This is a story about human risk—how it is calculated, discounted, and transferred—and the institutional failures that can lead to catastrophe.
Author: Neil Swidey
The harrowing story of five men who were sent into a dark, airless, miles-long tunnel, hundreds of feet below the ocean, to do a nearly impossible job—with deadly results A quarter-century ago, Boston had the dirtiest harbor in America. The city had been dumping sewage into it for generations, coating the seafloor with a layer of “black mayonnaise.” Fisheries collapsed, wildlife fled, and locals referred to floating tampon applicators as “beach whistles.” In the 1990s, work began on a state-of-the-art treatment plant and a 10-mile-long tunnel—its endpoint stretching farther from civilization than the earth’s deepest ocean trench—to carry waste out of the harbor. With this impressive feat of engineering, Boston was poised to show the country how to rebound from environmental ruin. But when bad decisions and clashing corporations endangered the project, a team of commercial divers was sent on a perilous mission to rescue the stymied cleanup effort. Five divers went in; not all of them came out alive. Drawing on hundreds of interviews and thousands of documents collected over five years of reporting, award-winning writer Neil Swidey takes us deep into the lives of the divers, engineers, politicians, lawyers, and investigators involved in the tragedy and its aftermath, creating a taut, action-packed narrative. The climax comes just after the hard-partying DJ Gillis and his friend Billy Juse trade assignments as they head into the tunnel, sentencing one of them to death. An intimate portrait of the wreckage left in the wake of lives lost, the book—which Dennis Lehane calls "extraordinary" and compares with The Perfect Storm—is also a morality tale. What is the true cost of these large-scale construction projects, as designers and builders, emboldened by new technology and pressured to address a growing population’s rapacious needs, push the limits of the possible? This is a story about human risk—how it is calculated, discounted, and transferred—and the institutional failures that can lead to catastrophe. Suspenseful yet humane, Trapped Under the Sea reminds us that behind every bridge, tower, and tunnel—behind the infrastructure that makes modern life possible—lies unsung bravery and extraordinary sacrifice.
Designing and evaluating fault-tolerant systems require well-conceived fault models. In the past, theoretical works have used simplified models that, while being tractable, turned out to be inaccurate.
Author: Frank E. Peretti
Category: Juvenile Fiction
Dr. Jake Cooper, his son Jay, and adventurer-journalist Meaghan Flaherty evade angry terrorists and cannibal tribes as they desperately search for Lila Cooper after her plane is hijacked in a remote corner of the Pacific.
The results indicate that both oil types become entrapped most often by ice freezing under the oil . It also appears , however , that oil may be trapped by forming a matrix with the lower layer of the sea ice .
Drakan stopped, circled then hovered over the rough shifting seas thinking 'shit'... for he was sure that she was dead, trapped under the sea. Once our feathers are submerged in water they act as a lead weight and force us down deeper ...
Author: M J Bird
Publisher: Author House
Centuries on the mainland, 1,500 years in exile, and now living in Northberry for the past ten years. For over a thousand years spent in exile, he wandered alone. Battled through the ages to an unknown end. Now a derelict to those around him, a stranger to his son, a ghost to his partner, a terror to his people, a nightmare not easily forgotten. Now the Exiled One returns, the one of the yellow eyes, to reclaim his shrouded identity. The long-lost Immortal Warrior. Not all rejoice in discovering that he is still alive; after all, they executed him. His reappearance comes at the time that the races of the Oblengartes are on the brink of an all-out war with one another, and the return of Prince Drakan only marks the beginning of their end.
Release on 2003-03-14 | by National Research Council
Studies have been conducted on the spread of oil under ice, and models have been developed for this process. ... Oil trapped under first-year ice will rise through the ice to the surface through brine channels during spring.
Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
Since the early 1970s, experts have recognized that petroleum pollutants were being discharged in marine waters worldwide, from oil spills, vessel operations, and land-based sources. Public attention to oil spills has forced improvements. Still, a considerable amount of oil is discharged yearly into sensitive coastal environments. Oil in the Sea provides the best available estimate of oil pollutant discharge into marine waters, including an evaluation of the methods for assessing petroleum load and a discussion about the concerns these loads represent. Featuring close-up looks at the Exxon Valdez spill and other notable events, the book identifies important research questions and makes recommendations for better analysis ofâ€"and more effective measures againstâ€"pollutant discharge. The book discusses: Inputâ€"where the discharges come from, including the role of two-stroke engines used on recreational craft. Behavior or fateâ€"how oil is affected by processes such as evaporation as it moves through the marine environment. Effectsâ€"what we know about the effects of petroleum hydrocarbons on marine organisms and ecosystems. Providing a needed update on a problem of international importance, this book will be of interest to energy policy makers, industry officials and managers, engineers and researchers, and advocates for the marine environment.
started as a land-mining conglomerate, but they saw the potential under the sea and now their fleet ranges all Over the world. ... “Pockets of the stuff are trapped under the sea bottom all over the world. Looks like icy snow, ...
Author: Clive Cussler
Leader of the NUMA Special Assignments team, Kurt Austin must work with a former KGB spy to save the United States from a lunatic with a generations-spanning grudge in this novel in the #1 New York Times-bestselling series. Kurt Austin is preparing for an interview while aboard a research vessel in the Black Sea. But his television spot suddenly becomes a rescue mission when the waiting film crew is attacked on a nearby island. With little information on the attackers, and no clue to their true agenda, Austin is forced to turn to an unlikely source: his old KGB Cold War adversary Vladimir Petrov. According to Petrov, the island is actually an old submarine base that’s been commandeered by clever mobster-turned-billionaire-businessman Mikhail Razov. Razov is certain he descends from the great Romanov family and he’s out to reclaim his rightful position as czar of Russia. With a powerful resource called “fire ice”, discovered by his mining company, Razov may just have the ammunition he needs to take over the modern world. To stop him, Austin will have to work with Petrov. And he’ll have to find out fast how much trust he can offer an old nemesis in this thrilling adventure that “goes down like a chilled Stolichnaya martini.” (Kirkus Reviews)
As sea ice in the Arctic melts over vast areas and reveals open water , solar energy formerly reflected by the shiny ... probably about 13 times as much as all the carbon now in the atmosphere , is trapped under the permafrost layer in ...
Author: Ernest Callenbach
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Offering essential environmental wisdom for the twenty-first century, this lively, compact book explains more than sixty basic ecological concepts in an easy-to-use A-to-Z format. From Air and Biodiversity to Restoration and Zoos, Ecology: A Pocket Guide forms a dynamic web of ideas that can be entered at any point or read straight through. An accessible, informative guide to achieving ecoliteracy, it tells the story of the amazing interconnectivity of life on Earth and along the way provides the ecological understanding necessary for fighting environmental degradation. This new edition has been updated throughout and features five new essays on the topics of biotechnology, global warming, migration, smell, and tourism.
Shooting under these conditions was not easy, and we were all impressed by the professionalism and courage of so many famous actors as they performed in the ... Trapped Beneath the Sea “If I had known how it was all going to fall apart.
Author: Nik Havert
Category: Performing Arts
From the 1950s through the 1970s, disaster movies were a wildly popular genre. Audiences thrilled at the spectacle of these films, many of which were considered glamorous for their time. Derided by critics, they became box office hits and cult classics, inspiring filmmakers around the globe. Some of them launched the careers of producers, directors and actors who would go on to create some of Hollywood's biggest blockbusters. With more than 40 interviews with actors, actresses, producers, stuntmen, special effects artists and others, this book covers the Golden Age of sinking ships, burning buildings, massive earthquakes, viral pandemics and outbreaks of animal madness.
Trapped. Under. the. Ocean. IRELAND ... The merman breathed life into his veins and fed him food from the deep. Every Wednesday, the merman invited the man to his home at the bottom of the sea. It was dusted with salt and glowed in ...
Author: Jen Campbell
Publisher: Thames & Hudson
Category: Juvenile Fiction
Jen Campbell's collection of terrifyingly gruesome tales lends a modern edge to fairy tale collections for young readers. Drawing on her extensive knowledge of fairy tale history, Campbell's stories undo the censoring, gender stereotyping and twee endings of more modern children's fairy tales, to return both classic and little-known stories to their grim versions, whilst celebrating a diverse range of characters. Featuring 14 short stories from around the globe, The Sister Who Ate Her Brothers is illustrated in a contemporary style by Canadian comic artist Adam de Souza. De Souza's brooding illustrations are a highly original blend of 19th-century Gothic engravings and moody film noir graphic novels. Beautifully produced in a hardback format with a rose gold ribbon marker, The Sister Who Ate Her Brothers is a truly thrilling gift.
The sea ice may therefore play an important role both in the transport of contaminants within the Arctic Ocean , and also in ... AlphaHCH seems to be trapped under the sea ice in the Canadian Basin most of the year thereby restricting ...
Author: Mark Nuttall
Publisher: CRC Press
By demonstrating the importance of communication among social scientists, scientists in the natural sciences and stakeholders living in the Arctic, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the region's rapidly changing physical and human dimensions. In response to the tremendous challenges and opportunities facing the Arctic it is an essential resource for all Arctic researchers and those developing multidisciplinary projects. Representing a state-of-the-art overview of key areas of Arctic research by renowned specialists in the field, each chapter forms a detailed, varied and accessible account of current knowledge. Each author introduces the subject to a non-specialist readership, while retaining intellectual integrity and relevance for specialists. Overall, the richness of the material presented in this volume reflects the ecological and cultural diversity of this vast and environmentally critical part of the globe.
The Pivotal Role of Sussex People and Places in the Development of Flight Roy Brooks ... on the other hand, was so securely strapped in that he was trapped under the sea until he managed to release himself and swim to the surface.
Author: Roy Brooks
Publisher: Air World
Shoreham airport, founded in 1910, is the oldest airport in the UK and the oldest purpose-built commercial airport in the world. Yet aviation began in Sussex far earlier, with balloonists making landfall at Kingsfold near Horsham in 1785. These early activities attracted much attention, with some 30,000 people gathering at Black Rock in Brighton, as well as on the surrounding hills, to watch the first balloon ascent from the town in July 1821 – using coal gas from the recently opened gas works. That particular balloonist, Charles Green, later became immortalized by Charles Dickens in his Sketches By Boz. The military were quick to appreciate the potential benefits of aerial observation and in 1880 balloons were deployed for the first time at the annual Volunteer Review at Brighton. Often wind conditions were not favorable for balloons, which prompted the army to consider employing kites and in June 1903 an international competition was held on the South Downs near Findon to see if kites could lift a man into the air. While this was found to be possible, it proved a terrifying experience for the unfortunate pilots. Before powered flight became a reality, it was gliders which were the first heavier than air machines to take to the skies. In 1902 Mr Jose Weiss began launching unmanned gliders off a ramp at Houghton Hill near Amberley, which flew up to two miles. But soon the internal combustion engine made powered, controlled flight a reality and on 7 November 1908, Alec Ogilvie flew a Wright Brothers biplane along the coast at Camber. By the time war broke out in 1914, the people of Sussex had seen the Brooklands to Brighton air race and the establishment of flying schools at Shoreham and Eastbourne. After the Armistice, aviation started becoming increasingly expensive and increasingly regulated. The halcyon days of swashbuckling amateurs taking to the skies in untested contraptions was drawing to a close.
Yool and Fasham ( 2001 ) noted in their model that large concentrations of Co , absorbed by the continental shelves in the coastal Arctic were trapped under the permanent sea ice in the central Arctic Ocean , further enhancing the role ...
Author: Allan R. Robinson
Publisher: Harvard University Press
In multidisciplinary efforts to understand and manage our planet, contemporary ocean science plays an essential role. Volumes 13 and 14 of The Sea focus on two of the most important components in the field of ocean science today—the coastal ocean and its interactions with the deep sea, and coupled physical-biogeochemical and ecosystem dynamics.
Release on 2019-10-24 | by No Such Thing As A Fish
last Ice Age, when large pockets of fresh water that ran off melting glaciers became trapped under layers of sediment. In other under-the-sea news: Facebook announced it was in talks to lay a cable on the sea floor all around Africa, ...
Author: No Such Thing As A Fish
Publisher: Random House
Category: Games & Activities
The Book of the Year is back, with yet another pro-rogues gallery of the most amazing, audacious and absolutely absurd news of 2019. Once again the fact-finding foursome behind the podcast No Such Thing As A Fish have been newspaper-trawling and website-crawling to create your ultimate guide to the past twelve months. Learn which of Donald Trump’s claims are so bizarre they can’t even be fact-checked. Find out why every single French MP received camembert in the post. And get to the bottom of all the improvements made to the Ford company’s robotic bum. All this and much, much more, including the news that: · Two tourists planning to visit the Norwegian village of Å, ended up 1,310km away, in Aa. · Five guys were arrested at a branch of Five Guys. · Hollyoaks was partly written by the British government. · The US town of Hell froze over. From Assange to Zuckerberg, taking in Cardi B, CCTV, D-Day, and eSports, The Book of the Year is the only book you need to make senseof the year, no matter how senseless it might have seemed.
Marine Salvage in the United States Navy C. A. Bartholomew, Defense Department, William I. Milwee Government Publishing ... techniques , and procedures , however , can and do contribute to rescuing human beings trapped under the sea .
Author: C. A. Bartholomew
Publisher: Government Printing Office
By the start of the 20th century, the U.S. Navy had developed a fledgling salvage capability. Today, under the aegis of the Supervisor of Salvage, the Navy routinely handles assignments around the world, guarding U.S. naval and maritime interests and responding to requests for assistance from our allies. Mud, Muscle, and Miracles takes its reader on a journey through the evolution of salvage--from the construction of a cofferdam to reveal battleship Maineat the bottom of Havana harbor in 1911 to the use of side-scan sonar and remotely operated vehicles to recover aircraft debris and complete vessels from the depths. The story is one of masterful seamanship, incomparable engineering, and absolute ingenuity and courage. It is also the history of one of our nation's longest-lasting public-private partnerships--that of the commercial salvage industry and the U.S. Navy. The second edition updates U.S. Navy salvage history through the beginning of the 21st century and chronicles 18 additional, precedent-setting marine salvage and deep-ocean recovery operations.
It is called petroleum because it is found under the crust of earth trapped in rocks. Petroleum is not a single ... formed by the decomposition of the remains of tiny plants and animals buried under the sea millions of years ago.
Author: Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur
Publisher: S. Chand Publishing
Lakhmir Singh’s Science is a series of books which conforms to the NCERT syllabus. The main aim of writing this series is to help students understand difficult scientific concepts in a simple manner in easy language. The ebook version does not contain CD.
It is called petroleum because it is found under the crust of earth trapped in rocks. ... Formed Petroleum (oil) was formed by the decomposition of the remains of tiny plants and animals buried under the sea millions of years ago.
Author: LAKHMIR SINGH
Publisher: S. Chand Publishing
Awareness Science is a series of science books for classes 1-8 for the schools following CBSE Syllabus.
Impermeable rock Trapped gas Trapped oil Oil and gas collect in spaces beneath the layer of impermeable rock. Marine organisms die and are buried under sediment on the sea bed. Oil and gas form due to chemical ...
Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Ltd
Help your kids to be the best in their geography class. This ebook will help you to understand what they're being taught so you can help out with their homework. This ebook is what every frustrated parent needs. Its innovative approach combines colourful diagrams and illustrations with step-by-step explanations, making geography easier to understand than ever before. Covering all the core subjects for 10-16 year olds, from oceans to volcanoes to climate change and population growth, this invaluable guide allows parents and kids to work together to understand even the trickiest topics. You will both soon be experts in map reading, plate tectonics, data handling, and much more. Fully revised and updated for 2021, Help Your Kids with Geography is guaranteed to build confidence, reduce stress, and make even the most difficult aspects of this subject simple, clear, and accessible.
Offshore drilling targets deposits trapped beneath the ocean floor – or in some cases beneath inland lakes and seas – which are accessed through wellbores in the seabed. It is the most complex and expensive way of exploiting oil and gas ...
The gas is trapped by an ice- like mixture of water and methane known as a clathrate or gas hydrate. ... One Soviet prediction has estimated that a total of 1000 million km3 of gas are locked up in deep-sea sediments; this is six times ...
New Scientist magazine was launched in 1956 "for all those men and women who are interested in scientific discovery, and in its industrial, commercial and social consequences". The brand's mission is no different today - for its consumers, New Scientist reports, explores and interprets the results of human endeavour set in the context of society and culture.
In the spring , trapped air has been observed to escape through open brine channels within minutes ( Barnes et al . , 1979 ) . The majority of the oil will end up as films , drops , or pools beneath the sea ice .