For example: What is an emotion? How are emotions organized in the brain? How do emotion and cognition interact? How are emotions embodied in the social world? How and why are emotions communicated? How are emotions physically embodied?
Author: Andrew S. Fox
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Building on the legacy of the groundbreaking first edition, the Editors of this unique volume have selected more than 100 leading emotion researchers from around the world and asked them to address 14 fundamental questions about the nature and origins of emotion. For example: What is an emotion? How are emotions organized in the brain? How do emotion and cognition interact? How are emotions embodied in the social world? How and why are emotions communicated? How are emotions physically embodied? What develops in emotional development? At the end of each chapter, the Editors--Andrew Fox, Regina Lapate, Alexander Shackman, and Richard Davidson--highlight key areas of agreement and disagreement. In the final chapter--The Nature of Emotion: A Research Agenda for the 21st Century--the Editors outline their own perspective on the most important challenges facing the field today and the most fruitful avenues for future research. Not a textbook offering a single viewpoint, The Nature of Emotion reveals the central issues in emotion research and theory in the words of many of the leading scientists working in the field today, from senior researchers to rising stars, providing a unique and highly accessible guide for students, researchers, and clinicians.
The editors of this unique volume have selected 24 of the most outstanding thinkers and writers on emotion and asked them to address 12 fundamental questions in the area of emotion, questions that both the editors and the contributors ...
Author: Paul Ekman
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
The editors of this unique volume have selected 24 of the most outstanding thinkers and writers on emotion and asked them to address 12 fundamental questions in the area of emotion, questions that both the editors and the contributors consider central to an understanding of emotion.
This book provides an overview of theoretical thinking about the communicative scope of emotional expressions as well as an overview of the state of the art research in emotional psychology.
Author: Ursula Hess
Publisher: Springer Nature
This book provides an overview of theoretical thinking about the communicative scope of emotional expressions as well as an overview of the state of the art research in emotional psychology. For many years, research in emotional psychology has been primarily concerned with the labeling of emotion expressions and the link between emotion expressions and the expresser’s internal state. Following recent trends in research devoting specific attention to the social signal value of emotions, contributors emphasize the nature of emotion expressions as information about the person and the situation, including the social norms and standards relevant to the situation. Focusing on the role of emotion expressions as communicative acts, this timely book seeks to advance a line of theoretical thinking that goes beyond the view of emotion expressions as symptoms of an intrapersonal phenomenon to focus on their interpersonal function. The Social Nature of Emotion Expression will be of interest to researchers in emotional psychology, as well as specialists in nonverbal behavior, communication, linguistics, ethology and ethnography.
“A spike-timing mechanism for action selection.” Nature Neuroscience 17: 962–
70. Rolls, E. T. (1999). The Brain and Emotion. New York: Oxford University Press
. Rosen, J. B. (2004). “The neurobiology of conditioned and unconditioned fear: A
Author: Ralph Adolphs
Publisher: Princeton University Press
A new framework for the neuroscientific study of emotions in humans and animals The Neuroscience of Emotion presents a new framework for the neuroscientific study of emotion across species. Written by Ralph Adolphs and David J. Anderson, two leading authorities on the study of emotion, this accessible and original book recasts the discipline and demonstrates that in order to understand emotion, we need to examine its biological roots in humans and animals. Only through a comparative approach that encompasses work at the molecular, cellular, systems, and cognitive levels will we be able to comprehend what emotions do, how they evolved, how the brain shapes their development, and even how we might engineer them into robots in the future. Showing that emotions are ubiquitous across species and implemented in specific brain circuits, Adolphs and Anderson offer a broad foundation for thinking about emotions as evolved, functionally defined biological states. The authors discuss the techniques and findings from modern neuroscientific investigations of emotion and conclude with a survey of theories and future research directions. Featuring color illustrations throughout, The Neuroscience of Emotion synthesizes the latest in neuroscientific work to provide deeper insights into how emotions function in all of us.
Furthermore, within-participant studies using different types of stimuli and
different modalities (see Brown & Cavanagh, 2017) are needed to determine how the nature of emotional stimuli (standardized vs. idiographic, visual vs. auditory)
Author: Theodore P. Beauchaine
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
"The Oxford Handbook of Emotion Dysregulation is the first to consider the ED construct as distinct from what is known as emotion regulation (ER; a variety of automatic and volitional strategies, behaviors, and skills that are used to modulate emotional experiences and expressions), featuring chapters by scholars whose work is on the cutting edge of basic and clinical understanding of ED. This Handbook examines the ED construct from multiple viewpoints across levels of analysis and considers the role that ED plays in the expression of various forms of psychopathology. Chapters explore basic understanding of emotions and ED as transdiagnostic constructs (Part I); cognitive, behavioral, and social approaches to evaluating ED (Part II); neurobiological advances in our understanding of ED (Part III); associations between ED and psychopathology (Part IV); and assessment and treatment of ED (Part V). Part VI includes chapters on Conclusions and Future Directions. The Handbook can serve as a primary or complementary text for advanced undergraduate and graduate-level seminars/courses on emotion dysregulation and psychopathology more broadly"--
ancholy , or solemn , or awful , or elevating , & c . , according to the nature of the emotion which is first excited . . Thus , the prospect of a serene evening in
summer produces first an emotion of peacefulness and tranquillity , and then
suggests a ...
When a barefoot boy steps on a sharp stone there is an immediate discharge of nervous energy in his effort to escape from the wounding stone. This is not a voluntary act.
Author: George W Crile
Book Excerpt: ...esthesia.Two years ago, an historic appreciation of the discovery of ether was presented here by Professor Welch, and last year an address on medical research was given by President Eliot. I, therefore, will not attempt a general address, but will invite your attention to an experimental and clinical study. In presenting the summaries of the large amount of data in these researches, I acknowledge with gratitude the great assistance rendered by my associates, Dr. D. H. Dolley, Dr. H. G. Sloan, Dr. J. B. Austin, and Dr. M. L. Menten.[*][*] From the H. K. Cushing Laboratory of Experimental Medicine, Western Reserve University, Cleveland.The scope of this paper may be explained by a concrete example. When a barefoot boy steps on a sharp stone there is an immediate discharge of nervous energy in his effort to escape from the wounding stone. This is not a voluntary act. It is not due to his own personal experience-- his ontogeny--but is due to the experience of his progenitors during the vast perio...
The contributions contained in the book are characterized under three major headings - evolutionary context, psychophysiological context, and dynamic context.
Author: Robert Plutchik
Publisher: Academic Press
Emotion: Theory, Research, and Experience, Volume 1: Theories of Emotion, presents broad theoretical perspectives representing all major schools of thought in the study of the nature of emotion. The contributions contained in the book are characterized under three major headings - evolutionary context, psychophysiological context, and dynamic context. Subjects that are discussed include general psycho-evolutionary theory of emotion; the affect system; the biology of emotions and other feelings; and emotions as transitory social roles. Psychologists, sociobiologists, sociologists, psychiatrists, ethologists, and students the allied fields will find the text a good reference material.
What is the nature of the emotion produced by a work of art or of nature upon the
subject brought under its influence ? That these emotions are pleasurable cannot
be a sufficient definition ; for it is well known that there are various pleasurable ...
In Language and the Politics of Emotion, edited by Catherine Lutz and Lila Abu-
Lughod, 126–160. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge ... Jordheim, Helge. 2015. “The Nature of Civilization: The Semantics of Civilization and Civility in Scandinavia.
Author: Michael Spitzer
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
"This book is the first history of musical emotion in any language. Combining intellectual history, music studies, philosophy and cognitive psychology, it unfolds a history of musical emotion across a thousand years of Western art music, from chant to pop. It affords a new way of analysing music, revealing the relationship between emotion and musical structure. The book also provides an introduction to the latest approaches to emotion research, as well as an original theory of how musical emotion works. The book is disposed in two parts. Part 1 (chapters 1-4) comprises the theoretical foundation of the book. Part 2 (chapters 5-9) provides an historical narrative from medieval to contemporary music. Chapter 1 summarizes contemporary theories of emotion in general, and of musical emotion in particular, bringing together seminal philosophers and psychologists. Chapter 2 contains the core of the book's original thesis: that five basic emotions (happiness, sadness, anger, tenderness, and fear) constitute five categories of musical emotion throughout the common-practice period. Chapter 3 outlines a variety of complex musical emotions, such as wonder, nostalgia, envy, and disgust. Chapter 4 explores the historiography of emotion, including the seminal writings of Elias, Rosenwein, and Reddy. Part 2 of the book (chapters 5-9) explores a millennium of Western music in terms of shifting categories of emotion: from affections and passions through sentiments, emotions proper, to modern affect"--
For example, because the emotions are not separate from and lower than reason
, it is probable that they do not carry the same excusatory function as some
Western ones. And Western equation of female gender with nature and emotion
Author: Owen M. Lynch
Naked holy men denying sexuality and feeling; elderly people basking in the warmth and security provided by devoted and attentive family members; fastidious priests concerned solely with rules of purity and the minutiae of ritual practice; puritanical moralists concealing women and sexuality behind purdah's veils--these are familiar Western stereotypes of India. The essays in Divine Passions, however, paint other, more colorful and emotionally alive pictures of India: ecstatic religious devotees rolling in temple dust; gray-haired elders worrying about neglect and mistreatment by family members; priests pursuing a lusty, carefree ideal of the good life; and jokers reviling one another with bawdy, sexual insults at marriages. Drawing on rich ethnographic data from emotion-charged scenarios, these essays question Western academic theories of emotion, particularly those that reduce emotions to physiological sensations or to an individual's private feelings. Presenting an alternative view of emotions as culturally constructed and morally evaluative concepts grounded in the bodily self, the contributors to Divine Passions help dispel some of the West's persistent misconceptions of Indian emotional experience. Moreover, the edition as a whole argues for a new and different understanding of India based on field research and an understanding of the devotional (bhakti) tradition. This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press's mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and impact. Drawing on a backlist dating to 1893, Voices Revived makes high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarship accessible once again using print-on-demand technology. This title was originally published in 1990.
This book, a member of the Series in Affective Science, is a unique interdisciplinary sequence of articles on the cognitive neuroscience of emotion by some of the most well-known researchers in the area.
Author: Richard D. Lane
Publisher: Series in Affective Science
This book, a member of the Series in Affective Science, is a unique interdisciplinary sequence of articles on the cognitive neuroscience of emotion by some of the most well-known researchers in the area. It explores what is known about cognitive processes in emotion at the same time it reviews the processes and anatomical structures involved in emotion, determining whether there is something about emotion and its neural substrates that requires they be studied as a separate domain. Divided into four major focal points and presenting research that has been performed in the last decade, this book covers the process of emotion generation, the functions of amygdala, the conscious experience of emotion, and emotion regulation and dysregulation. Collectively, the chapters constitute a broad but selective survey of current knowledge about emotion and the brain, and they all address the close association between cognitive and emotional processes. By bringing together diverse strands of investigation with the aim of documenting current understanding of how emotion is instantiated in the brain, this book will be of use to scientists, researchers, and advanced students of psychology and neuroscience.
This volume presents cutting-edge theory and research on emotions as constructed events rather than fixed, essential entities.
Author: Lisa Feldman Barrett
Publisher: Guilford Publications
This volume presents cutting-edge theory and research on emotions as constructed events rather than fixed, essential entities. It provides a thorough introduction to the assumptions, hypotheses, and scientific methods that embody psychological constructionist approaches. Leading scholars examine the neurobiological, cognitive/perceptual, and social processes that give rise to the experiences Western cultures call sadness, anger, fear, and so on. The book explores such compelling questions as how the brain creates emotional experiences, whether the "ingredients" of emotions also give rise to other mental states, and how to define what is or is not an emotion. Introductory and concluding chapters by the editors identify key themes and controversies and compare psychological construction to other theories of emotion.
To illustrate the potential of questionnaire assessment we describe two types of
questionnaires that were used in large-scale cross-national studies to assess
various aspects of emotional experiences (e.g., nature of the situation eliciting an
Author: Robert Plutchik
Publisher: Academic Press
Emotion: Theory, Research, and Experience, Volume 4: The Measurement of Emotion provides an examination of the key issue of how to measure emotion. The book contains articles that present different approaches to the study of emotional measurement. Contributors focus on such topics as mood measurement; cross-cultural examination of triggers of emotion; possible dimensions that underlie the language of affect; measurement of emotions in lower animals; and measuring emotions and their derivatives. Psychologists, psychiatrists, behavioral psychologists, teachers, and students will find the book a good reference book.
Nature of a Concept . - Kinds and Qualities of Concepts . — Logical Judgments . -
Forms of Judgment . - Language and Thought .The Nature of Language . —
Words and Thoughts . ... Nature of an Emotion . — Primary Kinds of Emotions .
In Loving Nature Kay Milton considers why some people in Western societies grow up to be nature lovers, actively concerned about the welfare and future of plants, animals, ecosystems and nature in general, while others seem indifferent or ...
Author: Kay Milton
Category: Social Science
As the full effects of human activity on Earth's life-support systems are revealed by science, the question of whether we can change, fundamentally, our relationship with nature becomes increasingly urgent. Just as important as an understanding of our environment, is an understanding of ourselves, of the kinds of beings we are and why we act as we do. In Loving Nature Kay Milton considers why some people in Western societies grow up to be nature lovers, actively concerned about the welfare and future of plants, animals, ecosystems and nature in general, while others seem indifferent or intent on destroying these things. Drawing on findings and ideas from anthropology, psychology, cognitive science and philosophy, the author discusses how we come to understand nature as we do, and above all, how we develop emotional commitments to it. Anthropologists, in recent years, have tended to suggest that our understanding of the world is shaped solely by the culture in which we live. Controversially Kay Milton argues that it is shaped by direct experience in which emotion plays an essential role. The author argues that the conventional opposition between emotion and rationality in western culture is a myth. The effect of this myth has been to support a market economy which systematically destroys nature, and to exclude from public decision making the kinds of emotional attachments that support more environmentally sensitive ways of living. A better understanding of ourselves, as fundamentally emotional beings, could give such ways of living the respect they need.
produce an emotional intelligence ? Before addressing this question , we must
examine the nature of emotion . Essentialism Rejected In contrast to the plethora
of research and debate on the nature of intelligence , the emotions were
Author: Gerald Matthews
Publisher: Series in Affective Science
Bringing together international experts from a variety of sub-disciplines, this volume aims to integrate recent research on emotional intelligence. The contributors address a set of focused questions concerning theory, measures, and applications: How does emotional intelligence relate to personality? What is the optimal approach to testing emotional intelligence? How can emotional intelligence be trained? In the final section of the book, the volume editors distill and synthesize the main points made by these experts and set forth an agenda for building a science of emotional intelligence in the future. --From publisher's description.
He is giving me an idea of an emotion and also some additional stimuli, the
essential function of which is to evoke in me a state of emotional participation.
The newly acquired psychological quality is not only a case of inference from my
Author: Jaroslav Havelka
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
No single factor determined the growth of this book. It may have been that as a novice researcher in Behavioral Psychology I experienced growing discontent with the direction of intellectual activity in which the accent was on methodology and measurement, with a distinct atmosphere of dogmatism, insecurity and defensiveness. The anathema of tender-mindedness was attached to any study of mental manifes tations that avoided laboratory confirmation and statistical significance. Man in his uniqueness and unpredictable potentialities remained un explored. Yet outside the systematic vivisection of variables and their measurement men of originality and genius were studying the mind in its complex yet natural interaction of aspirations, values and creative capacities. It was almost too easy for me to turn to them for the re orientation of my psychological interest, and it was not difficult to find in Freud the most daring and penetrating representant of humanistic psychology. Furthermore, it could have been the fact that Freud's thoughts on creative processes appeared to me at once starkly original and yet incomplete and fragmentary, that led me to reconsider and expand on them. Freud's fascination with culture and creativity, although frank and serious, led him to a peculiar indecisiveness and overcautiousness which was radically different from the dramatic boldness of his thera peutic methods and the depth of his personality theories.
We may be tempted to think that emotions derive all their importance and dignity
from the nature of the ideas with which they happen to be associated . The very
reverse of this , however , is the case . Emotion is often weakened by association