The Deportation Express

This is, I believe, the first study of deportation trains, and it's very important and original as such."—Donna Gabaccia, coauthor of Gender and International Migration: From the Slavery Era to the Global Age "The Deportation Express is ...

The Deportation Express

Introduction : the roots and routes of American deportation -- Building the deportation state -- Eastbound -- Westbound.

The Deportation Express

Since 1892, there have been more than fiftysix million American deportation stories to tell. There are more every day. But in focusing on the long journeys of those who traversed the world only to become ensnared in America's carceral ...

The Deportation Express

A history of the United States' systematic expulsion of "undesirables" and immigrants, told through the lives of the passengers who travelled from around the world, only to be locked up and forced out aboard America's first deportation trains. The United States, celebrated as a nation of immigrants and the land of the free, has developed the most extensive system of imprisonment and deportation that the world has ever known. The Deportation Express is the first history of American deportation trains: a network of prison railroad cars repurposed by the Immigration Bureau to link jails, hospitals, asylums, and workhouses across the country and allow forced removal with terrifying efficiency. With this book, historian Ethan Blue uncovers the origins of the deportation train and finds the roots of the current moment, as immigrant restriction and mass deportation once again play critical and troubling roles in contemporary politics and legislation. A century ago, deportation trains made constant circuits around the nation, gathering so-called "undesirable aliens"—migrants disdained for their poverty, political radicalism, criminal conviction, or mental illness—and conveyed them to ports for exile overseas. Previous deportation procedures had been violent, expensive, and relatively ad hoc, but the railroad industrialized the expulsion of the undesirable. Trains provided a powerful technology to divide "citizens" from "aliens" and displace people in unprecedented numbers. Drawing on the lives of migrants and the agents who expelled them, The Deportation Express is history told from aboard a deportation train. By following the lives of selected individuals caught within the deportation regime, this book dramatically reveals how the forces of state exclusion accompanied epic immigration in early twentieth-century America. These are the stories of people who traveled from around the globe, only to be locked up and cast out, deported through systems that bound the United States together, and in turn, pulled the world apart. Their journey would be followed by millions more in the years to come.

Reports of the Immigration Commission

Books of Erie Express Company show that on September 9 , 1907 , baggage went to 129 West Twenty - ninth street from steamship La Gascogne , to a name illegibly written but apparently Damsol or Damisol . This apparently refers to ...

Reports of the Immigration Commission


Fundamental Rights Challenges in Border Controls and Expulsion of Irregular Immigrants in the European Union

In spite of the enormous efforts on the part of the legal aid lawyers and the Subcommittee on Immigration of the General Bar Council, which even has developed a specific protocol of legal action in the field of express deportations,16 ...

Fundamental Rights Challenges in Border Controls and Expulsion of Irregular Immigrants in the European Union

This edited volume examines the extent to which the various authorities and actors currently performing border management and expulsion-related tasks are subject to accountability mechanisms capable of delivering effective remedies and justice for abuses suffered by migrants and asylum seekers. Member states of the European Union and State Parties to the Council of Europe are under the obligation to establish complaint mechanisms allowing immigrants and/or asylum seekers to seek effective remedies in cases where their rights are violated. This book sheds light on the complaint bodies and procedures existing and available in Austria, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Spain, Poland, and Romania. It assesses their role in overseeing, investigating, and redressing cases of human rights violations deriving from violent border and immigration management practices, and expedited expulsion procedures. This book therefore provides an assessment of the practical, legal, and procedural challenges that affect the possibility to lodge complaints and access remedies for human rights violations suffered at the hands of the law enforcement authorities and other security actors operating at land, air, and sea borders, or participating in expulsions procedures – in particular, joint return flights. The volume will be of key interest to students, scholars, and practitioners working on human rights, migration and borders, international law, European law and security studies, EU politics, and more broadly, international relations.

Administrative Decisions Under Immigration Nationality Laws

In its consideration of the Holtzman Amendment , Congress recognized that the existing Immigration and Nationality Act contained no express definition of the term “ persecution , ” id . at 4704 , and it thoroughly explored the merits ...

Administrative Decisions Under Immigration   Nationality Laws

Includes decisions of U. S. Board of Immigration Appeals.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

E Expropriation , De facto -United States UF Chevrolet Express van USE Inverse condemnation UF United States — Express service BT Chevrolet vans Expulsion NT Pony express Minivans USE Deportation Express trains ( May Subd Geog ) ...

Library of Congress Subject Headings


Annual Report of the Immigration and Naturalization Service

610 ) , in which the court held that despite the express wording of the opening clause of Section 5 , deportation proceedings were " adjudications " within the meaning of that Section because the courts had read into the Immigration Act ...

Annual Report of the Immigration and Naturalization Service


Temporary Safe Haven Act of 1987

hearing before the Subcommittee on Immigration, Refugees, and International Law of the Committee on the Judiciary, ... When members of the designated national groups who are subject to deportation express unwillingness to return to ...

Temporary Safe Haven Act of 1987


Development and Politically Generated Migration

When members of the designated national groups who are subject to deportation express unwillingness to return to their countries of origin , the deportation is not effected . The U.S. government has not provided EVD to Central Americans ...

Development and Politically Generated Migration


Unauthorized Migration

When members of the designated national groups who are subject to deportation express unwillingness to return to their countries of origin , the deportation is not effected . The U.S. government has not provided EVD to Central Americans ...

Unauthorized Migration


Determinants Of Emigration From Mexico Central America And The Caribbean

When members of the designated national groups who are subject to deportation express unwillingness to return to their countries of origin , the deportation is not effected . The U.S. government has not provided EVD to Central Americans ...

Determinants Of Emigration From Mexico  Central America  And The Caribbean

The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA) was amanifestation of widespread public concern over the volume of undocumentedimmigration into the United States. The principal innovationof this legislation-the provision to impose penalties on employers whoknowingly hire undocumented immigrants-was a response to thisconcern.This effort at restriction was tempered in IRCA by other provisionspermitting the legalization of two types of undocumented immigrantsthosewho had resided in the United States since January 1, 1982; andwhat were called special agricultural workers (SAWs), persons who hadworked in perishable crop agriculture for at least 90 days during specifiedperiods from 1983 to 1986. Approximately 3.1 million persons soughtlegalization (what is popularly referred to as amnesty) under these twoprovisions. The breakdown was roughly 1.8 million under the regularprogram and 1.3 million as SAWs. Mexicans made up 75 percent of thecombined legalization requests.

Temporary Safe Haven for Salvadorans

Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Immigration and Refugee Affairs of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, ... national groups who are subject to deportation express unwillingness to return to their countries of origin ...

Temporary Safe Haven for Salvadorans


Deportation of Alien Criminals Gunmen Narcotic Dealers Defectives Etc

Hearings Before the Committee on Immigration and Naturalization, House of Representatives, Sixty-ninth Congress, ... subject an alien to deportation , I shall submit no statement on this point , except to express the judgment that such ...

Deportation of Alien Criminals  Gunmen  Narcotic Dealers  Defectives  Etc


Issues Relating to the Deportation of Michael O Rourke

ISSUES RELATING TO THE DEPORTATION OF MICHAEL O'ROURKE MONDAY , JULY 30 , 1984 U.S. SENATE , SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE ... I have conflicts myself , so Senator Specter will chair the hearing and I just want to express my regard and admiration ...

Issues Relating to the Deportation of Michael O Rourke


Immigration Policy in Europe

A deportation officer refers to the distinction between 'legal integration' and 'actual integration' to express this tension between the assumptions underlying immigration law, on the one hand, ...

Immigration Policy in Europe

Previously published as a special issue of West European Politics, this edited volume evaluates the extent to which a policy gap between inputs and outcomes exists with regard to immigration control.

Records and Briefs of the United States Supreme Court

( B ) No Express Legislation Subsequent to the Administrative Procedure Act Precludes Judicial Review of Exclusion ... Concededly , the immigration laws do not “ expressly ” preclude judicial review or confine such judicial review to ...

Records and Briefs of the United States Supreme Court


Review of the early implementation of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986

As you know , there was no express provision made for such persons in the immigration reform act . However , INS should be encouraged to express a uniform national policy of granting relief from deportation ( " docket control " ) under ...

Review of the early implementation of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986


The Federal Reporter

tional circumstances , is administratively fi- commence deportation , but even after a nal , " subject only to ... order of deportation , " or ( 2 ) to is given discretion by express statutory pro- stay the order of deportation .

The Federal Reporter


Immigration Integration and the Law

The Concept of Integration in the Concluding Observations of the Human Rights Committee: The Progressive Realization of Equal Rights Express and Indirect References of the CCPR to Integration: Articles 2 and 26 Express references of the ...

Immigration  Integration and the Law

This book examines the role and impact of EU, international human rights and refugee law on national laws and policies for integration and argues for a broad understanding of the relationship between integration and the law. It analyses the legal foundations of integration at the international and regional levels and examines the interaction of national, EU and international legal spheres, highlighting the significance of these dimensions of the relationship between integration and the law. The book draws together these central themes to enhance our understanding of the connections between integration and the law. It also makes specific recommendations for the development of holistic, human-rights based approaches to integration in EU Member States. The book will be of value to academics and researchers working in the areas of immigration, and refugee law, as well as those interested in cultural diversity both from a legal and sociological perspective.

Study of Problems Relating to Immigration and Deportation and Other Matters

52, a Resolution Authorizing Study of Immigration and Naturalization Laws United States. Congress. House. ... But I think people can freely express their view- how they feel about it . On the question of the quotas , it would seem to ...

Study of Problems Relating to Immigration and Deportation and Other Matters