The Meaning of Evolution

The book may be read with equal profit and pleasure by the general reader, the student, and the expert.-Ashley Montagu, Isis This book is, without question, the best general work on the meaning of evolution to appear in our time.

The Meaning of Evolution

A world-famous scientist presents a synthesis of modern views on the principles of evolution. The result of twenty-five years of research, The Meaning of Evolution follows the rise and fall of the dynasties of life through the 2,000,000,000 years of the history of earth. It explains what forces have been acting to bring about evolution and re-examines human aims, values, and duties in the light of what science discloses of the nature of man and of his place in the history of life. The clearest and soundest exposition of the nature of the evolutionary process that has yet been written...The book may be read with equal profit and pleasure by the general reader, the student, and the expert.-Ashley Montagu, Isis This book is, without question, the best general work on the meaning of evolution to appear in our time.-The New York Times

Code Biology

This book is the study of all codes of life with the standard methods of science. The genetic code and the codes of culture have been known for a long time and represent the historical foundation of this book.

Code Biology

This book is the study of all codes of life with the standard methods of science. The genetic code and the codes of culture have been known for a long time and represent the historical foundation of this book. What is really new in this field is the study of all codes that came after the genetic code and before the codes of culture. The existence of these organic codes, however, is not only a major experimental fact. It is one of those facts that have extraordinary theoretical implications. The first is that most events of macroevolution were associated with the origin of new organic codes, and this gives us a completely new reconstruction of the history of life. The second implication is that codes involve meaning and we need therefore to introduce in biology not only the concept of information but also the concept of biological meaning. The third theoretical implication comes from the fact that the organic codes have been highly conserved in evolution, which means that they are the greatest invariants of life. The study of the organic codes, in short, is bringing to light new mechanisms that have operated in the history of life and new fundamental concepts in biology.

Darwin God and the Meaning of Life

The tailbone is another vestige of our evolutionary history, a 'stamp of our lowly origin' as Darwin put it. Speaking of tails, did you ... The key findinghereisthatall lifeonearthemploys the same genetic code. Thatis, acrossall species ...

Darwin  God and the Meaning of Life

If you accept evolutionary theory, can you also believe in God? Are human beings superior to other animals, or is this just a human prejudice? Does Darwin have implications for heated issues like euthanasia and animal rights? Does evolution tell us the purpose of life, or does it imply that life has no ultimate purpose? Does evolution tell us what is morally right and wrong, or does it imply that ultimately 'nothing' is right or wrong? In this fascinating and intriguing book, Steve Stewart-Williams addresses these and other fundamental philosophical questions raised by evolutionary theory and the exciting new field of evolutionary psychology. Drawing on biology, psychology and philosophy, he argues that Darwinian science supports a view of a godless universe devoid of ultimate purpose or moral structure, but that we can still live a good life and a happy life within the confines of this view.

The Evolving World

This book provides the first truly accessible and balanced account of how evolution has become a tool with applications that are thoroughly integrated, and deeply useful, in our everyday lives and our societies, often in ways that we do not ...

The Evolving World

In the 150 years since Darwin, evolutionary biology has proven as essential as it is controversial, a critical concept for answering questions about everything from the genetic code and the structure of cells to the reproduction, development, and migration of animal and plant life. But today, as David P. Mindell makes undeniably clear in The Evolving World, evolutionary biology is much more than an explanatory concept. It is indispensable to the world we live in. This book provides the first truly accessible and balanced account of how evolution has become a tool with applications that are thoroughly integrated, and deeply useful, in our everyday lives and our societies, often in ways that we do not realize. When we domesticate wild species for agriculture or companionship; when we manage our exposure to pathogens and prevent or control epidemics; when we foster the diversity of species and safeguard the functioning of ecosystems: in each of these cases, Mindell shows us, evolutionary biology applies. It is at work when we recognize that humans represent a single evolutionary family with variant cultures but shared biological capabilities and motivations. And last but not least, we see here how evolutionary biology comes into play when we use knowledge of evolution to pursue justice within the legal system and to promote further scientific discovery through education and academic research. More than revealing evolution's everyday uses and value, The Evolving World demonstrates the excitement inherent in its applications--and convinces us as never before that evolutionary biology has become absolutely necessary for human existence.

Evolution of the Genetic Code

This book discusses the distribution and origin of the non-universal codes and examines the possible mechanisms of code changes, making it essential reading for all those interested in evolutionary genetics.

Evolution of the Genetic Code

The genetic code was deciphered experimentally around 1966 and for a number of years scientists considered it to be "universal" for all forms of life. In 1981 researchers shocked the scientific community with the discovery that the code differed in mitochondria and certain other organisms, evidence that the genetic code was still evolving. This book discusses the distribution and origin of the non-universal codes and examines the possible mechanisms of code changes, making it essential reading for all those interested in evolutionary genetics.

Story Of Genetics Development And Evolution The A Historical Dialogue

This unique story offers an introductory conversation to genetics, embryology and evolution, taking us on a historical journey of biology through the ages.

Story Of Genetics  Development And Evolution  The  A Historical Dialogue

This unique story offers an introductory conversation to genetics, embryology and evolution, taking us on a historical journey of biology through the ages. Using a series of dialogues between the Greek philosopher Democritus and his disciple Alkimus, we travel through time visiting eminent scientists throughout the centuries, from Lazzaro Spallanzani and Theodor Boveri to Francis Crick, Max Perutz and Christiane Nüsslein–Volhard. We find ourselves at the intersection of competing theories in biology and witness the progression from the debunking the theory of spontaneous generation to the mapping of the genome. Attention is given not only to the great successes in the field but also to the equally important and exciting failures. Originally published in Hungarian, The Story of Genetics, Development and Evolution provides a historical background to the life sciences, with complex scientific concepts stripped down and explained carefully for academics and anyone interested in going back to the roots and philosophies of scientific progress. Translated from: Jékely G Master, are you awake? A fictitious dialogue on genetics, development and evolution. 2006, Bratislava: Kalligram Contents: PrefaceAt the HarbourAt the MarketPart One: The Mystery (and Sperm) of Life's OriginsDeux Ex MachinaThe World EggSpontaneous Generation and Meat Broth — Lazzaro SpallanzaniTypes and Rhythms of Embryos — Karl Ernst Von BaerCell From a CellThe Feats of the Sea UrchinPart Two: Chromosomes, Mendelian Factors and EvolutionRoasted CaponThe Immortal GermplasmReduction DivisionA London Pigeon Sale — Thomas Henry HuxleyThe Orchard of EvolutionPeas and Minotaur — William BatesonGalton and MendelTwo Sperm, One Ovum — Theodor BoveriPart Three: The Triumph of GenesTrickster Mendelians — Thomas Hunt MorganSex ChromosomesThe Telltale White EyeGenetic MappingPart Four: Forces and ReactionsThe Mathematics of Life — D'arcy Wentworth ThompsonThe Two-Headed NewtZeus's BeardEvolutionary SynthesisThe Casting Moulds of Genes — Hermann Joseph MullerFronts On the Wings of a Moth — Alfred KühnThe Birth of PatternsPart Five: The Atoms of LifeHormones in Larva BloodOne Gene, One Enzyme — George Wells BeadleThe Protein-GenesThe Principle of Transformation — Oswald Theodore AveryThe Triple Helix — Linus PaulingDNA with AmbrosiaPart Six: Codes and LinksThe Central Dogma — Francis CrickThe Diamond Code of ProteinsThe Genetic CodeA Molecular Lung — Max Ferdinand PerutzSugar-Consuming Bacteria — Jacques MonodPart Seven: Genes in the MortarEpigenesis and Genetics — Conrad Hal WaddingtonA Recipe for Making Mice — Sydney BrennerThe Wiring of a Worm's BrainRecombinant DNAStriped Embryos — Christiane Nüsslein-VolhardOur Worm Ancestors — Detlev ArendtThe Age of Genomics — Eugene KooninPart Eight: Beyond GenesPostcard to ThraceThe Cedar Forest of AbderaThe Philosophy of Biology — Ernst MayrThe Genetics of the BiosphereBiscuits Baked in AshOn the Island of Bensalem — Pál Nagy-Juhász

The Genetic Gods

--Publishers Weekly Reviews of this book: Avise explains thoroughly how evolution operates on a genetic level.

The Genetic Gods

They mastermind our lives, shaping our features, our health, and our behavior, even in the sacrosanct realms of love and sex, religion, aging, and death. Yet we are the ones who house, perpetuate, and give the promise of immortality to these biological agents, our genetic gods. The link between genes and gods is hardly arbitrary, as the distinguished evolutionary geneticist John Avise reveals in this compelling book. In clear, straightforward terms, Avise reviews recent discoveries in molecular biology, evolutionary genetics, and human genetic engineering, and discusses the relevance of these findings to issues of ultimate concern traditionally reserved for mythology, theology, and religious faith. The book explains how the genetic gods figure in our development--not just our metabolism and physiology, but even our emotional disposition, personality, ethical leanings, and, indeed, religiosity. Yet genes are physical rather than metaphysical entities. Having arisen via an amoral evolutionary process--natural selection--genes have no consciousness, no sentient code of conduct, no reflective concern about the consequences of their actions. It is Avise's contention that current genetic knowledge can inform our attempts to answer typically religious questions--about origins, fate, and meaning. The Genetic Gods challenges us to make the necessary connection between what we know, what we believe, and what we embody. Table of Contents: Preface Prologue 1. The Doctrines of Biological Science 2. Geneses 3. Genetic Maladies 4. Genetic Beneficence 5. Strategies of the Genes 6. Genetic Sovereignty 7. New Lords of Our Genes? 8. Meaning Epilogue Notes Glossary Index Reviews of this book: Our genes, [Avise] says, are responsible not only for how we got here and exist day to day, but also for the core of our being--our personalities and morals. It is our genetic make-up that allows for and formulates our religious belief systems, he argues. Avise does not eschew spirituality but seeks a more informed, less confrontational approach between science and the pulpit. --Science News Reviews of this book: For the general scientific reader, the book is an excellent distillation of a broad and increasingly important field, a course of causation that cannot be ignored. From advising expectant parents to getting innocent people off death row, genetics increasingly dominates our lives. The sections on genetics are expertly written, particularly for those readers without in-depth knowledge. The author explains slowly and carefully just how genetics operates, using multiple metaphors. His genetic discourse proceeds in a neighborly fashion, as one might tell stories while sitting in a rocking chair at a country store. He seems to be invigorated by genes and just can't wait to tell about them. --David W. Hodo, Journal of the American Medical Association Reviews of this book: As a whole, this book is quite informative and stimulating, and sections of it are beautifully written. Indeed, Professor Avise has a real gift for prose and scientific expositions, and I would suspect that he must be a formidable lecturer...At its core, [The Genetic Gods] is a survey, and a very nice one at that, of evolutionary genetics, the field of the author's major research interests. There is a strong sociobiological cast to the arguments, and the work and ideas of E. O. Wilson figure prominently. The presentation of evolutionary genetics is imbedded in a more general discussion of modern human and molecular genetics...However, this book is, most of all, a philosophical treatise that attempts, admittedly with the bias of a biologist, to examine the intersection of the fundamental premises of evolution and religion. Professor Avise has given us plenty to think about in this book [and]...it was a real pleasure to wrestle with the ideas he was presenting. I would suggest that other readers give it a try. --Charles J. Epstein, Trends in Genetics Reviews of this book: [Avise's] account of the role genes play in shaping the human condition is wholly involving, paying particular attention to issues of reproduction, aging and death. In addition to presenting ample biological information in a form accessible to the nonspecialist, Avise does a superb job of discussing many of the ethical implications that have arisen from our growing knowledge of human genetics. Just a few of the topics covered are genetic engineering, the patenting of life, genetic screening, abortion, human cloning, gene therapy and insurance-related controversies. --Publishers Weekly Reviews of this book: Avise explains thoroughly how evolution operates on a genetic level. His goal is to show that humans can look to this information as a way to answer fundamental questions of life instead of looking to traditional religious beliefs...Avise includes some very interesting discussions of ethical concerns related to genetic issues. --Eric D. Albright, Library Journal This is a splendid account of a subject that affects us all: the breathtaking increase in understanding of human genetics and the insight it provides into human evolution. John Avise speaks with authority of molecular evolutionary genetics and with affecting compassion of what it might mean. --Douglas J. Futuyma, State University of New York at Stony Brook The Genetic Gods is many things. It is a wonderful introduction to modern molecular biology, by a man who knows his subject backwards. It is a stimulating account of the ways in which genetics impinges on human nature--our thinking and our behavior. It is a remarkably level-headed and sympathetic account of the implications of our new findings for traditional and not-so-traditional issues in philosophy and religion. In an age of genetic counseling, cloning, construction of new life forms, the book is worth its weight in gold for this alone. But most of all, it is a huge amount of fun to read--you want to applaud or argue with the author on nigh every page. Highly recommended! --Michael Ruse, University of Guelph The Genetic Gods makes a valuable contribution to the on-going task of sorting out the implications of evolutionary biology and genetics for human self-understanding. Avise addresses, with authority and grace, the most consequential intellectual issues of our time. A challenging and insightful book. --Loyal Rue, Harvard University A wonderfully informative and engaging book. Avise offers a lucid, accessible primer on our genes, angelic and demonic, and examines religious and ethical issues, all too human, now confronted by genetic science. He makes a compelling case that anyone seeking to 'Know Thyself' should study the DNA molecular scriptures, our most ancient and universal legacy. --Dudley Herschbach, Harvard University, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry

Chemical Evolution and the Origin of Life

This phase of development is possibly the starting point for the process of Darwinian evolution (with reproduction ... According to the authors' definition, life begins in exactly that moment when the genetic code comes into play, i.e., ...

Chemical Evolution and the Origin of Life

How did life begin on the early Earth? We know that life today is driven by the universal laws of chemistry and physics. By applying these laws over the past ?fty years, en- mous progress has been made in understanding the molecular mechanisms that are the foundations of the living state. For instance, just a decade ago, the ?rst human genome was published, all three billion base pairs. Using X-ray diffraction data from crystals, we can see how an enzyme molecule or a photosynthetic reaction center steps through its catalytic function. We can even visualize a ribosome, central to all life, translate - netic information into a protein. And we are just beginning to understand how molecular interactions regulate thousands of simultaneous reactions that continuously occur even in the simplest forms of life. New words have appeared that give a sense of this wealth of knowledge: The genome, the proteome, the metabolome, the interactome. But we can’t be too smug. We must avoid the mistake of the physicist who, as the twentieth century began, stated con?dently that we knew all there was to know about physics, that science just needed to clean up a few dusty corners. Then came relativity, quantum theory, the Big Bang, and now dark matter, dark energy and string theory. Similarly in the life sciences, the more we learn, the better we understand how little we really know. There remains a vast landscape to explore, with great questions remaining.

The Codes of Life

Building on a range of disciplines – from biology and anthropology to philosophy and linguistics – this book draws on the expertise of leading names in the study of organic, mental and cultural codes brought together by the emerging ...

The Codes of Life

Building on a range of disciplines – from biology and anthropology to philosophy and linguistics – this book draws on the expertise of leading names in the study of organic, mental and cultural codes brought together by the emerging discipline of biosemiotics. The volume represents the first multi-authored attempt to deal with the range of codes relevant to life, and to reveal the ubiquitous role of coding mechanisms in both organic and mental evolution.

Codes of Evolution

Explains how electrochemical connections among nerve cells control the mind and discusses the relationship between synaptic research and human understanding of the larger universe

Codes of Evolution

Explains how electrochemical connections among nerve cells control the mind and discusses the relationship between synaptic research and human understanding of the larger universe

Population Genetics of Coyotes Foxes and Wolves

Evolution of anticodons : Variations in the genetic code . Cold Spring Harbor Symp . Quant . Biol . 52 : 769-776 . Lehman , N. ( 1986 ) . The meaning of life and the evolutionary development of the genetic code .

Population Genetics of Coyotes  Foxes  and Wolves


Philosophical Issues of Human Cyborgization and the Necessity of Prolegomena on Cyborg Ethics

In addition, what makes someone human is not his or her genetic code but the created scientific, technical and social ... and higher species without any internal purpose and treats them as the mere raw materials of evolutionary history, ...

Philosophical Issues of Human Cyborgization and the Necessity of Prolegomena on Cyborg Ethics

We are currently living in an age of scientific humanism. Cyborgs, robots, avatars, and bio-technologically created beings are new entities that exist alongside biological human beings. As with many emerging technologies, many people will find the concept foreign and frightening. There is a strong possibility that these entities will be mistreated. Philosophical Issues of Human Cyborgization and the Necessity of Prolegomena on Cyborg Ethics discusses the ethics of human cyborgization as well as emerging technologies of robots and avatars that exhibit human-like qualities. The chapters build a strong case for the necessity of cyborg ethics and protocols for preserving the vitality of life within an ever-advancing technological society. Covering topics such as cyborg hacking, historical reality, and naturalism, this book is a dynamic resource for scientists, ethicists, cyber behavior professionals, students and professors of both technological and philosophical studies, faculty of higher education, philosophers, AI engineers, healthcare professionals, researchers, and academicians.

Evolution Of Life Histories

The Evolution of Life Histories does this by showing that natural selection is the principal underlying force molding life history variation. The book describes in particular the ways in which variation can be analyzed and predicted.

Evolution Of Life Histories

There are many different types of organisms in the world: they differ in size, physiology, appearance, and life history. The challenge for evolutionary biology is to explain how such diversity arises. The Evolution of Life Histories does this by showing that natural selection is the principal underlying force molding life history variation. The book describes in particular the ways in which variation can be analyzed and predicted. It covers both the genetic and optimization approaches to life history analysis and gives an overview of the general framework of life history theory and the mathematical tools by which predictions can be made and tested. Factors affecting the age schedule of birth and death and the costs of reproduction are discussed. The Evolution of Life Histories concentrates on those theoretical developments that have been tested experimentally. It will interest both students and professionals in evolution, evolutionary ecology, mathematical and theoretical biology, and zoology and entomology.

Cosmochemical Evolution and the Origins of Life

Methionine has a single codon and a special function in protein synthesis as the amino acid that initiates the synthesis of ... polypeptide synthesis is an evolutionary development that appeared after the code reached its present from, ...

Cosmochemical Evolution and the Origins of Life

This publication, in two volumes, includes most of the scientific papers presented at the first meeting of the International Society for the Study of the Origin of Life (lSSOL), held on June 25-28, 1973 in Barcelona, Spain. The first volume contains the invited articles and the second volume the contributed papers, which also appear in the 1974 and 1975 issues, respectively, of the new journal Origins of Life, published by D. Reidel. A relatively large number of meetings on the subject of the origin of life have been held in different places since 1957. In terms of its organization, scope, and number and nationality of participants, the Conference celebrated last year in Barcelona closely followed the three international conferences held earlier in Moscow, U.S.S.R., 1957, Wakulla Springs, U.S.A., 1963, and Pont-a-Mousson, France, 1970. For this reason the first ISSOL meeting was also named the 4th International Conference on the Origin of Life.

Tower of Babel

Evolution of the Genetic Code. ... The Philosophical Question in the Creation/Evolution Controversy, edited by M. Ruse. ... Naturalism, Creationism and the Meaning of Life: The Case of Phillip Johnson Revisited. Creation/Evolution 16(2) ...

Tower of Babel

Creationists have acquired a more sophisticated intellectual arsenal. This book reveals the insubstantiality of their arguments. Creationism is no longer the simple notion it once was taken to be. Its new advocates have become more sophisticated in how they present their views, speaking of "intelligent design" rather than "creation science" and aiming their arguments against the naturalistic philosophical method that underlies science, proposing to replace it with a "theistic science." The creationism controversy is not just about the status of Darwinian evolution—it is a clash of religious and philosophical worldviews, for a common underlying fear among Creationists is that evolution undermines both the basis of morality as they understand it and the possibility of purpose in life. In Tower of Babel, philosopher Robert T. Pennock compares the views of the new creationists with those of the old and reveals the insubstantiality of their arguments. One of Pennock's major innovations is to turn from biological evolution to the less charged subject of linguistic evolution, which has strong theoretical parallels with biological evolution, both in content and in the sort of evidence scientists use to draw conclusions about origins. Of course, an evolutionary view of language does conflict with the Bible, which says that God created the variety of languages at one time as punishment for the Tower of Babel. Several chapters deal with the work of Phillip Johnson, a highly influential leader of the new Creationists. Against his and other views, Pennock explains how science uses naturalism and discusses the relationship between factual and moral issues in the creationism-evolution controversy. The book also includes a discussion of Darwin's own shift from creationist to evolutionist and an extended argument for keeping private religious beliefs separate from public scientific knowledge.

The Epistemology of Development Evolution and Genetics

Dobzhansky treats molecular findings as the most decisive but by no means the only evidence for the unity of life . ... of life includes the universality of DNA and RNA as the genetic materials ; the universality of the genetic code and ...

The Epistemology of Development  Evolution  and Genetics

These essays examine the developments in three fundamental biological disciplines--embryology, evolutionary biology, and genetics. These disciplines were in conflict for much of the 20th century and the essays in this collection examine key methodological problems within these disciplines and the difficulties faced in overcoming the conflicts between them. Burian skillfully weaves together historical appreciation of the settings within which scientists work, substantial knowledge of the biological problems at stake and the methodological and philosophical issues faced in integrating biological knowledge drawn from disparate sources.

Life s Meaning

The secret to the meaning of life is found in the most complex instrument ever constructed, the brain. This book attempts to bring science and religion closer, giving credence to the believer and cynic.

Life s Meaning

During times of struggle individuals often ask, why? Expecting a response, people turn to God for answers, as they have for eons. Then as the situation unfolds God's presence or lack of it is felt. What is the connection? What is God's role in Man's interactions? Both religious zealots and skeptics use faith to explain social discourse but Man's interactions are based upon a science that was started 13-14 billion years ago. The science has evolved as Man has evolved and explains Man's place in the cosmos. The secret to the meaning of life is found in the most complex instrument ever constructed, the brain. This book attempts to bring science and religion closer, giving credence to the believer and cynic. God created the universe and all things in it, including Man. Man continues to evolve trying to rejoin with God. However, this goal of unification creates strife within the primitive and cognitive being, producing emotions. Man must learn to use his brain to overcome all obstacles, including unification with God. Harmony is synchronization, the act of working together, between men and within the man. Humans will change the world by being good, which is learning to perform constructive interference. We must then teach this simple yet difficult concept to our children while simultaneously inspiring other adults to do the same. Goodness can instantly triumph over evil. Demonstrating to evil it's own sins and the goodness in the one it wants to hurt may be necessary in the interaction however, the foremost and most difficult duty is to reveal the deep family connection between the two. Harmony explains what exploded in the Big Bang, what gave rise to gravity, the development of evolution and the birth of Man. It explains when the fetus acquires the soul and thus when life starts. The brain and mind constantly wrestle for harmonious existence the result of which is crime, terrorism and power. These can be explained and the result is not just knowledge but unification. Mans life is complex; it is not only based upon beliefs but upon facts. Not only does this book make an effort to justify the above it also attempts to give light to time-travel, give reasons for cancer and clarity to thought. This treatise lays a foundation for education and social harmony through the relationship that is the unique human nervous system. LIFE'S MEANING: THE UNIFICATION OF GOD, MATTER, MAN, MIND, AND SOCIETY A Treatise on the Science of Religion

Bioethics

Wilson's questions in On Human Nature ( Wilson , 1979 ) center around the meaning of life and the choice humanity will make , given the power to understand and interfere with human evolutionary development . Global socialism under the ...

Bioethics

From a scientific approach, this work explores the moral implications of genetic engineering and argues for corrective genetic interference.

Evolution

The Genetic Code In all extant organisms information transfer between nucleic acids and proteins follows a ... definition of life, is transformation of external sources of material and energy into metabolism, growth, and development.

Evolution

If you want to know whether evolution is a science, how life began, what Charles Darwin really said about evolution, why a fungus is more closely related to humans than to a plant, how experiments in evolution can be carried out, why birds are flying dinosaurs, how we manipulate the evolution of other species, and if you want a clear treatment of the processes that result in evolution, then this is the book for you! Written for those with a minimal science background, Evolution: Principles and Processes provides a concise introduction of evolutionary topics for the one-term course. Using an engaging writing style and a wealth of full-color illustrations, Hall covers all topics from the origin of universe, Earth, the origin of life, and on to how humans influence the evolution of other species. He brings together the principles and processes that explain evolutionary change and discusses the patterns of life that have resulted from the operation of evolution over the past 3.5 billion years. This overview, coupled with numerous case studies and examples, helps readers understand and truly appreciate the origin and diversity of life.