The Great Demarcation

As Rafe Blaufarb demonstrates in this ambitious work, the French Revolution remade the system of property-holding that had existed in France before 1789.

The Great Demarcation

What does it mean to own something? What sorts of things can be owned, and what cannot? How does one relinquish ownership? What are the boundaries between private and public property? Over the course of a decade, the French Revolution grappled with these questions. Punctuated by false starts, contingencies, and unexpected results, this process laid the foundations of the Napoleonic Code and modern notions of property. As Rafe Blaufarb demonstrates in this ambitious work, the French Revolution remade the system of property-holding that had existed in France before 1789. The revolutionary changes aimed at two fundamental goals: the removal of formal public power from the sphere of property and the excision of property from the realm of sovereignty. The revolutionaries accomplished these two aims by abolishing privately-owned forms of power, such as jurisdictional lordship and venal public office, and by dismantling the Crown domain, thus making the state purely sovereign. This brought about a Great Demarcation: a radical distinction between property and power from which flowed the critical distinctions between the political and the social, state and society, sovereignty and ownership, the public and private. It destroyed the conceptual basis of the Old Regime, laid the foundation of France's new constitutional order, and crystallized modern ways of thinking about polities and societies. By tracing how the French Revolution created a new legal and institutional reality, The Great Demarcation shows how the revolutionary transformation of Old Regime property helped inaugurate political modernity

The Great Demarcation

This work engages with this historical process not from an economic or social perspective, but from the perspective of the laws and institutions of property".--Résumé de l'éditeur.

The Great Demarcation

The French Revolution remade the system of property-holding that had existed in France before 1789. This work engages with this historical process not from an economic or social perspective, but from the perspective of the laws and institutions of property.

History of the English Parliament

the Great demarcation of the functions of legislature and executive , CHAP . IV . a still longer time to enable the two , when once their Edward I. functions were distinguished , to work harmoniously Legislator . together .

History of the English Parliament


The Life of Charlemagne

And such a changeful moment in the history of the world was undoubtedly the life of the great ruler who is generally spoken of as Charlemagne, and preeminently the year 800, when he was crowned as Emperor at Rome.

The Life of Charlemagne

In the gradual transformation of the old world of classical antiquity into the world with which the statesmen of today must deal, no man played a greater part than Charles the Great, King of the Franks and Emperor of Rome. The sharp lines of demarcation which we often draw between period and period, and which are useful as helps to memory, have not for the most part had any real existence in history, for in the world of men, as in the development of the material universe, it is true that uniformity rather than cataclysm is the rule: Naturanon vadit per saltum. Still there are some great landmarks, such as the foundation of Constantinople, Alaric's capture of Rome, the Hegira of Mohammed, the discovery of America, the Reformation and the French Revolution, which have no merely artificial existence. We can see that the thoughts of the great majority of civilized men were suddenly forced into a different channel by such events, that after they had occurred, men hoped for other benefits and feared other dangers than they had looked for before these events took place. And such a changeful moment in the history of the world was undoubtedly the life of the great ruler who is generally spoken of as Charlemagne, and preeminently the year 800, when he was crowned as Emperor at Rome.

The Science of Empire

William Thackeray , for example , had suggested that railway tracks provided the " great demarcation line between past and present , " while Alfred Tennyson , after observing a passing train , wrote " let the great world spin forever ...

The Science of Empire

Investigates the complex social processes involved in the introduction and institutionalization of Western science in colonial India.

Insurgent Universality

The tradition to which the Communards instead referred transcended the binary code of the individual/state and, in general, the great demarcation. The question concerned the change in direction with respect to the trajectory of the dual ...

Insurgent Universality

Scholars commonly take the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen of 1789, written during the French Revolution, as the starting point for the modern conception of human rights. According to the Declaration, the rights of man are held to be universal, at all times and all places. But as recent crises around migrants and refugees have made obvious, this idea, sacred as it might be among human rights advocates, is exhausted. It's long past time to reconsider the principles on which Western economic and political norms rest. This book advocates for a tradition of political universality as an alternative to the juridical universalism of the Declaration. Insurgent universality isn't based on the idea that we all share some common humanity but, rather, on the democratic excess by which people disrupt and reject an existing political and economic order. Going beyond the constitutional armor of the representative state, it brings into play a plurality of powers to which citizens have access, not through the funnel of national citizenship but in daily political practice. We can look to recent history to see various experiments in cooperative and insurgent democracy: the Indignados in Spain, the Arab Spring, Occupy, the Zapatistas in Mexico, and, going further back, the Paris Commune, the 1917 peasant revolts during the Russian Revolution, and the Haitian Revolution. This book argues that these movements belong to the common legacy of insurgent universality, which is characterized by alternative trajectories of modernity that have been repressed, hindered, and forgotten. Massimiliano Tomba examines these events to show what they could have been and what they can still be. As such he explores how their common legacy can be reactivated. Insurgent Universality analyzes the manifestos and declarations that came out of these experiments considering them as collective works of an alternative canon of political theory that challenges the great names of the Western pantheon of political thought and builds bridges between European and non-European political and social experiments.

Johnson s New Universal Cyclop dia

P. 1000 . tain ranges ; the other great mountain - masses , whether Rocky Grove , tp . , Orangeburg co . , their origin be by extravasation or upheaval and ... On the mountains and plateaus of the greater demarcation can be drawn .

Johnson s New Universal Cyclop  dia


Johnson s New Universal Cyclopaedia

P. 1000 . tain ranges ; the other great mountain - masses , whether their origin be by extravasation or upheaval and degradaRocky Grove , tp . , Orangeburg co . ... On the mountains and plateaus of the greater demarcation can be drawn .

Johnson s New Universal Cyclopaedia


Johnson s Univeral Cyclop dia

6 - C , for location of county ) , on Pittsburg di- tain ranges ; the other great mountain - masses , whether vision of Baltimore and Ohio R. R. , at junction ... On the mountains and plateaus of the greater demarcation can be drawn .

Johnson s Univeral Cyclop  dia


Johnson s revised Universal Cyclopaedia

6 - C , for location of county ) , on Pittsburg di- tain ranges ; the other great mountain - masses , whether vision of Baltimore and Ohio R. R. , at junction ... On the mountains and plateaus of the greater demarcation can be drawn .

Johnson s  revised  Universal Cyclopaedia


Radical Cartographies

And perhaps, when the moment arrives and the great demarcation effort by the communities is finally recognized, the situation could change. The elders may yet win the battle against mining, and some of the damage to the land could be ...

Radical Cartographies

Cartography has a troubled history as a technology of power. The production and distribution of maps, often understood to be ideological representations that support the interests of their developers, have served as tools of colonization, imperialism, and global development, advancing Western notions of space and place at the expense of indigenous peoples and other marginalized communities. But over the past two decades, these marginalized populations have increasingly turned to participatory mapping practices to develop new, innovative maps that reassert local concepts of place and space, thus harnessing the power of cartography in their struggles for justice. In twelve essays written by community leaders, activists, and scholars, Radical Cartographies critically explores the ways in which participatory mapping is being used by indigenous, Afro-descendant, and other traditional groups in Latin America to preserve their territories and cultural identities. Through this pioneering volume, the authors fundamentally rethink the role of maps, with significant lessons for marginalized communities across the globe, and launch a unique dialogue about the radical edge of a new social cartography.

New Perspectives on Emotions in Finance

He did not get to participate in the great demarcation between sense and nonsense, though of course he was the proponent of the equally large demarcation between facts and value judgements. What counted as sense for the positivists were ...

New Perspectives on Emotions in Finance

The financial crisis that started in 2007 is a concern for the world. Some countries are in depression and governments are desperately trying to find solutions. In the absence of thorough debate on the emotions of money, bitter disputes, hatred and ‘moralizing’ can be misunderstood. New Perspectives on Emotions in Finance carefully considers emotions often left unacknowledged, in order to explain the socially useful versus de-civilising, destructive, nature of money. This book offers an understanding of money that includes the possible civilising sentiments. This interdisciplinary volume examines what is seemingly an uncontrollable, fragile world of finance and explains the ‘panics’ of traders and ‘immoral panics’ in banking, ‘confidence’ of government and commercial decision makers, ‘shame’ or ‘cynicism’ of investors and asymmetries of ‘impersonal trust’ between finance corporations and their many publics. Money is shown to rely on this abstract trust or ‘faith’, but such motivations are in crisis with ‘angry’ conflicts over the ‘power of disposition’. Restraining influences – on ‘uncivilised emotions’ and rule breaking – need democratic consensus, due to enduring national differences in economic ‘sentiments’ even in ostensibly similar countries. Promising ideas for global reform are assessed from these cautionary interpretations. Instead of one ‘correct’ vision, sociologists in this book argue that corporations and global dependencies are driven by fears and normless sentiments which foster betrayal. This book is not about individuals, but habitus and market crudities. Human ‘nature’ or ‘greed’ cannot describe banks, which do not ‘feel’ because their motivations are not from personal psyches but organisational pressures, and are liable to switch under money’s inevitable uncertainties. This more inclusive social science studies emotions as a crucial factor among others, to expand the informed public debate among policy makers, bankers, academics, students and the public.

Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease

Here again there is found the great demarcation between the systematized and the unsystematized delusion . In the systematized delusion , such partial logical power and such other mental qualities as the patient ever had are utilized by ...

Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease

July 1918-1943 include reports of various neurological and psychiatric societies.

Affectivity and the Social Bond

Instead, the great demarcation line of the Comtean theory of affectivity is the division between the organic and the inorganic (or the living and the inert),25 and inside the organic domain, the dichotomy between the vegetative and the ...

Affectivity and the Social Bond

Affectivity and the Social Bond offers a fresh and original perspective on the relationship between affectivity and transcendence in nineteenth and twentieth century French social theory. Engaging in a conceptual analysis of the works of Comte, Durkheim, Bataille and Girard, this book exposes a major transformation brought about by the sociological gaze in understandings of affectivity and its relationship to both sociality and transcendence in nineteenth century social thought: the ambivalence between the transcendence of the social and the immanence of affective experience. Revealing the manner in which questions of violence and economy are intertwined in the sociological analysis of affectivity, Affectivity and the Social Bond reflects upon the problem of controlling affectivity, alongside the political implications and possible dangers of a sociological model which seeks the roots of the social bond first and foremost in the affective realm. A rigorous engagement with the classics of French social theory, their treatment of human affectivity and its relationship to social integration and regulation, this book will appeal not only to sociologists and social theorists, but also to those with interests in social and political philosophy and the history of ideas.

The Saturday Review of Politics Literature Science and Art

... traders from Protectionists , inflationists from bullionists , and so from deserting their employer just at such a season . Even the forth , run at various angles across the one great demarcation that plan of working .

The Saturday Review of Politics  Literature  Science and Art


The Oxford History of the French Revolution

... 1996); R. Blaufarb, The Great Demarcation: The French Revolution and the Invention of Modern Property (New York, 2016); S. L. Kaplan, La Fin des corporations (Paris, 2001); and M. P. Fitzsimmons, From Artisan to Worker: Guilds, ...

The Oxford History of the French Revolution

Since its first publication to mark the bicentenary of the French Revolution in 1989, this Oxford History has established itself as the Revolution's most authoritative and comprehensive one-volume history in English, and has recently been translated into Chinese. Running from the accession of Louis XVI in 1774, it traces the history of France through revolution, terror, and counter-revolution to the final triumph of Napoleon in 1802. It also analyses the impact of events in France upon the rest of Europe and the world beyond. The study shows how a movement which began with optimism and general enthusiasm soon became a tragedy, not only for the ruling orders, but also for the millions of ordinary people whose lives were disrupted by religious upheaval, economic chaos, and civil and international war. Now in its third edition, this volume has been fully updated in the light of current research, and includes an appendix surveying the past and present historiography of the revolutionary period.

Beyond the Anarchical Society

... point : the settlement of North America is often taken to be one of the principal developments of the modern era ; indeed , it is customarily seen as the great demarcation between the medieval and modern worlds .

Beyond the Anarchical Society

Sample Text

Industrial Disputes Ils 151

The great majority of these demarcation strikes are 'horizontal' inter-craft disputes. Table IX illustrates how all the demarcation strikes, even those over Vertical' deTABLE IX UNIONS INVOLVED IN RECORDED DEMARCATION STRIKES IN NORTH ...

Industrial Disputes Ils 151

First published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

20th Century Hungary and the Great Powers

“ The demarcation line was drawn up by Beneš and Marshal Foch , the head of the Supreme Council , and was transmitted to the Hungarians on December 21 as a French undertaking without the consultation of the victorious great powers .

20th Century Hungary and the Great Powers

Specialists from the West and Hungary examine the impact of power politics on Hungary.