The Body in Tolkien s Legendarium

Of all the many bodies in Tolkien's Middle-earth it is Frodo's body, chiseled to beauty by the shaping years yet scarred by great struggle and greater failure, that pays the highest ...

The Body in Tolkien   s Legendarium

The timely collection of essays is thematically unified around the subject of corporeality. Its theoretical underpinnings emerge out of feminist, foucauldian, patristic and queer hermeneutics. The book is organized into categories specific to transformation, spirit versus body, discourse, and source material. More than one essay focuses on female bodies and on the monstrous or evil body. While Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings is central to most analyses, authors also cover The Hobbit, The Silmarillion, and material in The History of Middle-earth.

The Body in Tolkien s Legendarium

The timely collection of essays is thematically unified around the subject of corporeality. Its theoretical underpinnings emerge out of feminist, foucauldian, patristic and queer hermeneutics.

The Body in Tolkien s Legendarium

The timely collection of essays is thematically unified around the subject of corporeality. Its theoretical underpinnings emerge out of feminist, foucauldian, patristic and queer hermeneutics. The book is organized into categories specific to transformation, spirit versus body, discourse, and source material. More than one essay focuses on female bodies and on the monstrous or evil body. While Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings is central to most analyses, authors also cover The Hobbit, The Silmarillion, and material in The History of Middle-earth.

Tolkien s Intellectual Landscape

The History of The Hobbit. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2007. Reid, Robin Anne. “Light (noun, 1) or Light (adjective, 14b)? Female Bodies and Femininities in The Lord of the Rings.” In Vaccaro, The Body in Tolkien's Legendarium 98–118.

Tolkien s Intellectual Landscape

The work of J.R.R. Tolkien has had a profound effect on contemporary fiction and filmmaking. Often disparaged by critics, Tolkien's fiction created a market for the "fantasy trilogy" and his academic work represents an innovative contribution to the field of philology. In the 20th century, his fiction bridged the gap between "learned" and "popular" readerships. Today the fantasy genre continues to grow--even as publishers cut back on creative fiction--moving energetically into film, gaming and online fan fiction. This book describes how Tolkien's imaginative landscape continues to entertain and inspire, drawing new generations to Middle-earth.

A Companion to J R R Tolkien

“Why Is the Only Good Orc a Dead Orc: The Dark Face of Racism Examined in Tolkien's World.” Modern Fiction Studies ... In The Body in Tolkien's Legendarium: Essays on Middle-earth Corporeality, edited by Chris Vaccaro, 39–62.

A Companion to J  R  R  Tolkien

The new edition of the definitive academic companion to Tolkien’s life and literature A Companion to J. R. R. Tolkien provides readers with an in-depth examination of the author’s life and works, covering Tolkien’s fiction and mythology, his academic writing, and his continuing impact on contemporary literature and culture. Presenting forty-one essays by a panel of leading scholars, the Companion analyzes prevailing themes found in The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings, posthumous publications such as The Silmarillion and The Fall of Arthur, lesser-known fiction and poetry, literary essays, and more. This second edition of the Companion remains the most complete and up-to-date resource of its kind, encompassing new Tolkien publications, original scholarship, The Hobbit film adaptations, and the biographical drama Tolkien. Five entirely new essays discuss the history of fantasy literature, the influence of classical mythology on Tolkien, folklore and fairytales, diversity, and Tolkien fandom. This Companion also: Explores Tolkien’s impact on art, film, music, gaming, and later generations of fantasy fiction writers Discusses themes such as mythmaking, medieval languages, nature, war, religion, and the defeat of evil Presents a detailed overview of Tolkien’s legendarium, including Middle-earth mythology and invented languages and writing systems Includes a brief chronology of Tolkien’s works and life, further reading suggestions, and end-of-chapter bibliographies A Companion to J. R. R. Tolkien, Second Edition is essential reading for anyone formally studying or teaching Tolkien in academic settings, and an invaluable resource for general readers with interest in Tolkien’s works or fans of the films wanting to discover more.

Approaches to Teaching Tolkien s The Lord of the Rings and Other Works

“Orcs, Wraiths, Wights: Tolkien's Images of Evil. ... “'Monsterized Saracens,' Tolkien's Haradrim, and Other Medieval 'Fantasy Products. ... The Body in Tolkien's Legendarium: Essays on Middle-earth Corporeality. Ed. Christopher Vaccaro ...

Approaches to Teaching Tolkien s The Lord of the Rings and Other Works

A philologist and medieval scholar, J. R. R. Tolkien never intended to write immensely popular literature that would challenge traditional ideas about the nature of great literature and that was worthy of study in colleges across the world. He set out only to write a good story, the kind of story he and his friends would enjoy reading. In The Hobbit and in The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien created an entire world informed by his vast knowledge of mythology, languages, and medieval literature. In the 1960s, his books unexpectedly gained cult status with a new generation of young, countercultural readers. Today, the readership for Tolkien's absorbing secondary world--filled with monsters, magic, adventure, sacrifice, and heroism--continues to grow. Part 1 of this volume, "Materials," introduces instructors to the rich array of resources available for teaching Tolkien, including editions and criticism of his fiction and scholarship, historical material on his life and times, audiovisual materials, and film adaptations of his fiction. The essays in part 2, "Approaches," help instructors introduce students to critical debates around Tolkien's work, its sources, its influence, and its connection to ecology, religion, and science. Contributors draw on interdisciplinary approaches to outline strategies for teaching Tolkien in a wide variety of classroom contexts.

Tolkien and Alterity

and Faërie, and editions of Tolkien's essay On Fairy-Stories, and his short story Smith of Wootton Major. With Carl Hostetter, she edited Tolkien's Legendarium: Essays on The History of Middle-earth. With David Bratman and Michael D. C. ...

Tolkien and Alterity

This exciting collection of essays explores the role of the Other in Tolkien’s fiction, his life, and the pertinent criticism. It critically examines issues of gender, sexuality, race and ethnicity, language, and identity in The Lord of the Rings, The Silmarillion, and lesser-known works by Tolkien. The chapters consider characters such as Lobelia Sackville-Baggins, Saruman, Éowyn, and the Orcs as well as discussions of how language and identity function in the source texts. The analysis of Tolkien’s work is set against an examination of his life, personal writing, and beliefs. Each essay takes as its central position the idea that how Tolkien responds to that which is different, to that which is “Other,” serves as a register of his ethics and moral philosophy. In the aggregate, they provide evidence of Tolkien’s acceptance of alterity.

Tolkien s Theology of Beauty

Majesty, Splendor, and Transcendence in Middle-earth Lisa Coutras. 1. 4. 5. NOTES. Matthew Dickerson, “The Hröa and Fëa of Middle-Earth: Health, Ecology and the War,” in The Body in Tolkien's Legendarium: Essays on Middle-Earth ...

Tolkien   s Theology of Beauty

In this book, Lisa Coutras explores the structure and complexity of J.R.R. Tolkien’s narrative theology, synthesizing his Christian worldview with his creative imagination. She illustrates how, within the framework of a theological aesthetics, transcendental beauty is the unifying principle that integrates all aspects of Tolkien’s writing, from pagan despair to Christian joy. J.R.R. Tolkien’s Christianity is often held in an unsteady tension with the pagan despair of his mythic world. Some critics portray these as incompatible, while Christian analysis tends to oversimplify the presence of religious symbolism. This polarity of opinion testifies to the need for a unifying interpretive lens. The fact that Tolkien saw his own writing as “religious” and “Catholic,” yet was preoccupied with pagan mythology, nature, language, and evil, suggests that these areas were wholly integrated with his Christian worldview. Tolkien’s Theology of Beauty examines six structural elements, demonstrating that the author’s Christianity is deeply embedded in the narrative framework of his creative imagination.

Utopian and Dystopian Themes in Tolkien s Legendarium

When Tolkien started constructing his legendarium as a young man, he had just this sort of truth-telling national myth in mind. He confessed, I was from my early days grieved by the poverty of my own country: it had no stories of its ...

Utopian and Dystopian Themes in Tolkien   s Legendarium

Utopia and Dystopia in Tolkien’s Legendarium explores how Tolkien’s works speak to many modern people’s utopian desires despite the overwhelming dominance of dystopian literature in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. It also examines how Tolkien’s malevolent societies in his legendarium have the unique ability to capture the fears and doubts that many people sense about the trajectory of modern society. Tolkien’s works do this by creating utopian and dystopian longing while also rejecting the stilted conventions of most literary utopias and dystopias. Utopia and Dystopia in Tolkien’s Legendarium traces these utopian and dystopian motifs through a variety of Tolkien’s works including The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, The Silmarillion, Book of Lost Tales, Leaf by Niggle, and some of his early poetry. The book analyzes Tolkien’s ideal and evil societies from a variety of angles: political and literary theory, the sources of Tolkien’s narratives, the influence of environmentalism and Catholic social doctrine, Tolkien’s theories about and use of myth, and finally the relationship between Tolkien’s politics and his theories of leadership. The book’s epilogue looks at Tolkien’s works compared to popular culture adaptations of his legendarium.

The Middle Ages in Popular Culture Medievalism and Genre

That J. R. R. Tolkien has inspired an explosion of fantasy and sciencefiction novels, short stories, films, video games, ... In his introduction to The Body in Tolkien's Legendarium, recognizing that “investigations into how bodies are ...

The Middle Ages in Popular Culture  Medievalism and Genre

This fascinating study places multiple genres in dialogue and considers both medievalism and genre to be frameworks from which meaning can be produced. It explores works from a wide range of genres-children's and young adult, historical, cyberpunk, fantasy, science fiction, romance, and crime-and across multiple media-fiction, film, television, video games, and music. The range of media types and genres enable comparison, and the identification of overarching trends, while also allowing comparison of contrasting phenomena. As the first volume to explore the nexus of medievalism and genre across such a wide range of texts, this collection illustrates the fractured ideologies of contemporary popular culture. The Middle Ages are more usually, and often more prominently, aligned with conservative ideologies, for example around gender roles, but the Middle Ages can also be the site of resistance and progressive politics. Exploring the interplay of past and present, and the ways writers and readers work engage with them demonstrates the conscious processes of identity construction at work throughout Western popular culture. The collection also demonstrates that while scholars may have by-and-large abandoned the concept of accuracy when considering contemporary medievalisms, the Middle Ages are widely associated with authenticity, and the authenticity of identity, in the popular imagination; the idea of the real Middle Ages matters, even when historical realities do not. This book will be of interest to scholars of medievalism, popular culture, and genre.

Tolkien Self and Other

“'Monsterized Saracens,' Tolkien's Haradrim, and Other Medieval 'Fantasy Products.'” Tolkien Studies 7 (2010): 175–96. Smol, Anna. “Frodo's Body: Liminality and The Experience of War.” In The Body in Tolkien's Legendarium.

Tolkien  Self and Other

This book examines key points of J. R. R. Tolkien’s life and writing career in relation to his views on humanism and feminism, particularly his sympathy for and toleration of those who are different, deemed unimportant, or marginalized—namely, the Other. Jane Chance argues such empathy derived from a variety of causes ranging from the loss of his parents during his early life to a consciousness of the injustice and violence in both World Wars. As a result of his obligation to research and publish in his field and propelled by his sense of abjection and diminution of self, Tolkien concealed aspects of the personal in relatively consistent ways in his medieval adaptations, lectures, essays, and translations, many only recently published. These scholarly writings blend with and relate to his fictional writings in various ways depending on the moment at which he began teaching, translating, or editing a specific medieval work and, simultaneously, composing a specific poem, fantasy, or fairy-story. What Tolkien read and studied from the time before and during his college days at Exeter and continued researching until he died opens a door into understanding how he uniquely interpreted and repurposed the medieval in constructing fantasy.

Creation and Beauty in Tolkien s Catholic Vision

The body on a cosmic scale becomes 'The Body' (of Christ) in a reduced scale (or volume).26 This cosmic understanding of human anthropology in Tolkien's legendarium has its origins in a possible use of the works of John Scotus Eriugena, ...

Creation and Beauty in Tolkien s Catholic Vision

This book invites readers into Tolkien’s world through the lens of a variety of philosophers, all of whom owe a rich debt to the Neoplatonic philosophical tradition. It places Tolkien’s mythology against a wider backdrop of Catholic philosophy and asks serious questions about the nature of creation, the nature of God, what it means to be good, and the problem of evil. Halsall sets Tolkien alongside both his contemporaries and ancient authors, revealing his careful use of literary devices inspired by them to craft his own “mythology for England.”

Tolkien Race and Racism in Middle Earth

Young, H. (2014) 'Review: The Body in Tolkien's Legendarium (2013) ed. by Christopher Vaccaro', Journal of Tolkien Research 1(1) Young, H. (2016a) Race and Popular Fantasy Literature: Habits of Whiteness, London: Routledge.

Tolkien  Race  and Racism in Middle Earth

Tolkien, Race, and Racism in Middle-earth is the first systematic examination of how Tolkien understood racial issues, how race manifests in his oeuvre, and how race in Middle-earth, his imaginary realm, has been understood, criticized, and appropriated by others. This book presents an analysis of Tolkien's works for conceptions of race, both racist and anti-racist. It begins by demonstrating that Tolkien was a racialist, in that his mythology is established on the basis of different races with different characteristics, and then poses the key question "Was Tolkien racist?" Robert Stuart engages the discourse and research associated with the ways in which racism and anti-racism relate Tolkien to his fascist and imperialist contemporaries and to twenty-first-century neo-Nazis and White Supremacists--including White Supremacy, genocide, blood-and-soil philology, anti-Semitism, and aristocratic racism. Addressing a major gap in the field of Tolkien studies, Stuart focuses on race, racisms and the Tolkien legendarium. Robert Stuart is Associate Professor and Senior Honorary Research Fellow at The University of Western Australia, Australia. His research output has focused on the history of French Marxism, but is now concentrated on the ideological dimension of contemporary genre fantasy literature.

How to Misunderstand Tolkien

Wayne G. Hammond, “The Critical Response to Tolkien's Fiction,” in Proceedings of the J.R.R. Tolkien Centenary Conference. 33. Tolkien's legendarium is the body of work in which his myths are developed. 34.

How to Misunderstand Tolkien

J.R.R. Tolkien is an author beloved by many, but people forget the hostile reception of his work from several literary critics, who despised (and some who continue to despise) him and his readers. Other intellectuals and critics have a more positive opinion of his work, but some read aspects of his books or his beliefs to fit their own agendas. Over the decades, scholars have claimed that Tolkien represents a myriad of (sometimes contradictory) political positions. Whether these scholars act out of disdain for Tolkien or from a simple misread of his works, the outcome is a muddled distortion of who Tolkien really was. This book peels back the discourse in an attempt to reveal the true nature of an author who so often defies categorization. Using all possible nuance, chapters explore the villains of Lord of the Rings, its female heroines and its moral compass, as well as its definitions of heroism and failure. This book hopes to provide a uniquely accurate and objective assessment of one of the most misunderstood writers of our time.

Gale Researcher Guide for J R R Tolkien Architect of Modern Fantasy

Ents, Elves, and Eriador: The Environmental Vision of J. R. R. Tolkien. Lexington: University Press of ... The Tolkien Encyclopedia: Scholarship and Critical Assessment. London: Taylor and Francis, ... The Body in Tolkien's Legendarium.

Gale Researcher Guide for  J  R  R  Tolkien  Architect of Modern Fantasy

Gale Researcher Guide for: J. R. R. Tolkien: Architect of Modern Fantasy is selected from Gale's academic platform Gale Researcher. These study guides provide peer-reviewed articles that allow students early success in finding scholarly materials and to gain the confidence and vocabulary needed to pursue deeper research.

The Green Thread

“Tolkien's Imaginary Nature: An Analysis of the Structure of Middle-earth.” Tolkien Studies 2.1 (2005): 197–216. ... Body in Tolkien's Legendarium: Essays on Middle-earth Corporeality, edited by Christopher Vaccaro, 64–82.

The Green Thread

The Green Thread is an interdisciplinary collection of essays that takes the risk of departing from the long-standing human perception of plants— including autonomy, agency, and consciousness—to explore new territories where the re-conceptualization of vegetable beings as active agents in social and cultural environments becomes possible.

The Evolution of Tolkien s Mythology

from the other Valar in that he remains in his watery realm and “seldom clothe[s] himself in a body” (Sil 26). ... that he made were at the center of Tolkien's legendarium and the cause of much of the sorrow and joy of the First Age.

The Evolution of Tolkien   s Mythology

The History of Middle-earth traces the evolution of J.R.R. Tolkien’s literary world, stories, and characters from their earliest written forms to the final revisions Tolkien penned shortly before his death in 1973. Published posthumously by Tolkien’s son Christopher, the extensively detailed 12-volume work allows readers to follow the development of the texts that eventually became Tolkien’s immensely popular The Hobbit, The Lord of The Rings, The Silmarillion, and Unfinished Tales. This work provides a thorough study of Tolkien’s life and influences through an analysis of The History of Middle-earth. The work begins with a brief biography and an analysis of the major influences in Tolkien’s life. Following chapters deal with elements common to Tolkien’s popular works, including the cosmogony, theogony, cosmology, metaphysics, and eschatology of Middle-earth. The study also reviews some of the myths with which Tolkien was most familiar—Greek, Roman, Finnish, and Norse—and reveals the often overlapping relationship between mythology, biblical stories, and Tolkien’s popular works.

J R R Tolkien

Tolkien's. Own. Explanation. of. His. Legendarium. It is obvious by now how complicated the legendarium is, although I hope I have provided an adequate and worthwhile path through it (as I promised at the beginning of this chapter).

J R R  Tolkien

With his richly detailed world of Middle Earth and the epic tales he told around it, J.R.R. Tolkien invented the modern fantasy novel. For readers and students getting to grips with this world for the first time, J.R.R. Tolkien: A Guide for the Perplexed is an essential guide to the author's life and work. The book helps readers explore: · Tolkien's life and times · Tolkien's mythical world · The languages of Middle Earth · The major works – The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings · Posthumously published writings – from The Silmarillion to the recently discovered The Fall of Gondolin With reference to adaptations of Tolkien's work including the Peter Jackson films, notes on Tolkien's sources and surveys of key scholarly and critical writings, this is an accessible and authoritative guide to one of the 20th century's greatest and most popular writers.

Tolkien s Legendarium

This book is the first comprehensive critical examination of The History of Middle-earth.

Tolkien s Legendarium

When J.R.R. Tolkien died in 1973, he left behind a vast body of unpublished material related to the imaginary world of his fiction. Now arranged edited and published as The History of Middle-earth by his son and literary executor, Christopher Tolkien, these 12 volumes offer an unparalleled insight into the growth of Tolkien's mythology over five decades. This book is the first comprehensive critical examination of The History of Middle-earth. An opening easy by Rayner Unwin, Tolkien's publisher for many years, discusses the publication history of the material, while essays by expert contributors examine a broad range of topics related to the work.

The Hobbit and Tolkien s Mythology

As customary, I will designate the body of texts constituting the legends of the Elder Days of Middle- earth as “The Silmarillion” and ... See Mallet, 2001, and Stenström, 1993, for a fuller account of giants in Tolkien's legendarium.

The Hobbit and Tolkien  s Mythology

At the 2013 "Celebrating The Hobbit" conference at Valparaiso University--marking the 75th anniversary of the book's publication and the first installment of Peter Jackson's Hobbit movies--two plenary papers were presented: "Anchoring the Myth: The Impact of The Hobbit on Tolkien's Legendarium" by John D. Rateliff provided numerous examples of The Hobbit's influence on Tolkien's legendarium; and "Tolkien's French Connections" by Verlyn Flieger discussed French influences on the development of Bilbo Baggins and his adventures. In discussions with the plenary speakers and other presenters, it became apparent that a book focusing on how The Hobbit influenced the subsequent development of Tolkien's legendarium was sorely needed. This collection of 15 previously unpublished essays fills that need. With Rateliff's and Flieger's papers included, the book presents two chapters on the Evolution of the Dwarven Race, two chapters on Durin's Day examining the Dwarven lunar calendar, and 11 chapters on themes exploring various topics on influences and revisions between The Hobbit and Tolkien's legendarium.

Sehnsucht The C S Lewis Journal

Tolkien's depiction of “lowly” hobbits, and their importance to the narrative, as a corrective to Hegel's ... into the still underdeveloped but growing body of literature about political themes in Tolkien's Middle-earth legendarium.

Sehnsucht  The C  S  Lewis Journal

Sehnsucht: The C. S. Lewis Journal, established by the Arizona C. S. Lewis Society in 2007, is the only peer-reviewed journal devoted to the study of C. S. Lewis and his writings published anywhere in the world. It exists to promote literary, theological, historical, biographical, philosophical, bibliographical and cultural interest (broadly defined) in Lewis and his writings. The journal includes articles, review essays, book reviews, film reviews and play reviews, bibliographical material, poetry, interviews, editorials, and announcements of Lewis-related conferences, events and publications. Its readership is aimed at academic scholars from a wide variety of disciplines, as well as learned non-scholars and Lewis enthusiasts. At this time, Sehnsucht is published once a year.