The Religious Motive in Philanthropy

This book is a volume in the Penn Press Anniversary Collection.

The Religious Motive in Philanthropy


Muslimische Philanthropie und B rgerschaftliches Engagement

Motives behind Philanthropy Perceptions shape motives and motives explain behaviors. Hence. motives behind philanthropy are shaped by religious teachings. compassion and care. A. Faith-Based giving The Egyptian public, when surveyed ...

Muslimische Philanthropie und B  rgerschaftliches Engagement


Philanthropy in the World s Traditions

Within Islam the religious and otherworldly motive for philanthropy is expressed as the desire to approach God , and this motivation is incorporated , in the form of “ nearness ( ghurba ) to God , " into the legal formula for the ...

Philanthropy in the World s Traditions

Though voluntary association for the public good is often thought of as a peculiarly Western, even Christian concept, this book demonstrates that there are rich traditions of philanthropy in cultures throughout the world. Essays study philanthropy in Buddhist, Islamic, Hindu, Jewish, and Native American religious traditions, as well as many other cultures.

Philanthropy s Role in Civilization

THE RELIGIOUS MOTIVE As with so many other philanthropic institutions , much of the drive back of the building of our voluntary hospitals has been the religious motive . " Heal the sick " is an injunction which has spurred Catholics to ...

Philanthropy s Role in Civilization

Arnaud Cartwright Marts was successful over a long career in the mainstream of American life in the first half of the twentieth century. Although best known as a professional fund-raiser and co-founder of one of the largest professional consulting firms, he was president of Bucknell University from 1935 to 1945, a lecturer, and an author. This book gathers together the experiences and observations of over thirty years in the field of fund-raising. First published in 1953, it remains an exemplary statement of American capitalism as an ideology of obligation and the special place of foundations in expanding equity in society. The aim of philanthropy, in Mart's view, is to advance progress toward higher levels of well-being for all through the spirit of private obligation and voluntarism, concepts he locates specifically in the Judeo-Christian tradition and American political freedom and the free-enterprise system. The interaction of these concepts has borne fruit in America's colleges, cultural institutions, libraries, and hospitals, institutions that foster universal opportunity and individual initiative. Of particular importance in Marts's view of philanthropy is the role of the foundation and corporate support in promoting large-scale efforts in the direction of educational, scientific, and social progress. This volume is of value as a practical and ethical guide for the professional fund-raiser. Marts makes clear that the fund-raising specialist's expertise is, in part, technical, based on hard experience in working with volunteers, in planning and organizing campaigns, and in advising chief executives and members of boards, but he is firm in his belief that the ultimate purpose in any campaign is the cause to be served. The new introduction to this edition by Robert L. Payton offers a vivid biographical sketch of Arnaud C. Marts, situates his thought in its time and place, and analyzes differing conceptions of social progress between Marts's era and our own. It is of enduring value for fund-raising professionals, and social historians, and students of conservative thought.

Philanthropists in Higher Education

Institutional, Biographical, and Religious Motivations for Giving Gregory Cascione. broader than serving the needs of the poor, which primarily are met through direct taxation, not tax subsidies” (Kelly, 1998, p. 15).

Philanthropists in Higher Education

The main purpose of this book is to explore and understand the motivation behind major donations to higher education and what the role of religion is in these motivations. Features interviews with major donors.

From Charity to Social Work

She also distinguished religious motive from charitable method . Promoting personal contact and rehabilitation provided shared methods for people who espoused divergent interpretations of the aims of charity . The church " furnishes us ...

From Charity to Social Work

Mary E. Richmond (1861-1928) was a contemporary of Jane Addams and an influential leader in the American charity organization movement. In this biography--the first in-depth study of Richmond's life and work--Elizabeth N. Agnew examines the contributions of this important, if hitherto under-valued, woman to the field of charity and to its development into professional social work. Orphaned at a young age and largely self-educated, Richmond initially entered charity work as a means of self-support, but came to play a vital role in transforming philanthropy--previously seen as a voluntary expression of individual altruism--into a valid, organized profession. Her career took her from charity organization leadership in Baltimore and Philadelphia to an executive position with the prestigious Russell Sage Foundation in New York City. Richmond's progressive civic philosophy of social work was largely informed by the social gospel movement. She strove to find practical applications of the teachings of Christianity in response to the social problems that accompanied rapid industrialization, urbanization, and poverty. At the same time, her tireless efforts and personal example as a woman created an appealing, if ambiguous, path for other professional women. A century later her legacy continues to echo in social work and welfare reform.

Report of the Proceedings

And I think that the clergy often slide into catching a few cheers by airing philanthropic sentiments , and appealing to philanthropic motives when really the religious motive is the one that ought to be relied upon .

Report of the Proceedings


Philanthropy and American Higher Education

not only for our eyes, ears, nose, opposable thumbs, and upright stance but also for our basic mindsets and the motives that drive human behavior. Darwin's Theory of Evolution rests upon the notions that all of life as we know it ...

Philanthropy and American Higher Education

Philanthropy and American Higher Education provides higher education professionals, leaders and scholars with a thoughtful, comprehensive introduction to the scope and development of philanthropy and fund raising as part of the essential life and work of colleges and universities in the United States.

Philanthropy in the History of American Higher Education

“ Several benevolent and charitable persons have generously paid , and by subscriptions promised hereafter to pay , * * for the use of ... It is in the charter , however , that the religious motive stands out with greatest prominence .

Philanthropy in the History of American Higher Education

A work that can truly be described as an underground masterpiece, Sears' Philanthropy in the History of American Higher Education was written as a dissertation seventy years ago, and subsequently published as a "Bulletin" by the United States Bureau of Education in 1922. It has been much spoken of and little read since then. As Roger L. Geiger points out in his new opening essay, this volume can still be read with wide interest and great profit. This is a tribute to the quality of mind and diligence of its author. The special quality of this volume is its close connection of educational philosophies of the past linked firmly to the educational philanthropies of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The scope of coverage is broad-ranging: from the great universities to the manual labor colleges. But it is more than quantitative research that the reader will find. For Sears, from start to finish, while appreciating the benefits which foundations bestow, fully appreciated the continuing risks of such outside support. For Sears, the overwhelming impulse of philanthropy has been the encouragement of the public good, or at least the support of a healthy notoriety for the donors and recipients alike. But he also notes that a democratic society must never be expected to take massive gifts on faith. He urged that even a "grain of danger" should be weeded out if it carries with it the potential for the bias and special interest. This edition is graced by a fine essay that gives a deep background to the life and work of Jesse Brundage Sears. It covers his origins in rural Missouri, his move to Stanford University and work for Ellwood P. Cubberly, and his later work on the history of philanthropy. For individuals interested in the history of education, the structure of financing higher education, and the data on which social policy has been made, this will be indispensable reading. Roger L. Geiger, author of the recently published work, To Advance Knowledge: The Growth of American Research Universities, 1900-1940 and other works in education at The Pennsylvania State University. This volume is the twelfth volume in the Transaction Studies in Philanthropy and Society edited by Richard Magat of The Foundation Center.

Poor Jews

... never denied that other nations were charitable.24 Judaism's contribution is a new motive for philanthropy: the religious-humane motive, which means acting for the sake of humanity because of religious conviction and obligation.

Poor Jews

The popular image of the Jewish community is that it consists primarily of members of the middle and upper middle classes. But this image is far from true. Poor Jews: An American Awakening shatters, once and for all, the stereotype of Jewish affluence. Citing national data and descriptions of the life-styles of the Jewish poor, the authors reveal unique social characteristics of the Jewish poor—including the surprising statistic that over two-thirds of the members of this group are past the age of sixty, thus experiencing the compounded disadvantage of being poor, elderly, and deserted by the young, mobile Jewish community. Reasons for the "invisibility" of Jewish poverty are examined, as well as how the Jewish community has responded to poverty within its own ethnic group and Jewish attitudes toward the welfare state and charity. The lack of Jewish participation in antipoverty programs is cited, along with measures which will bring them fully into this and other federal and state programs.

From Charity to Social Change

Trends in Arab Philanthropy Barbara Ibrahim, Dina H. Sherif ... four main factors that have created a culture of giving and social solidarity : • The strong religious motive for philanthropy , both in Islam and Christianity : Palestine ...

From Charity to Social Change

Persistent societal problems and wealth creation in the Arab region are driving a new generation of actors to commit their resources for the greater public welfare. Widely known as philanthropy, voluntary contributions to causes that serve a public good are a longstanding and important aspect of cultures in the Arab region. What is of particular interest today is the proliferation of ways in which this private giving is being channeled into new institutional forms. In significant ways, some local philanthropy is becoming more strategic in its aims--by which is meant utilizing resources effectively to address the underlying causes of important social problems. Through an examination of philanthropic trends in eight key Middle Eastern countries, this book seeks to shed light on the forms of institutionalized giving that currently exist, as well as to provide recommendations for how charitable contributions can be most effective as vehicles of future social change. Drawing on data collected from endowed corporate foundations, public-private partnerships between business leaders and governmental agencies, and small-scale community-based organizations, this study marks the first attempt to map the dynamic contemporary landscape of philanthropy in the Arab region.

Yearbook of Chinese Theology 2017

For example, the Chinese Buddhist Association of Charity Commission, the Religious Daci Foundation in Shanghai, ... of religion charity, the motive of religious charity, the legitimacy of behavior and the value of religious idea.

Yearbook of Chinese Theology 2017

Yearbook of Chinese Theology is an international, ecumenical and fully peer-reviewed series for Chinese theology in English. It is designed to meet the growing demand for the studies of Christianity as an academic discipline in the Chinese context in the area of Biblical Studies, Church History, Systematic Theology, Practical Theology and Comparative Religions. The Yearbook also features articles exploring wider issues in church and society. The main focus of the Yearbook is on the interdisciplinary, contextual and cross-cultural studies of the above five disciplines.

Virtuous Giving

After all , half of all individual philanthropic gifts in the United States go to religious organizations . ... 42 One religious motive for philanthropy is self - interested concern for personal salvation , but that is hardly the only ...

Virtuous Giving

"A good study book for philanthropists and those who study them. Religion gets a fair shake." -- Christian Century "Mike Martin has written a clear and wide-ranging book on ethical issues related to philanthropy that is rich in concrete examples." -- Ethics Writing for the general reader, Mike Martin explores the philosophic basis of philanthropy -- "virtuous giving." This book will be welcome reading for anyone who has pondered what caring and giving mean for a good society.

The Routledge Handbook of Religions and Global Development

There was no religious or ethical impulse for almsgiving; nor was pity recognized either as a desirable emotional response to need and suffering or as a motive for charity. (2009: 87) Early Christian authors actively encouraged ...

The Routledge Handbook of Religions and Global Development

This Handbook provides a cutting-edge survey of the state of research on religions and global development. Part one highlights critical debates that have emerged within research on religions and development, particularly with respect to theoretical, conceptual and methodological considerations, from the perspective of development studies and its associated disciplines. Parts two to six look at different regional and national development contexts and the place of religion within these. These parts integrate and examine the critical debates raised in part one within empirical case studies from a range of religions and regions. Different religions are situated within actual locations and case studies thus allowing a detailed and contextual understanding of their relationships to development to emerge. Part seven examines the links between some important areas within development policy and practice where religion is now being considered, including: Faith-Based Organisations and Development Public Health, Religion and Development Human rights, Religion and Development Sustainable Development, Climate Change and Religion Global Institutions and Religious Engagement in Development Economic Development and Religion Religion, Development and Fragile States Development and Faith-Based Education Taking a global approach, the Handbook covers Africa, Latin America, South Asia, East and South-East Asia, and the Middle East. It is essential reading for students and researchers in development studies and religious studies, and is highly relevant to those working in area studies, as well as a range of disciplines, from theology, anthropology and economics to geography, international relations, politics and sociology.

Religious Giving

To Christian theology, these claims about egoistic motives are counterintuitive and tell a vastly incomplete story. ... If we have at least some significant concern for the beneficiary, we can still say that our philanthropic deed is ...

Religious Giving

Religious Giving considers the connection between religion and giving within the Abrahamic traditions. Each contributor begins with the assumption that there is something inherently right or natural about the connection. But what exactly is it? To whom should we give, how much should we give, what is the relationship between our giving and our relationship to God? Writing for the introspective donor, congregational leader, or student interested in ways of meeting human needs, the authors focus on the philosophical or theological dimensions of giving. The contributors' goal is not to report on institutional practices, but to provide thoughtful, constructive guidance to the reader -- informed by a critical understanding of the religious traditions under review.

American Charities a Study in Philanthropy and Economics

Charity , early , 4 ; motives , 5 , 8 ; degeneration of ecclesiastical , 7 , 9 ; influence of church , 7 , 8 , 11 ; a species ... method of dealing with the unemployed , 180 , 181 ; social influence as motive , 317 ; religious motives ...

American Charities  a Study in Philanthropy and Economics


The Nonprofit Sector

Christian teachings on charity had become more elaborated; personal salvation could be earned through charitable giving. In Islam, religious motives are central to giving and again are bound up with personal salvation.

The Nonprofit Sector

Provides a multi-disciplinary survey of nonprofit organizations and their role and function in society. This book also examines the nature of philanthropic behaviours and an array of organizations, international issues, social science theories, and insight.