The Imam of the Christians

Lay Elites under Arab Rule -- Patriarchs and Bishops -- Tithes, Authority and Hierarchy -- Changing Centres of Power : Harran, Kakushta and Cyrrhus -- Takrit and Mosul : the Jacobite east -- World Views and Communal Boundaries -- Dionysius ...

The Imam of the Christians

"This book considers how Christians adopted the governmental practices and political thought of their Muslim rulers. It explores how this encounter produced an Islamicate Christianity, that differed from the Christianities of Byzantium and western Europe in far more than just theology. It focuses on the history of the Jacobite patriarch of Antioch, Dionysius of Tel-Mahre, and examines the Jazira in the century after the Abbasid Revolution (750-850). It argues that the Abbasid period saw the higher clergy able to command increased powers over their co-religionists, such as issuing canons to regulate the lives of laymen, gathering tithes and arresting Christian opponents. Dionysius' historical writing advertises the patriarch's savoir-faire as he interacts with the court of Abdallah in Raqqa or the caliph al-Ma'mun in Baghdad. It presents him as an effective advocate for the interests of his co-religionists through his knowledge of Arabic and his ability to redeploy Islamic ideas to his own advantage. Strikingly, he observes that both he and al-Ma'mun are imams, since they lead their people in prayer and rule by popular consensus. On this basis, he claims, the caliph should support his leadership in order to guarantee the social order of the caliphate. The Imam of the Christians offers Dionysius' history as a window into the world of early Islam, and as an example more generally of how a powerful worldview can set the parameters by which other worldviews operate"--

The Imam of the Christians

One major strand of this book is how Christian institutions were strengthened by the support they received from the caliph's government. ... The notion of an imam was a central feature of the political thought of the Abbasid family.

The Imam of the Christians

How Christian leaders adapted the governmental practices and political thought of their Muslim rulers in the Abbasid caliphate The Imam of the Christians examines how Christian leaders adopted and adapted the political practices and ideas of their Muslim rulers between 750 and 850 in the Abbasid caliphate in the Jazira (modern eastern Turkey and northern Syria). Focusing on the writings of Dionysius of Tel-Mahre, the patriarch of the Jacobite church, Philip Wood describes how this encounter produced an Islamicate Christianity that differed from the Christianities of Byzantium and western Europe in far more than just theology. In doing so, Wood opens a new window on the world of early Islam and Muslims’ interactions with other religious communities. Wood shows how Dionysius and other Christian clerics, by forging close ties with Muslim elites, were able to command greater power over their coreligionists, such as the right to issue canons regulating the lives of lay people, gather tithes, and use state troops to arrest opponents. In his writings, Dionysius advertises his ease in the courts of ʿAbd Allah ibn Tahir in Raqqa and the caliph al-Ma’mun in Baghdad, presenting himself as an effective advocate for the interests of his fellow Christians because of his knowledge of Arabic and his ability to redeploy Islamic ideas to his own advantage. Strikingly, Dionysius even claims that, like al-Ma’mun, he is an imam since he leads his people in prayer and rules them by popular consent. A wide-ranging examination of Middle Eastern Christian life during a critical period in the development of Islam, The Imam of the Christians is also a case study of the surprising workings of cultural and religious adaptation.

The Nearest in Affection

He Nearest in Affection to those who believe," according to the Quran, "are the ones who say, 'We are Christians.

The Nearest in Affection

He Nearest in Affection to those who believe," according to the Quran, "are the ones who say, 'We are Christians.'" Yet in many parts of the world where Christians and Muslims live side by side, the reality of their relationship falls far short of that ideal. Suspicions and fears arise from ignorance of each other's history, beliefs, and practices, often leading to tensions and open conflict. This short introduction to Islam for Christians offers a wide-ranging overview of what Muslims believe and where their beliefs and practices reveal points of contact or divergence with Christianity. It thus provides both an agenda and a solid foundation for strengthened and respectful encounters between members of the world's two largest faith groups.

The Covenants of the Prophet Muhammad with the Christians of the World

For scholars, this book provides much difficult-to-obtain material: facsimiles of primary sources in Arabic and Persian; corrected versions in modern Arabic typescript; and alternate translations.

The Covenants of the Prophet Muhammad with the Christians of the World

The Prophet Muhammad s treaties with the Christians of his time, which John Andrew Morrow has rediscovered in obscure collections and often newly translated, uniformly state that Muslims are not to attack peaceful Christian communities, but defend them until the End of the World. Authored by the Prophet himself, they represent a third foundational pillar for Islam outside of Qur an and hadith. The Covenants Initiative within the book represents a movement by Muslims, both prominent and unknown, in support of Christians under attack. These treaties desperately need to be better known among Christians, Muslims, and the general public. For scholars, this book provides much difficult-to-obtain material: facsimiles of primary sources in Arabic and Persian; corrected versions in modern Arabic typescript; and alternate translations. They now have all they need to study the covenants in depth. "This narrative has the power to unite Muslim and Christian communities. A work of scholarship, its release is timely, and its content critical in fostering mutual respect and religious freedom."--IMAM FEISAL ABDUL RAUF, Chairman, Cordoba Initiative "In his indispensable contribution to the study of the Abrahamic faiths, John Andrew Morrow tells the story of how the Prophet Muhammad used his desert experiences of hospitality and protection to bring Muslims and Christians together."--JOSEPH HOBBS, University of Missouri "These letters from the Prophet Muhammad to Christian communities can serve to inspire both Muslims and Christians about our ability to live together as God's people, as friends, as neighbors, and as custodians of the same small planet."--OMID SAFI, University of North Carolina "With painstaking effort and much dedication invested in this groundbreaking work, Professor Morrow will surely manage to attract the attention of Islamic studies students and specialists."--AMAR SELLAM, Mohamed I University "This book documents what is possibly the third foundational source of Islam: the Prophet's treaties and covenants among people of the Abrahamic faiths. Dr. Morrow brings forth exceptionally important findings that dictate peaceful coexistence among Jews, Christians, and Muslims."--BRIDGET BLOMFIELD, University of Nebraska

The Christians of Pakistan

This book tells the story of the Christians in Pakistan, with Bishop Joseph as its centrepiece.

The Christians of Pakistan

In May 1998, John Joseph, the first native Pakistani Catholic bishop, shot himself in front of the courthouse where a Christian had been sentenced to death for blasphemy. This book tells the story of the Christians in Pakistan, with Bishop Joseph as its centrepiece. It is an account of outcastes who sought hope through Christianity, but who now find themselves victims of a struggle to define Islam in Pakistan. The majority of Pakistani Christians are descendants of untouchables converted to Christianity in the late 19th century. In Pakistan a minority religion is linked with low status, perpetuating the Indian Hindu caste system even though the Muslim majority has disassociated itself from all things Hindu and Indian. The book also deals with enculturation in the Pakistani church, the rise of native clergy, conflicts between the local church and Rome, the rise of 'fundamentalist' Islam and the position of women in society and church.

Christians Who Defended and Died for Prophet Muhammad and His Family

I hope this book will show the reader of how the true relationship between Islam and Christianity was and how it should be today.

Christians Who Defended and Died for Prophet Muhammad and His Family

In researching Islamic history I have found in many cases that some of the Christian's who lived during the time of the Holy Prophet (pbuh), and also during the times of the 12 imam's from his Holy household (pbut), stood up for them when they were being oppressed. It makes you wonder, why did these people stand up to defend the Prophet and his family when they belonged to a different religion? The Prophet and his family's character were so impressive to people that even the idol worshippers, who hated him, could not come up with anything bad to say about his morals. The Prophet's title, even before the Prophet hood, was Al-Ameen (the trustworthy) and As-Saadiq (the truthful). These Holy personalities shined their light on everyone they came in contact with. It was amazing for people to witness such sublime morality in a human being. Also during their times they treated everyone equitably and just. The Christian's felt safe under the Prophet and Imam Ali's rule and they were taken care of by them. The Ahl ul Bayt (The Prophet and his family) felt it their duty to help their fellow human being if they were able to do so. When the Christians witnessed the Prophet's family being oppressed some of the monks acknowledged the right of their Imamate (divine leadership) and they stood up for justice and died defending them.In this humble attempt I have compiled some historical accounts of Muhammad (pbuh) and his Family's treatment towards Christian's during their respected times. Also I have included historical accounts of Christian's who protected the Holy Prophet and some who gladly laid down their lives for his Holy family. I hope this book will show the reader of how the true relationship between Islam and Christianity was and how it should be today. This is the Islam that was practiced by Muhammad and his Family, not the Islam that was hijacked by the corrupt rulers after our Prophet's martyrdom. Prophet Muhammad treated everyone with justice and equality, but the rulers who took away the divine leadership from his family performed a lot of terrible deeds in the name of Islam. We need to recognize the bad things these corrupt rulers did and disassociate them and their actions from Islam and show people the true form of Islam as taught to us by our Prophet Muhammad and his Household. It is up to us as God fearing people to bridge the gaps that have been built between the two religions of Christianity and Islam and to treat each other kindly with the aim to please the one and only God that created us all. Imam Ali is reported as saying "Know that people are of two types: they are either your brothers in religion or your equals in creation." Mateen J. Charbonneau

Muslims Christians and the Challenge of Interfaith Dialogue

This volume looks at the history of encounter between the two religions, the types of dialogue that are taking place both locally and nationally, and the hope that conversation brings for better interfaith understanding.

Muslims  Christians  and the Challenge of Interfaith Dialogue

This volume looks at the history of encounter between the two religions, the types of dialogue that are taking place both locally and nationally, and the hope that conversation brings for better interfaith understanding.

Law Christianity and Modernism in Islamic Society Proceedings of the 18th Congress of the Union Europeenne Des Arabisants Et Islamisants Held at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven September 3 9 1996

Apart from the position taken by al - Šahrastānī regarding the șulūliyya , which he did not seem to consider as belonging to the extremist groups , it is interesting to note the assimilation of the divinity of the imām to the Christian ...

Law  Christianity  and Modernism in Islamic Society Proceedings of the 18th Congress of the Union Europeenne Des Arabisants Et Islamisants Held at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven  September 3 9  1996


History of the Imams and Seyyids of Oman by Salil ibn Razik from A D 661 1856

who came to aid him on behalf of the Imâm. Now there was a fort on the seashore at Julfâr—not that which had been taken by 'Aly—belonging to the Christians.1 This was surrounded and besieged by the ed-Duliâmish, who were liberally ...

History of the Imams and Seyyids of  Oman by Salil ibn Razik  from A D  661 1856

Translated from the Original Arabic and Edited, with Notes, Appendices, and an Introduction, continuing the History down to 1870. This is a new print-on-demand hardback edition of the volume first published in 1871.

Islamic Studies

" "Debating with Muslims;" and "25 Ways to Enter Paradise." This sharply cuts research time for the Christian who is serious about learning about Islam. This is what you need to know!

Islamic Studies

What should the Christian know about Islam? Islamic Studies, 2nd Edition (60% more material) prepares students in group, class settings, or privately to know all the essentials of Islam's theology, history, rituals, tendencies, and culture for adequate interaction with Muslims. Knowing the differences between Islam and Christianity is crucial for effective witness. The reader will gain an understanding of what causes radicalization and what ex-Muslims say about the need for reform. Additional material in this edition: a condensed study of Sharia Law, both Shia and Sunni versions; a comparison of Islamic and Christian notions of hygiene; "Ultimate Intentions of Islam," "Who Is Gabriel?" "Debating with Muslims;" and "25 Ways to Enter Paradise." This sharply cuts research time for the Christian who is serious about learning about Islam. This is what you need to know!

The Oromo and the Christian Kingdom of Ethiopia

However, the pastoral Oromo, whom the Christians faced was neither against the Cross nor desirous of imposing the ... Minas had been captured in 1538 by the Muslim army, and had stayed for three years with Imam Ahmad and his wife Del ...

The Oromo and the Christian Kingdom of Ethiopia

First full-length history of the Oromo 1300-1700; explains their key part in the medieval Christian kingdom and demonstrates their importance in shaping Ethiopian history.

The Imam s Friday Sermon and Other Poems

This collection chronicles both the inner agony of a young mind torn by family and religious tensions and the pettiness and hypocrisy of 'holy men's' everyday lives.

The Imam s Friday Sermon and Other Poems


Christianity Islam and Orisa Religion

It is chaired by a local imam, and the six committee members present comprise four Muslims and two Christians. At the end of the proceedings, the imam recites the surat al-fatiha (the short first sura of the Koran) in Arabic, ...

Christianity  Islam  and Orisa Religion

A free ebook version of this title is available through Luminos, University of California Press’s open access publishing program for monographs. Visit www.luminosoa.org to learn more. The Yoruba of southwestern Nigeria are exceptional for the copresence among them of three religious traditions: Islam, Christianity, and the indigenous orisa religion. In this comparative study, at once historical and anthropological, Peel explores the intertwined character of the three religions and the dense imbrication of religion in all aspects of Yoruba history up to the present. For over 400 years, the Yoruba have straddled two geocultural spheres: one reaching north over the Sahara to the world of Islam, the other linking them to the Euro-American world via the Atlantic. These two external spheres were the source of contrasting cultural influences, notably those emanating from the world religions. However, the Yoruba not only imported Islam and Christianity but also exported their own orisa religion to the New World. Before the voluntary modern diaspora that has brought many Yoruba to Europe and the Americas, tens of thousands were sold as slaves in the New World, bringing with them the worship of the orisa. Peel offers deep insight into important contemporary themes such as religious conversion, new religious movements, relations between world religions, the conditions of religious violence, the transnational flows of contemporary religion, and the interplay between tradition and the demands of an ever-changing present. In the process, he makes a major theoretical contribution to the anthropology of world religions.

The Divine Guide in Early Shi ism

The Guide-Light Adamic Humanity.

The Divine Guide in Early Shi ism

Abbreviations Preface Chapter I Introduction: Return to the Earliest Sources Hiero-Intelligence and Reason Esotericism and Rationalization The Sources The Nature and Authority of Imamite Traditions Chapter II The Pre-Existence of the Imam The Worlds before the World. The Guide-Light Adamic Humanity. The "Voyage" of the Light Excursus: "Vision with the Heart" Conception and Birth Chapter III The Existence of the Imam Comments on the "Political" Life of the Imams The Sacred Science Notes on the "Integral Qur’an* " The Sacred Power Chapter IV The Super-Existence of the Imam Imamite Points of View on the Ancientness of the Information The Imam and His Occultation: Esoteric Aspects The Return and the Rising: Esoteric Aspects Conclusions Appendix: Some Implications of the Occultation: Individual Religion and Collective Religion Notes Bibliography General Index

History of the Im ms and Seyyids of Om n

However , , the foundations of the fort were laid and the work completed in accordance with the Imâm's orders , and the governor occupied it with his troops , the war between him and the Christians continuing to ...

History of the Im  ms and Seyyids of  Om  n


The Non Jewish Origins of the Sephardic Jews

... by the Christians in 1085 ) , the Christians issued coins in the Arabic style with Arabic inscriptions of the type al - ' imam al - bi'a al - masi hiyya baba " the Pope is the imam of the Christian faith " ( Bates 1992 : 385 ) .

The Non Jewish Origins of the Sephardic Jews

The author uses linguistic, ethnographic, and historical evidence to support his theory that the origins of Sephardic Jews are predominantly Berber and Arab. Paul Wexler is Professor of Linguistics at Tel-Aviv University.

Annals of the Turkish Empire from 1591 to 1659 of the Christian Era

Mulla Abdul Kerím , a native of Magnesia , was Imám to the Sultán . ' He was studying in the academy of Magnesia when Sultán Murad Khán son of Sultan Selím Khán , went to that quarter . The Imám of Magnesia having been removed by death ...

Annals of the Turkish Empire from 1591 to 1659 of the Christian Era


History of the Im ms and Seyyids of Om n

However , the foundations of the fort were laid and the work completed in accordance with the Imâm's orders , and the governor occupied it with his troops , the war between him and the Christians continuing to rage as fiercely as ever .

History of the Im  ms and Seyyids of   Om  n


The Cambridge History of Africa From c 500 B C to A D 1050

... had troubled the Christian state since the 1470s had contributed to its weakness in the face of the imām's army . But this can hardly provide the whole explanation , since there was a clear revival of Christian power in the reigns ...

The Cambridge History of Africa  From c  500 B C  to A D  1050


The Contrast Truth

In this book, a clear distinction was established between the two classes of Christianity that majority of pastors will never talk to their followers about. This is also a very strange subject most people have not heard of in Christianity.

The Contrast Truth

The contrast truth is a religious book of more than one volume, with volume 1 having about 280 pages. the book considered the authenticity of some verses in both the Bible and the Quran in other to establish logical points. This book is necessitated by the level of lack of spiritual knowledge and understanding being displays daily by those who call themselves theologians, Academia, spiritual leaders, religious Apologetics and custodian of God’s word in teachings concerning the one and only true God. It clearly compares statements and stories rendered in both books against the backdrop of the believes held by the adherents of the three major religions in the world. The main purpose of this book is to enlighten every spiritual minded person about the truthfulness of the personality of the one and only true God whom all claim to be worshipping in other to bridge the disparities and abate hatred within the society at large. In this book volume one, the true divinity of Jesus Christ as the Messiah was established with clear evidence from the bible and Quran as references. No one has ever pointed this out in history. This book also points out the inconsistences in both the Quran and the Bible against the existing dogma held by their adherents that both are void of such contradictions. This book consists of controversial questions that raises the consciousness of the reader to a degree of better understanding why questing for the truth. Some of these questions asked were answered in this book while the unanswered one will be answered in the next volume. This book is written with an open mind with a great effort to be free of biasness and prejudice but based only on proves from the Bible and Quran. This makes it suitable for academic purpose. It is a potent weapon for Jews, Christians, and Muslim’s apologetics to have during debates whenever it arises. This book is a must have for every home of Jews, Christians and Muslims who seek knowledge about the true personality of Jesus Christ as recorded by all the prophets before him and how the prophet Muhammad words differ in totality. It is a known fact that cannot be disregarded that all the religions in the world believe that there is God. Therefore, if they all claim to know Him, why do they fight each other’s in the bid of fighting for God when God said He will only have mercy upon whom ever He wills. He does not say His mercy will only be for the Jews neither did he say only for the Christians nor did he say for the Muslims only. Let no man boast that him or her own religion is only the right way less such one perishes in their own ignorance. The only right way is to do the will of God. This book was able to prove that both Christianity and Islam as a Nation were promise fulfilled and are in God’s plan just as Jacob and Esau, Isaac and Ishmael were all in God’s plan of restoration of all things. The accurate knowledge of God is an important integer for one’s salvation. Thus, this book breaks it down to the simplest form for a layman to understand and to be well equipped while contending for his or her faith. In this book, a clear distinction was established between the two classes of Christianity that majority of pastors will never talk to their followers about. This is also a very strange subject most people have not heard of in Christianity. The book clearly shines a light on the difference between Jehovah in the Bible and Allah of the Quran. It also differentiates the Almighty God from the Mighty God in the Bible account with a supporting verse in the Quran which the Muslim Imam, the Christians Pastors and the Jewish Rabbis never thought of or are spiritually blinded to. Finally, the book was concluded with the writer’s submissions and advice for the religious fanatics and extremists of all religions to shun violence in the disguise of fighting God’s fight because at the end God says He will have mercy on whom He will irrespective of ones religion.