This book analyzes the political economy of higher education finance across a range of OECD countries, exploring why some students pay extortionate tuition fees whilst for others their education is free.
Author: Julian L. Garritzmann
This book analyzes the political economy of higher education finance across a range of OECD countries, exploring why some students pay extortionate tuition fees whilst for others their education is free. What are the redistributional consequences of these different tuition-subsidy systems? Analysing the variety of existing systems, Garritzmann shows that across the advanced democracies “Four Worlds of Student Finance” exist. Historically, however, all countries’ higher education systems looked very much alike in the 1940s. The book develops a theoretical model, the Time-Sensitive Partisan Theory, to explain why countries have evolved from a similar historical starting point to today’s very distinct Four Worlds. The empirical analyses combine a wide variety of qualitative and quantitative evidence, studying higher education policies in all advanced democracies from 1945-2015.
The Handbook provides framing perspectives and perspectives, chapters on funding, governance and regulation, and pieces on the political economy of higher education and on the increased role of external stakeholders and indicators.
Author: Brendan Cantwell
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Understanding the politics of Higher Education is becoming more important as the sector is increasingly recognised as a vital source of innovation, skills, economic prosperity, and personal wellbeing. Yet key political differences remain over such issues as who should pay for higher education, how should it be accountable, and how we measure its quality and productivity. Particularly, are states or markets the key in helping to address such matters. The Handbook provides framing perspectives and perspectives, chapters on funding, governance and regulation, and pieces on the political economy of higher education and on the increased role of external stakeholders and indicators.
Journal of Political Economy 107 : 127–157 . Loury , G. 1981. ... On the
Mechanics of Economic Development . ... Estimating the Social Return to Higher Education : Evidence from Longitudinal and Repeated Cross - Sectional Data . ”
NBER ... 1998. " Education Finance Reform and the Distribution of Education
Author: Mark Gradstein
Publisher: MIT Press
Category: Business & Economics
A theoretical framework for analyzing the complex relationship of education, growth, and income distribution. The dominant role played by the state in the financing, regulation, and provision of primary and secondary education reflects the widely-held belief that education is necessary for personal and societal well-being. The economic organization of education depends on political as well as market mechanisms to resolve issues that arise because of contrasting views on such matters as income inequality, social mobility, and diversity. This book provides the theoretical framework necessary for understanding the political economy of education—the complex relationship of education, economic growth, and income distribution—and for formulating effective policies to improve the financing and provision of education. The relatively simple models developed illustrate the use of analytical tools for understanding central policy issues. After offering a historical overview of the development of public education and a review of current econometric evidence on education, growth, and income distribution, the authors lay the theoretical groundwork for the main body of analysis. First they develop a basic static model of how political decisions determine education spending; then they extend this model dynamically. Applying this framework to a comparison of education financing under different regimes, the authors explore fiscal decentralization; individual choice between public and private schooling, including the use of education vouchers to combine public financing of education with private provision; and the social dimension of education—its role in state-building, the traditional "melting pot" that promotes cohesion in a culturally diverse society.
of Georgia: A Bicentennial History, 1785–1985 (University of Georgia Press); J.W.
Boyer (2015), The University of Chicago: ... See also for a comparative study: J.
Garritzmann, The Political Economy of Higher Education Finance: The Politics of
Author: David Palfreyman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
What is a university? What is the University? How have universities evolved over the centuries? How might they change over the coming decades as the physical and organisational entity most identified with "higher education" being delivered to over 250 million students? What will be the impactof digital- and distance-learning, of commercial for-profit new entrants to the higher education market, of government austerity, of globalization, of student consumerism? Exploring the origins and the concept, the idea and the ideal, of the university, this Very Short Introduction discusses one of the world's oldest, most resilient, and most adaptable institutions. David Palfreyman and Paul Temple consider the links between universities and the economy, and the roleof universities within society. Highlighting some of the key questions surrounding the position of universities, they ask how the university can be politically accountable for its taxpayer funding, if it needs to be autonomous to function effectively as a public good. Are professors professionalenough in their teaching practices at a time that increasing tuition fees transform students more and more into consumers? And just what does "academic freedom" for university faculties really entail? ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, andenthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Afew recent contributions have explored the political economy of higher education finance in frameworks that include ICLs as options.Borck and
Wimbersky (2009) study votingovera relatively comprehensive set of higher education financing ...
Author: Timothy Higgins
Category: Business & Economics
This study explores the prospect of the application of the basic principles of ICL into many other potential areas of social and economic policy. Using case studies it evaluates previously implemented ICL schemes where interest rate subsidies are usually the norm, and questions the merits of this approach.
... Background Steve O. Michael INTRODUCTION If politics is the force that gives
birth to higher education institutions, economics is the force that keeps them alive
. This idea has been expressed variously by writers on higher education finance
Author: Mark Kretovics
Publisher: Algora Publishing
Chapter 1. Financing Higher Education in a Global Market: A Contextual Background Steve O. Michael, Professor of Higher Education Administration and Vice Provost for University Diversity and Academic Initiatives at Kent State University Chapter 2. Financing Higher Education in the United States of America: Strategies for the 21st Century Steve O. Michael; and Mark A. Kretovics, Assistant Professor of Higher Education Administration and coordinator of the master's degree in Higher Education at the Graduate School and College of Education, Kent State University, USA Chapter 3. Financing Higher Education In Canada Daniel W. Lang, Professor, Division of Management, the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Toronto (OISE/UT), Canada Chapter 4. Great Expectations and Declining Resources: Financing Higher Education in Mexico Wietse de Vries. Senior Researcher at the Autonomous University of Puebla (BUAP), Mexico Chapter 5. Higher Education Policy and Finance in Spain Jorge Calero, Professor of Applied Economics (University of Barcelona) and President of the Spanish Association of the Economics of Education (AEDE) Chapter 6. Financing Higher Education in Austria and Future Challenges Hans Pechar, Associate Professor at the Faculty for Interdisciplinary Studies (IFF), University of Klagenfurt and head of the department for Higher Education Research; Elsa Hackl, Professor, Department of Political Science, Vienna University Jan Thomas, Research Fellow, Department for Higher Education Research, Faculty for Interdisciplinary Studies, University of Klagenfurt at Vienna (Austria) and associate lecturer at the Ruhr-Universit t Bochum (Germany) Chapter 7. Financing HigherEducation in South Africa and Future Challenges Prakash Sing, Associate Professor of leadership and strategic management, University of Port Elizabeth, South Africa Chapter 8. Financing Higher Education in India Under Structural Adjustment Jandhyala B.G. Tilak, Professor and Senior Fellow and Head of the Educational Finance Unit at the National Institute of Educational Planning and Administration, New Delhi, India Chapter 9. Financing Higher Education in Thailand and Future Challenges Rick Rantz, Director of the Chester Campus of Feather River College in Northern California; and Phasina Tangchuang, Associate Professor of Adult/Non-Formal Education at the Center for Education and Labor Studies (CELS), Chiang Mai University, Thailand
Unpublished paper, Partnership for Higher Education in Africa, New York.
organisation for Economic cooperation and ... of Educational Research, 29(7),
627–642. colclough, c & S Mccarthy (1980) The Political Economy of Botswana:
A Study ...
Author: P. N. Pillay
Publisher: African Minds
This nine-country study of higher education financing in Africa includes three East African states (Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda), five countries in southern Africa (Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia and South Africa), and an Indian Ocean island state (Mauritius). Higher Education Financing in East and Southern Africa explores trends in financing policies, paying particular attention to the nature and extent of public sector funding of higher education, the growth of private financing (including both household financing and the growth of private higher education institutions) and the changing mix of financing instruments that these countries are developing in response to public sector financial constraints. 'This unique collection of African-country case studies draws attention to the remaining challenges around the financing of higher education in Africa, but also identifies good practices, lessons and common themes.
He has had several articles published in professional journals , most recently in
the Journal of Political Economy ( 1998 ) and the Journal of Labor Economics . In
1993 , Mr. Cameron published " Comment on Trends in College Entry among ...
Author: Marvin H. Kosters
Publisher: American Enterprise Institute
Category: Business & Economics
A college education has been the key to higher real wages and living standards. But as college enrollment has increased, so has the difficulty in paying for higher education.
brendan cantwell is an assistant professor of higher, adult, and lifelong education
at Michigan State University. His research addresses the political economy of higher education, including questions related to policy, finance, and organization.
Author: Brendan Cantwell
Publisher: JHU Press
Today, nearly every aspect of higher educationâ€”including student recruitment, classroom instruction, faculty research, administrative governance, and the control of intellectual propertyâ€”is embedded in a political economy with links to the market and the state. Academic capitalism offers a powerful framework for understanding this relationship. Essentially, it allows us to understand higher education’s shift from creating scholarship and learning as a public good to generating knowledge as a commodity to be monetized in market activities. In Academic Capitalism in the Age of Globalization, Brendan Cantwell and Ilkka Kauppinen assemble an international team of leading scholars to explore the profound ways in which globalization and the knowledge economy have transformed higher education around the world. The book offers an in-depth assessment of the theoretical foundations of academic capitalism, as well as new empirical insights into how the process of academic capitalism has played out. Chapters address academic capitalism from historical, transnational, national, and local perspectives. Each contributor offers fascinating insights into both new conceptual interpretations of and practical institutional and national responses to academic capitalism. Incorporating years of research by influential theorists and building on the work of Sheila Slaughter, Larry Leslie, and Gary Rhoades, Academic Capitalism in the Age of Globalization provides a provocative update for understanding academic capitalism. The book will appeal to anyone trying to make sense of contemporary higher education.
CHAPTER ELEVEN The Political Economy of Higher Education in the Time of
Global Markets : Whither the Social ... Coupled with increasing inequalities ,
exclusions , and poverty , we are experiencing an upsurge of financial and
Author: Robert A. Rhoads
Publisher: Stanford University Press
This is an examination of the complex relationships among universities, states, and markets in light of the growing influence of globalization.
Robert A. Blecker is Professor of Economics at American University, a Research
Associate at the Economic Policy Institute ... Trade Policy: Economics, Politics,
Laws, and Issues (2nd edition, Westview Press, 2003); Taming Global Finance: A
Author: Gerald A. Epstein
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Category: Banks and banking
The many forces that led to the economic crisis of 2008 were in fact identified, analyzed and warned against for many years before the crisis by economist Jane D�Arista, among others. Now, writing in the tradition of D�Arista's extensive work, the
... 180; shift in financing, provision and regulation, 178 knowledge economy of,40 political economy, see Indian political economy and higher education problems
of national coordination and under investment,40 quality, 180–185; Applicants ...
Author: C. Ennew
A volume of specially commissioned papers which draws on the diverse expertise of academic researchers, policy makers and educational practitioners to address the changing patterns of competition and provision, in international higher education. Topics addressed range from policy, provision, teaching, research and business engagement.
Brian Pusser One of the enduring dilemmas in higher education research has
emerged from efforts to conceptualize the role of higher ... In light of the current
turbulence in the broader political economy of higher education (Tierney, 2004),
the concept is also at the ... to justify existing understandings of provi- sion, finance, and outcomes in higher education (Geiger, 2004; Slaughter and Leslie,
Author: William G. Tierney
Publisher: SUNY Press
Grapples with a variety of policy issues in order to provoke a discussion of the state of higher education in the 21st century.
We are now offering preliminary courses in political economy , finance and
American Constitution history . ... In asserting that existing facilities for the higher education of business are inadequate , he states a truth patent to every one who
Political. Economy. of. Higher. Education. Introduction The last chapter discussed
the development of higher education in the ... The twin crises of finance and
legitimacy have had a profound effect on institutions of higher education, both in
Author: Wesley Shumar
This text provides a framework for understanding higher education in the US and other western countries since the 1970s whereby the logic of the market place has increasingly come to dominate all arenas and, in context, the education system. The author calls this process "commodification" and he describes the transformation of universities in the US and elsewhere as they attempt to accomodate the enforced changes on their academic lives and those of their students.; The book chronicles changes with the increasing focus on career and the movement towards the instrumental functions of education; the financial crisis and the development of a more corporate approach to education; of consumption that produce universities heavy with expensive, well-equipped and powerful administrations and decreasing numbers of ever more disenfranchised faculty.
31 G O'Donnell (Chair), Financing Britain's Future: Review of the Revenue
Departments (Cm 6163, 2004). ... The Political Economy of Good Government (
Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2006) 1; and A Kaletsky, Capitalism 4.0: The
Birth of a ...
Author: John Snape
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Excellent technical writing on corporation tax abounds, but it tends to be inaccessible to public lawyers, political theorists and political economists. Although recent years have seen not only an explosion in public law scholarship but also a reawakening of interest in interpretative political theory and political economy, the potential of these perspectives to illuminate the corporation tax debate has remained unexplored. In this important work, John Snape seeks to reconcile these disparate strands of scholarship and to contribute to a new way of understanding and conceptualising the reform of the law relating to corporate taxation. Drawing on important developments in public law scholarship, the study combines elements of political theory and political economy. It advances a new interpretation of corporation tax law as an instrument of rule, through the maximisation of a nation's economic potential. Snape shows how corporate taxation belongs at the centre of any discussion of economic globalisation, not only because of the potential of national tax systems to influence inward investment decisions but also because of the potential of those decisions to shape the public interest that those tax systems might embody. Following public law and politics models, the book looks afresh at the impact of Britain's political institutions, of the processes of its representative government and of the theory that moulds and orders the values that the corporation tax code contains. This is a timely exploration of cutting-edge issues of public policy.
Mohamed Ariff holds a Professorship currently at the Faculty of Economics and
Management, University Putra Malaysia. At the time of this research he was
Professor of Finance at Bond University. Prior to this he held the Chair in Finance
Author: Vai Io Lo
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Category: Business & Economics
Taking an interdisciplinary approach, Vai Io Lo and Mary Hiscock, together with scholars and researchers from around the world, investigate the rise of the BRICS and assess the extent of their further development and influence from the perspectives of
Release on 1999-05-01 | by Marcellus William Andrews
Increasing the number of skilled workers raises the overall productive capacity of
the economy, reduces the social costs of low ... loans will only consider their own
narrow interests in granting or refusing to lend money to finance education.
Author: Marcellus William Andrews
Publisher: NYU Press
Category: Political Science
Popular liberal writing on race has relied on appeals to the value of "diversity" and the fading memory of the Civil Rights movement to counter the aggressive conservative assault on liberal racial reform generally, and on black well-being, in particular. Yet appeals to fairness and justice, no matter how heartfelt, are bound to fail, Marcellus Andrews argues, since the economic foundations of the Civil Rights movement have been destroyed by the combined forces of globalization, technology, and tight government budgets. The Political Economy of Hope and Fear fills an important intellectual gap in writing on race by developing a hard-nosed economic analysis of the links between competitive capitalism, racial hostility, and persistent racial inequality in post-Civil Rights America. Andrews speaks to the anger and frustration that blacks feel in the face of the nation's abandonment of racial equality as a worthy objective by showing how the considerable difficulties that black Americans face are related to fundamental changes in the economic fortunes of the U.S. The Political Economy of Hope and Fear is an economist's plea for unsentimental thinking on matters of race to replace the mixture of liberal hand wringing and conservative mythmaking that currently passes for serious analysis about the nation's racial predicament.