Training the Body for China

Training the Body for China is the first book on Chinese sports based on extended fieldwork by a Westerner.

Training the Body for China

Competing in the 1986 National College Games of the People's Republic of China, Susan Brownell earned both a gold medal in the heptathlon and fame throughout China as "the American girl who won glory for Beijing University." Now an anthropologist, Brownell draws on her direct experience of Chinese athletics in this fascinating look at the culture of sports and the body in China. Training the Body for China is the first book on Chinese sports based on extended fieldwork by a Westerner. Brownell introduces the notion of "body culture" to analyze Olympic sports as one element in a whole set of Chinese body practices: the "old people's disco dancing" craze, the new popularity of bodybuilding (following reluctant official acceptance of the bikini), mass calisthenics, martial arts, military discipline, and more. Translating official and dissident materials into English for the first time and drawing on performance theory and histories of the body, Brownell uses the culture of the body as a focal point to explore the tensions between local and global organizations, the traditional and the modern, men and women. Her intimate knowledge of Chinese social and cultural life and her wide range of historic examples make Training the Body for China a unique illustration of how gender, the body, and the nation are interlinked in Chinese culture.

Management Training and Development in China

The first was that at this time the State Economic Commission, through CEMA,
was the body in China responsible for training business managers. It could
provide student and faculty access to state-owned enterprises for project and
research ...

Management Training and Development in China

One of the critical issues facing both the Chinese government and businesses operating in China is the lack of trained managers. This book, with contributions by internationally-known scholars from a wide range of countries, examines the Chinese response to the challenges of management training and development. It considers the development of business schools in the PRC and the impact of foreign partnerships on their operation. It summarizes the current trends in management training and development and outlines the likely course of future developments. Overall, this book is a comprehensive account of management training and development in China, and is an important resource in an area that has hitherto seen little substantive research.

Chinese Religions in Contemporary Societies

Body Cultivation in Traditional China Chinese notions of the body make no sharp
distinctions between the mind and the flesh, and the term “body cultivation” refers
to the varied Chinese traditions of training the body and the mind to conform ...

Chinese Religions in Contemporary Societies

A comprehensive introduction to the resurgence of religion in China and Taiwan since the end of the Cultural Revolution and a wide-ranging examination of the impact of religious traditions on Euro-Americans and Chinese immigrants in present-day North America. * A collection of essays written by a diverse lineup of distinguished experts including James Miller, Tam Wai Lun, Ven. Jing Yin, Kim Sung-Hae, Alison Marshall, Tak-ling Terry Woo, David Palmer, Jonathan H. X. Lee, and Elijah Siegler * Photographs illustrating important aspects of Chinese religious practices * A bibliography for each chapter to facilitate further research * An index for fast access to key events, individuals, organizations, deities, religious terms and practices, and time periods

The Body in Asia

Her first book , Training the Body for China : Sports in the Moral Order of the
People ' s Republic , was based on her experiences as a Chinese college athlete
when she won a gold medal in the 1986 Chinese National College Games .

The Body in Asia

The past few decades have seen growing interest in the study of the body, not least thanks to Michel Foucaults historical studies of medicine in the 1970s, which inspired the initial development of the contemporary study of the human body. However, the increasing number of exciting and influential publications has primarily, if not exclusively, focused on the body in Western cultures. The various works produced by Asian scholars remain largely unknown to Western academic debates even though Asia is home to a host of rich body cultures and religions. The peoples of Asia have experienced colonization, decolonization, and now globalization, all of which make the "body in Asia" a rewarding field of research. This volume is unique, as it brings together into a single volume a number of scholars who work on East, Southeast and South Asia and presents original and cutting-edge research on the body in various Asian cultures.

Governance of Life in Chinese Moral Experience

Brook, T. (2004) “Smoking in Imperial China,” in S. Gilman and X. Zhou (ed.)
Smoke: A Global History of Smoking, London: Reaktion Books. Brownell, S. (
1995) Training the Body for China: Sports in the Moral Order of the People's
Republic ...

Governance of Life in Chinese Moral Experience

China has experienced a tremendous turn-around over the past three decades from the ethos of sacrificing life to the emergent appeal for valuing life. This book takes an interdisciplinary look at China during these decades of transformation through the defining theme of governance of life. With an emphasis on how to achieve an adequate life, the contributors integrate a whole range of life-related domains including: the death of Sun Zhigang, the peril caused by rising tobacco consumption, the emerging suicide intervention, the turning points in the fight against AIDS, the intensely evolving birth policy, the emerging biological citizenship, and so on. In doing so, they explore how biological life has been governed differently to enhance the wellbeing of the population instead of promoting ideological goals. This change, dubbed "the deepening in governmentality," is one of the most important driving forces for China’s rise, and will have huge bearings on how the Chinese will achieve an adequate life in the 21st century. This book presents works by a number of internationally known scholars and will be of interest to students and scholars of anthropology, sociology, political science, history, Chinese philosophy, law, and public health.

China Urban

Brownell's notion of body culture also provides a useful framework in which to
situate body practices and microtechniques of discipline, or ''training the body,''
that have shaped the bodies of athletes and ordinary Chinese citizens (1995).

China Urban

China Urban is an ethnographic account of China’s cities and the place that urban space holds in China’s imagination. In addition to investigating this nation’s rapidly changing urban landscape, its contributors emphasize the need to rethink the very meaning of the “urban” and the utility of urban-focused anthropological critiques during a period of unprecedented change on local, regional, national, and global levels. Through close attention to everyday lives and narratives and with a particular focus on gender, market, and spatial practices, this collection stresses that, in the case of China, rural life and the impact of socialism must be considered in order to fully comprehend the urban. Individual essays note the impact of legal barriers to geographic mobility in China, the proliferation of different urban centers, the different distribution of resources among various regions, and the pervasive appeal of the urban, both in terms of living in cities and in acquiring products and conventions signaling urbanity. Others focus on the direct sales industry, the Chinese rock music market, the discursive production of femininity and motherhood in urban hospitals, and the transformations in access to healthcare. China Urban will interest anthropologists, sociologists, political scientists, and those studying urban planning, China, East Asia, and globalization. Contributors. Tad Ballew, Susan Brownell, Nancy N. Chen, Constance D. Clark, Robert Efird, Suzanne Z. Gottschang, Ellen Hertz, Lisa Hoffman, Sandra Hyde, Lyn Jeffery, Lida Junghans, Louisa Schein, Li Zhang

Breathing Spaces

Training the Body for China: Sports in the Moral Order of the People's Republic.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995. Brownell, Susan and Jeffrey N.
Wasserstrom, eds. Chinese Femininities/Chinese Masculinities: A Reader.
Foreword ...

Breathing Spaces

The charismatic form of healing called qigong, based on meditative breathing exercises, has achieved enormous popularity in China during the last two decades. Qigong served a critical social organizational function, as practitioners formed new informal networks, sometimes on an international scale, at a time when China was shifting from state-subsidized medical care to for-profit market medicine. The emergence of new psychological states deemed to be deviant led the Chinese state to "medicalize" certain forms while championing scientific versions of qigong. By contrast, qigong continues to be promoted outside China as a traditional healing practice. Breathing Spaces brings to life the narratives of numerous practitioners, healers, psychiatric patients, doctors, and bureaucrats, revealing the varied and often dramatic ways they cope with market reform and social changes in China.

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism

Jeremy Brown is Assistant Professor of Modern Chinese History at Simon Fraser
University in Burnaby, British Columbia. He is the ... She is the author of Training
the Body for China: Sports in the Moral Order of the People's Republic (Chicago:
 ...

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism

The impact of Communism on the twentieth century was massive, equal to that of the two world wars. Until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, historians knew relatively little about the secretive world of communist states and parties. Since then, the opening of state, party, and diplomatic archives of the former Eastern Bloc has released a flood of new documentation. The thirty-five essays in this Handbook, written by an international team of scholars, draw on this new material to offer a global history of communism in the twentieth century. In contrast to many histories that concentrate on the Soviet Union, The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism is genuinely global in its coverage, paying particular attention to the Chinese Revolution. It is 'global', too, in the sense that the essays seek to integrate history 'from above' and 'from below', to trace the complex mediations between state and society, and to explore the social and cultural as well as the political and economic realities that shaped the lives of citizens fated to live under communist rule. The essays reflect on the similarities and differences between communist states in order to situate them in their socio-political and cultural contexts and to capture their changing nature over time. Where appropriate, they also reflect on how the fortunes of international communism were shaped by the wider economic, political, and cultural forces of the capitalist world. The Handbook provides an informative introduction for those new to the field and a comprehensive overview of the current state of scholarship for those seeking to deepen their understanding.

The Politicisation of Sport in Modern China

Training communist champions While the whole country was becoming an army
camp and ordinary people were being turned into ... Thirdly, there were 'Five
commitments': meaning total commitment to political loyalty; to training of the
body; ...

The Politicisation of Sport in Modern China

The Politicisation of Sport in Modern China: Communist and Champions is the first book in English which examines in chronological order key issues in sport in the People's Republic of China from 1949 to 2012 in the context of Chinese history, politics and society. It explores the complexity of Chinese sport including the sovietisation of Chinese sports policy and practice; the emergence of the ‘two Chinas’ issue; the Cold War, the Cultural Revolution, sports diplomacy and sports militarism; China’s turbulent journey of participation in the Asian Games and in the Olympics; the politics and policy of doping and anti-doping in Chinese sport; and China’s sport in the post-Beijing Olympics era. By analysing the relationships between sport, diplomacy, politics and social transformation in China, the book examines how sport has played an important role in China’s rise in the 20th and 21st centuries, and how China embraced the Olympic Movement and also influenced the world through the Olympic Games. Featuring major events, original documents and interviews with a wide breadth of insiders - from sports policy makers, Olympic medallists and ordinary Chinese - this book, for the first time, provides a comprehensive guide to the history of sport in the People's Republic of China. It is a fascinating book for academic researchers, general readers and students. This book was published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.

The SAGE Handbook of Fieldwork

... the U.S. before she went to China for a year of language study, joined the track
team at Beijing University, and won the heptathlon in the 1986 Chinese National
College Games. This experience was the basis for her book, Training the Body ...

The SAGE Handbook of Fieldwork

Fieldwork is widely practiced but little written about, yet accounts of the exotic, mundane, complex, and often dangerous are central to not only sociology and anthropology but also geography, social psychology, and criminology. This handbook presents the first major overview of this method in all its variety, introducing the reader to the strengths, weaknesses, and "real world" applications of fieldwork techniques.

The 1904 Anthropology Days and Olympic Games

... she was the heptathlon champion in the 1986 Chinese National College
Games during a year of language study in Beijing. This experience formed the
basis for her book Training the Body for China: Sports in the Moral Order of the
People's ...

The 1904 Anthropology Days and Olympic Games

One of the more problematic sport spectacles in American history took place at the 1904 World?s Fair in St. Louis, which included the third modern Olympic Games. Associated with the Games was a curious event known as Anthropology Days organized by William J. McGee and James Sullivan, at that time the leading figures in American anthropology and sports, respectively. McGee recruited Natives who were participating in the fair?s ethnic displays to compete in sports events, with the ?scientific? goal of measuring the physical prowess of ?savages? as compared with ?civilized men.? This interdisciplinary collection of essays assesses the ideas about race, imperialism, and Western civilization manifested in the 1904 World?s Fair and Olympic Games and shows how they are still relevant. A turning point in both the history of the Olympics and the development of modern anthropology, these games expressed the conflict between the Old World emphasis on culture and New World emphasis on utilitarianism. Marked by Franz Boas?s paper at the Scientific Congress, the events in St. Louis witnessed the beginning of the shift in anthropological research from nineteenth-century evolutionary racial models to the cultural relativist paradigm that is now a cornerstone of modern American anthropology. Racist pseudoscience nonetheless reappears to this day in the realm of sports.

Chinese Strategy and Military Modernization in 2015

... for Personnel Training, and create a three-tiered team of first-rate technical
personnel. As a result, a contingent of talented people has taken shape, whose
main body is composed of academicians of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
, ...

Chinese Strategy and Military Modernization in 2015

China’s emergence as a global economic superpower, and as a major regional military power in Asia and the Pacific, has had a major impact on its relations with the United States and its neighbors. China was the driving factor in the new strategy the United States announced in 2012 that called for a “rebalance” of U.S. forces to the Asia-Pacific region. At the same time, China’s actions on its borders, in the East China Sea, and in the South China Sea have shown that it is steadily expanding its geopolitical role in the Pacific and having a steadily increasing impact on the strategy and military developments in other Asian powers.

Japanese Women and Sport

Training the Body for China: Sports in the Moral Order of the People's Republic.
Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press, 1995. Brummett, Barry, ed.
Sporting Rhetoric: Performance, Games, and Politics. New York: Peter Lang,
2009.

Japanese Women and Sport

In 'Japanese Women and Sport', Robin Kietlinski sets out to problematize the hegemonic image of the delicate Japanese woman, highlighting an overlooked area in the history of modern Japan. Previous studies of gender in the Japanese context do not explore the history of female participation in sport, and recent academic studies of women and sport tend to focus on Western countries. Kietlinski locates the discussion of Japanese women in sport within a larger East Asian context and considers the socio-economic position and history of modern Japan. Reaching from the early 20th century to the present day, Kietlinski traces the progression of Japanese women's participation in sport from the first female school for physical education and the foundations of competitive sport through to their growing presence in the Olympics and international sport.

Subversive Strategies in Contemporary Chinese Art

THe POLITICAL BOdy IN CHINese ArT Curtis L. Carter The uses of visual images
based on calligraphy and the ... One answer is offered in Mao Zedong's early
writings, where he linked the practice of calligraphy to physical training of the
body.

Subversive Strategies in Contemporary Chinese Art

How contemporary Chinese art is creating “a philosophy of life, a philosophy of politics, and a natural philosophy,” as artist Qiu Zhijie says it must, is explored in this collection of essays by philosophers and art historians from America and China.

An Amorous History of the Silver Screen

The Material Unconscious: American Amusement, Stephen Crane, and the
Economy of Play. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1996. Brownell,
Susan. Training the Body for China: Sports and Moral Order in the People's
Republic.

An Amorous History of the Silver Screen

Illustrating the cultural significance of film and its power as a vehicle for social change, this book reveals the intricacies of the cultural movement and explores its connections to other art forms such as photography, drama, and literature.

International Comparisons of China s Technical and Vocational Education and Training System

... of China use as reference points, before making decisions for the development
of education and training, especially in ... TVET research is undertaken by a
range of people from the TVET administrative body, research institutes,
universities ...

International Comparisons of China   s Technical and Vocational Education and Training System

China is experiencing an unprecedented phenomenon: breakneck industrialization on a scale and at a pace not seen before. It is trying to achieve in just a few decades what Western nations took more than a century to do. The arrival in the country’s cities of tens of millions of rural dwellers, at most semi-skilled, has put huge strain on the country’s system of vocational education, known as TVET. How have the Chinese authorities and their education administrators responded? Is China’s TVET system adapting to the rapidly evolving needs of its industry? Using the province of Yunnan as a subject, this detailed case study is a closely argued and sanguine analysis of the operation of TVET in China. The authors deployed a set of internationally comparable criteria to offer a searching assessment of current performance, at the same time documenting areas of strength and weakness. The question the authors’ methodology answers is how well China’s TVET system is performing compared to technical and vocational education structures in other countries. In fact, they discover that in Yunnan, a province representative of the challenges faced nationwide, much has indeed been done, from a wholesale overhaul of programs to make them relevant to industry requirements, to major investment in infrastructure. Teacher training has been reformed, and take-up of professional master’s and doctoral courses has been encouraged. Joint initiatives with bodies such as UNESCO have improved training and vocational education at high school level. While there is a strong international history of such comparative evaluations, which are essential for policy makers to benchmark their administration, few studies have included China despite the enormous amount of value that can be learned from that country’s experience. This work will provide vital material for researchers, governments and development agencies alike.

Buddhist and Christian Responses to the Kowtow Problem in China

Indeed, an antagonistic relationship to the physical body is required, since “Form
is tied up with common custom. ... 100 But for Daoxuan, the training of the body
has a practical priority: “first you make your body comply and then in the end
remove the mind's delusions. ... “Of Responses to the Kowtow Problem in China
48.

Buddhist and Christian Responses to the Kowtow Problem in China

The most common Buddhist practice in Asia is bowing, yet Buddhist and Christian Responses to the Kowtow Problem is the first study of Buddhist obeisance in China. In Confucian ritual, everyone is supposed to kowtow, or bow, to the Chinese emperor. But Buddhists claimed exemption from bowing to any layperson, even to their own parents or the emperor. This tension erupted in an imperial debate in 662. This study first asks how and why Buddhists should bow (to the Buddha, and to monks), and then explores the arguments over their refusing to bow to the emperor. These arguments take us into the core ideas of Buddhism and imperial power: How can one achieve nirvana by bowing? What is a Buddha image? Who is it that bows? Is there any ritual that can exempt a subject of the emperor? What are the limits of the state's power over human bodies? Centuries later, Christians had a new set of problems with bowing in China, to the emperor and to “idols.” Buddhist and Christian Responses to the Kowtow problem compares these cases of refusing to bow, discusses modern theories of obeisance, and finally moves to examine some contemporary analogies such as refusing to salute the American flag. Contributing greatly to the study of the body and power, ritual, religion and material culture, this volume is of interest to scholars and students of religious studies, Buddhism, Chinese history and material culture.

Secondary Education Republic of China

The educational objective of normal school was specified in Article 1 of Normal
School Law that “ The Chinese normal school should follow the educational aim
of the Republic of China , and directions of its enforcement to train strictly the
body ...

Secondary Education  Republic of China


Computer and Computing Technologies in Agriculture IV

Research on Informationization Talented Person Training Pattern of the
Countryside Area in China Yang Wang1 and ... the information officer training
stage and the populace popular stage, and explains the training main body, the
training ...

Computer and Computing Technologies in Agriculture IV

This book constitutes Part II of the refereed four-volume post-conference proceedings of the 4th IFIP TC 12 International Conference on Computer and Computing Technologies in Agriculture, CCTA 2010, held in Nanchang, China, in October 2010. The 352 revised papers presented were carefully selected from numerous submissions. They cover a wide range of interesting theories and applications of information technology in agriculture, including simulation models and decision-support systems for agricultural production, agricultural product quality testing, traceability and e-commerce technology, the application of information and communication technology in agriculture, and universal information service technology and service systems development in rural areas.