Educational Reform Legislation in the 20th Century

In 1902–3, the Association published more substantial pamphlets, including: The Education of the People and the Bill of 1902 (1902); The National Education Question (February 1902—a report on the Annual meeting of the Association); The ...

Educational Reform Legislation in the 20th Century

Much has been written on Education Acts, yet we have abused and neglected them. The history of educational legislation has been written off as ‘Acts and facts’, and the conventional approach to writing about them has been concerned with politics, and especially with the men responsible for them. On the centenary of the 1918 Education Act and Education (Scotland) Act, and the thirtieth anniversary of the 1988 Education Reform Act, we can rightly compare them alongside the other two agenda-setting master-Acts of the 20th century, those of 1902 and 1944. These latter Acts, themselves landmarks of legislation, have each attracted several significant articles that have been published in the British Journal of Educational Studies. Between them, these provide a detailed commentary on the key legislation that has framed the development of UK education that is also open to critique and challenge. The anniversaries of these key Education Acts are also starting points for broader discussion of continuities, changes and contestation in legislation involving the regime of power, control and regulation of education. This can also include consideration of the international context and the relationship between educational and other social legislation and reform.

The Great Church Crisis and the End of English Erastianism 1898 1906

Eaglesham, “Planning the Education Bill of 1902,” 17; and Gullifer, “Opposition to the 1902 Education Act,” 84. ... For more on Lloyd George and the 1902 Education Bill, see John Grigg, Lloyd George: The People's Champion, 1902–1911 ...

The Great Church Crisis and the End of English Erastianism  1898 1906

This book traces the history of the "Church Crisis", a conflict between the Protestant and Anglo-Catholic (Ritualist) parties within the Church of England between 1898 and 1906. During this period, increasing numbers of Britons embraced Anglo-Catholicism and even converted to Roman Catholicism. Consequent fears that Catholicism was undermining the "Protestant" heritage of the established church led to a moral panic. The Crisis led to a temporary revival of Erastianism as protestant groups sought to stamp out Catholicism within the established church through legislation whilst Anglo-Catholics, who valued ecclesiastical autonomy, opposed any such attempts. The eventual victory of forces in favor of greater ecclesiastical autonomy ended parliamentary attempts to control church practice, sounding the death knell of Erastianism. Despite increased acknowledgment that religious concerns remained deep-seated around the turn of the century, historians have failed to recognize that this period witnessed a high point in Protestant-Catholic antagonism and a shift in the relationship between the established church and Parliament. Parliament’s increasing unwillingness to address ecclesiastical concerns in this period was not an example advancing political secularity. Rather, Parliament’s increased reluctance to engage with the Church of England illustrates the triumph of an anti-Erastian conception of church-state relations.

The Religious Issue in the State Schools of England Wales 1902 1914

National Education Association . The Education Crisis : A Defence of Popular Management in Public Education ( London : 1902 ) , 96 pp . The Education of the People and the Bill of 1902 ( London : 1902 ) , 42 pp . National Society .

The Religious Issue in the State Schools of England   Wales  1902 1914


History of Education Society Bulletin

The Abolition of School Boards 1902 Annual Report 1901 1902 The National Education Question A.G.M. 1902 Report of the Committee of N.E.A. on the Education 1902 Bill ( No. 138 ) 1902 The Education of the People & the 1902 Bill 1902 One ...

History of Education Society Bulletin


The Education of the People

A History of Primary Education in England and Wales in the Nineteenth Century Mary Sturt ... 1 August1898,LXIII, 666 Board of EducationBill introduced in Lords. 24 April 1899, LXX, ... 5 May 1902,CVII, 638 2nd reading, Education Bill.

The Education of the People

Originally published in 1967.This book illustrates how, during the nineteenth century, the idea grew up that the provision of universal education was one of the functions of the state. The volume is also a history of that period of education, discussing the main events and describing the actual conditions of the schools.

Oxford review of education

( 61 ] Quoted from Daily News in GARDINER , THOMAS ( 1902 ) The secularist position with regard to education , The Westminster Review ... ( 67 ) The Journal of Education , 24 , 1902 , p . 172 . ... People and the Bill of 1902 ( London ) .

Oxford review of education


Education Matters

60 years of the British Journal of Educational Studies James Arthur, Jon Davison, Richard Pring ... the Education Bill of 1902(9, 1: 153–75, 1960); Boardof EducationAct 1899(11,1: 44– 60, 1962); Church andChildren – a Studyinthe ...

Education Matters

Education Matters draws together a selection of the most influential papers published in the British Journal of Educational Studies by many of the leading scholars in the field over the past sixty years. This unique collection of seminal articles published since the first issue of the Journal provides students and researchers in education with an informed insight and understanding of the nature the development of the field of Educational Studies in the United Kingdom since the Second World War. It also assesses the current position of Educational Studies and explores the possibilities for the development of the field in coming years. Compiled by the journal's editors, past and present, James Arthur, Jon Davison and Richard Pring, the book illustrates the development of the field of educational studies, and the specially written Introduction contextualises the selection, whilst introducing students to the main issues and current thinking in the field. Each of the twenty articles includes a preface which highlights the changing conceptions and development of, or consistency in, educational thought over time, as well as debates and conflicts in the seminal articles by key educational thinkers that have been published in the Journal.

Toynbee Hall

On the eve of the Education Bill of 1902, largely engineered by Morant, Barnett praised Gorst ... would not involve a desertion of 'Liberal principles' — Liberal principles are variously defined but their essence is trust in the people.

Toynbee Hall

First published in 1984, Toynbee Hall, The First Hundred Years is not just a centenary study, but a personal contribution to the continuing history of Toynbee Hall, which is the Universities' settlement in East London, and an institution that has inspired respect and affection. Its pioneering role as a residential community living and working in the heart of one of London's most deprived areas has been maintained. Called a 'social workshop' by its late chairman John Profumo, Toynbee Hall promotes ventures such as Free Legal Advice, the Workers Educational Association, and the Whitechapel Art Gallery. The book looks at the social changes that have taken place over the 100 years since Toynbee Hall was founded in 1884, but also notes curious parallels, with persistent patterns of poverty, deprivation, squalor and racial separation which characterise the area. Questions about the facts and perceptions of poverty, the nature of community, the visual as well as the social environment, and the roles of voluntary, local and national statutory policy still require answers.

Toynbee Hall Routledge Revivals

On the eve of the Education Bill of 1902, largely engineered by Morant ... by the County Councils would not involve a desertion of 'Liberal principles' — Liberal principles are variously defined but their essence is trust in the people.

Toynbee Hall  Routledge Revivals

First published in 1984, Toynbee Hall, The First Hundred Years is not just a centenary study, but a personal contribution to the continuing history of Toynbee Hall, which is the Universities’ settlement in East London, and an institution that has inspired respect and affection. Its pioneering role as a residential community living and working in the heart of one of London’s most deprived areas has been maintained. Called a ‘social workshop’ by its late chairman John Profumo, Toynbee Hall promotes ventures such as Free Legal Advice, the Workers Educational Association, and the Whitechapel Art Gallery. The book looks at the social changes that have taken place over the 100 years since Toynbee Hall was founded in 1884, but also notes curious parallels, with persistent patterns of poverty, deprivation, squalor and racial separation which characterise the area. Questions about the facts and perceptions of poverty, the nature of community, the visual as well as the social environment, and the roles of voluntary, local and national statutory policy still require answers.

Parliamentary Papers

2485 Provisions , Miss A. M. Mayer 5738 , 5779–82 1904 , passed by House of Keys , rejected by Council , G. A. Ring 1907 , passed by House of Keys , rejected by Council , G. A. Ring Licensing ( Tied Houses Abolition ) Bill , 1902 ...

Parliamentary Papers


Bulletin Bureau of Education

Bureau of Education ... The act of 1902 held the bill of 1906 within its arms . ... and if it requires amendment that they shall use constitutional means to amend it in conformity with the declared will of the people .

Bulletin   Bureau of Education


Socialism and Education in Britain 1883 1902

112 Christabel Pankhurst, 'The EducationBill– A Woman's Point of View', Labour Leader,31 May 1902. 113 H. Sparling,The Morality ofLaziness: A Lecture Delivered at the Gracechurch St. Labour Pickles Papers, Pic/111. 114 Club, n.d..

Socialism and Education in Britain 1883 1902

Examines the British socialist movement in the last two decades of the 19th century through its policies on children's education. The author reassesses the nature of these policies and comments on the validity of those historiographical models used in analyses of the socialism of this period.