The main purpose of this book is to present comprehensive information about the Dar Fur region, covering the geographical, economical, historical, and ethnical facts related to the region, to provide every interested person with a complete ...
Author: Mohamed Hassan Fadlalla
Category: Political Science
The main purpose of this book is to present comprehensive information about the Dar Fur region, covering the geographical, economical, historical, and ethnical facts related to the region, to provide every interested person with a complete impression of Dar Fur in the past, present, and future and, moreover, to offer help with understanding the background of the ongoing ethnical conflict in this region. Whereas Dar Fur is only a part of the whole country of Sudan, it is necessary to mention related, shared geographical, economical, historical, and ethnical facts here.
on Omdurman in the spring of 2008, an instance of a rebellion of the periphery in Darfur moving into the capital. ... Our aim, our objective is to change the whole government system in Sudan and also because the problem of Sudan – you ...
Author: Anders Hastrup
Category: Social Science
No other crisis in Africa has received as much attention in the West during the past 10 years as the war in Darfur, yet the underlying complexities of the war and the background to the crisis remains poorly understood by scholars, activists and aid workers. This anthropological study of the war in Darfur explores the personal experience of war from the perspective of those refugees who have fled from it and puts forward potential solutions to the conflict. Drawing on ethnographic research carried out in the refugee camps of neighbouring eastern Chad,The War in Darfur: Reclaiming Sudanese History gives a voice to people who to date have had little opportunity to articulate their experiences. Through facilitating the telling of the refugees’ tale, examining what happened and how, this book will be an interesting contribution to the areas of refugee studies, anthropology and history.
The international community has tried to solve the problems in Darfur, but the African Union has tried to push the international community away. The African Union has never solved any problem in Africa. The problem of Sudan can be ...
We cannot attempt to solve the problem of Darfur without the courage to find the larger cause of the problem. Our explanation must be founded not on what we see happening right now in the desert sands of Darfur but rather on the firm ...
Author: Ésaïe Toïngar
Idriss Deby Itno, current ruler of Chad, is the unacknowledged cause of much of the war and mayhem in central Africa. He is responsible for ethnic violence against his own people; the instigation of two wars in Sudan; the removal of the democratically elected presidents of the two neighboring countries; involvement in war in the Democratic Republic of Congo; an international counterfeiting operation; and the theft of diamonds and property across the region. Deby commits crimes against humanity, subverts election law and his nation's constitution, and is greatly responsible for the Darfur and Central African Republic crises but has not been held responsible by the international community, and the French government in particular seems to trust him to protect its regional economic interests, regardless of the human cost. Deby's transgressions have until now received little attention, a humanitarian oversight remedied by this work.
The southern Kordofan expansion of mechanized farming has forced some cattle herders (Baggara) to seek grazing areas in southern Darfur. With this track record of problems and ongoing fertile land loss, the newly announced Government of ...
Author: Osman Suliman
Although it is often simplified as an "ethnic conflict" in popular media, the current crisis in Darfur can only be superficially defined across ethnic lines. Any long-term solution to the conflict must also address the underlying social and environmental influences such as changing resource dynamics, expanding poverty, lack of infrastructure, and political corruption, which have brought the crisis to a head. This project diverges from previous studies by examining how the dynamic interaction between the environment, local governance, and national policy in Sudan has resulted in the Darfur crisis. It demonstrates how ecological degradation and the breakdown of community governance have destabilized the region, and how corruption and incompetence at the national level have culminated in the current crisis. Analyzing the interplay of these factors will yield valuable insights as to how a concerned international community can both end the tragic genocide and address the underlying injustices that engendered it. The analysis presented will be informative and accessible to a wide readership of students, academics, and concerned citizens.
The Western Borderlands Largely because of such problems, an attempt was made in 1903 to define the borders of Darfur. Anglo-French agreements in 1898–99 had referred to respective spheres of influence in terms of the Nile-Congo ...
Author: M. W. Daly
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Darfur's Sorrow is the first general history of Darfur to be published in any language. The book surveys events from before the founding of the Fur sultanate in the sixteenth century through the rise and establishment of the Fur state and its incorporation into the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan in 1916. The narrative continues with detailed coverage of the brief but all-important colonial period (1916–1956) and Darfur's history as a neglected peripheral region since independence. The political, economic, environmental, and social factors that gave rise to the current humanitarian crisis are discussed in detail, as are the course of Darfur's rebellion, its brutal suppression by the Sudanese government, and the lawless brigands known as janjawid. The second edition of the book brings the story up to date and includes an analysis of attempts to save Darfur's embattled people and to bring an end to the fighting.
This book presents a broad spectrum of analytical perspectives from prominent academics, professionals, and practitioners from Darfur itself, adhering to the principles of scientific inquiry with intellectual rigor and objectivity in order ...
Author: Hamid Eltgani Ali
Category: Political Science
Darfur is a vast region endowed with limited and unexplored natural resources, poor infrastructure, and lack of major development projects, and identifying its economic and human development needs brings us closer to finding ways to alleviate its human suffering and environmental stress. This book presents a broad spectrum of analytical perspectives from prominent academics, professionals, and practitioners from Darfur itself, adhering to the principles of scientific inquiry with intellectual rigor and objectivity in order to form a collective thesis on the political economy of Darfur. The first section in this title presents Darfur as a political entity, including its systems of land tenure and administration. The second section describes the water resources, agricultural production, and environmental conditions of the region. The third discusses the cost of the war, health issues, and women’s issues, and the fourth discusses energy and transportation infrastructure. While there are many existing books that discuss the current humanitarian and political crisis in Darfur, this is one of the first to explore the causes behind the crisis. This title is a valuable resource for academics, students, researchers and policy-makers with an interest in the region and in the wider fields of political economy and conflict studies.
The conflict in Darfur emphasizes the political failure of the successive governments in Sudan to address the issues of power - sharing and equal distribution of wealth . It is a political problem and demands a political solution .
Release on 2006 | by Agnes Van Ardenne-Van Der Hoeven
We still see Darfur as an isolated crisis. But Darfur is a piece of the Sudan puzzle. Only when the country is at peace and on its way to prosperity will we be able to address the underlying causes of the problems in the Darfur region.
Author: Agnes Van Ardenne-Van Der Hoeven
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Despite serious pressure from the United Nations, public statements of outrage from the United States, and international horror at genocidal acts, the war in Darfur, Sudan, continues unabated—and with very little actual international intervention. Many in the West still have only a very limited understanding of either the conflict or the forces driving it. Explaining Darfur provides essential resources for understanding the conflict in Darfur, from the historical background to an analysis of the present situation. It also proposes several nonviolent ways of solving the crisis, from the democratization of the Sudan to reconciliation negotiations between tribes at all levels to dramatically expanding the operational capacity of the peacekeeping troops supplied by the African Union. Initiated by the Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, this will be the definitive study of the ongoing Darfur conflict and its possible solutions.
The film Darfur Diaries is told from almost a purely Darfuri standpoint, with no mzungus (privileged white people) in ... In teaching your students about the genocide in Darfur, I would encourage you to examine the issue from multiple ...
Liu Guijin argued that it was necessary that at least “five actors” should work together to handle the Darfur issue. These five actors were Sudanese government, rebel groups, international society, Sudan's neighboring countries, ...
Author: Chris Alden
Category: Political Science
This book investigates the expanding involvement of China in security cooperation in Africa. Drawing on leading and emerging scholars in the field, the volume uses a combination of analytical insights and case studies to unpack the complexity of security challenges confronting China and the continent. It interrogates how security considerations impact upon the growing economic and social links China has developed with African states.
The Case of Darfur David R. Black, Paul D. Williams ... it had not backed away from criticizing the GoS before the CPA was concluded; and the CPA provided a framework that could resolve Darfur's problems at some point in the future.
Author: David R. Black
Category: Political Science
The ongoing crisis in Darfur, Sudan has stimulated a huge amount of political and academic interest across the world. The crisis has been both reflective and constitutive of key areas of contestation and change within contemporary international society. This book examines the crisis in Darfur as a case study of some of the wider debates currently taking place within International Relations theory. Using the conceptual framework developed by English School theorists, specifically their concept of international society and the related idea of "good international citizenship", this book examines a wide range of issues: foreign policy analysis, theories of norm diffusion, international organizations, peace operations, international criminal justice and war law, the causes and nature of contemporary warfare, and the international relations of Africa. Making an important contribution to the debate about the meaning and limits of international society, this book will be of interest to students and scholars international relations theory, international security, foreign policy, international organizations, human rights, African politics, genocide studies and international law.
While Khartoum is most of Darfur's problem , Darfur's solutions must also come through Khartoum . Third , for an international force to be effective , it must devote the majority of its energy to political work and community liaison ...
Release on 2006-01-26 | by Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: International Development Committee
If the AU from somewhere , depending on whether South can provide the rapid response in Africa to problems Africa ... view that the pledges made by the international concentrating on Darfur , but it is certainly true that community will ...
Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: International Development Committee
Publisher: The Stationery Office
Category: Political Science
The Committee has continued to investigate the Darfur situation since its report in March 2005 (HC 67-I, 5th report of session 2004-05, ISBN 0215023420) and the Government's response (Cm. 6576, ISBN 0101657625). The reported decline in attacks is due, the Committee believes, to de facto ethnic cleansing having succeeded. The consequent increase in the number of people dependent upon humanitarian aid is a concern, especially as the ability of aid agencies to deliver assistance has been seriously affected by banditry and violence. The Committee finds that the Sudan government has not done enough to stop the violence, and should have sanctions imposed on it by the United Nations (UN) until it does so. It also questions the effectiveness of the African Union (AU) force trying to prevent the violence. Its funding is insufficient, and its manpower under strength. The UN Millennium Review Summit declared a responsibility to protect the civilians in Darfur, and the Committee feels that that responsibility should be adopted by all UN members, not just neighbouring African ones. It calls on the UK Government to take action to put resources in place, either through the UN or the AU, to ensure effective protection for people in Darfur.
dubious aspects of the Save Darfur movement in the United States is (sic) examined, such as the sidelining of Muslim ... the issue of Darfur ends up contradicting Samantha Power's (Hamilton's mentor) assertion in “A Problem from Hell” ...
Author: Samuel Totten
Category: Political Science
At the heart of the field of Genocide Studies lies an active core of vigorous debate that has led to both heated disagreements and productive disputes. This new volume in the Genocide: A Critical Bibliographic Review series focuses on these, as well as other significant issues. Chapters in this volume focus on a number of issues: Did Peru’s Aché suffer genocide? What was the role of media propaganda in the Rwandan Genocide, and what more, if anything, could have been done about it? Have Rwanda’s post-genocide gacaca courts successfully promoted reconciliation? How has denial affected governmental recognition around the world of the Armenian, Hellenic, and Assyrian genocides? Why have some left-wing “progressives” engaged in denial of the Rwandan Genocide? Has anti-genocide activism had a meaningful effect in prevention of or intervention against genocide? In the pages of this book, readers can explore the various debates that have defined the study of genocide and that are redefining it today. This insightful and provocative volume will entice further discussion on the concept of genocide and will be a must-read for the field of genocide studies.
The big difference between violence in Darfur and in the south of Sudan in an earlier era is that the conflict in Darfur began ... In the final analysis, the problem of Darfur calls for a triple solution: a regionally negotiated peace, ...
Author: Mahmood Mamdani
Category: Political Science
From the author of Good Muslim, Bad Muslim comes an important book, unlike any other, that looks at the crisis in Darfur within the context of the history of Sudan and examines the world’s response to that crisis. In Saviors and Survivors, Mahmood Mamdani explains how the conflict in Darfur began as a civil war (1987—89) between nomadic and peasant tribes over fertile land in the south, triggered by a severe drought that had expanded the Sahara Desert by more than sixty miles in forty years; how British colonial officials had artificially tribalized Darfur, dividing its population into “native” and “settler” tribes and creating homelands for the former at the expense of the latter; how the war intensified in the 1990s when the Sudanese government tried unsuccessfully to address the problem by creating homelands for tribes without any. The involvement of opposition parties gave rise in 2003 to two rebel movements, leading to a brutal insurgency and a horrific counterinsurgency–but not to genocide, as the West has declared. Mamdani also explains how the Cold War exacerbated the twenty-year civil war in neighboring Chad, creating a confrontation between Libya’s Muammar al-Qaddafi (with Soviet support) and the Reagan administration (allied with France and Israel) that spilled over into Darfur and militarized the fighting. By 2003, the war involved national, regional, and global forces, including the powerful Western lobby, who now saw it as part of the War on Terror and called for a military invasion dressed up as “humanitarian intervention.” Incisive and authoritative, Saviors and Survivors will radically alter our understanding of the crisis in Darfur.
Whenever such issues were raised , the army command brushed them aside by pointing out how many army and other security ... Their thesis was that the problems in Dar Fur were mostly structural , relating to the relationship between a ...
Author: Sharif Harir
Publisher: Nordic Africa Institute
Category: Social Science
The Sudan can demonstrate that while there is no short-cut to progress there is one to decay and misery. After eleven years of peace, the second civil war has now lasted for more than ten years. Regional, ethnic and religious conflicts are intensifying all over the country. The economy is in shambles while a small lite is enriching itself.
'It is dangerously late but not yet too late to show the frontline populations that a new war is not the way to address their grievances.'"--Publisher description.
Author: International Crisis Group
Category: Comprehensive Peace Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement, Sudan People's Liberation Army
"Conditions like those that produced the Darfur conflict exist today in Southern Kordofan state where prospects of a new Sudanese civil war are real. Sudan's Southern Kordofan: The Next Darfur?, the latest report from the International Crisis Group, examines the deteriorating situation in this strategic region between North and South, where both members of the Government of National Unity, the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) and the National Congress Party (NCP), have been dangerously engaged in ethnic polarisation in advance of national elections scheduled for 2009. The kidnapping of nine Chinese oil workers in Southern Kordofan last week illustrates the volatility of the state. 'The Khartoum government must rapidly address the worsening situation or face the prospect of a devastating new conflict,' said Fouad Hikmat, Horn of Africa Project Director. 'The credibility of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that ended the North-South war in 2005 as a framework for conflict resolution is at stake. If it fails to settle the disputes along the North-South border, it won't provide credible solutions for other conflicts, such as Darfur. There has been limited recent progress, but much more is urgently needed.' The Southern Kordofan state's inhabitants are armed and feel abandoned by their former patrons, who have not kept their promises to provide peace dividends. Return of internally displaced persons (IDPs), development projects and creation of an integrated state government administration have all stalled. Hundreds have died in disputes over land and grazing rights, with no indication of a sustainable local or national response. There is still time to calm the situation before the elections. The NCP and SPLM must accelerate integration of the state government and combatants within the Joint Integrated Units and pursue disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR) programs. Reconciliation among the state's tribes is paramount. The UN Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) and the wider international community also have vital roles to play in stabilising the state. UNMIS should become an active partner in local conflict prevention, along with the tribal authorities. Simultaneously, the CPA's international guarantors and Sudan's bilateral partners should press Khartoum to pay more attention to peacebuilding. 'Prevention of a new conflict in Southern Kordofan needs to be placed prominently on both national and international agendas,' says Francois Grignon, Crisis Group's Africa Program Director. 'It is dangerously late but not yet too late to show the frontline populations that a new war is not the way to address their grievances.'"--Publisher description.
Ostrich Feathers, Ivory and Slaves The name Darfur comes from the Arabic word “dar,” meaning home, and the name of the principal ethnic group of the region, the non-Arab Fur. For centuries, however, Darfur has been home to a wide range ...