The Croton Dams and Aqueduct

This collection of rare photographs chronicles the construction of one of the largest masonry dams ever built.

The Croton Dams and Aqueduct

This collection of rare photographs chronicles the construction of one of the largest masonry dams ever built. From the beginnings of the first Croton Dam, completed in 1842, and of the new dam, which was finished in 1907, up to the present day, The Croton Dams and Aqueduct provides a stunning portrait of the entire project and the region that it impacted: New York City and Westchester County. As early as the 1770s, New York considered creating waterworks and even proposed damming area rivers, including the Hudson. With disease and fires blamed on the lack of water, plans were created c. 1830 to dam the Croton River. By 1842, water from the first dam flowed into New York City from Yorktown. Built to provide enough water for "centuries," the first dam was obsolete by the 1880s. Exponential growth from immigration created the demand for more water, and New York built the New Croton Dam. The new dam not only provided clean water for New York's burgeoning population but also spawned a new community of immigrant workers in the once Anglo community of Westchester County.

Croton Dams and Aqueduct

This collection of rare photographs chronicles the construction of one of the largest masonry dams ever built.

Croton Dams and Aqueduct

This collection of rare photographs chronicles the construction of one of the largest masonry dams ever built. From the beginnings of the first Croton Dam, completed in 1842, and of the new dam, which was finished in 1907, up to the present day, The Croton Dams and Aqueduct provides a stunning portrait of the entire project and the region that it impacted: New York City and Westchester County. As early as the 1770s, New York considered creating waterworks and even proposed damming area rivers, including the Hudson. With disease and fires blamed on the lack of water, plans were created c. 1830 to dam the Croton River. By 1842, water from the first dam flowed into New York City from Yorktown. Built to provide enough water for "centuries," the first dam was obsolete by the 1880s. Exponential growth from immigration created the demand for more water, and New York built the New Croton Dam. The new dam not only provided clean water for New York's burgeoning population but also spawned a new community of immigrant workers in the once Anglo community of Westchester County.

A Memoir of the Construction Cost and Capacity of the Croton Aqueduct

The length of aqueduct from the Croton dam to the distributing reservoir is 40.562 miles — to wit : Masonry conduit in Westchester county 32.880 Do. do . on New York Island 4.187 Total length 37.067 Receiving reservoir from end of ...

A Memoir of the Construction  Cost  and Capacity of the Croton Aqueduct


The Engineer

The new Aqueduct Bill " spillway , " or if it should partly pass over the dam it has the question begun to ... Large stones are not recommended , as it is vation , while the sites of the reservoirs above the Croton struction of so ...

The Engineer


Report to the Aqueduct Commissioners by the President Containing Reports of the Secretary and of the Chief Engineer Giving a Review of the Work of the Aqueduct Commission to

AVERAGE DAILY FLOW OF CROTON RIVER IN MILLION GALLONS . First Column . - Record of actual outflow from Old Croton Lake at Old Croton Dam , as computed from daily observations of depths wasting over dam and depths drawn in aqueducts .

Report to the Aqueduct Commissioners by the President     Containing Reports of the Secretary     and of the Chief Engineer     Giving a Review of the Work of the Aqueduct Commission to


Report to the Aqueduct Commissioners

Report to the Aqueduct Commissioners


1105 1135 Warburton Avenue City of Yonkers

Croton Aqueduct Jaited Suice Departmcat of the latcrior , Nacional Part Service Nacional Register of Historic Places ... The portion of the Aqueduct below the New Croton Dam , in Westchester and Bronx Counties , possesses high levels of ...

1105 1135 Warburton Avenue  City of Yonkers


Harper s Weekly

The great gate - house of the new Sometimes it may be desirable to empty only higher than any other reservoir built or proposed , dam on the East Branch of the Croton is very aqueduct is at the present Croton Dam .

Harper s Weekly


Nature s Bounty Historical and Modern Environmental Perspectives

... 1900 and 1910.33 In 1873, the Croton Aqueduct Department, with authority from the state, constructed dams at Boyd«s Corner, along the West Branch of the Croton, creating a reservoir of more than 2.75 million gallons of water.

Nature s Bounty  Historical and Modern Environmental Perspectives

This thorough, clearly organized text focuses on four major environmental categories: forests and land, wildlife and wildlife habitat, water and drinking water quality, and air. Each category is treated historically from the time of exploration and discovery in the seventeenth century to the present. There are also discussions on environmental public policy issues currently in our national debate. The text is integrated throughout with fascinating primary source documents -- eyewitness accounts, government reports and documents, speeches, and congressional testimony -- which illuminate the material.

Croton on Hudson

In 1835 , the city voted to construct a brick - lined gravity - fed aqueduct from the Croton River into Manhattan . A 40 - mile conduit was completed in 1842 , which included the Old Croton Dam and reservoir .

Croton on Hudson

The village of Croton-on-Hudson retains the beauty that graced the shores of the Croton and Hudson Rivers nearly four hundred years ago, when Henry Hudson's ship Half Moon sailed by in 1609. Incorporated in 1898, the village originally had a population of one thousand residents. Most people worked on farms surrounding the area, in the brickyards at Croton Point, or on the railroad. With the construction of the New Croton Dam in the early 1900s, the hamlet grew, attracting European artisans, whose descendants live in the area today. A special mood infuses the village. It is small-town America in spite of its proximity to New York City. When Riverside was Main Street, tranquility, individuality, decency, simplicity, and peace of mind were common. These same features still attract newcomers, who add greatly to the quality of life. They are here because of the trees and highlands, the diverse population, and the location between two splendid rivers. Old Riverside was made up of buildings that tended to be sturdy rather than architecturally distinguished. The solid working-class community had a newspaper that echoed the interests of the people. The economy featured a mix of small industries, retail shops, and service establishments. Regardless of how wages were earned, most people participated in village life.

The Manual of American Water works

S. Church , who for 26 years had been Resident Engineer in charge of the Croton Aqueduct , was appointed Chief Engr . of ... A description of the new aqueduct and reservoirs , and the progress of the work , will be given further on .

The Manual of American Water works

Containing the history, details of construction, source and mode of water supply, pumping machinery, distribution, consumption, pressure, hydrant rental, revenue and expenses, cost and debt, etc., etc., of every water-works in the United States and Canada, with summaries for each state and group of states; and directory of water-works officials, engineers and contractors.

Manual of American Water works

Church , who for 20 years had been Resident Engineer in charge of the Croton Aqueduct , was appointed Chief Engr . of the ... A description of the new aqueduct and reservoirs , and the progress of the work , will be given further on .

Manual of American Water works


Fire and Water Engineering

The title on this lithograph is : “ Topographical Map , showing the entire watershed of Croton River above the Croton Aqueduct Dam ; also , the most available sites for the Storage Reservoirs from minute surveys made during the years ...

Fire and Water Engineering


Scientific American

CRAWFORD CHENOWETH , ENGINEER IN CHARGE , CROTON AQUEDUCT . ... Departing from the original plan , it was proposed in place of numerous small dams to build a large one on the Croton River at Quaker Bridge , about four and one - half ...

Scientific American


Minutes of the Aqueduct Commissioners

The Croton Danı is to - day all that stands between the City of New York and an absolute water famine . If it were to be destroyed the aqueducts , both old and new , would be useless , and the storage reservoirs in the upper part of the ...

Minutes of the Aqueduct Commissioners


The Design and Construction of Dams

about 3 miles up - stream from the site of the New Croton Dam . The Old Croton Aqueduct , which was built along the south side of the valley , will be submerged when the New Croton Reservoir is filled . The Old Aqueduct has been ...

The Design and Construction of Dams


The Engineering Record Building Record and the Sanitary Engineer

The yield is determined by ascertaining ( 1 ) the quantity wasted over the Old Croton Dam , ( 2 ) that drawn through the Old Aqueduct , ( 3 ) that drawn through the New Aqueduct , and ( 4 ) that drawn from the storage reservoirs to ...

The Engineering Record  Building Record and the Sanitary Engineer


The Engineering Record Building Record and Sanitary Engineer

CAOTON TALL PURDY STATION GOLDENS BRIDGE MATONA VILLAGE MUSCOOT DAM THE NEW CROTON AQUEDUCT . pressure of water on the up - stream side will be equal to that of a somewhat lower structure , and many of its genNo.

The Engineering Record  Building Record and Sanitary Engineer