first major new history of the Russian Revolution in a decade combines cutting-edge scholarship and a fast-paced narrative to shed new light on a great turning point of the twentieth century.
Author: Sean McMeekin
At the turn of the century, the Russian economy was growing by about 10% annually and its population had reached 150 million. By 1920 the country was in desperate financial straits and more than 20 million Russians had died. And by 1950, a third of the globe had embraced communism. The triumph of Communism sets a profound puzzle. How did the Bolsheviks win power and then cling to it amid the chaos they had created? Traditional histories remain a captive to Marxist ideas about class struggle. Analysing never before used files from the Tsarist military archives, McMeekin argues that war is the answer. The revolutionaries were aided at nearly every step by Germany, Sweden, and Switzerland who sought to benefit - politically and economically - from the changes overtaking the country. To make sense of Russia's careening path the essential question is not Lenin's "who, whom?", but who benefits?
The book you gave me yesterday , by Sean McMeekin , The Berlin - Baghdad Express , is a wonderful analysis of these two trajectories , of Turkey and of Israel . He doesn't speak about scripts , being a serious historian . But you do ?
Above all, Stalin's War uncovers the shocking details of how the US government (to the detriment of itself and its other allies) fuelled Stalin's war machine, blindly agreeing to every Soviet demand, right down to agents supplying details ...
Author: Sean McMeekin
In this remarkable, ground-breaking new book Sean McMeekin marks a generational shift in our view of Stalin as an ally in the Second World War. Stalin's only difference from Hitler, he argues, was that he was a successful murderous predator. With Hitler dead and the Third Reich in ruins, Stalin created an immense new Communist empire. Among his holdings were Czechoslovakia and Poland, the fates of which had first set the West against the Nazis and, of course, China and North Korea, the ramifications of which we still live with today. Until Barbarossa wrought a public relations miracle, turning him into a plucky ally of the West, Stalin had murdered millions, subverted every norm of international behaviour, invaded as many countries as Hitler had, and taken great swathes of territory he would continue to keep. In the larger sense the global conflict grew out of not only German and Japanese aggression but Stalin's manoeuvrings, orchestrated to provoke wars of attrition between the capitalist powers in Europe and in Asia. Above all, Stalin's War uncovers the shocking details of how the US government (to the detriment of itself and its other allies) fuelled Stalin's war machine, blindly agreeing to every Soviet demand, right down to agents supplying details of the atomic bomb.
The year is 2006 - Russia and its billionaires promise riches and an auspicious future, for many the country has become the land of the rising sun, not least for German media czars and politicians.
Author: Peter de Chamier
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
The year is 2006 - Russia and its billionaires promise riches and an auspicious future, for many the country has become the land of the rising sun, not least for German media czars and politicians. From Basel to the Mediterranean, from Berlin to Istanbul - and beyond. You live and learn, Jack Boulder realizes, but to which purpose? "One never really knows where a story has its beginning or when it's over and done with. This one was simple. It started on a Saturday." It tries to answer questions such as: Why is a Russian oligarch interested in reinventing the Berlin-Baghdad railroad of the late 19th century? Why is a leading German media entrepreneur and former East-German journalist deeply interested in the same topic? Is it dangerous to go long-distance biking in Turkey? Question after question. It begins with an accident in Greece, follows manhunts along dusty railroad tracks in the Middle East, and ends with a furniture truck in Switzerland.
The Berlin - Baghdad Express : The Ottoman Empire and Germany's Bid for World Power , 1898–1918 . Cambridge , Mass .: Harvard Univ . Press , 2010. 496pp . $ 29.95 Russian rivals ) by linking the farthest reaches of the Ottoman Empire ...
... to Constantinople and railway By Sean McMeekin projects in Anatolia and Mesopotamia ( Harvard University Press / Belknap Press 324pp £ 22.95 ) ( discussed in McMeekin's previous book The Berlin - Baghdad Express ) threatened br many ...
... für Politik und Geschichte , Berlin 1922–1927 Leslie , John D. , ' Österreich - Ungarn vor dem Kriegsausbruch . ... Palgrave , Macmillan , Basingstoke , New York 2007 > McMeekin , Sean , The Berlin - Baghdad Express 622 Bibliography.
Author: Annika Mombauer
Publisher: Documents in Modern History
Annika Mombauer's essential source reader translates, cross-references and annotates a vast range of international diplomatic and military documents on the origins of the First World War. It collects together newly discovered or not previously available in English, drawn from a broad range of sources and countries into a single, indispensable text for students and scholars alike. The volume includes a detailed scholarly introduction which analyses the most controversial issues in the debate on the origins of the War and provides a comprehensive overview of the history of document collections on the war's origins. The documents cover the period 1911–14, with particular emphasis on the July Crisis and immediate outbreak of war. Thoroughly cross-referenced and annotated, these fascinating sources are presented with authoritative commentary, enabling readers to make connections between the documents to illuminate how the decisions for war were taken, and why. This will be an invaluable resource for anyone studying or teaching the origins of the First World War.
The Berlin - Baghdad Express runs along the south , while a line from Erzurum to Kars connects with a narrow gauge line at the Russian border . With an eye to their nation's increasing productivity , the Turks are setting aside about ...
Aleppo became an important junction on the line , and already in the Balkans railway trucks could be seen bearing the proud if somewhat exaggerated sign BERLIN - BAGHDAD . Thanks to the ingenuity of German surveyors and engineers ...
Author: Michael Barsley
Publisher: New York : Stein and Day
Category: Express trains
Nostalgic view of the 80 year history of the Paris-Istanbul train, narrating its influence on movies and novels.
The tracks we were traveling on were “ wide ” tracks , part of the Berlin - Baghdad Orient , Express line system . From Rayak on the train had to travel on “ narrow " tracks , part of the French Railway system .
Author: Euphronia Halebian Meymarian
Category: Biography & Autobiography
A memoir of the Armenian Genocide (Aintab, Turkey) and the rejuvination of Armenian communities in exile (Beirut, Lebanon and Burlington, Vermont).
... deserts and Beyrut to Cairo ( which was taken by my colleagues Prince Yusuf Mirza and Sri Pranabesh Sinha ) and ( 2 ) via Turkey and Asian - Greece to Egypt by the Taurus Express , originally known as the Berlin - Baghdad Railway .