Transport Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons

This is not a theoretical treatise, but an aid to the practicing engineer in the field, on day-to-day operations and long-range projects.

Transport Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons

Covering more than 7,800 organic and inorganic chemicals and hydrocarbons, Transport Properties of Chemical and Hydrocarbons, Second Edition is an essential volume for any chemist or chemical engineer. Spanning gases, liquids, and solids, the book covers all critical properties (including viscosity, thermal conductivity, and diffusion coefficient). From C1 to C100 organics and Ac to Zr inorganics, the data in this handbook is a perfect quick reference for field, lab, or classroom use. By collecting a massive – but relevant – amount of information in one source, the handbook enables engineers to spend more time developing new designs and processes, and less time collecting vital properties data. This is not a theoretical treatise, but an aid to the practicing engineer in the field, on day-to-day operations and long-range projects. Simplifies research and significantly reduces the amount of time spent collecting properties data Compiled by an expert in the field, the book provides engineers with data they can trust All critical properties are covered for ease of reference, including viscosity, thermal conductivity, and diffusion coefficient

The Yaws Handbook of Physical Properties for Hydrocarbons and Chemicals

Physical Properties for More Than 54,000 Organic and Inorganic Chemical Compounds, Coverage for C1 to C100 Organics and Ac to Zr Inorganics Carl Yaws ... Transport properties of chemicals and hydrocarbons. 2nd ed.

The Yaws Handbook of Physical Properties for Hydrocarbons and Chemicals

Refineries and petrochemical engineers today are accepting more unconventional feedstocks such as heavy oil and shale, causing unique challenges on the processing side of the business. To create more reliable engineering design of process equipment for the petrochemical industry, petroleum engineers and process managers are forced to study the physical properties and compounds of these particular hydrocarbons. Instead of looking up each compound’s information, The Yaws Handbook of Physical Properties for Hydrocarbons and Chemicals, Second Edition presents an easy-to-use format with rapid access to search for the particular compound and understand all the complex calculations in one tabular format. Understanding the composition of hydrocarbons is not easy to calculate quickly or accurately, but this must-have reference leads the engineer to better estimated properties and fractions from easily measured components. Expanded to cover more total compounds and relevant functions, The Yaws Handbook of Physical Properties for Hydrocarbons and Chemicals, Second Edition remains a necessary reference tool for every petrochemical and petroleum engineers’ library. Coverage added on elements for hydrocarbons and chemicals with more than 200 real-world cases included for practicality Increased compound coverage from 41,000 to 54,000 total compounds to quickly access for everyday use New functions added such as testing boiling point temperature and new data on density and refractory index

Handbook of Industrial Hydrocarbon Processes

amount of total petroleum hydrocarbons in a sample. ... Although chemicals grouped by transport fraction generally have similar toxicological properties, this is not always the case. For example, benzene is a carcinogen but many ...

Handbook of Industrial Hydrocarbon Processes

Written by an author with over 38 years of experience in the chemical and petrochemical process industry, this handbook will present an analysis of the process steps used to produce industrial hydrocarbons from various raw materials. It is the first book to offer a thorough analysis of external factors effecting production such as: cost, availability and environmental legislation. An A-Z list of raw materials and their properties are presented along with a commentary regarding their cost and availability. Specific processing operations described in the book include: distillation, thermal cracking and coking, catalytic methods, hydroprocesses, thermal and catalytic reforming, isomerization, alkylation processes, polymerization processes, solvent processes, water removal, fractionation and acid gas removal. Flow diagrams and descriptions of more than 250 leading-edge process technologies An analysis of chemical reactions and process steps that are required to produce chemicals from various raw materials Properties, availability and environmental impact of various raw materials used in hydrocarbon processing

Reaction Mechanisms in Environmental Engineering

These properties are the basis of measures of leachability and volatility of individual hydrocarbons. Thus, the transport or organic chemicals either as individual chemicals or as mixtures (such as the various crude oilederived ...

Reaction Mechanisms in Environmental Engineering

Reaction Mechanisms in Environmental Engineering: Analysis and Prediction describes the principles that govern chemical reactivity and demonstrates how these principles are used to yield more accurate predictions. The book will help users increase accuracy in analyzing and predicting the speed of pollutant conversion in engineered systems, such as water and wastewater treatment plants, or in natural systems, such as lakes and aquifers receiving industrial pollution. Using examples from air, water and soil, the book begins with a clear exposition of the properties of environmental and inorganic organic chemicals that is followed by partitioning and sorption processes and sorption and transformation processes. Kinetic principles are used to calculate or estimate the pollutants' half-lives, while physical-chemical properties of organic pollutants are used to estimate transformation mechanisms and rates. The book emphasizes how to develop an understanding of how physico-chemical and structural properties relate to transformations of organic pollutants. Offers a one-stop source for analyzing and predicting the speed of organic and inorganic reaction mechanisms for air, water and soil Provides the tools and methods for increased accuracy in analyzing and predicting the speed of pollutant conversion in engineered systems Uses kinetic principles and the physical-chemical properties of organic pollutants to estimate transformation mechanisms and rates

Preliminary Chemical Engineering Plant Design

Chemical Engineering . Sept. 20 , 1982. p . ... Gallant , R. W. Physical properties of hydrocarbons — Part 10 — C3 - C4 alcohols . Hydrocarbon Processing . Jan. ... Prediction of transport properties — Viscosity of fluids and mixtures .

Preliminary Chemical Engineering Plant Design


Advances in Clean Hydrocarbon Fuel Processing

Another approach is to consider the hydrocarbon constituents of fuels in terms of transportable materials, the character of which is ... Although chemicals grouped by transport fraction generally have similar toxicological properties, ...

Advances in Clean Hydrocarbon Fuel Processing

Conventional coal, oil and gas resources used worldwide for power production and transportation are limited and unsustainable. Research and development into clean, alternative hydrocarbon fuels is therefore aimed at improving fuel security through exploring new feedstock conversion techniques, improving production efficiency and reducing environmental impacts. Advances in clean hydrocarbon fuel processing provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the range of alternative conversion processes and technologies. Following introductory overviews of the feedstocks, environmental issues and life cycle assessment for alternative hydrocarbon fuel processing, sections go on to review solid, liquid and gaseous fuel conversion. Solid fuel coverage includes reviews of liquefaction, gasification, pyrolysis and biomass catalysis. Liquid fuel coverage includes reviews of sulfur removal, partial oxidation and hydroconversion. Gaseous fuel coverage includes reviews of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, methanol and dimethyl ether production, water-gas shift technology and natural gas hydrate conversion. The final section examines environmental degradation issues in fuel processing plants as well as automation, advanced process control and process modelling techniques for plant optimisation Written by an international team of expert contributors, Advances in clean hydrocarbon fuel processing provides a valuable reference for fuel processing engineers, industrial petrochemists and energy professionals, as well as for researchers and academics in this field. A comprehensive reference on the range of alternative conversion processes and technologies Provides an overview of the feedstocks, environmental issues and life cycle assessments for alternative hydrocarbon fuel processing, including a review of the key issues in solid, liquid and gaseous fuel conversion Examines automation, advanced process control and process modelling techniques for plant optimisation

Environmental Organic Chemistry for Engineers

These properties are the basis of measures of leachability and volatility of individual hydrocarbons. ... Although organic chemicals grouped by transport fraction generally have similar toxicological properties, this is not always the ...

Environmental Organic Chemistry for Engineers

Environmental Organic Chemistry for Engineers clearly defines the principles of environmental organic chemistry and the role they play in forming remediation strategies. In this reference, the author explores parameter estimation methods, the thermodynamics, and kinetics needed to predict the fate, transports, and reactivity of organic compounds in air, water, and soils. The book's four part treatment starts with the classification of organic molecules and physical properties of natural organic matter, halocarbons, phenols, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, organophosphates, and surfactants. An overview of remediation technologies and a discussion of the interactions that lead to physical properties that affect chemical distribution in the environment is also detailed, as are the important reaction classes of organic molecules, including substituent effects and structure and activity relationships found in Part Two and Three. Part four is devoted to the strengths and weaknesses of different remediation technologies and when they should be employed. Clearly defines the principles of environmental organic chemistry and the role they play in forming remediation strategies Includes the tools and methods for classifying environmental contaminants found in air, water, and soil Presents a wide-range of remediation technologies and when they should be deployed for maximum effect

Environmental Organic Chemistry

In Physics and Chemistry of Lakes, Lerman, A.; Imboden, D. M.; Gat, J. R., Eds. Springer: Berlin, 1995; pp 83–138. ... Yaws, C. L., Transport Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons: Viscosity, Thermal Conductivity, and Diffusivity of ...

Environmental Organic Chemistry

Examines in a pedagogical way all pertinent molecular and macroscopic processes that govern the distribution and fate of organic chemicals in the environment and provides simple modeling tools to quantitatively describe these processes and their interplay in a given environmental system Treats fundamental aspects of chemistry, physics, and mathematical modeling as applied to environmentally relevant problems, and gives a state of the art account of the field Teaches the reader how to relate the structure of a given chemical to its physical chemical properties and intrinsic reactivities Provides a holistic and teachable treatment of phase partitioning and transformation processes, as well as a more focused and tailor-made presentation of physical, mathematical, and modeling aspects that apply to environmental situations of concern Includes a large number of questions and problems allowing teachers to explore the depth of understanding of their students or allowing individuals who use the book for self-study to check their progress Provides a companion website, which includes solutions for all problems as well as a large compilation of physical constants and compound properties

NASA Scientific and Technical Publications

1982 281 p rets ( NASA - TP - 1907 ; E - 947 ; NAS 1.60 : 1907 ) Avail : NTIS HC A13 / MF A01 CSCL 20M CHEMICAL COMPOSITION , COMBUSTION PHYSICS , HYDROCARBON COMBUSTION , THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES , TRANSPORT PROPERTIES N83-21991 ...

NASA Scientific and Technical Publications


Prediction of Transport and Other Physical Properties of Fluids

The final two chapters examine diffusion in gases and liquids, with emphasis on the methods used for estimating the coefficients of diffusion. This book will be of interest to chemists and students and research workers in chemistry.

Prediction of Transport and Other Physical Properties of Fluids

Prediction of Transport and Other Physical Properties of Fluids reviews general methods for predicting the transport and other physical properties of fluids such as gases and liquids. Topics covered range from the theory of corresponding states and methods for estimating the surface tension of liquids to some basic concepts of the kinetic theory of gases. Methods of estimating liquid viscosity based on the principle of additivity are also described. This volume is comprised of eight chapters and opens by presenting basic information on gases and liquids as well as intermolecular forces and constitutive and additive properties of chemical compounds. The reader is then introduced to practical methods for computing the values of physico-chemical quantities necessary for designing technological processe. Subsequent chapters focus on the surface tension of liquids and its dependence on molecular properties; the phenomenon of internal friction (viscosity) in fluids; graphical interpolation and extrapolation of liquid viscosity data; and the thermal conductivity of gases and liquids. The final two chapters examine diffusion in gases and liquids, with emphasis on the methods used for estimating the coefficients of diffusion. This book will be of interest to chemists and students and research workers in chemistry.

Modern Technology of Petroleum Greases Lubricants Petro Chemicals Lubricating Oils Cutting Oil Additives Refining Bitumen Waxes with Process and Formulations 3rd Revised Edition

These properties are the basis of measures of leachability and volatility of individual hydrocarbons. Thus, petroleum transport fractions can be considered by equivalent ... Although chemicals grouped by transport fraction generally ...

Modern Technology of Petroleum  Greases  Lubricants   Petro Chemicals  Lubricating Oils  Cutting Oil  Additives  Refining  Bitumen  Waxes with Process and Formulations  3rd Revised Edition

Lubricants, greases and petrochemicals are most versatile on the Industrial Plateau now a day. The significance of Lubricants, Greases and specialty products in the day to day functioning of nearly every machine part, instrument, appliance & device cannot be over emphasized lubricants reduce friction & wear between rubbing parts, thereby enhancing their life. A lubricant is a substance introduced to reduce friction between moving surfaces. It may also have the function of transporting foreign particles. The property of reducing friction is known as lubricity. The broad types of lubricating oils are as under; crankcase oils, gear oils, metal working oils, metal drawing oils, spindle and other textile oils, steam turbine oils. Synthetic lubricants have a higher viscosity index, but are less stable to oxidation. They are suitable for high temperature applications. In the modern industrial year, greases have been increasingly employed to cope with a variety of difficult lubrication problems, particularly those where the liquid lubricant is not feasible. Greases are essentially solid or semi solid lubricants consisting of gelling or thickening agent in a liquid lubricant. Greases and lubricants are one of the important products derived from crude petroleum. Petroleum is formed by hydrocarbons (a hydrocarbon is a compound made up of carbon and hydrogen) with the addition of certain other substances, primarily sulphur. Petroleum in its natural form when first collected is usually named crude oil, and can be clear, green or black and may be either thin like gasoline or thick like tar. The principal product of petroleum refining are motor gasoline, aviation gasoline, kerosene, jet fuels, diesel fuels, lubricating oils and fuel oils. Considerable quantities of petroleum wax, bitumen, liquid petroleum gases (LPG), industrial naphtha and coke are also produced. Petrochemicals are chemicals made from petroleum (crude oil) and natural gas. Petroleum and natural gas are made up of hydrocarbon molecules, which are comprised of one or more carbon atoms, to which hydrogen atoms are attached. The Indian lubricants industry claims to be the sixth largest in the world. The petrochemical industry in India has been one of the fastest growing industries in the country. This industry also has immense importance in the growth of economy of the country and the growth and development of manufacturing industry as well. Some of the fundamentals of the book are types of lubricating oils, crankcase oils, gear oils, metal working oils, metal drawing oils, spindle and other textile oils, steam turbine oils, synthetic lubricants, formulations and com pounding of lubricants, additives for straight mineral oil gear lubricants, raw materials for lubricants, equipments for lubricants manufacture, reclamation of used lubricating oil, nature of contaminants in used lubricating oil, gravity methods of purification, metal forming and deforming lubricant, cutting oils, heat treatment oils, greases, sodium soap greases, lithium soap greases, aluminium soap greases, mixed soap greases, complex soap greases etc. The objective of this book is to furnish comprehensive information about nearly all prominent types of lubricants, greases and petrochemicals. This book covers formulae, processes of various petroleum items. This book is an invaluable resource for entrepreneurs, existing units, professionals, institutions etc.

Transport Properties of Organic Liquids

Most of the models cannot rely on theory alone and are empirical, while for most organic liquids, only a few experimental points and empirical correlations are available in literature.The aim of this book is to present both theoretical ...

Transport Properties of Organic Liquids

The liquid state is possibly the most difficult and intriguing state of matter to model. Organic liquids are required, mainly as working fluids, in almost all industrial activities and in most appliances (e.g. in air conditioning). Transport properties (namely dynamic viscosity and thermal conductivity) are possibly the most important properties for the design of devices and appliances. Most theoretical studies on the liquid state date back to the Fifties however huge advances in experimental studies and applied research on heat and mass transfer in liquids have been achieved during past decades. Most of the models cannot rely on theory alone and are empirical, while for most organic liquids, only a few experimental points and empirical correlations are available in literature.The aim of this book is to present both theoretical approaches and the latest experimental advances on the issue, and to merge them into a wider approach. The book is organised into five chapters. The first chapter presents our theoretical knowledge of the liquid state. The second presents the tentative models for the evaluation of the thermal conductivity of organic liquids and confronts their results with the experimental data available in literature. The third presents the tentative models for the evaluation of the dynamic viscosity of organic liquids and confronts their results with the experimental data available in literature. The fourth presents a deeper review of the choice methods for thermal conductivity and their applications to mixtures of organic liquids and the fifth chapter presents a deeper review of the choice methods for dynamic viscosity and their applications to mixtures of organic liquids.