Ties of Distinction

Easy-to-follow guide also highlights ties from military corps, clubs, and medical schools. Introduction is by Christopher Sells of P.L. Sells & Co., Britain's last remaining manufacturer of a complete line of today's regimental stripe ties.

Ties of Distinction

A detailed look at men's neckwear of distinction, with 472 British regimental stripe, college, university, and club ties pictured in color. Easy-to-follow guide also highlights ties from military corps, clubs, and medical schools. Introduction is by Christopher Sells of P.L. Sells & Co., Britain's last remaining manufacturer of a complete line of today's regimental stripe ties.

Money and Markets

When individuals rely more on strong ties and make less use of weak ties, there exists a tendency for the social ... The distinction is one between ties which individuals have to others in groups of which they are members and ties which ...

Money and Markets

This book brings together fourteen essays by leading authors in the field of economics to explore the relationship between money and markets throughout economic theory and history, providing readers with the key to understanding fundamental issues in monetary theory and other important debates in contemporary economics. Addressing this popular and topical area in economic discussion and debate an impressive array of contributors, including Meghnad Desai, Charles Goodhart and John Davis examine the theory, policy and history of economics in the USA, Europe and Japan. The subjects covered include: the history of economic thought money and banking monetary economics poverty modern economic history. This volume is essential reading for postdoctoral researchers and historians of economic thought across the globe.

Entrepreneurship in Cities

The distinction between 'bridging' and 'bonding' social capital is related to the strength of ties. Bridging social capital is capital sharing between groups, which involves weaker ties and builds open networks of acquaintances.

Entrepreneurship in Cities

Entrepreneurship in Cities focuses on the neglected role of the home and the residential neighbourhood context for entrepreneurship and businesses within cities. The overall objective of the book is to develop a new interdisciplinary perspective that links entrepreneurship research with neighbourhood and urban studies. A key contribution is to show that entrepreneurship in cities is more than agglomeration economies and high-tech clusters. This is the first book to connect entrepreneurship with neighbourhoods and homes, recognising that business activity in the city is not confined to central business districts, high streets and industrial estates but is also found in residential neighbourhoods. It highlights the importance of home-based businesses for the economy of cities. These often overlooked types of businesses and workers significantly contribute to the ‘buzz’ that makes cities favourable places to live and work.

Web Social Science

The distinction between bridging and bonding social capital is thus clearly related to the 'strength of weak ties' concept (Box 3.3) and structural holes (Box 3.4). The Internet can clearly aid the formation of bridging social capital ...

Web Social Science

'Although written simply enough to be accessible to undergraduates, accomplished scholars are likely to appreciate it too. Reading it taught me quite a lot about a subject I thought I knew rather well. ' - Paul Vogt, Emeritus Professor, Illinois State University 'This book brings the art and science of building and applying innovative online research tools to students and faculty across the social sciences.' - Professor William H. Dutton, Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford A comprehensive guide to the theory and practice of web Social Science. This book demonstrates how the web is being used to collect social research data, such as online surveys and interviews, as well as digital trace data from social media environments, such as Facebook and Twitter. It also illuminates how the advent of the web has led to traditional social science concepts and approaches being combined with those from other scientific disciplines, leading to new insights into social, political and economic behaviour. Situating social sciences in the digital age, this book aids: understanding of the fundamental changes to society, politics and the economy that have resulted from the advent of the web choice of appropriate data, tools and research methods for conducting research using web data learning how web data are providing new insights into long-standing social science research questions appreciation of how social science can facilitate an understanding of life in the digital age It is ideal for students and researchers across the social sciences, as well as those from information science, computer science and engineering who want to learn about how social scientists are thinking about and researching the web.

Essentials of Sociology

Ties versus Groups The distinction between strong and weak ties parallels the distinction between primary and secondary groups. The difference between these two sets of concepts is that strong and weak apply to one-to-one relationships, ...

Essentials of Sociology

Extremely reader friendly and packed with vivid examples, ESSENTIALS OF SOCIOLOGY, 9e takes real-world scenarios and shows you how to use sociology to analyze them. It combines comprehensive coverage, socially relevant analysis, and cutting-edge research into a concise 15 chapters. Hands-on exercises help sharpen critical thinking and problem solving skills as readers put sociological theory into practice. More visually engaging than ever, the Ninth Edition also maintains the book’s signature emphasis on global issues. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Contemporary Sociological Thinkers and Theories

The distinction between simple and multiplex ties (which include different contents, as in the case of business and friendly relations). These ties are mutual (in a couple of actors, the tie starts from and is oriented to both of them), ...

Contemporary Sociological Thinkers and Theories

This book offers a comprehensive overview of the major theoretical perspectives in contemporary sociology, covering schools of thought or intellectual movements within the discipline, as well as the work of individual scholars. The author provides not only a rigorous exposition of each theory, but also an examination of the scholarly reception of the approach in question, considering both critical responses and defences in order to reach a balanced evaluation. Chapters cover the following theorists and perspectives: ¢ Alexander ¢ Bourdieu ¢ Ethnomethodology ¢ Exchange Theory ¢ Foucault ¢ Giddens ¢ Goffman ¢ Habermas ¢ Luhmann ¢ Merton ¢ Network and Social Capital Theory ¢ Parsons ¢ Rational Choice Theory ¢ Schutz and Phenomenalism ¢ Structuralism ¢ Symbolic Interactionism An accessible and informative treatment of the central approaches in sociology over the course of the last century, this volume marks a significant contribution to sociological theory and constitutes an essential addition to library collections in the areas of the history of sociology and contemporary social theory.

Understanding Statelessness

In academic literature and reports, a distinction is often drawn between statelessness in the migratory context and ... 'in their own country', meaning that they have 'significant and stable ties (through birth, longterm residence, etc.) ...

Understanding Statelessness

Understanding Statelessness offers a comprehensive, in-depth examination of statelessness. The volume presents the theoretical, legal and political concept of statelessness through the work of leading critical thinkers in this area. They offer a critique of the existing framework through detailed and theoretically-based scrutiny of challenging contexts of statelessness in the real world and suggest ways forward. The volume is divided into three parts. The first, ‘Defining Statelessness’, features chapters exploring conceptual issues in the definition of statelessness. The second, ‘Living Statelessness’, uses case studies of statelessness contexts from States across global regions to explore the diversity of contemporary lived realities of statelessness and to interrogate standard theoretical presentations. ‘Theorising Statelessness’, the final part, approaches the theorisation of statelessness from a variety of theoretical perspectives, building upon the earlier sections. All the chapters come together to suggest a rethinking of how we approach statelessness. They raise questions and seek answers with a view to contributing to the development of a theoretical approach which can support more just policy development. Throughout the volume, readers are encouraged to connect theoretical concepts, real-world accounts and challenging analyses. The result is a rich and cohesive volume which acts as both a state-of-the-art statement on statelessness research and a call to action for future work in the field. It will be of great interest to graduates and scholars of political theory, human rights, law and international development, as well as those looking for new approaches to thinking about statelessness.

The Making of a Transnational Capitalist Class

The distinction between internal and external ties is a revealing one when paired with the distinction between transnational and national elite segments. It enables us to explore the extent to which transnationalists ...

The Making of a Transnational Capitalist Class

Throughout the world, there has been a growing wave of interest in global corporate power and the rise of a transnational capitalist class, triggered by economic and political transformations that have blurred national borders and disembedded corporate business from national domiciles. Using social network analysis, William Carroll maps the changing field of power generated by elite relations among the world's largest corporations and related political organizations. Carroll provides an in-depth analysis that spans the three decades of the late 20th and early 21st century, when capitalist globalization attained unprecedented momentum, propelled both by the transnationalization of accumulation and by the political paradigm of transnational neoliberalism. This has been an era in which national governments have deregulated capital, international institutions such as the World Trade Organization and the World Economic Forum have gained prominence, and production and finance have become more fully transnational, increasing the structural power of capital over communities and workers. Within this context of transformation, the book charts the making of a transnational capitalist class, reaching beyond national forms of capitalist class organization into a global field, but facing spirited opposition from below in an ongoing struggle that is also a struggle over alternative global futures.

Asset Building and Community Development

Granovetter (1974) also made a distinction between strong and weak ties. Strong ties involve large investments of time and energy, whereas weak ties are basically acquaintances. Strong ties may be helpful for gaining access to emotional ...

Asset Building and Community Development

Can residents work together to improve the quality of life in their community? Asset Building and Community Development examines the promise and limits of community development and explores how communities are building on their key assets such as physical, human, social, financial, environmental, political and cultural capital.

Politics and the Twitter Revolution

There are two definitions of the concept of tie strength. In drawing a distinction between strong and weak ties, Granovetter (1973, p. 1361) writes: “The strength of a tie is a (probably linear) combination of the amount of time, ...

Politics and the Twitter Revolution

Politics and the Twitter Revolution: How Tweets Influence the Relationship between Political Leaders and the Public, by John H. Parmelee and Shannon L. Bichard, is the first comprehensive examination of how Twitter is used politically. Surveys and in-depth interviews with political Twitter users answer several important questions, including: Who follows the political leaders on Twitter, and why? How persuasive are political tweets? Is political Twitter use good for democracy? These and other questions are answered from theoretical perspectives, such as uses and gratifications, word-of-mouth communication, selective exposure, innovation characteristics, and the continuity-discontinuity framework. In addition, content analysis and frame analysis illustrate how political leaders' tweets frame their policies and personalities. The findings in Politics and the Twitter Revolution show Twitter to be surprisingly influential on political discourse. Twitter has caused major changes in how people engage politically. Followers regularly take actions that are requested in leaders' tweets, and, in many cases, leaders' tweets shape followers' political views more than friends and family. Other findings raise concerns. For some, Twitter use contributes to political polarization, and there is frequently a disconnect between what followers expect from leaders on Twitter and what those leaders are giving them.

Changing Organizations

Tie strength, another fundamental network property, refers to a quantitative dimension such as the frequency of interaction. ... The strong/weak tie distinction highlights critical contrasts between mentoring and networking as employee ...

Changing Organizations

"We are in the midst of rapid change in how firms organize themselves and their work. There are numerous popular accounts of this evolution but few theoretically grounded and research based assessments. Into this gap steps David Knoke. Changing Organizations is an invaluable resource for all concerned with organizational restructuring and will be an essential reference and starting point for scholars and practitioners who want a serious account of what has occurred and what is likely to happen next." Peter Osterman Massachusetts Institute of Technology "In this book, Changing Organizations, David Knoke shows how a social network approach can unify topics as diverse as corporate governance, mergers and acquisitions, national innovation systems, workplace struggles, and corporate informed explanation of why corporations have become so powerful in American society. For graduate students in organization studies courses and MBAs, the book's many extended case examples will provide a valuable context for classroom discussions. The book is packed with informative figures and charts, as well as a helpful appendix on network analysis, and thus will prove valuable as a reference book, as well." Howard E. Aldrich University of North Carolina In Changing Organizations David Knoke examines the formation of intra- and inter-organizational networks and their impact on the fates of employees, companies, and communities. He explores how the network perspective—when used in conjunction with ecology, insitutionalism, power and resource dependence, transaction cost economics, organizational learning, and evolutionary theories—contributes to a more comprehensive explanation of organizational transformations. Written in an accessible narrative style for advanced undergraduate students in sociology, public policy, and business management courses, it draws heavily from contemporary cases to illustrate key concepts. Knoke also offers readers a careful exposition of basic structural and network concepts and principles. This text is well suited for courses in sociology of organizations, business organizations/management, and public policy/administration.

Managing Networks of Twenty First Century Organisations

One fundamental distinction in this sort of typology is that between ties that are used to pass resources of value only to the individual actors in the networks and those across which resources are passed that are of value to others ...

Managing Networks of Twenty First Century Organisations

The book presents a novel theory of how networks of organizations work, what varieties are possible and how their strengths and weaknesses differ. The argument is illustrated using four case studies in which networks of firms and organizations in defence contracting, biotechnology, health care and combating crime and disorder are examined. The book will be of major interest to scholars and students of business and management, public management, public policy, organizational sociology and to practising managers.

Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management

1, there are two general blockmodeling approaches for partitioning signed data that depend on which theoretically driven model is fitted. For unsigned data, a core distinction is whether the ties are undirected or directed.

Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management

Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management is designed to promote theory and research on important substantive and methodological topics in the field of human resources management.

Language Conflict and National Development

This source has usually been identified as the natural ties of the segmental groups to their own given order of existence . One study draws a sharp distinction between the natural ties and the civil ties , or as they have been called ...

Language Conflict and National Development


The Book of Farm Implements and Machines

... 109-111 Stretcher in stone bond , 222 in brickwork , 231 Strickle or strike , the scythe , 1631 Strikes , corn , 1710-1712 Strut and tie , axiom on , 16-20 Struts and ties , distinction between , 174-177 cast - iron , shoe for the ...

The Book of Farm Implements and Machines


The Irish Law Times Reports

By these over the period of the tie . ... dent that the change over to the exclusivity possible enduring element of some long term system involved a change in the profit earn exclusivity ties , the distinction between such ing structure ...

The Irish Law Times Reports


Ancient Supplication

Truces establish a temporary tie; treaties, a permanent tie.95 The chief distinction is between those ties that include ... they are not as frequent as those that do not lead to xenia, membership in a group, or an equal or unequal tie.

Ancient Supplication

This is the first book-length treatment of supplication, an important social practice in ancient Mediterranean civilizations. Despite the importance of supplication, it has received little attention, and no previous study has explored so many aspects of the practice. Naiden investigates the varied gestures made by the supplicants, the types of requests they make, the arguments used in defense of their requests, and the role of the supplicandus, who evaluates and decides whether to fulfill the requests. Varied and abundant sources invite comparison between the societies of Greece and Rome and also among literary genres. Additionally, Naiden formulates an analysis of the ritual in its legal and political contexts. In constructing this rich and thorough study, Naiden considered over 800 acts of supplication from Greek, Hebrew, and Roman literature, art, and scientific sources. 30 illustrations and a map of the relevant locations accompany the text.

The SAGE Handbook of Social Network Analysis

RELATION ALGEBRAS FOR SOCIAL NETWORKS A social network can be conceptualised as a set of social linkages or ties among members ... may be regarded as nondirected, with no distinction between the tie from k to l and the tie from l to k.

The SAGE Handbook of Social Network Analysis

This sparkling Handbook offers an unrivalled resource for those engaged in the cutting edge field of social network analysis. Systematically, it introduces readers to the key concepts, substantive topics, central methods and prime debates. Among the specific areas covered are: Network theory Interdisciplinary applications Online networks Corporate networks Lobbying networks Deviant networks Measuring devices Key Methodologies Software applications. The result is a peerless resource for teachers and students which offers a critical survey of the origins, basic issues and major debates. The Handbook provides a one-stop guide that will be used by readers for decades to come.

Harming Future Persons

The conflict between partial and impartial values in human reproduction derives partly from the ethicalsignificance of what is sometimes referred to as “special ties.” As we have seen, such ties cut across the distinction between person ...

Harming Future Persons

Melinda A. Roberts and David T. Wasserman 1 Purpose of this Collection What are our obligations with respect to persons who have not yet, and may not ever, come into existence? Few of us believe that we can wrong those whom we leave out of existence altogether—that is, merely possible persons. We may think as well that the directive to be “fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth” 1 does not hold up to close scrutiny. How can it be wrong to decline to bring ever more people into existence? At the same time, we think we are clearly ob- gated to treat future persons—persons who don’t yet but will exist—in accordance with certain stringent standards. Bringing a person into an existence that is truly awful—not worth having—can be wrong, and so can bringing a person into an existence that is worth having when we had the alternative of bringing that same person into an existence that is substantially better. We may think as well that our obligations with respect to future persons are triggered well before the point at which those persons commence their existence. We think it would be wrong, for example, to choose today to turn the Earth of the future into a miserable place even if the victims of that choice do not yet exist.

Sociology of Organizations

The distinction between person-to-person and person-to-social unit ties has broad-reaching implications for micro social order. Individuals may be bound to each other primarily by their interpersonal ties (e.g., friends, associates, ...

Sociology of Organizations

The sociological study of organizations encompasses both planned and formal organizations as well as spontaneous and informal ones. Sociologists examine organizations with attention to structure and objectives, interactions among members and among organizations, the relationship between the organization and its environment and the social significance or social meaning of the organization. The ways of defining and examining organizations vary depending on the theoretical emphasis. This book focuses on three things: * providing a wide and historically accurate portrait of the diversity of sociological theories and their application to organizational studies * updating selections that reflect a variety of ways that new technology affects methods of organizing and types of organizations * including readings that examine a range of both formal and informal structures, and both deliberate and impromptu interactions. Lively and provocative, this textbook is theoretically rigorous, disciplinarily informed and representative of heterogeneity within organizational studies.