These essays on "how to think about the Chinese state" are designed to stimulate debate about assumptions and methods in the field of Chinese political analysis.
Author: Vivienne Shue
Publisher: Stanford University Press
These four conceptual and critical essays on state and society in contemporary China argue vigorously against the grain of prevailing scholarly interpretation. In substantive content, they explore two major themes from different historical and theoretical points of departure. First, the author argues that the party/state under Mao fell far short of the full control over China's peasant society that outside observers often assumed it had achieved. She shows, instead, how the Maoist state frequently pursued policies that in fact had the ironic effect of strengthening the resistance of rural communities against the central political apparatus. Second, she contends that once the true limitations on the Maoist state's power in rural areas are rightly understood, it becomes clear that one effect of the post-Mao economic and political reforms may be to enhance rather than to diminish the state's authority in the countryside — despite all the reformists' rhetoric to the contrary. These essays on "how to think about the Chinese state" are designed to stimulate debate about assumptions and methods in the field of Chinese political analysis. The controversies they raise, however, make them highly relevant to scholars outside Chinese studies who are interested in theories of the state, in the interrelations of state and society, and in the fate of the peasantry under socialism.
In like manner are the state's concerns relative to the communities to be conducted . Many communities form a state . The state has to provide for general establishments concerning the whole state , in as much as they need not to be in ...
310 ) . Hence by " state " is meant " the body politic or supreme rule exercised by a particular government over a given territory " ( p . 311 ) . In The Reach of Politics , moreover , Feibleman formulates ...
Author: R.C. Whittemore
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
James Kern Feibleman, born in New Orleans in 1904 of Jewish parents, had an early career as poet, short story writer and novelist, and assistant manager of a department store and partner in an investment company. His formal higher educa tion did not extend beyond a semester of study at the Uni versity of Virginia. In 1942 he joined the faculty of the Tulane College of Arts and Sciences as a lecturer in English, and soon thereafter transferred to Philosophy. Appointed full professor of philoso phy in 1945, he became head of the Arts and Sciences depart ment in 1951, and university chairman in 1957. He has also served as special lecturer in the Department of Psychiatry at Louisiana State University Medical School from 1958 to 6 19 7. In 1969, upon his retirement from the department chairman ship, Professor Feibleman was appointed in the W.R. Irby Chair in Philosophy. In 1974 he was appointed Andrew W. Mellon Professor in the Humanities, having the honor of being not only the first occupant of this newly established chair but also perhaps the only person ever selected from the university faculty for this honor. In 1975, upon his final retirement from the university, the faculty approved his appointment as Emer itus Professor of Philosophy.
All authorities of the state are to be included in the general assembly and the five state's committees. The general assembly and the state's committees are to have no right to interfere with communal concerns, but they have to aid such ...
Author: J.A. Etzler
Publisher: Рипол Классик
The Paradise Within the Reach of All Men, without Labour, by Powers of Nature and Machinery: An Address to All Intelligent Menin
Columbia Journal of Environmental Law 34:149–190 Chapin R (1991) Chadha, Garcia and the Dormant Commerce Clause Limitation on State Authority to Regulate. The Urban Lawyer 23:163–187 Chemerinsky E (2013) Constitutional Law.
Author: Mads Andenas
The reach of free movement within the EU Internal Market and what constitutes a restriction are the topics of this book. For many years the tension between free movement and restrictions have been the subject of intense discussion and controversy, and this includes the constitutional reach of the rights conferred by the Treaty of Lisbon. Anything that makes movement less attractive or more burdensome may constitute a restriction. Restrictions may be justified, but only if proportionate. The reach of free movement is fundamental to the Internal Market, both for the economic constitution and increasingly for individual rights in a European legal order that provides constitutional guarantees for rights, exceeding those of free movement. The interaction between fundamental rights and fundamental freedoms to movement distinguishes the EU legal order from the national legal systems. The book falls into four parts, ‘The reach of free movement’, ‘Justifications and Proportionality’, ‘Fundamental rights’, and ‘Looking Abroad’. The clear discussion of the fundamentals and dilemmas regarding the subject of this book should prove useful for academics, practitioners, graduate students as well as EU officials and judges wishing to stay updated on the ongoing scholarly debate regarding relevance to case law. Mads Andenas is Professor at the Department of Private Law, University of Oslo and at the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, School of Advanced Studies, University of London. Tarjei Bekkedal is Professor at the Centre for European Law, University of Oslo and the Chair of the Norwegian Association for European Law. Luca Pantaleo is a Lecturer in EU law at The Hague University of Applied Sciences, who obtained a Ph.D. in International and EU Law in 2013 at the University of Macerata in Italy, and who was previously a Senior Researcher at the T.M.C. Asser Institute and Postdoctoral researcher at the University of Luxembourg.
A state can exercise through its courts jurisdiction over an individual domiciled within the state, ... If personal service is not practicable the substitute method employed must be that most likely to reach the defendant. (McDonald v.
A long-arm statute extends the reach of a state court's jurisdiction beyond the territorial limits of the state. See infra notes 73 and 75 for a discussion of the due process limitations on the extraterritorial reach of long-arm ...
Many end-state comfort tasks involve adopting awkward movement postures at movement initiation in order to reach a comfortable state at movement completion. Weigelt proposes a three-stage developmental model revealing how children ...
Author: Daniela Corbetta
Reaching for objects in our surroundings is an everyday activity that most humans perform seamlessly a hundred times a day. It is nonetheless a complex behavior that requires the perception of objects’ features, action selection, movement planning, multi-joint coordination, force regulation, and the integration of all of these properties during the actions themselves to meet the successful demands of extremely varied task goals. Even though reach-to-grasp behavior has been studied for decades, it has, in recent years, become a particularly growing area of multidisciplinary research because of its crucial role in activities of daily living and broad range of applications to other fields, including physical rehabilitation, prosthetics, and robotics. This volume brings together novel and exciting research that sheds light into the complex sensory-motor processes involved in the selection and production of reach-to-grasp behaviors. It also offers a unique life-span and multidisciplinary perspective on the development and multiple processes involved in the formation of reach-to-grasp. It covers recent and exciting discoveries from the fields of developmental psychology and learning sciences, neurophysiology and brain sciences, movement sciences, and the dynamic field of developmental robotics, which has become a very active applied field relying on biologically inspired models. This volume is a rich and valuable resource for students and professionals in all of these research fields, as well as cognitive sciences, rehabilitation, and other applied sciences.
Faults in portions of the state space that are deeper than four steps are beyond the reach of the short test suite . On the other hand , the faults missed by the long test suite are most likely due to the small number of test cases not ...
Author: Robert John Weber
Category: Computer software
Statistical software testing is a promising technique for reducing the software testing burden by applying test cases to the software under test according to a model of the expected usage of the system in operation, called an operational profile. However, current statistical testing techniques have not been put into general practice, as they do not scale well as the complexity of the systems under test increases. In particular, as system complexity increases, the matrices required to generate test cases and perform model analysis can grow dramatically, even exponentially, overwhelming the test generation and analysis applications. In this work, a new technique for representing the operational profile is proposed to mitigate the complexity issue for statistical test case generation. The use of a state-based requirements specification model as the basis of the operational profile leverages parallelism to reduce the visible size of the model. The specification model can then be extended to include conditional probabilities of input data occurrence. * This work also proposes a statistical testing framework using this specification-based operational profile to generate and execute test cases. Such a framework allows us to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of this statistical testing technique.
One island serves as a major staging area before curlews migrate from the Reach during July . The western sage grouse , a Federal candidate species and a State species of special concern , was historically abundant on the area .
The approximate total volume of beach dune , and berm fill required for the applicable protective measures at each design reach is shown Table C25 of the Engineering & Design Appendix . E. 2. a . Design Reach 1 ( Robert Moses State Park ) ...
If the reach credibility from state Si to state Sj is 1, and only Si can reach state Sj, mapping into transfer matrix is: a IJ = 1 and L−1∑ k=1 aik = L−1∑ k=1 akj = 1, then we can eliminate the ith row and jth column from matrix A.
Author: Yong-jiang Yu
The Annual Asian Semantic Web Conference is one of the largest regional events in Asia with focused topics related to the Semantic Web. With the decade-round endeavor of Semantic Web believers, researchers and practitioners, the Semantic Web has made remarkable progress recently. It has raised significant attention from US and UK governments, as well as the European Commission who are willing to deploy Semantic Web technologies to enhance the transparency of eGovernment. The Linked Open Data initiative is on its way to convert the current document Web into a data Web and to further enabling various data and service mashups. The fast adoption of Semantic Web technologies in medical and life sciences has created impressive showcases to the world. All these efforts are a crucial step toward enabling the take-off and the success of the Semantic Web. The First Asian Semantic Web Conference was successfully held in China in 2006. With the following editions in Korea in 2007 and Thailand in 2008, it fostered a regional forum for connecting researchers and triggering innovations. This year, the 4th Asian Semantic Web Conference was held in Shanghai, China. We received 63 submissions from Asia, Europe, and North America, and 25 papers were accepted (the acceptance rate is around 40%). Each submission was reviewed by at least three members of the Program Committee. The Chairs moderated the discussion of conflict reviews or invited external reviewers to reach the final decisions.
Some of these rights belong to man simply as a man and therefore are above and beyond the reach of the State. . . . Human rights have no foundation other than natural law. . . . The only foundation for a sound structure of government ...
Author: Alberto Martinez Piedra
Author Alberto M. Piedra lucidly illustrates the notion of "natural law" through the examination of economic, social, political, and cultural issues. In this work Piedra draws on classical and Christian sources as well as his personal experience as an economist, diplomat, and lecturer on world politics to address philosophical views in a constructive and morally guided exegesis of natural law and economics. This innovative book shows the value of appeals to a governing, natural law and attendant principles such as the common good, subsidiarity, hierarchy, spiritual welfare, the reciprocity of freedom and authority, and the cultivation of personal moral and intellectual virtue. Natural Law will appeal to scholars, professionals, and others interested in the cultivation of personal moral and intellectual virtue.
Constitutionalizing issues beyond the reach of federal civil rights legislation meant finding exceptions to the strict state action requirement. And a great deal of the Court's state action doctrine—which amounts to a series of ...
Author: Jud Mathews
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Constitutional rights protect individuals against government overreaching, but that is not all they do. In different ways and to different degrees, constitutional rights also regulate legal relations among private parties in most legal systems. Rights can have not only a vertical effect, within the hierarchical relationship between citizen and state, but also a horizontal one, on the citizen-to-citizen relationships otherwise governed by private law. In every constitutional system with judicially enforceable constitutional rights, courts must make choices about whether, when, and how to give those rights horizontal effect. This book is about how different courts make those choices, and about the consequences that they have. The doctrines that courts build to manage the horizontal effect of rights speak to the most fundamental issues that constitutional systems address, about the nature of rights and of constitutionalism itself. These doctrines can also entrench or enhance judicial power, but in very different ways depending on the legal system. This book offers three case studies, of Germany, the United States, and Canada. For each, it offers a detailed account of the horizontal effect jurisprudence of its apex court-not in isolation, but as a central feature of a broader account of that country's constitutional development. The case studies show how the choices courts make about horizontal rights reflect existing normative and political realities and, over time, help to shape new ones.
Under the No Action No Build Alternative , the reach would remain in its current state ; no conflicts with San Bernardino County's General Plan would result . City of Redlands The City of Redlands General Plan has a strong planning ...
Bythe time Wilson landed in England eight days later, a Conserv- ative government had taken office with Lord Salisbury as Prime Minister and W. H. Smith as Secretary of State forWar. The new government gave brief consideration to ...
Author: Colonel Mike Snook
Publisher: Frontline Books
In the early 1880s the Mahdi unleashed a spectacularly successful jihadist uprising against Egyptian colonial rule in the Sudan. Early in1884 Cairo bowed to British pressure to withdraw. Beyond the Reach of Empire describes how Major General Charles Gordon was despatched to evacuate Khartoum and turn the Sudan over to self-rule. It goes on to explain how and why the mission backfired, and then homes in on Sir Garnet Wolseley's planning and execution of the long-delayed Gordon Relief Expedition which arrived, according to popular myth, only two days after the city had fallen and Gordon had been killed.??Colonel Mike Snook's narrative is characterized by scrupulous attention to detail, an instinctive grasp of the period, and an intimate understanding of its setting. The author argues compellingly that the Khartoum campaign was mismanaged from the outset. The outcome is the exoneration of Colonel Sir Charles Wilson, the man cast in the role of scapegoat, and an indictment of Wolseley's generalship over the course of the last and most deeply flawed campaign of his career.??Full review available at http://www.warhistoryonline.com/reviews/beyond-reach-empire-wolseleys-failed-campaign-save-gordon-khartoum-review-mark-barnes.html (please copy and paste into your browser)??As featured in Wye Local Magazine.
State is entitled to intervene in Bipartite Agreements—Shri Mathew's inaugural address at I.L.O's Seminar Since success of ... said that it was traditional to regard collective bargaining as a sacred area beyond the reach of the State.
“Territorial Politics and the Reach of the State: Unevenness by Design.” Revista de Ciencia Política (Santiago) 32(3): 623–41. Boone, Catherine, and Lydia Nyeme. 2015. “Land Institutions and Political Ethnicity in Africa: Evidence from ...
Author: Prakash Kashwan
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Political Science
How do societies negotiate the apparently competing agendas of environmental protection and social justice? Why do some countries perform much better than others on this front? Democracy in the Woods addresses these question by examining land rights conflicts-and the fate of forest-dependent peasants-in the context of the different forest property regimes in India, Tanzania, and Mexico. These three countries are prominent in the scholarship and policy debates about national forest policies and land conflicts associated with international support for nature conservation. This unique comparative study of national forestland regimes challenges the received wisdom that redistributive policies necessarily undermine the goals of environmental protection. It shows instead that the form that national environmental protection efforts take - either inclusive (as in Mexico) or exclusive (as in Tanzania and, for the most part, in India) - depends on whether dominant political parties are compelled to create structures of political intermediation that channel peasant demands for forest and land rights into the policy process. This book offers three different tests of this theory of political origins of forestland regimes. First, it explains why it took the Indian political elites nearly sixty years to introduce meaningful reforms of the colonial-era forestland regimes. Second, it successfully explains the rather counterintuitive local outcomes of the programs for formalization of land rights in India, Tanzania, and Mexico. Third, it provides a coherent explanation of why each of these three countries proposes a significantly different distribution of the benefits of forest-based climate change mitigation programs being developed under the auspices of the United Nations. In its political analysis of the control over and the use of nature, this book opens up new avenues for reflecting on how legacies of the past and international interventions interject into domestic political processes to produce specific configurations of environmental protection and social justice. Democracy in the Woods offers a theoretically rigorous argument about why and in what specific ways politics determine the prospects of a socially just and environmentally secure world. *Included in the Studies in Comparative Energy and Environmental Politics Series
Though other ministers may have lacked the gusto that Lloyd George brought to this endeavour, they too found it necessary to expand the reach of the state. Authorities placed controls on wages, prices and profits; they rationed food and ...
Author: Dane Kennedy
Britain and Empire, 1880-1945 traces the relationship between Britain and its empire during a period when the two spheres intersected with one another to an unprecedented degree. The story starts with the imperial expansion of the late nineteenth century and ends with the Second World War, at the end of which Britain was on the brink of decolonisation. The author shows how empire came to figure into almost every important development that marked Britain¿s response to the upheavals of the late nineteenth century and first half of the twentieth century. He examines its influence on foreign policy, party politics, social reforms, cultural practices, and national identity. At the same time, he shows how domestic developments affected imperial policies. Written in an engaging and accessible manner, this book: integrates British and imperial history in a single narrative provides a useful synthesis of recent historical research in the area analyses topics ranging from ideology and culture to politics and foreign affairs contains a chronology, glossary, who¿s who and guide to further reading Britain and Empire, 1880-1945 provides an up-to-date, accessible survey, ideal for students coming to the subject for the first time.