Descenders to the Chariot

The phrase “ beloved seed ” may mean no more than the seed of Israel , but still another account of the heavenly descent suggests a more specific sense . When he arrives at the Hashmal , the descender to the chariot must prove his ...

Descenders to the Chariot

Drawing on anthropological models and epigraphic and archaeologicale evidence, this book aims to show that the Hekhalot literature preserves the teachings and rituals of real religious functionaries who flourished in late antiquity, functionaries quite like those called shamans by antrhopologists.

Flores Florentino

3b. How is the journey on high imagined? Note, first of all, that several texts, in particular Hekhalot Rabbati, paradoxically refer to the ascent to heaven as a descent (“descent to the Chariot ...

Flores Florentino

This volume comprises forty-eight essays, presented by friends, colleagues and students in honour of Florentino García Martínez. The articles are primarily in the field of the Dead Sea Scrolls, but also cover many other fields of Second Temple Judaism, from late biblical texts and Septuagint up to the pseudepigrapha and early rabbinic writings.

Stairway to Heaven

The Chinese, however, saw the utility ofthis practice in becoming immortal, while for the merkaz/ah mystics it would seem that the descent to the Chariot was an end in itself. The documents tell a different story, however.

Stairway to Heaven

The idea of heavenly ascent, while popularized in Jewish mysticism, is neither a unique nor recent one. Expertly tracing its origins back to the ancient Middle East, Levenda unearths ascent literature in Africa, India, and China, discerns a common connection in the heavens themselves, and determines that this connection has been sorely neglected in contemporary scholarship. Because scholars treat the "heavens" as metaphorical, it is necessary to recreate the physical context of the culture under discussion in order to better understand it. For the benefit of the reader, Levenda offers two useful concepts for his investigative journey: a "map," whereby he means the cosmological system to better understand the mystical technologies of each culture investigated, and a "vehicle," the method by which the individual equipped with special knowledge is able to navigate the culture's particular cosmology. With these two tools, Levenda travels from the worlds of ancient Egypt and Babylon to the Hebrew Bible, to Jewish and Christian kabbalists, to Daoists in ancient China, to Hindu Tantra and Haitian Vodoun, and, finally, to nineteenth and twentieth century European occult societies.

Jewish Mysticism

THE DESCENDERS TO THE CHARIOT The practice of the “ascension” to the divine chariot, paradoxi— cally called ... of them based on Hebrew idioms including the verb yrd, but in all of them an actual descent is indicated, not an ascent.

Jewish Mysticism

Interest in Jewish mysticism is, in our generation, widespread and growing. From Hebrew schools to Hollywood, people of all backgrounds and levels of knowledge are pursuing the subject. Books, magazines, journals, and classes are rapidly growing in number. One result of this burst of interest and popularization of Jewish mysticism is the problem of misinformation. The need for reliable source material has become crucial. This four-volume work by Professor Joseph Dan is a monumental event in the publishing history of English-language reference books on the subject of Jewish mystical thought and practice. Professor Dan's credentials are of the highest order. The recipient of the Israel Prize (considered to be Israel's highest honor), Joseph Dan is the Gershom Scholem Professor of Kabbalah at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and continues to be a visiting professor at some of the most prestigious institutions of higher learning in the world.

This reading is based upon the assumption that the nut grove had become a symbol for the chariot.6 This can no ... In the years since these first studies were written , dozens of studies have been published on ascent and descent in ...

This study offers a fresh reinvestigation to the Sod ha-Egoz texts, the earliest known commentaries to Ezekiel's Chariot (Ma'aseh Merkavah) from the medieval Jewish mystics of Europe. The texts, ascribed to Eleazar of Worms and the circle of the German Pietists in 12th and 13th century Germany, apparently infer that the sexual reproduction of the Egoz (nut) reflects the workings of the chariot-world. If true, the main circle of the Jewish mystics prior to the appearance of the Kabbalah already believed in a doctrine which is widely considered a defining characteristic of Kabbalah. This study challenges the accepted views in scholarship regarding the authorship and meaning of these texts. New manuscript sources are presented along with all the known text versions and a synoptic translation of the main text-types.

Interaction Between Judaism and Christianity in History Religion Art and Literature

Rabbati, paradoxically refer to the ascent to heaven as a descent ('descent to the Chariot', yeridah la-Merkavah). Accordingly, those embarking on a heavenly ascent were referred to as descenders (yordei Merkavah).10 Gershom Scholem ...

Interaction Between Judaism and Christianity in History  Religion  Art  and Literature

This volume contains essays dealing with complex relationships between Judaism and Christianity, taking a bold step, assuming that no historical period can be excluded from the interactive process between Judaism and Christianity, conscious or unconscious, as either rejection or appropriation

Hekhalot Literature in Translation

112 : Interruption of the descent of R. Nehuniah for a question (§§ –)a Because the guardians ofb the entrance ofc the sixth palace used to destroy (some) fromd the descenders to the chariot, and not among the ones who descend to the ...

Hekhalot Literature in Translation

The Hekhalot literature is a motley collection of Hebrew and Aramaic documents dealing with mystical themes pertaining especially to God's throne-chariot. This volume presents English translations of an eclectic text with critical apparatus of most of the major Hekhalot texts.

The Works of Aphra Behn v 7 Complete Plays

S.D. Zodiack] Presumably the chariots are descending platforms, and the actors look upstage with telescopes towards where ... At the end of the descent or entrance the platform-chariot would probably be drawn off to allow room for the ...

The Works of Aphra Behn  v  7  Complete Plays

Aphra Behn (1640-1689) was one of the most successful dramatists of the Restoration theatre and a popular poet. This is the final volume in a set of seven which comprises a complete edition of all her works.

Paradise Now

Nevertheless, the picture in the hekhalot texts is quantitatively if not qualitatively rather different, with highly detailed rituals being prescribed to control angels during the descent to the chariot, to compel the Prince of Torah to ...

Paradise Now


Rabbinische Texte als Gegenstand der Auslegung

Kuyt , Annelies : The Descent to the Chariot.1995 . Band 45 . Lange , A .: siehe Albani , M. Lange , Nicholas de : Greek Jewish Texts from the Cairo Genizah . 1996. Band 51 . Lohmann , Uta : siehe Schäfer , Peter Loopik , M. van ( Übers ...

Rabbinische Texte als Gegenstand der Auslegung

Nach den 1997 erschienenen Studien zu Mystik und Theologie des rabbinischen Judentums liegt nun der zweite und letzte Band der Gesammelten Studien von Arnold Goldberg vor. Im Mittelpunkt der Arbeiten des ersten Bandes standen vornehmlich zentrale inhaltliche Fragen rabbinischer Mystik und Theologie. Die neunzehn hier vorgelegten, zwischen 1974 und 1990 entstandenen Untersuchungen verstehen die rabbinische Literatur vor allem als methodologische Herausforderung. Die spezifische Eigenart dieser Literatur als Traditionsliteratur (im Gegensatz zur Autorenliteratur) besteht darin, daß ihre 'Fragmente' oder 'Zitate' aus ihrem ursprünglichen Kontext gelöst wurden und von Redaktoren in neue Formen eingebettet und zu neuen literarischen Einheiten gestaltet wurden. Arnold Goldberg betrachtete daher die Entwicklung einer formanalytischen Methode als vorrangige Aufgabe. Dadurch erst wird die Erforschung der einzelnen Formen, ihrer ursprünglichen und eigentümlichen Funktionen als selbständige literarische Formen, und die Entstehung neuer Formen und sekundärer Funktionen durch die Komposition möglich. Erst von der Form her kann die Aussage in ihren Gesamtzusammenhängen und in ihrem Bezugssystem erschlossen werden. Folgerichtig legte Arnold Goldberg nach einer ersten Studie zu Form und Funktion des Ma'ase in der Mischna seinen programmatischen und wegweisenden Entwurf einer formanalytischen Methode für die Exegese der rabbinischen Traditionsliteratur vor, dem er in den Folgejahren zahlreiche Einzeluntersuchungen folgen ließ. Im Zentrum seines methodologischen Interesses stehen rabbinische Texte als Gegenstand der Schriftauslegung, was zum Beispiel in den Arbeiten Das schriftauslegende Gleichnis im Midrasch, Die Schrift der rabbinischen Schriftausleger oder seinen Studien zu den Kompositionsformen der rabbinischen Homilie deutlich wird.

In the Fullness of Time

And in a paradigmatic instructional account of the descent to the chariot we are told, “And all the descenders to the chariot ascend and are not harmed; rather they see all this violence and descend safely and they come and they stand ...

In the Fullness of Time

Cutting-edge reflections on a variety of biblical and theological subjects Over the course of his distinguished career Richard Bauckham has made pioneering contributions to diverse areas of scholarship ranging from ethics and contemporary issues to hermeneutical problems and theology, often drawing together disciplines and fields of research all too commonly kept separate from one another. In this volume some of the most eminent figures in modern biblical and theological scholarship present essays honoring Bauckham. Addressing a variety of subjects related to Christology, creation, and eschatology, the contributors develop elements of Bauckham's biblical and theological work further, present fresh research of their own to complement his work, and raise critical questions. Contributors: Philip Alexander Jeremy S. Begbie David Brown James R. Davila James D. G. Dunn Philip F. Esler Daniel M. Gurtner Trevor Hart Larry W. Hurtado Bruce W. Longenecker Grant Macaskill Sean M. McDonough Jürgen Moltmann Micheal O'Siadhail Jonathan T. Pennington N. T. Wright

States of Political Discourse

The chariot of Helios, pulled by four wild horses (Pyrois, Eos, Aethon and Phlegon), daily carries the sun from east to ... In the Kabalistic tradition, the Merkabah mystics commemorate the descent of the divine chariot through ritual ...

States of Political Discourse

* How are states made possible, constructed in theory and practice, and what alternative possibilities are given up by conferring legitimacy on states? * How do 'reasons of state' appropriate and inform discourses of sovereignty, territoriality, historiography, diplomacy, security and community? * How can we employ language to challenge the problematic logics of international relations and imagine alternative ways of being with and relating to others? States of Political Discourse addresses these questions through a series of highly original and provocative essays that engage a range of political conditions and practices, exploring areas that are conventionally neglected. Topics include the language of normal and pathological states in Freudian psychoanalysis, the mythography of Europe, the political reification of the Himalayan region, the spirituality of cosmopolitanism, the status of the Knights of St John, and the literary exploration of diplomacy and security.

Mysticism in the Gospel of John

226-27, thinks that the expression 'descent into His chariot' reflects the influence of midrashic tradition (Exod. R. 23.14) which calls the Israelites first 'those who went down' to the Red Sea and then 'those who came up' from it. 8.

Mysticism in the Gospel of John

This is the first detailed study of Johannine mysticism against a Palestinian Jewish background has been previously undertaken. This book investiages whether there was a "mystical" practice in first-century Palestine and whether John can be better understood in the light of such practice, if there was any. In analysis, two strands of Jewish mysticism, the early forms of Ma`aseh Merkabah and of Ma`aseh Bereshit, emerge as existing in first-century Palestine. While the former narrates by means of Ezek. 1 the experience of seeing God in His kingly glory, the latter describes the same expereince by using Gen. 1. This book consists of three parts. Part one analyses Hellenistic mysticism as expressed by the Hermetica and Hellenistic-Jewish mysticism as presented by Philo. Part two traces the important elements of Merkabah mysticism from the later Hekhalot literature and the Jewish and Christian writings belonging to 2 cent. BCE - 1 cent. CE by defining the term "mysticism" in terms of the fourteen aspects of Jewish mysticism, an exegetical study of seven themes is undertaken in Part Three. The study shows that the conceptual parallels in John with Hellenistic mysticism and Hellenistic-Jewish mysticism are very slender, but indicates John's polemical motive against the Merkabah mystics of his time. He calls them to believe in Jesus as the Christ, the Son of God, by proclaiming that the divine glory, claimed by them to be revealed in human-like form on the throne, is now visible in the historical person, Jesus, particularly in his death on the Cross. Thus Jewish Throne-mysticism seems to have been reinterpreted by John as Cross-mysticism.

The Apocalypse

In the passage in question, R. Ishmael reports on R. Nehuniah ben haQanah's revelation of instructions for descent to the chariot-throne to the rabbis assembled in the Temple precincts as R. Nehuniah stands before the divine throne in ...

The Apocalypse

This accessible and enlightening history provides insights into thefascinating genre of apocalyptic literature, showing how theapocalypse encompasses far more than popular views of the lastjudgment and violent end of the world might suggest. An accessible and enlightening history of the"apocalypses"--ancient Jewish and Christian works -- providingfresh insights into the fascinating genre of literature Shows how the apocalypses were concerned not only with popularviews of the last judgment and violent end of the world, but withreward and punishment after death, the heavenly temple, and therevelation of astronomical phenomena and other secrets ofnature Traces the tradition of apocalyptic writing through the MiddleAges, through to the modern era, when social movements stillprophesise the world’s imminent demise

Lessing Yearbook XLIV 2017

It might come as a surprise that Gotter's melodrama concludes with Medea reentering the dragon chariot, in spite of the descent that takes place in the opening scene. She has killed her two sons, but she explains her deed as a means to ...

Lessing Yearbook XLIV 2017

Ausgehend von Faramerz Dabhoiwalas These der Existenz einer "ersten sexuellen Revolution" im 18. Jahrhundert enthält der Band Beiträge über die weibliche Tugendhaftigkeit in Luise Gottscheds "Panthea", die Sexualitätsproblematik in Lessings "Rettungen des Horaz", transkulturelle Sexualität bei Schnabel, Gellert und Willebrand, Geschlechterverhältnisse in Lessings frühen Lustspielen, Raum und Geschlecht in Lessings Familien-Dramen, die Disziplinierung sexuellen Verhaltens bei Rousseau und Wieland, die Thematisierung der Sexualität in englischen Übersetzungen von Goethes "Die Geschwister" und "Stella" sowie Casanovas sexuelle Geographie Europas.

Dictionary of New Testament Background

... The “Descent” to the Chariot: Towards a Description of the Terminology, Place, Function and Nature of the Yeridah in Hekhalot ... “The 'Descent to the Chariot' in Early Jewish Mysticism and Apocalyptic,” in Mapping Invisible Worlds, ...

Dictionary of New Testament Background

The 'Dictionary of New Testament Background' joins the 'Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels', the 'Dictionary of Paul and his Letters' and the 'Dictionary of the Later New Testament and its Developments' as the fourth in a landmark series of reference works on the Bible. In a time when our knowledge of the ancient Mediterranean world has grown, this volume sets out for readers the wealth of Jewish and Greco-Roman background that should inform our reading and understanding of the New Testament and early Christianity. 'The Dictionary of New Testament Background', takes full advantage of the flourishing study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and offers individual articles focused on the most important scrolls. In addition, the Dictionary encompasses the fullness of second-temple Jewish writings, whether pseudepigraphic, rabbinic, parables, proverbs, histories or inscriptions. Articles abound on aspects of Jewish life and thought, including family, purity, liturgy and messianism. The full scope of Greco-Roman culture is displayed in articles ranging across language and rhetoric, literacy and book benefactors, travel and trade, intellectual movements and ideas, and ancient geographical perspectives. No other reference work presents so much in one place for students of the New Testament. Here an entire library of scholarship is made available in summary form. The Dictionary of New Testament Background can stand alone, or work in concert with one or more of its companion volumes in the series. Written by acknowledged experts in their fields, this wealth of knowledge of the New Testament era is carefully aimed at the needs of contemporary students of the New Testament. In addition, its full bibliographies and cross-references to other volumes in the series will make it the first book to reach for in any investigation of the New Testament in its ancient setting.

Hidden Wisdom

... those who “descend to the Chariot”, a reference to the vision of the Chariot in Ezekiel 1.4 Despite some new studies, the puzzling metaphor of descent and its original meaning are still defying scholars.5 I hope to be able to ...

Hidden Wisdom

This book investigates the problem of esoteric traditions in early Christianity, their origin and their transformation in Patristic hermeneutics, in the West as well as in the East. It argues that these traditions eventually formed the basis of nascent Christian mysticism in Late Antiquity. These esoteric traditions do not reflect the influence of Greek Mystery religions, as has often been claimed, but rather seem to stem from the Jewish background of Christianity. They were adopted by various Gnostic teachings, a fact which helps explaining their eventual disappearance from Patristic literature. The eleven chapters study each a different aspect of the problem, including the questions of Gnostic and Manichaean esotericism. This book will be of interest to all students of religious history in Late Antiquity. Revised and extended paperback edition. Originally published in 1996. Please click here for details.

Translating the Bible

'Sisera gathered together his nine hundred iron chariots and all the men with him, from Harosheth Haggoyim to the ... as it stands since the descent from Tabor had a different purpose (attack) than the descent from the chariot (flight).

Translating the Bible

This topics covered in this volume, embracing both Old and New Testaments, range from detailed studies, such as how a particular biblical verse might be rendered from Hebrew or Greek to larger philosophical and hermeneutical issues-the importance of tradition; how translations come to be canonized; and how a modern translation can and should be evaluated. The value of this topical and highly informative volume lies not only in its insights into particular translational cruxes but in the questions raised and answers suggested regarding translation theory and practice in a range of scriptural texts.

Tree of Souls

55-70. Studies: The Faces of the Chariot by David J. Halperin. 4. THE DESCENT OF GOD'S THRONE In the future God will let his throne descend to the middle of the firmament, and will reveal His glory to all who walk on earth.

Tree of Souls

From tales of Adam, Moses, and other biblical figures, to the fall of Lucifer and the quarrel of the sun and moon, an anthology of Jewish myth presents seven hundred key stories and through extensive commentary places them in context with the literature of the world.