Early Advaita Vedanta and Buddhism

Thus , The Prāṇa knowers call it “ Prāṇa ; " The guna - knowers call it " Gunas ; " " Tattvas " say the knowers of them ; " Sense - objects " ( viṣaya ) say the knowers of " sense - objects , " and [ likewise ] " gods " ( deva ) say the ...

Early Advaita Vedanta and Buddhism

This book provides an in-depth analysis of the doctrines of early Advaita Vedanta and Indian Mahayana Buddhism in order to examine the origins of Vedanta.

Caliphate Redefined

Aflāki, Manāqib al-Arifin, 75, Aflāki, The Feats of the Knowers of God, 56–57. 78. Aflāki, Manāqib al-Arifin, 366; Aflāki, The Feats of the Knowers of God, 253. 79. For rivalries among popular Sufis, see Resul Ay, “Sufi Shaykhs and ...

Caliphate Redefined

How the Ottomans refashioned and legitimated their rule through mystical imageries of authority The medieval theory of the caliphate, epitomized by the Abbasids (750–1258), was the construct of jurists who conceived it as a contractual leadership of the Muslim community in succession to the Prophet Muhammed’s political authority. In this book, Hüseyin Yılmaz traces how a new conception of the caliphate emerged under the Ottomans, who redefined the caliph as at once a ruler, a spiritual guide, and a lawmaker corresponding to the prophet’s three natures. Challenging conventional narratives that portray the Ottoman caliphate as a fading relic of medieval Islamic law, Yılmaz offers a novel interpretation of authority, sovereignty, and imperial ideology by examining how Ottoman political discourse led to the mystification of Muslim political ideals and redefined the caliphate. He illuminates how Ottoman Sufis reimagined the caliphate as a manifestation and extension of cosmic divine governance. The Ottoman Empire arose in Western Anatolia and the Balkans, where charismatic Sufi leaders were perceived to be God’s deputies on earth. Yılmaz traces how Ottoman rulers, in alliance with an increasingly powerful Sufi establishment, continuously refashioned and legitimated their rule through mystical imageries of authority, and how the caliphate itself reemerged as a moral paradigm that shaped early modern Muslim empires. A masterful work of scholarship, Caliphate Redefined is the first comprehensive study of premodern Ottoman political thought to offer an extensive analysis of a wealth of previously unstudied texts in Arabic, Persian, and Ottoman Turkish.

Paul and the Creation of a Counter Cultural Community

The knowers and weak are in a relation of leader and follower, or elder brother and younger brother. The weak follow the example of the knowers as Paul claims that the weak will be ...

Paul and the Creation of a Counter Cultural Community

This study offers a new interpretation of 1 Corinthians 5-11:1. Taking a social identity approach, Ho investigates the inner logic of Paul from the ears of the Corinthian correspondence. Ho argues that Paul consistently indoctrinates new values for the audience to uphold which are against the mainstream of social values in the surrounding society. It is shown that Paul does not engage in issues of internal schism per se, but rather in the question of the distinctive values insiders should uphold so as to be recognisable to outsiders. While church is neither a sectarian nor an accommodating community, it should maintain constant social contact with outsiders so as to bring the gospel of Christ to them. In addition, insiders should practice radical values that could challenge the existing shared social values prevalent in the urban city of Corinth. These new values are based mainly on Scripture, ancient Jewish literature and the new social identity of the church defined by Jesus Christ. This fresh interpretation renders the logical flow, unitary design and coherence of 1 Cor 5 -11.1 more apparent.

Routledge Handbook on Sufism

54 Hujwīrī , Kash al - maħjūb , p . 542 ; Nicholson , Kashf Al - Maḥjūb of Al Hujwiri , p . 416 . 55 Aflākī , Manāqib al - Cārifin , p . 681 ; O ' Kane , The Feats of the Knowers of God , p . 471 . 56 Sipahsālār , Zindagānī - yi mawlānā ...

Routledge Handbook on Sufism

This is a chronological history of the Sufi tradition, divided in to three sections, early, middle and modern periods. The book comprises 35 independent chapters with easily identifiable themes and/or geographical threads, all written by recognised experts in the field. The volume outlines the origins and early developments of Sufism by assessing the formative thinkers and practitioners and investigating specific pietistic themes. The middle period contains an examination of the emergence of the Sufi Orders and illustrates the diversity of the tradition. This middle period also analyses the fate of Sufism during the time of the Gunpowder Empires. Finally, the end period includes representative surveys of Sufism in several countries, both in the West and in traditional "Islamic" regions. This comprehensive and up-to-date collection of studies provides a guide to the Sufi tradition. The Handbook is a valuable resource for students and researchers with an interest in religion, Islamic Studies and Middle Eastern Studies.

On the Socratic Education

In the second section, true law (deserving of recognition as such by the knowers) was said to be only what is correct in the writings about the just and unjust things (as well as about set— ting a political community in order more ...

On the Socratic Education

Can the education which so many search for today on our college campuses be found in the works of a past author? On the Socratic Education: An Introduction to the Shorter Platonic Dialogues uncovers the education that Socrates sought on his own behalf and, in so doing, made available to others. Sixteen dialogues are discussed, each considered on its own, but also placed within the context of Plato's account of the Socratic quest. The aim of the book is to make Socrates' investigation and resolution of the questions that still concern us as human beings more accessible to serious contemporary readers.

Meditation Its Practices

The knowers of the subtle designate It as the subtle; the knowers of the gross call It the gross. Those that are familiar with a Personality (having form) call It a person; and those that do not believe in anything having a form call It ...

Meditation   Its Practices

Techniques explained by the masters--for today's spiritual seeker Meditation is designed to give you direct access to the spiritual. Whether it's through deep breathing during a busy day, listening to the quiet after turning off the car radio, chanting in prayer, or ten minutes of visualization exercises each morning, meditation takes many forms. But it is always a personal method of centering our spiritual self. Meditation has long been practiced in the Jewish community as a powerful tool to transcend words, personality, and ego and to directly experience the divine. Inspiring yet practical, this introduction to meditation from a Jewish perspective approaches it in a new and illuminating way: As it is personally practiced by today's most experienced Jewish meditators from around the world. A "how to" guide for both beginning and experienced meditators, Meditation from the Heart of Judaism will help you start meditating or help you enhance your practice. Meditation is a Jewish spiritual resource for today that can benefit people of all faiths and backgrounds--and help us add spiritual energy to our lives. Contributors include:

1 Corinthians

Paul now envisions a situation where weak believers who believe that idols are real see knowers eating meals in idols' temples. The consciences of the weak, as already noted (8:7), would be defiled if they ate in such a situation, ...

1 Corinthians

The cosmopolitan city of Corinth was the site of one of the apostle Paul’s greatest evangelistic successes. However, the church he founded was full of contention, ranging from questions about leadership to incest. Some Christians were taking fellow believers to court. There were issues concerning marriage, celibacy, food offered to idols, public worship and spiritual gifts. In response, Paul offered some of his most profound thinking on the body of Christ, love, and Jesus' cross and resurrection. Thomas Schreiner explains the text of the letter, highlights its major theological themes and offers perspectives on its relevance for today.

Sacred Science

There is, first, a quantitative dimension to the question of who the knowers are, i.e. epistocracy would vary depending on the number of privileged knowers relative to the number of non-privileged/citizens. At one end of the scale, ...

Sacred Science

Science and religion are often viewed as dichotomies. But although our contemporary society is often perceived as a rationalization process, we still need broad, metaphysical beliefs outside of what can be proven empirically. Rituals and symbols remain at the core of modern life. Do our concepts of science and religion require revitalization? Can science itself be considered a religion, a belief, or an ideology? Science's authority and prestige allows for little in the way of alternate approaches not founded in empirical science. It is not unusual to believe that technology and science will solve the world's fundamental problems. Has truth been colonized by science? Have scientific disciplines become so specialized and "operationally closed" that they have constructed barriers to other disciplines as well as the general public? The writers of this book set out to investigate whether the symbols of academia may in some cases take on a quality of sacrality, whether the rule of experts can be said to have the character of a "priesthood of knowledge", whether religion has a place in scientific contexts, and a selection of other questions concerning science and its relations to religious belief.

LLAWYSGRIF POMFFRED

2194And he puts it to the law that his knowers and the maintainers ought to be used. 2195Then the defendant ought to say that he was a proprietor on all of that land and earth, and that he has sufficient maintainers who can maintain his ...

LLAWYSGRIF POMFFRED

Llawysgrif Pomffred is an edition of Peniarth 259B, a medieval Welsh law manuscript, nicknamed 'Pomffred' as it apparently spent some time at Pontefract. The manuscript presents a Cyfnerth-type text as well as a lengthy tail of additional, largely Marcher law.

Handbook on Acts and Paul s Letters Handbooks on the New Testament

right to be remunerated financially isn't parallel in every respect to the so-called right of the knowers to eat idol food. Why does Paul establish a parallel if the two rights aren't equivalent? He does so because he wants the knowers ...

Handbook on Acts and Paul s Letters  Handbooks on the New Testament

Leading biblical scholar Thomas Schreiner provides an easy-to-navigate resource for studying and understanding the Acts of the Apostles and the Pauline Letters. This accessibly written volume summarizes the content of each major section of the biblical text to help readers quickly grasp the sense of particular passages. This is the first volume in the Handbooks on the New Testament series, which is modeled after Baker Academic's successful Old Testament handbook series. Series volumes are neither introductions nor commentaries, as they focus primarily on the content of the biblical books without getting bogged down in historical-critical questions or detailed verse-by-verse exegesis. The series will contain three volumes that span the entirety of the New Testament, with future volumes covering the Gospels and Hebrews through Revelation. Written with classroom utility and pastoral application in mind, these books will appeal to students, pastors, and laypeople alike.

Quest for Self knowledge

This method of metaphysical integration is based on knowing ourselves and all other knowers as oriented by their disinterested desire to know being . We have just expanded this conscious orientation of knowers to being through the ...

Quest for Self knowledge

Introduces teachers and students to the difficult subject of self-knowledge and provides readers with a transcultural, normative foundation for a critical evaluation of self-identity and cultural identity.

Creative Writing

The Tribe of Knowers The N - T tribe is of special interest to writers because it is the tribe that is closest to the Growers . If the Knowers had a capital , it might be Cambridge , home of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology .

Creative Writing

Crammed with crucial facts, ideas, and warnings never before brought together into clear focus, this guide is not only fun to read, but also work-boots practical. Not only inspiring, but pinch-penny accurate, it is an energizing tonic for writers' weary brain cells. *Lightning Print On Demand Title

Journal of Integrative Humanism Vol 6 No 1

They argue that the problem does not lie simply in the claim that knowers are primarily individuals, but rather that these individual is conceptualized as 'generic' (i.e. interchangeable) and self-sufficient (or capable of ...

Journal of Integrative Humanism Vol  6 No  1

Dear Reader, Thank you for purchasing your copy of the Journal of Integrative Humanism Ghana (Integrative Perspective) Volume Six Number 1 October, 2015. You now have an international journal of the Faculty of Arts, University of Cape Coast, Ghana. Articles in this volume are authored by high profile researchers from various Universities in sub-Saharan Africa. In this special edition, you have the privilege of reading recent world-class researches whose scope is global though with relevance to Africa in areas such as politics, improved education, philosophy, computing and dress code. We hope your mind will be whetted and your knowledge increased by the time you read relevant articles in this volume. Please send your constructive comments to the Publishing Consultant ([email protected]) or should you wish to publish here, sent a statement of interest to [email protected] Edet Otu Publishing Consultant University of Sheffield, United Kingdom

Epistemic Logic

Pi Knowledge It is worthwhile to explore the implications of dealing specifically with a finite set of finite knowers (such as we must presume Homo sapiens represent). Let (j) be the digit occupying the j-th place in the decimal ...

Epistemic Logic

Part of a trilogy exploring the theory of knowledge by one of the world's foremost philosophers.

Sensing China

59 The mathematical text, the Zhoubisuanjing 周髀算經, makes an analogous connection of “audient ones” to roundness (heaven), and the “knowers” to squareness (earth). The Zhoubisuanjing says: Square is affiliated with earth.

Sensing China

This book presents the first collection of studies of the senses and sensory experiences in China, filling a gap in sensory research while offering new approaches to Chinese Studies. Bringing together 12 chapters by literary scholars and historians, this book critically interrogates the deeply rooted meanings that the senses have coded in Chinese culture and society. Built on an exploration of the sensorium in early Chinese thought and late imperial literature, this book reveals the sensory manifestations of societal change and cultural transformation in China from the nineteenth century to the present day. It features in-depth examinations of a variety of concepts, representations, and practices, including aural and visual paradigms in ancient Chinese texts; odours in Ming-Qing literature and Republican Shanghai; the tactility of kissing and the sonic culture of community singing in the Republican era; the socialist sensorium in art, propaganda, memory, and embodied experiences; and contemporary-era multisensory cultural practices. Engaging with the exciting "sensory turn," this original work makes a unique contribution to the world history of the senses, and will be a valuable resource to scholars and students of Chinese Literature, History, Cultural Studies, and Media.

13th Hour

The Knowers know (hence the name) just how long it should take even a rookie to weave their strands – approximately two weaving minutes per year of life. My Knower knew this one would take me about two and a half hours for the man's ...

13th Hour

"I'm a huge fan of supernatural short stories, and this book was perfect. My favorite story, 'Island Ways' creeped me out in the way I only thought Stephen King could. Loved it!" "This is a great collection of short stories! So well written, each story totally unique, a really great read! *** In the tradition of Stephen King's dark humor and even darker monsters, 13th Hour will delight you, mystify you, and make you cringe. 13th Hour's seventeen tales tick through questions such as.... * Can you dream forever? * What is it really like to work for the gods? * What would you do for love? * Or for revenge? * Do ancient creatures still stalk the earth? * What lurks in paradise? * What is your family's darkest secret? …and many more. So sit down and unwind your clocks because it's time for the 13th Hour.

The Belief of the People of Truth

Most of the time scholars are veiled from their knowledge of Allah and His attributes , otherwise they would be among the knowers of Allah whose knowledge is continuous , as befits the demand of true virtue . And how could the gnostics ...

The Belief of the People of Truth


1 Corinthians Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament

The issue does not revolve around the one with a weak conscience; Paul's goal is to change the activity of the knowers, who, despite their imagined theological sophistication, are in danger of being partners with demons.

1 Corinthians  Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament

Paul's first letter to the Corinthians is one of the most important epistles in the New Testament. David Garland's thoughtful new commentary draws on extensive research and engages the best of contemporary scholarship while providing a readable study that will be accessible to thoughtful readers as well as students, pastors, and scholars. After considering the context of the letter and the social and cultural setting of Corinth, Garland turns to his exegetical work. An introduction to each major unit of thought is followed by the author's own translation of the Greek text. In the course of his verse-by-verse commentary, he incorporates references to other ancient writings that help explain particular aspects of Paul's meaning or provide information on the social and cultural context. He also refers to the work of other commentators and provides extensive notes for further reading and research.

Feminist Amnesia

The 'strong' version of the 'knowers are different' argument, then, begins with the transparently incorrect claim that traditional epistemology and/or objectivism maintain that 'embodiment' is neither a necessary nor a sufficient ...

Feminist Amnesia

Feminist Amnesia is an important challenge to contemporary academic feminism. Jean Curthoys argues that the intellectual decline of university arts education and the loss of a deep moral commitment in feminism are related phenomena. The contradiction set up by the radical ideas of the 1960s, and institutionalised life of many of its protagonists in the academy has produced a special kind of intellectual distortion. This book criticises current trends in feminist theory from the perspective of forgotten and allegedly outdated feminist ideas. Jean Curthroys show that much contemporary feminist theory, like much of today's radical thought, is muddled. The 'forgotten' theory of Women's Liberation was, she argues, deeply oppositional and moral. The repression of this theory has led to distortions, most notabley in the preoccupation with binary oppositions. Jean Curthoys argues that where Women's Liberation was once radical, much of contemporary feminist thought hides behind obscurantism, and has become conservative and orthodox. These controversial ideas will be keenly debated by all those involved in womens's studies, feminist theory and moral philosophy.

World University Rankings and the Future of Higher Education

Relatedly, ranking systems typically recognized researchers who produced more papers, were cited more often, and were featured in top-tier or high impact journals—a proxy for recognizing who the knowers are within academia.

World University Rankings and the Future of Higher Education

Delivering quality education to students while remaining competitive at an international level is only one of the many challenges universities face today. To attain their goals, universities must adopt new strategies to achieve academic excellence. World University Rankings and the Future of Higher Education is a pivotal reference source for the latest scholarly research on the implementation of a ranking system for higher education institutions, providing a thorough overview of the impacts of these rankings on educational quality. Exploring the benefits and challenges of this system in a global context, this book is ideally designed for academicians, researchers, students, administrators, and policy makers interested in the effects of university rankings in the education sector and beyond.