Reading and Re Reading Scripture at Qumran 2 vol set

65 Qumran biblical interpretation, the aramaic version of Job from cave 11, 11QtgJob.16 this translation can best be described as a fairly literal one, and it is in this way that it diverges most of all from the later aramaic versions.

Reading and Re Reading Scripture at Qumran  2 vol  set

In Reading and Re-reading Scripture at Qumran, Moshe J. Bernstein gathers over three decades worth of his essays on biblical interpretation in the Dead Sea Scrolls. They address the Genesis Apocryphon and 4Q252, as well various legal texts and pesharim.

An Aramaic Approach to Q

Mandelkern, S., Antl hyxndrwqnwq Concordance on the Bible (2 vols., Leipzig, 1896; revised by C. M. Brecher, New York, 1955). Milik, J. T., The Books of Enoch. Aramaic Fragments of Qumrˆan Cave 4 (Oxford, 1976). M ̈uller-Kessler,Ch., ...

An Aramaic Approach to Q

This is the first book to examine the Aramaic dimension of Q since the Aramaic Dead Sea scrolls made such work more feasible. Maurice Casey gives a detailed examination of key passages in Matthew and Luke's gospels, demonstrating that they used two different Greek translations of an Aramaic source, which can be reconstructed. He overturns the conventional model of Q as a single Greek document, and shows that Jesus said everything in the original Aramaic source. Further analysis of other gospel passages shows the evangelists editing a Greek translation of an Aramaic source. On one, it can be shown that Mark utilises a different Aramaic source. A complex model of Q is thus proposed. Casey argues that Aramaic sources behind part of Q are of extremely early date, and should contribute significantly to the quest for the historical Jesus.

From Scribes to Scholars

F. Field, Origen Hexaplorum, 2 vols., Oxford 1875. Peshitt. = A. H. De Boer (ed.), The Old Testament in Syriac, Leiden 1972–1988. Tg. J. = A. Sperber, The Bible in Aramaic, vol. II: The Former Prophets According to Targum Jonathan, ...

From Scribes to Scholars

Yakir Paz argues that ancient Homeric scholarship had a major impact on the formation of rabbinic biblical commentaries and their modes of exegesis. This impact is discernible not only in the terminology and hermeneutical techniques used by the rabbis, but also in their perception of the Bible as a literary product, their didactic methods, editorial principles and aesthetic sensitivities. In fact, it is the influence of Homeric scholarship which can best explain the drastic differences between earlier biblical commentaries from Palestine, such as those found among the Dead Sea Scrolls, and the scholastic Halakhic Midrashim (second to third century CE). The results of the author's study call for a re-examination of many assumptions regarding the emergence of Midrash, as well as a broader appreciation of the impact of Homeric scholarship on biblical exegesis in Antiquity.

The Aramaic Version of the Bible

IV,” V126 (1976) -, “The Biography of the Aramaic Bible,” ZAIV 94 (1982) Levita, Elias, Lexicus Chaldaicum (Isny 1541) ... The jeu/s in Egypt and Palestine (London 1920) —, The Bible as Read and Preached in the Old S jnagogue, 2 Vols.

The Aramaic Version of the Bible

The series Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft (BZAW) covers all areas of research into the Old Testament, focusing on the Hebrew Bible, its early and later forms in Ancient Judaism, as well as its branching into many neighboring cultures of the Ancient Near East and the Greco-Roman world.

From Apocalypticism to Merkabah Mysticism

The Targum Onkelos to Genesis (Aramaic Bible, 6; Wilmington, Del. ... Knibb, Michael, The Ethiopic Book of Enoch: A New Edition in the Light of the Aramaic Dead Sea Fragments (2 vols; Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1978).

From Apocalypticism to Merkabah Mysticism

From Volume 5 (2006), the Journal of Bamboo and Rattan is published by Kerala Forestry Research Institute, Peechi - 680 653, Kerala, India, Fax: + 91 487 269 9249, E-mail: [email protected], www.kfri.org.

Denying Her Voice The Figure of Miriam in Ancient Jewish Literature

Douglas, J. D. and M. C. Tenney. New International Dictionary of the Bible. 5 vols. Grand Rapids, Mich. ... Chico, Calif. Scholars Press, 1983–2003. Joüon, Paul. A Grammar of Biblical Hebrew. 2 vols. Subsidia biblica 14.

Denying Her Voice  The Figure of Miriam in Ancient Jewish Literature

Hanna Tervanotko first analyzes the treatment and development of Miriam as a literary character in ancient Jewish texts, taking into account all the references to this figure preserved in ancient Jewish literature from the exilic period to the early second century C.E.: Exodus 15:20-21; Deuteronomy 24:8-9; Numbers 12:1-15; 20:1; 26:59; 1 Chronicles 5:29; Micah 6:4, the Septuagint, the Dead Sea Scrolls (4Q365 6 II, 1-7; 4Q377 2 I, 9; 4Q543 1 I, 6 = 4Q545 1 I, 5; 4Q546 12, 4; 4Q547 4 I, 10; 4Q549 2, 8), Jubilees 47:4; Ezekiel the Tragedian 18; Demetrius Chronographer frag. 3; texts by Philo of Alexandria: De vita contemplativa 87; Legum allegoriae 1.76; 2.66-67; 3.103; De agricultura 80-81; Liber antiquitatum biblicarum 9:10; 20:8, and finally texts by Josephus: Antiquitates judaicae 2.221; 3.54; 3.105; 4.78. These texts demonstrate that the picture of Miriam preserved in the ancient Jewish texts is richer than the Hebrew Bible suggests. The results provide a contradictory image of Miriam. On the one hand she becomes a tool of Levitical politics, whereas on the other she continues to enjoy a freer role. People continued to interpret earlier literary traditions in light of new situations, and interpretations varied in different contexts. Second, in light of poststructuralist literary studies that treat texts as reflections of specific social situations, Tervanotko argues that the treatment of Miriam in ancient Jewish literature reflects mostly a reality in which women had little space as active agents. Despite the general tendency to allow women only little room, the references to Miriam suggest that at least some prominent women may have enjoyed occasional freedom.

Of Wood and Stone

... Sifre Numbers,” and Sifra *Michael L. Klein, The Fragment Targums of the Pentateuch According to their extant sources (2 vols.; Analecta Biblica 76; Rome: Biblical Institute, 1980). “Sperber, Bible in Aramaic, vols. 2 and 3.

 Of Wood and Stone

The Hebrew Bible differs on which cultic items used in worship were appropriate for use within YHWHism. By analyzing passages mentioning "high places" (bamot), sacred trees (asherim), etc., this study finds many cultic practices were acceptable.

Targum and New Testament

Torah Shelemah , vol . 35 ( = Aramaic Versions of the Bible , vol . 2 ) , Jerusalem 1983 . “ 7 817 ” ( “ High Priesthood " ) , in Torah Shelemah , vol . 35 , 170-185 . Kaufman , S. A. , Akkadian Influences in Aramaic , Chicago 1974 .

Targum and New Testament

The relevance of the Targums (Aramaic translations of the Hebrew Bible) for the understanding of the New Testament has been a matter of dispute over the past three hundred years, principally by reason of the late date of the Targum manuscripts and the nature of the Aramaic. The debate has become more focused by reason of the Qumran finds of pre-Christian Aramaic documents (1947) and the identification of a complete text of the Palestinian Targum of the Pentateuch in the Vatican Library (Codex Neofiti, 1956). Martin McNamara traces the history of the debate down to our own day and the annotated translation of all the Targums into English. He studies the language situation (Aramaic and Greek) in New Testament Palestine and the interpretation of the Scriptures in the Targums, with concepts and language similar to the New Testament. Against this background relationships between the Targums and the New Testament are examined. A way forward is suggested by regarding the tell-like structure of the Targums (with layers from different ages) and a continuum running through for certain texts.

The Message of Acts in Codex Bezae vol 2

A Comparison with the Alexandrian Tradition, Volume 2 Josep Rius-Camps, Jenny Read-Heimerdinger ... Beattie, D.R.G., and M.J. McNamara (eds), The Aramaic Bible: T argums in their Historical Context (JSOTSup, 166; Sheffield: Sheffield ...

The Message of Acts in Codex Bezae  vol 2

A comparison of the message of Acts transmitted by Codez Bezae with that of the more familiar Alexandrian text, represented by Codex Vaticanus. For each section of Acts, there is a side by side translation of the Bezan and Alexandrian manuscripts, followed by a critical apparatus and, finally, a commentary that explores the differences in the message of the two texts. It is concluded that the Bezan text, with its interest in internal Jewish affairs and its focus on the struggles of the early disciples to free themselves from their traditional Jewish expectations and to achieve, despite their mistakes, a more accurate understanding of their master's teaching, is the earlier of the two texts. LNTS 302

A Concise Lexicon of Late Biblical Hebrew

1959–73.4 vols. The Bible in Aramaic. Leiden: Brill. 1.2.2.9 Targum Rishon Esther (1Tg. Esth.) Ms. Paris 110 Katzenelnbogen, M. L., ed. 2006. Megillat Esther. Torat Ḥayyim. Jerusalem: Mosad Harav Kook. 1.2.2.10 Targum Sheni Esther (2 ...

A Concise Lexicon of Late Biblical Hebrew

The eighty lexical entries exemplify a diachronic investigation of Late Biblical Hebrew, which reflects the transition period from the Hebrew Bible to Talmudic literature. Together with relevant bibliography for ‎each entry, the Lexicon serves as an indispensable tool for understanding the emergence and development of Late Biblical Hebrew neologisms.‎

The Jewish Study Bible

2 vols. Bethesda, Md.: CDL Press, 1993. . From Distant Days: Myths, Tales, and Poetry of Ancient Mesopotamia. Bethesda, Md.~. CDL Press, 1995Hallo, William W. and K. Lawson Younger, eds. The Context of Scripture. V01.

The Jewish Study Bible

This study Bible offers readers of the Hebrew Bible a resource that is specifically tailored to meet their needs. It presents the centre of gravity of the Scriptures where Jews experience it.

Neofiti 1 Deuteronomy 5A

2 vols. New York: Pardes. Kasher, M.: 1974, Torah Shelemah. Vol. 24. Targumey ha-Torah. Aramaic Versions of the Bible. A Comparative Study of Onkelos, Jonathan, Jerusalem Targums and the Full Jerusalem Targum of Vatican Neofiti ...

Neofiti 1  Deuteronomy  5A

The first translation into English of all the extant Targums, together with introductions and annotations. Each volume examines the place of a particular Targum or group of Targums in Jewish life, liturgy and biblical interpretation. Each Targum is evaluated in the light of Jewish tradition and of modern linguistic and biblical research. The notes point to parallel passages in other Jewish and Christian biblical and liturgical texts. Each translated Targum has its own apparatus indicating the relationship between the English translation and the Aramaic original and every volume has a useful bibliography.

The Enoch Metatron Tradition

Klijn , Albertus F. J. , " 2 ( Syriac Apocalypse of ) Baruch , " The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha ( ed . ... Knibb , Michael , The Ethiopic Book of Enoch : A New Edition in the Light of the Aramaic Dead Sea Fragments ( 2 vols ; Oxford ...

The Enoch Metatron Tradition

Andrei A. Orlov examines the tradition about the seventh antediluvian patriarch Enoch, tracing its development from its roots in the Mesopotamian lore to the Second Temple apocalyptic texts and later rabbinic and Hekhalot materials where Enoch is often identified as the supreme angel Metatron. The first part of the book explores the imagery of the celestial roles and titles of the seventh antediluvian hero in Mesopotamian, Enochic and Hekhalot materials. The analysis of the celestial roles and titles shows that the transition from the figure of patriarch Enoch to the figure of angel Metatron occurred already in the Second Temple Enochic materials, namely, in 2 (Slavonic) Enoch, a Jewish work, traditionally dated to the first century CE. The second part of the book demonstrates that mediatorial polemics with the traditions of the exalted patriarchs and prophets played an important role in facilitating the transition from Enoch to Metatron in the Second Temple period.

Re Gained in Translation I

Origenis Hexaplorum quae supersunt; sive Veterum Interpretus Graecorum in totum vetus testamentum fragmenta 2 vols. Oxonii. Alexander Sperber (ed.). 1959. The Bible in Aramaic vol. I. Leiden: Brill. Alexander Sperber (ed.). 1962.

 Re Gained in Translation I

Translations of the Bible take place in the midst of tension between politics, ideology and power. With the theological authority of the book as God’s Word, not focusing on the process of translating is stating the obvious. Inclinations, fluency and zeitgeist play as serious a role as translators’ person, faith and worldview, as do their vocabulary, poetics and linguistic capacity. History has seen countless retranslations of the Bible. What are the considerations according to which Biblical retranslations are being produced in current, 21st century, contexts? From retranslations of the Hebrew Bible to those of the Old and New Testaments, to mutual influences of Christian and Jewish translational traditions – the papers collected here all deal with the question of what is to be [re]gained with the production of a new translation where, at times, many a previous one has already existed.

Paul and the Synagogue

Aramaic Paraphrases of the Hebrew Bible: A Light on the New Testament. 2nd ed. grand Rapids: eerdmans, ... 2 vols. new International Commentary on the old testament. grand Rapids: eerdmans, 1986, 1993. Qumran: Non-Biblical Texts on ...

Paul and the Synagogue

About the Contributor(s): Delio DelRio serves as teaching pastor at First Baptist Lutz of Tampa, Florida, and as adjunct professor of New Testament for New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary.

Isaiah s New Exodus and Mark

The Bible in Aramaic : ed . A. Sperber 4 vols . ( Leiden : Brill , 1959-68 ) . Biblica Sacra luxta Vulgatam Versionem ed . R. Weder 2 vols . ( Stuttgart : Württembergische Bibelanstalt , 1969 ) . Black , M. , The Book of Enoch or I ...

Isaiah s New Exodus and Mark

A revision of the author's thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Cambridge, 1990.

Adam Satan and the King of Tyre

'planning a new Targum edition: look Before you leap', Journal for the Aramaic Bible 2/2 (2000), 213–231. ... Jastrow, Marcus, A Dictionary of the Targumim, the Talmud Babli and Yerushalmi, and the Midrashic Literature, 2 Vols.

Adam  Satan  and the King of Tyre

The oracle against the King of Tyre, found in Ezekiel 28.12-19, is a difficult text that inspired diverse interpretations in Late Antiquity. This book examines those interpretations and seeks to understand their origins and development.

A Targumist Interprets the Torah Contradictions and Coherence in Targum Pseudo Jonathan

Translation of the Hebrew Bible is taken from Michael D. Coogan et al., eds., The New Oxford Annotated Bible: New Revised Standard ... 1959); M.L. Klein, The Fragment-Targums of the Pentateuch according to their Extant Sources, 2 vols.

A Targumist Interprets the Torah  Contradictions and Coherence in Targum Pseudo Jonathan

This book conducts a study of contradictions and coherence in Targum Pseudo-Jonathan and suggests that the alleged contradictions are ultimately given to resolution, once the greater context of biblical and Jewish tradition is taken into consideration.

A Legacy of Learning

Targums and the Transmission of Scripture into Judaism and Christianity (Studies in the Aramaic Interpretation of Scripture 10. ... Rome: Biblical Institute, 1980), 2 vols. ... Translated, with Notes (Aramaic Bible 2.

A Legacy of Learning

The questions Jacob Neusner has asked have shaped how scholars today approach the rabbinic literature. These essays honor that legacy, addressing topics in early Judaism, Judaism’s relationship to Christianity and other religions, American Judaism, and the role of humanistic study today.

The Routledge Encyclopedia of the Historical Jesus

Genizah Manuscripts of Palestinian Targum to the Pentateuch, 2 vols, Cincinnati, OH: Hebrew Union College Press, 1986. Sperber, A. The Bible in Aramaic Based on Old Manuscripts and Printed Texts, 5 vols, Leiden: Brill, 1959–73.

The Routledge Encyclopedia of the Historical Jesus

This Encyclopedia brings together the vast array of historical research into the reality of the man, the teachings, the acts, and the events ascribed to him that have served as the foundational story of one of the world's central religions. This kind of historiography is not biography. The historical study of the Jesus stories and the transmission of these stories through time have been of seminal importance to historians of religion. Critical historical examination has provided a way for scholars of Christianity for centuries to analyze the roots of legend and religion in a way that allows scholars an escape from the confines of dogma, belief, and theological interpretation. In recent years, historical Jesus studies have opened up important discussions concerning anti-Semitism and early Christianity and the political and ideological filtering of the Jesus story of early Christianity through the Roman empire and beyond. Entries will cover the classical studies that initiated the new historiography, the theoretical discussions about authenticating the historical record, the examination of sources that have led to the western understanding of Jesus' teachings and disseminated myth of the events concerning Jesus' birth and death. Subject areas include: the history of the historical study of the New Testament: major contributors and their works theoretical issues and concepts methodologies and criteria historical genres and rhetorical styles in the story of Jesus historical and rhetorical context of martyrdom and messianism historical teachings of Jesus teachings within historical context of ethics titles of Jesus historical events in the life of Jesus historical figures in the life of Jesus historical use of Biblical figures referenced in the Gospels places and regions institutions the history of the New Testament within the culture, politics, and law of the Roman Empire.