The Rational Believer

In The Rational Believer, Masooda Bano draws on rich interview, ethnographic, and survey data, as well as fieldwork conducted in madrasas throughout the country to explore the network of Pakistani madrasas.

The Rational Believer

Islamic schools, or madrasas, have been accused of radicalizing Muslims and participating, either actively or passively, in terrorist networks since the events of 9/11. In Pakistan, the 2007 siege by government forces of Islamabad’s Red Mosque and its madrasa complex, whose imam and students staged an armed resistance against the state for its support of the "war on terror," reinforced concerns about madrasas’ role in regional and global jihad. By 2006 madrasas registered with Pakistan’s five regulatory boards for religious schools enrolled over one million male and 200,000 female students. In The Rational Believer, Masooda Bano draws on rich interview, ethnographic, and survey data, as well as fieldwork conducted in madrasas throughout the country to explore the network of Pakistani madrasas. She maps the choices and decisions confronted by students, teachers, parents, and clerics and explains why available choices make participation in jihad appear at times a viable course of action. Bano's work shows that beliefs are rational and that religious believers look to maximize utility in ways not captured by classical rational choice. She applies analytical tools from the New Institutional Economics to explain apparent contradictions in the madrasa system—for example, how thousands of young Pakistani women now demand the national adoption of traditional sharia law, despite its highly restrictive limits on female agency, and do so from their location in Islamic schools for girls that were founded only a generation ago.

Radical Neo Enlightenment

The passionately rational believer acNnowledges and confirms their belief as
belief2even better as hope, which is epistemically IweaNer" than belief, yet
existentially nobler. True faith is marNed by uncertainty, by doubt, thus ensuring
that faith ...

Radical Neo Enlightenment

Radical Neo-Enlightenment is a spirited response to the multiple and accelerating crises we face today. The provocative and ambitious work contends that we require a “radical neo-Enlightenment” to counter these systemic crises. The driving idea is that Reason must now be reclaimed as a powerful force for positive social change. Along the way, the book criticizes philosophy’s failings and restores its noble compulsion to change the world. Radical Neo-Enlightenment then criticizes conventional religion and advances a reconstructed faith that would be an ally of socially-transformative Reason. It then marks out practical core steps that would lead to rational global transformation. While the book is introductory and accessible in scope and style, it confronts and develops the thought of some of the most important subversive thinkers of the past and present.

The Freethinking Christians Magazine

Intended for the Promotion of Rational Religion and Free Inquiry ... But the
Quakers had anuther advantage , which does not fall to the lot of rational
believers in Christianity ; they had in their body as many , if not more , women
than men , the ...

The Freethinking Christians  Magazine


Reason Without Freedom

Again, this is determined by all sorts of pragmatic considerations. An unopened
letter on my desk does seem relevant but not so if it were lost in the post and is
now in a dustbin in Tangiers. It would be too much to expect the rational believer
to ...

Reason Without Freedom

We call beliefs reasonable or unreasonable, justified or unjustified. What does this imply about belief? Does this imply that we are responsible for our beliefs and that we should be blamed for our unreasonable convictions? Or does it imply that we are in control of our beliefs and that what we believe is up to us? Reason Without Freedom argues that the major problems of epistemology have their roots in concerns about our control over and responsibility for belief. David Owens focuses on the arguments of Descartes, Locke and Hume - the founders of epistemology - and presents a critical discussion of the current trends in contemporary epistemology. He proposes that the problems we confront today - scepticism, the analysis of knowlege, and debates on epistemic justification - can be tackled only once we have understood the moral psychology of belief. This can be resolved when we realise that our responsibility for beliefs is profoundly different from our rationality and agency, and that memory and testimony can preserve justified belief without preserving the evidence which might be used to justify it. Reason Without Freedom should be of value to those interested in contemporary epistemology, philosophy of mind and action, ethics, and the history of 17th and 18th century.

The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

But by parity of reasoning, we should conclude that the rational will is also
unconditionally bad (Kerstein, 2001). ... A rational believer, like a rational agent,
must be able to see herself as “something over and above” her inclinations to
belief as ...

The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory is a major new reference work in ethical theory consisting of commissioned essays by leading moral philosophers. Ethical theories have always been of central importance to philosophy, and remain so; ethical theory is one of the most active areas of philosophical research and teaching today. Courses in ethics are taught in colleges and universities at all levels, and ethical theory is the organizing principle for all of them. The Handbook is divided into two parts, mirroring the field. The first part treats meta-ethical theory, which deals with theoretical questions about morality and moral judgment, including questions about moral language, the epistemology of moral belief, the truth aptness of moral claims, and so forth. The second part addresses normative theory, which deals with general moral issues, including the plausibility of various ethical theories and abstract principles of behavior. Examples of such theories are consequentialism and virtue theory. As with other Oxford Handbooks, the twenty-five contributors cover the field in a comprehensive and highly accessible way, while achieving three goals: exposition of central ideas, criticism of other approaches, and putting forth a distinct viewpoint.

The Province of Reason

On the face of it , external evidence can bring only to this conclusion , that a
certain book comes from God , and is invested with his authority ; but it does not
suppose either knowledge of its contents or adoption of them . The rational
believer ...

The Province of Reason


The Province of Reason a Criticism of the Bampton Lecture on The Limits of Religious Thought

The rational believer , when he has rationally believed , has , after all , a real faith
to seek , a faith that shall be good for anything , here or hereafter . Let us now turn
to the other side , and imagine a man who is no rational believer , but has only ...

The Province of Reason  a Criticism of the Bampton Lecture on    The Limits of Religious Thought


A Collection of Sermons

If the rational faith be the freest of all , it must be the most joyous of all . Is it the
freest of all ? I claim that it is . It is freer than any ... should hold to a faint
reminiscence of all these . The Rational believer is happy only when the last
fragment 12.

A Collection of Sermons


Sermons

If the rational faith be the freest of all , it must be the most joyous of all . Is it the
freest of all ? I claim that it is . It is freer than any ... people should hold to a taint
reminiscence of all these . 13 The Rational believer is happy only when the last 3
و 2.

Sermons


The Safest Creed

The Rational believer is happy only when the last fragment of superstition
disappears from his mind , and he is free to walk abroad wherever intelligence
leads him . In proportion as one is able to do this , is he joyous . Superstition is
reliance ...

The Safest Creed


Value and Justification

It is the very core of our concept of a rational believer that he responds to the
recognition of inconsistency in his beliefs by altering those beliefs to render them
consistent . Recent challenges by proponents of deviant logics notwithstanding ...

Value and Justification

Rational moral action can neither be seen as a way of maximising personal values, nor derived from reason independent of them is this study's assertion. It contends that commitment to the moral point of view is presupposed by value systems.Rational moral action can neither be seen as a way of maximising personal values, nor derived from reason independent of them is this study's assertion. It contends that commitment to the moral point of view is presupposed by value systems.

The Spiritual record

Mr . Holycake , ” he says , “ should try to put himself in the place of the rational
believer , who says that his belief in the Future Life is not a mere ' survival , ' a
longing , a feeling , but is based upon facts and deductions that appear to him ...

The Spiritual record


The Ancient Faith in Modern Light

The rational believer as well as the rational sceptic is compelled to acknowledge
that the mere postulation of these creatures under any name leaves the problem
of revelation unsolved . It seems remarkable , but is in truth quite natural , that ...

The Ancient Faith in Modern Light


A Discussion of the Facts and Philosophy of Ancient and Modern Spiritualism

... rational believer , instead of attempting to force a theory of his own , merely
honors the claims which his reason can not reject . Without further delay , I will
now proceed to a citation of such facts as , in my judgment , illustrate the claims of
the ...

A Discussion of the Facts and Philosophy of Ancient and Modern Spiritualism


Fraser s Magazine

... just as it seemed not more to be presumed than the on the point of
overwhelming the nsistency of each with the other . good man's dwelling - all
these Then the rational believer recog- conditions were fixed from of old , ises , in
the blessings ...

Fraser s Magazine


Fraser s Magazine

... than the on the point of overwhelming the consistency of each with the other .
good man's dwelling - all these When the rational believer recog- conditions
were fixed from of old , nises , in the blessings of outward and , given these
conditions ...

Fraser s Magazine

Contains the first printing of Sartor resartus, as well as other works by Thomas Carlyle.

Tracts Concerning Christianity

At the very outset , then , the rational believer parts company with the great
majority of professed Christians , and pursues an opposite course . The
fundamental error which has been committed of dissociating reason from
religious faith has ...

Tracts Concerning Christianity


Faith and Thought

The credulous person, as contrasted with the rational believer, is one who yields
assent upon grounds which are not adequate to produce rational belief. Belief is
properly defined to be the assent to a proposition as proved by testimony.

Faith and Thought


Social Forces in German Literature

An unthinking piety is without avail. “Christ despises the eating of his flesh and
the drinking of his blood, if it is not taken spiritually.”" “God hates a well-fed,
corpulent devoutness.” But the rational believer sees the working of the divine
spirit ...

Social Forces in German Literature